Question about 1995 Subaru Legacy

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Cylinder #1 is the front cylinder on the passenger side. The firing order is 1-3-4-2. Cylinders 1 and 3 are on the passenger side, 2 and 4 on the drivers. The plug wires go to the coils just as the cylinders sit; #1 front passenger, #3 back passenger, #2 front driver, and #4 back passenger.

Posted on Apr 08, 2011


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When setting the ignition timing on a 1991 ford ranger 3.0 were dose the rotor need to point, after number one or before number one? the engine is on top dead center

The engine timing markers down on the harmonic balancer/crankshaft pulley should be aligned with the timing indicator on the engine block to "0" degrees when the engine is in the compression stroke for the #1 cylinder, and this is TDC or "Top Dead Center". When something blows out of the spark plug hole that only means that the piston is coming up on TDC, but the crankshaft will still have to be turned until the timing markers are at "0" degrees. You should be sure that you do know how to properly align the timing marks to "0" degrees, and the timing marks must be set at "0" degrees before the distributor can successfully be installed.

Be certain that the timing marks are set at "0" degrees and on the compression stroke for the #1 cylinder, or the timing will be 180 degrees off when you install the distributor. This has to be precise and guessing will not get the distributor properly clocked in so that the ignition timing can be correctly set.

Once you are certain that the timing is set to "0" degrees "TDC", then mark the distributor housing where the #1 position on the distributor cap will be when the cap is installed on the distributor, so that the distributor housing shows a reference mark where the #1 position is, then the distributor should be installed so that the ignition rotor is pointing directly at the #1 position on the distributor housing, or just before the #1 position mark according to the rotation of the ignition rotor. The distributor should be able to turn and point the ignition rotor on either side of the #1 position mark to provide plenty of timing advance or ****** so that the ignition timing can properly be adjusted to specifications after the engine has been started.

Be sure that you follow the proper timing procedure for that vehicle and remove any timing spout connectors that are described in the set timing procedures

Also, be certain that you are actually using the #1 cylinder to set the engine to TDC and to actually time the engine with a timing light. Here is a firing order diagram that should also help to assist you. Let me know if you require any further assistance.


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Can't get the truck started. I can get the truck to turn over but will not fire up. I think my distributor is not aligned. I removed it yesterday to do some other repairs.

determine cylinder number 1, set timing marks to Top Dead Center compression stroke for number 1 cylinder, with all marks properly aligned, install distributor with rotor pointing to the number 1 pole on the distributor cap. leave room for timing adjustment, by slowly dropping distributor into hole & carefully making fine adjustments 1 tooth at a time

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