Question about 1991 Lincoln Town Car

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Air suspension in rear of car doesn't work. How can I replace the air suspension with springs?

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Yeah, the conversion is extremely easy & quick on a Town Car. It can be done in half an hour if you try. Up to '94 it's even easier to defeat the suspension warning also. Anyway, a Town Car Suspension Conversion is money well spent, especially on an older vehicle. Convert it....and forget it.

Posted on Jun 19, 2015

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There are numerous listings on ebay for spring kits for Lincoln cars with air suspensions, or just google 'convert air suspension to coils Lincoln' for sources.

Posted on Apr 01, 2011

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2 Answers

Reset air shock


If you have seen lower back several times but the car raised by itself before, then you have to replace air spring. I replaced those with Arnott air spring.
If you had this problem for the first time, your air spring will be fine. If you have 4 corners air spring and the front one blows air in and out, your pump is okay.
Then I will first replace air suspension relay which costs $30. And you will have to check air hose connection. Finally you could try to replace air pump.

Mar 28, 2014 | 2003 Mercedes-Benz S500

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Why won't rear end raise up ?


I have a 2000 Lincoln Town car, had the same problem, it was the rear air suspension/shocks. They are air bags basically that levels your car and it cost about $300.00 for each at the dealer for parts and install but it also has its own motor that inflates and deflates these air bags and I also had to replace that and that cost over $400.00 installed at the dealer.

May 28, 2012 | 2000 Lincoln Town Car

2 Answers

Air suspension is up in rear of car. how do I


If I'm understanding the question correctly, the problem is the rear is stuck in the "jacked up" position. If you start the car and after a short while the check suspension message comes on, most likely the problem is a rusted corroded vent solenoid in the compressor. When this solenoid sticks closed, the air can't vent to the atmosphere. Keep in mind this problem is a very common one and the root cause is excessive moisture in the system. While replacing the compressor/dryer would get it working normally again, if the moisture problem isn't addressed, the replacement compressor WILL BE short lived as well. RECAP: Short term....replace the compressor/dryer. Long Term....replace the compressor/dryer, then in 30 days replace the dryer only....then again in 6 months. Want to be done it those problems forever? Do a Lincoln Town Car Air Suspension Conversion on your car and be done with those expensive repairs forever!......for less than the cost of a replacement compressor.
air-suspension-up-in-rear-car-r-ni-hohsqb5cqdswcx1wahyyf1rv-4-0.jpg

May 03, 2010 | 1994 Lincoln Town Car

3 Answers

The rear suspension air bags no work


start here

The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving condition:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) transfer case inputs, and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines, and the use of an air spring with an air spring solenoid.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed and the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch is located behind the RH kick panel on a mounting bracket. The switch interrupts power to the air suspension control module.
The air suspension switch supplies a signal to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this signal the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • Is not interchangeable with four wheel air suspension (4WAS) compressor.
  • Consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • Is mounted in the engine compartment between the washer fluid bottle and headlamp (RH front corner).
  • Is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • Is powered by a solid state relay, controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • Passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • Air drier has a single port and is not interchangeable with 4WAS compressor air drier.
  • Air drier may be replaced separately.
  • Incorporates a snorkle that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • Allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • Is located in the air compressor cylinder head.
  • Has a 160 psi internal relief valve.
  • Shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • Is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • Opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • Provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • Is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The air springs are mounted between the axle spring seats and the frame upper spring seats.
The two air springs replace the conventional rear coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing of the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module is mounted in the passenger compartment inside the instrument panel above the radio and temperature controls.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Air Suspension Diagnostic Connector
The air suspension diagnostic connector is used to aid the technician in diagnosing the air suspension system. It is also used to vent the system of compressed air when air suspension system components need to be repaired or replaced. The air suspension diagnostic connector is located under steering column.

Oct 02, 2009 | 1998 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

Air-spring suspension 1995 Mark Vlll Lincoln Continental.When car is turned off fornt air-springs stay inflated but sometimes rear air-springs slowly lose air but inflate after ignition switch is turned to...


Save your self the hassle and expence of troubleshooting and replacement parts, install a suspension retrofit kit which changes the rear bags to coil springs and the front to struts. A car this old you might as well start over for less than $500.00......

Sep 20, 2009 | 1995 Lincoln Mark VIII

2 Answers

Can any one tell me were how i can find the automatic level control on my 1994 town car


Description and Operation The rear air suspension:
  • Is an air-operated, microprocessor-controlled, suspension system.
  • Replaces the conventional rear coil spring suspension.
  • Provides low spring rates for improved ride and automatic rear load leveling.
  • Is standard equipment on the Town Car.
  • Is available as optional equipment on Crown Victoria and Grand Marquis.
The rear air suspension system has the following features:
  • The system is operational with the ignition switch in the RUN position.
  • Automatic rear load leveling has limited operation for one hour after ignition switch is turned to OFF.
  • The air suspension switch, located on the right side of the luggage compartment, must be turned OFF when the vehicle is on a hoist, being towed or jump started.
  • The Air Suspension warning indicator is located in the instrument panel, to the right of the speedometer.
    • The warning indicator flashes five times and then stays on when service switch is turned off or a system malfunction is detected.
  • The rear leveling system operates by adding or removing air in the springs to maintain the level of the vehicle at a predetermined rear suspension D ride height dimension, and is controlled by a control module (5A919) .
  • The rear air suspension control module also controls the electronic variable orifice (EVO) steering.
  • Refer to Section 11-02 for Description of the EVO steering system.
  • Air required for leveling the vehicle is distributed from the air compressor to the rear air springs by a nylon air line which runs from the compressor air dryer (5346) through a Y-fitting to each individual air spring.


Suspension, Computer Controlled—Town Car

c441c13.gif
Item Part Number Description 1 9C392 Compressor Relay Power Junction Block 2 5A897 Air Line (Attached to Brake/Fuel Bundle) 3 5319 Air Compressor With Regenerative Air Dryer and Vent Solenoid 4 5A897 Air Line to Compressor 5 5K761 Air Suspension Service Switch 6 14489 Data Link Connector 7 — Quick Connect 8 — To LH Air Spring 9 — From Compressor 10 — Y-Fitting (Part of 5A911) 11 — To RH Air Spring 12 5A908 Heat Shield 13 5A966 Spring Retainer Clip 14 5560 Rear Spring 15 5359 RearAir Suspension Height Sensor 16 5A919 Control Module 17 14018 Air Spring Solenoid

Control Module Power and Ground The control module (5A919) has the following features:
  • Power is provided by Circuit 418 and is controlled by the air suspension switch.
    • The air suspension switch is powered through a 15 amp fuse in Circuit 296 in Town Car.
    • AIR SUSPN PUMP (30A MAXI) fuse provides this power through Circuit 414 in the Crown Victoria/Grand Marquis.
  • Control module ground is provided through control module wire harness Pins 6 and 21, to the RH inner quarter panel sheet metal, near the control module .
---------------------------------
Weight Added When weight is added to the vehicle:
  • The air suspension height sensor (5359) length is reduced from trim length, sending a "rear is low" signal to the control module (5A919).
  • The control module then turns the compressor on by grounding the compressor relay control Circuit 420. This restores the rear of the vehicle to trim position.
    • Battery voltage is provided to the relay coil by Circuit 414.
  • The control module opens the spring solenoid valves (5311) by switching Circuits 416 and 429 to ground. This allows pressurized air to enter the springs.
    • Battery voltage is provided to the air spring solenoid valves by Circuit 414.
  • Compressed air flows from the compressor, through the compressor air dryer (5346) airlines and spring solenoid valves into the rear springs (5560).
  • As the rear springs raise the rear body height, the air suspension height sensor increases in length until the preset trim height is reached.
  • The control module then turns off the compressor (through the relay) and closes the air spring solenoid valves.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Weight Removed When weight is removed:
  • The air suspension height sensor (5359) length is increased from the trim length, sending a "rear is high" signal to the control module (5A919).
  • The control module then opens the vent solenoid valve (located in the compressor assembly) by switching Circuit 421 to ground and opens the solenoid valves (5311) by switching Circuits 416 and 429 to ground. This restores the rear of the vehicle to trim position.
  • Compressed air flows from rear springs (5560), through the air spring solenoid valves, air lines, compressor air dryer (5346), and out the vent solenoid valve.
  • As the body lowers, the air suspension height sensor length decreases until the preset trim height is reached.
  • The control module then closes the vent and solenoid valves.
-----------------------------------------
Control module operates as follows:
  • In general the control module uses a 45-second averaging interval to determine when compress and vent operations are needed.
  • However, door courtesy lamp switch (13713) inputs can override the 45-second averaging interval so compress and vent operations can begin immediately, if needed.
  • The 45-second averaging interval is used to keep the control module from making unneeded corrections.
  • When a vehicle at the correct rear trim height hits a bump, the air suspension height sensor output will read low and high in addition to trim until the oscillations die out.
  • If the control module were to correct for these "bump induced readings", system duty cycle would increase unnecessarily.
  • The 45-second averaging interval not only eliminates corrections due to bumps, but also eliminates unneeded corrections resulting from braking, accelerating, and turning. The control module tabulates the air suspension height sensor readings, and does not begin a compress or vent operation until the air suspension height sensor (5359) reads low or high for 45 seconds consistently.
  • There are more restrictions on vent operations than there are on compress operations.
  • To eliminate the chance of catching a door on a curb as the vehicle vents down, the control module will not allow any venting to occur when a door is open.
  • The control module does not allow any vent operations for the first 45 seconds after the ignition switch (11572) has been turned to RUN.
    • Even if a vehicle is extremely high in the rear, DO NOT expect it to vent until the ignition switch has been turned to RUN for 45 seconds.

Jun 24, 2009 | 1994 Lincoln Town Car

3 Answers

Rear air bag suspension failure 1998 Ford EXP E.B. 2x2


this will get you started. report back on progress and we'll go from there. There is a diagnostic test that will provide codes I think. I will look.

The system consists of unique rear air springs, air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) transfer case inputs, and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines, and the use of an air spring with an air spring solenoid.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed and the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch is located behind the RH kick panel on a mounting bracket. The switch interrupts power to the air suspension control module.
The air suspension switch supplies a signal to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this signal the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • Is not interchangeable with four wheel air suspension (4WAS) compressor.
  • Consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • Is mounted in the engine compartment between the washer fluid bottle and headlamp (RH front corner).
  • Is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • Is powered by a solid state relay, controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • Passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • Air drier has a single port and is not interchangeable with 4WAS compressor air drier.
  • Air drier may be replaced separately.
  • Incorporates a snorkle that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • Allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • Is located in the air compressor cylinder head.
  • Has a 160 psi internal relief valve.
  • Shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • Is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • Opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • Provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • Is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The air springs are mounted between the axle spring seats and the frame upper spring seats.
The two air springs replace the conventional rear coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing of the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module is mounted in the passenger compartment inside the instrument panel above the radio and temperature controls.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Solenoid Valve, Air Spring
swj~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Never rotate an air spring solenoid valve to the release slot in the end cap fitting until all pressurized air has escaped from the spring to prevent damage or injury.
The air spring solenoid:
  • allows air to enter and exit the air spring during leveling operations.
  • is electrically operated and controlled by the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Diagnostic Connector
The air suspension diagnostic connector is used to aid the technician in diagnosing the air suspension system. It is also used to vent the system of compressed air when air suspension system components need to be repaired or replaced. The air suspension diagnostic connector is located under steering column.

Jun 01, 2009 | 1998 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

How do i remove the rear air shocks off my 2000 lincoln town car


SECTION 204-05: Vehicle Dynamic Suspension 2000 Town Car Workshop Manual REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Air Spring Removal
syg~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Do not remove an air spring under any circumstances when there is pressure in the air spring. Do not remove any components supporting an air spring without either exhausting the air or providing support for the air spring to prevent vehicle damage or personal injury.
syg~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Disconnecting an air line that is connected to the air compressor can cause personal injury or damage to components as high pressure air is vented uncontrolled.
  1. syg~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING:
    • Do not attempt to install or inflate any rear air spring that has become unfolded to prevent vehicle damage or personal injury.
    • Failure to observe the following procedures may result in a sudden failure of the air spring or suspension system.
    • Any rear spring which is unfolded must be refolded prior to being installed in a vehicle.
    • The air spring refolding procedure should only be used for an air spring which has never supported the vehicle's weight while in the improperly folded position.
    • Improperly folded air springs found on vehicles during pre-delivery inspection or after use must be replaced.
    • Do not attempt to inflate any air spring which has been collapsed while uninflated from the rebound hanging position to the jounce stop.
    • When installing a new air spring, care must be taken not to apply a load to the suspension until springs have been inflated using the air spring fill procedure.
    • After inflating an air spring in the hanging position, it must be inspected for proper shape.

    NOTE: The vehicle must be positioned on a suitable lifting device prior to deflating the air suspension system.
    Vent the air suspension system. Refer to Ride Height Adjustments .
  1. syg~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Before performing maintenance on any air suspension components, disconnect the power to the system by turning off the air suspension switch located on the LH side of the luggage compartment to prevent vehicle damage or personal injury.
    Turn the air suspension switch off.
  1. Raise and support the vehicle. For additional information, refer to Section 100-02 .
  1. Remove the rear air spring retainer (5A966).
  1. Lift the bottom of the air spring off the rear axle (4001).
  1. Remove the air spring.
    1. Disconnect the electrical connector.
    1. Compress the quick connect locking ring and pull out the air line.
    1. Remove the air spring.
Installation
  1. syg~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: To avoid damage to the air spring, do not allow suspension to compress before the spring is inflated.
    NOTE: When installing the air lines, make sure the white air line is fully inserted into the fitting for correct installation.
    Install the air spring.
    1. Position the air spring assembly in the frame seat.
    1. Install the spring retainer clip.
  1. Seat the bottom of the air spring on the rear axle (4001).
  1. NOTE: When installing the air lines, make sure the white air line is fully inserted into the fitting for correct installation.
    Connect the air spring solenoid valve.
    1. Connect the electrical connector.
    1. Connect the air line.
    1. Make sure air spring is in the proper shape.
  1. Refill the air springs; refer to Ride Height Adjustments .

Apr 24, 2009 | 2000 Lincoln Town Car

3 Answers

Rear air suspension compressor not engaging.


what year? here's 2003 rear air only info, not 4 wheel air.

you have a fuse panel in truck and 1 under hood.




Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed or crimped air line(s)
  • Unmounted height sensor
  • Damaged air spring(s)
  • Open fuses:
    • Central junction box (CJB) Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A)
    • Battery junction box (BJB) Fuse 109 (50A)
  • Loose, corroded or disconnected connectors
  • Air suspension switch is in the OFF position
  • Damaged solenoid valve(s)

  • compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.
  • Go To Pinpoint Test P .



----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The system consists of unique rear air springs, the air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for the RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines and the use of air springs with air spring solenoids.

Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch supplies power to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this power, the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when the rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off the air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • is powered by a solid state relay which is controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • air drier has a single port.
  • air drier may be replaced separately.
  • incorporates a snorkel that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • is part of the air compressor cylinder head.
  • has a 1,103 kPa (160 psi) internal relief valve.
  • shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The two air springs support the conventional rear leaf coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket).
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Solenoid Valve, Air Spring
s2j~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Never rotate an air spring solenoid valve to the release slot in the end cap fitting until all pressurized air has escaped from the spring to prevent damage or injury.
The air spring solenoid:
  • allows air to enter and exit the air spring during leveling operations.
  • is electrically operated and controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • is only installed as a unit.

Apr 18, 2009 | 2003 Lincoln Navigator

5 Answers

Rear suspension


i have a 99 lincoln town car and the rear air ride don't work the back of the car is hitting the ground how do i fix that

Oct 11, 2008 | 1999 Lincoln Town Car

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