2007 Pontiac Grand prix GT steering components diagram
Variable Effort Steering System Description and Operation
The Variable Effort Steering (VES) system or MAGNASTEER® Varies the amount of effort required to steer the vehicle as vehicle speed changes. At low speeds, the system provides minimal steering effort for easy turning and parking Maneuvers. Steering effort is increased at higher speeds to provide firmer steering (road feel) and directional stability. The Electronic Brake Control Module (EBCM) controls a bi-directional magnetic rotary actuator located in the steering rack and pinion. The EBCM varies the steering assist by adjusting the current flow through the actuator to achieve a given level of effort to steer the vehicle. The VES system accomplishes this by adding or subtracting torque on the input shaft to the rack and pinion. The main component of the system is an electromagnetic actuator, which consists of a multiple-pole ring-style permanent magnet, a pole piece, and an electromagnetic coil assembly. The VES system uses the ABS wheel speed sensor inputs to determine vehicle speed. When the EBCM senses wheel speed, it commands a current to the VES actuator that is most appropriate for each speed. The EBCM commands current from negative two amps to positive three amps to the actuator, which is polarized. At low speeds, a negative current is commanded, which assists steering. At medium speeds no current is commanded and steering is assisted by hydraulics only. At high speeds, a positive current is commanded, which creates steering resistance. Ignition voltage and ground are provided through the EBCM. The EBCM has the ability to detect malfunctions in the actuator or the circuits to the actuator. Any malfunctions detected will cause the system to ramp to zero amps and steering will be assisted by hydraulics only and setting a DTC.
The Magnasteer® system is a speed-dependent power steering system. The Magnasteer® system provides power assist at varying levels depending on need.
A bi-directional magnetic rotary actuator in the steering gear adjusts the amount of torque (driver effort) necessary to turn the steering wheel.
The Magnasteer® is controlled through the ABS module and varies the torque by adjusting the current flow through the actuator.
The amount of adjustment will be directly related to the vehicle speed. The controller receives speed-related input signals from the vehicle speed sensor.
For more information on Magnasteer® refer to Variable Effort Steering System Description and Operation
Is the vehicle driveable ? The steering wheel is connected to the wheels
DTC C0450 Steering Assist Control Solenoid/Motor/Actuator Circuit
Sounds like it's stuck on full assist .
Apr 25, 2017 |
Cars & Trucks