Question about 2000 Audi S4

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Suspension mods my car has been fitted with 18'' wheels/tyres which has raised its ride height,id like to lower the car with either eibach or koni springs by about 50mm but dont want affect the steering/suspension or 4wd systems.i can deal with a slightly firmer ride,id appreciate your advice.darrin

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Hi buy a set of adjustable shock absorbers there are different types mechanical adjustment or pnumatic etc but these will allow you to adjust the the height you want less work more accurate yates210456

Posted on Oct 08, 2008

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Will 16 inch tires fit on a 97 ford windstar


If the stud pattern and off set is the same they will fit on. The problem is that regulation requires the ride height to be maintained which means that you will have to fit a lower profile tyre . For example if you use 15 " 205/95-r15 tyres then you may have to go to 205/65 r16 tyres . Talk with a tyre shop and discuss the legal requirements as far as insurance goes with a wheel size change

May 26, 2014 | 1997 Ford Windstar

1 Answer

What to do when the steering wheel pulls to the left while driving


Three common faults here are;
1) Steering alignment - if the front tyres are wearing on the insides then the wheels are facing toe-out. If on the outsides then they're toe-in. The only way to really get them aligned properly is by laser light at a garage. Cause can be altered ride height, mounting a kerb badly, wear in suspension.
2) Worn part in the suspension system, most likely a suspension arm bush or ball joint has deteriorated, uneven and/or premature tyre wear suggests this is more likely the cause.
3) Uneven tyre pressures or sizes. If a tyre is down on pressure or one wheel is oddly sized then you can get a diagonal pivot effect accross the car's chassis, causing it to pull to one side.This effect can also happen due to a broken suspension coil/leaf spring for the same reason.

Apr 04, 2012 | 1991 Nissan Sentra 2 Door

1 Answer

2002 LS 430 ULTRA STRUT FAILURE. ANY AFTER MARKET REPLACEMENTS?


You can fit standard struts and simply unplug the suspension control unit. You would need to change all 4 corners, i suggest spending a little bit more and getting either Bilsten or Koni struts and eibach brand coil springs, it will give the best suspension setup and the total cost for the lot would be less than the cost of one new strut, Also keep in mind that these fail and if you replace one then it's likely that another will fail in the near future.

Mar 11, 2012 | 2002 Lexus LS 430

2 Answers

I have a 2007 subaru impreza and the steering wheel was going to the right so i took it to get an alignment. a month later the steering wheel started going to the left.i lower the car too if that does...


hey lowering the car has alot to do with the way the car steers... a wheel alingment usualy will only adjust to suite your tyres, if you have lowered your vehicle it will effect your bumpsteer etc.. im guessing that it is worse when you brake? to fix this problem you are best to let your mechanic know that it has been lowered and is now not steering correctly and ask if there are any other parts that need to be replaced to compensate the vehicles height, unfortunately when playing with ride height you often are required to replace more than just springs.

Feb 10, 2010 | 2007 Subaru Impreza WRX Sport Wagon

1 Answer

Front end air suspension in cold weather acts up. I am in FL so I cannot imagine what it would do up north. It will correct itself after it has warmed up. The check air suspension message does NOT come on....


year?

SECTION 204-05: Vehicle Dynamic Suspension — 4-Wheel 2003 Expedition/Navigator Workshop Manual
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION Vehicle Dynamic Suspension The four wheel air suspension system is comprised of the following components:
  • service switch
  • control module
  • two front height sensors
  • one rear height sensor
  • compressor and drier assembly (includes vent solenoid)
  • air lines
  • front and rear air spring and shock absorber assemblies
  • four air spring solenoids
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Principles of Operation
The 4-wheel air suspension (4WAS) module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for both the load leveling and the vertical height adjustment features.
The 4WAS load leveling feature automatically makes adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height, and that constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle left and right sides for the 4WAS system are restricted to what can be reliably achieved with three height sensors.
The height adjustment feature has three vehicle heights within a two-inch span:
Kneel height — improves the ease of entering and exiting by lowering the vehicle one inch below the trim height in the front and rear when the vehicle ignition is in the OFF or LOCK positions and the vehicle is stationary.
Trim height — normal vehicle ride position; vehicle moves to trim position when the ignition is ON, when the transmission is initially shifted to DRIVE or REVERSE mode, when all doors are closed or when speed of more than 24 km/h (15 mph) is detected.
Off-road height — improves ground clearance by raising the vehicle one inch above trim height in the front and rear when the vehicle is at 4x4 low modes and the vehicle speed is less than 40 km/h (25 mph).
The 4WAS module uses the universal bus protocol, (UBP), module communications network for sending and receiving various signals with the exception of speed, information from the three height sensors, and the air suspension service switch. For additional information about UBP, refer to Section 418-00 .
The 4WAS system holds vehicle height when any door or rear hatch is opened. The system stores front and rear vehicle height the moment any door is detected open. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system returns to its commanded height when all doors are closed or vehicle speed exceeds 24 km/h (15 mph).

---------------------------------------------------------------
Air Suspension Service Switch
The air suspension service switch signal is needed to wake up the 4WAS module. Without the module receiving this signal, the 4WAS system is inoperative at speeds below 24 km/h (15 mph) and will not react when the vehicle is raised or lowered. At speeds above 24 km/h (15 mph), the system will be active as if the air suspension service switch is in the ON position.
---------------------------------------------------------
Air Compressor
The air compressor:
  • consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • is powered by a solid state relay, which is controlled by the 4WAS module.
  • passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • has a single port drier that can be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • is part of the air compressor cylinder head.
  • shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • opens when the 4WAS module determines that lowering is required.
  • provides an escape route for pressurized air when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • has a 1034 kPa (150 psi) internal relief valve.
  • is installed with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
The 4WAS system has front and rear air springs. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the system's air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system's air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the vehicle; decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the 4WAS module command.
Air Lines and Fittings
NOTE: Apply a soapy water solution to the air lines to verify the location of air leaks. If the air lines are cut, ruptured or leaking, a service repair kit is available.
Nylon air lines with quick connect fittings connect to the air compressor and air spring solenoids. The compressor assembly output line is divided by the use of a fitting to supply the front and rear air springs. Fittings are also used to divide the air supply to the RH and LH air spring solenoids.
Air Suspension Height Sensors
There are two sensors used for the front suspension and one sensor used for the rear suspension. The sensors send a voltage signal to the 4WAS module. The output ranges from approximately 4.50 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce) to 0.50 volt at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The sensors have a usable range of ± 45° compared to total suspension travel of 196 mm (7.84 in) at the front wheels and 240 mm (9.6 in) at the rear wheels. Therefore, the sensors are mounted to the suspension at a point where full suspension travel at the wheel is relative to the travel at the height sensor. The front height sensors are mounted to the frame and the links are attached to the upper arm ball studs. The rear height sensor is mounted to the frame and the link is attached to the rear lower arm ball stud.
When the height sensor indicates that the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the system. When the sensor indicates that the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the system to lower the vehicle to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the 4WAS module.
The compressor solid state relay is energized by the 4WAS module to have high current flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
4-Wheel Air Suspension (4WAS) Module
NOTE: The 4WAS module must receive a ride height adjustment calibration and must pass a pneumatic test when it is installed new or swapped.
The 4-wheel air suspension (4WAS) module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), all air spring solenoids, and provides power to front and rear height sensors. The 4WAS module also controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the three height sensors and other universal bus protocol (UBP) signals. The 4WAS module conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies, and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
The 4WAS module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 26-pin, two-way connector. The 4WAS module is keyed so that it cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two harness hardshell connectors and each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversed connections.
-----------------------
  • The air compressor continuously cycles with the ignition switch in the OFF position and no DTC is set
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.
  • 4WAS module.

Oct 21, 2009 | Lincoln Navigator Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

99 expedition two wheel drive passenger side goes up higher than the drivers side.uneven ride! whats a ride height sensor?


height sensor is a sensor that control air compressor on air shock.it keep vechicle level.if height sensor senses distance between frame and suspension .it will admit air to shock by controling the air compressor.check the air shock on driver side.BESURE TO TURN OFF ELECTRICAL POWER TO AIR SUSPENSION BEFORE RAISING VECHICLE.

Jul 10, 2009 | 2000 Ford Expedition

3 Answers

Electronic pneumatic suspension on 2000 subaru legacy estate


You need to check the hieght sensor in the front springs. It may have been extended to far and stuck or broke. It determines the load and adjusts the pressure to each spring. Good luck and have a great day.

Jul 08, 2009 | 2001 Subaru Legacy

1 Answer

EXPEDITION REAR AIR RIDE PROBLEM


do you have just rear air suspension? here's rear only. 4 wheel different. Deler an run a diagnostic test with WDS machine and get fault codes.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving conditions:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, the air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for the RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines and the use of air springs with air spring solenoids.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed or the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket).
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • Uneven vehicle height
  • Circuitry.
  • Rear pneumatic fault.
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Air suspension control module.
  • Go To Pinpoint Test I .

Feb 21, 2009 | 2001 Ford Expedition

2 Answers

AIR SUSPENTION WORKS ABNORMALY


a lot of info here:
Principles of Operation
The 4-wheel air suspension (4WAS) module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for both the load leveling and the vertical height adjustment features.
The 4WAS load leveling feature automatically makes adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height, and that constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle left and right sides for the 4WAS system are restricted to what can be reliably achieved with three height sensors.
The height adjustment feature has three vehicle heights within a two-inch span:
Kneel height — improves the ease of entering and exiting by lowering the vehicle one inch below the trim height in the front and rear when the vehicle ignition is in the OFF or LOCK positions and the vehicle is stationary.
Trim height — normal vehicle ride position; vehicle moves to trim position when the ignition is ON, when the transmission is initially shifted to DRIVE or REVERSE mode, when all doors are closed or when speed of more than 24 km/h (15 mph) is detected.
Off-road height — improves ground clearance by raising the vehicle one inch above trim height in the front and rear when the vehicle is at 4x4 low modes and the vehicle speed is less than 40 km/h (25 mph).
The 4WAS module uses the universal bus protocol, (UBP), module communications network for sending and receiving various signals with the exception of speed, information from the three height sensors, and the air suspension service switch. For additional information about UBP, refer to Section 418-00 .
The 4WAS system holds vehicle height when any door or rear hatch is opened. The system stores front and rear vehicle height the moment any door is detected open. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system returns to its commanded height when all doors are closed or vehicle speed exceeds 24 km/h (15 mph).


Vehicle Height Modes Ignition State Transfer Case Mode Speed or Speed Range Resulting Vehicle Height OFF 4x2, A4WD, 4x4 HI N/A Kneel (TRIM - 25 mm) ON and RUN 4x2, A4WD, 4x4 HI All speeds TRIM ON and RUN 4x4 Low Below 40 km/h (25 mph) Off-Road (TRIM + 25 mm) ON and RUN 4x4 Low Above 40 km/h (25 mph) TRIM OFF 4x4 Low N/A Stays at current position (prior to ignition transition)
Air Suspension Service Switch
The air suspension service switch signal is needed to wake up the 4WAS module. Without the module receiving this signal, the 4WAS system is inoperative at speeds below 24 km/h (15 mph) and will not react when the vehicle is raised or lowered. At speeds above 24 km/h (15 mph), the system will be active as if the air suspension service switch is in the ON position.
Vehicles without message center When the air suspension service switch is in the OFF position and the ignition switch is in the RUN position, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster.
Vehicles with message center When the air suspension service switch is in the OFF position and the ignition switch is in the RUN position, the message center will display "SUSPENSION SWITCHED OFF"
Air Compressor
The air compressor:
  • consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • is powered by a solid state relay, which is controlled by the 4WAS module.
  • passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • has a single port drier that can be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • is part of the air compressor cylinder head.
  • shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • opens when the 4WAS module determines that lowering is required.
  • provides an escape route for pressurized air when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • has a 1034 kPa (150 psi) internal relief valve.
  • is installed with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
The 4WAS system has front and rear air springs. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the system's air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system's air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the vehicle; decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the 4WAS module command.
Air Lines and Fittings
NOTE: Apply a soapy water solution to the air lines to verify the location of air leaks. If the air lines are cut, ruptured or leaking, a service repair kit is available.
Nylon air lines with quick connect fittings connect to the air compressor and air spring solenoids. The compressor assembly output line is divided by the use of a fitting to supply the front and rear air springs. Fittings are also used to divide the air supply to the RH and LH air spring solenoids.
Air Suspension Height Sensors
There are two sensors used for the front suspension and one sensor used for the rear suspension. The sensors send a voltage signal to the 4WAS module. The output ranges from approximately 4.50 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce) to 0.50 volt at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The sensors have a usable range of ± 45° compared to total suspension travel of 196 mm (7.84 in) at the front wheels and 240 mm (9.6 in) at the rear wheels. Therefore, the sensors are mounted to the suspension at a point where full suspension travel at the wheel is relative to the travel at the height sensor. The front height sensors are mounted to the frame and the links are attached to the upper arm ball studs. The rear height sensor is mounted to the frame and the link is attached to the rear lower arm ball stud.
When the height sensor indicates that the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the system. When the sensor indicates that the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the system to lower the vehicle to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the 4WAS module.
The compressor solid state relay is energized by the 4WAS module to have high current flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
4-Wheel Air Suspension (4WAS) Module
NOTE: The 4WAS module must receive a ride height adjustment calibration and must pass a pneumatic test when it is installed new or swapped.
The 4-wheel air suspension (4WAS) module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), all air spring solenoids, and provides power to front and rear height sensors. The 4WAS module also controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the three height sensors and other universal bus protocol (UBP) signals. The 4WAS module conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies, and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.

Jan 06, 2009 | 2003 Lincoln Navigator

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