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most tow bar specifications state 300-400 kgs is the maximum weight allowed ( best if the toyota is a long wheel base ) if you have something heavy on the bar you should be using load lever stabilizer bars from the bar to the "A" frame of the towed unit these effectively reduce the weight on the ball by transferring the load to the vans wheels and the toyota front wheels they reduce sway from uneven roads and passing trucks, improve driving stability on the toyota and reduce the load on the toyota drive tires you measure the tow ball weight by lifting on the ball coupling of the van best talk with bar specialist fitting shops and retailers that sell van accessories don't forget you are legally limited by the weight you can tow by the vehicle towing specifications and for most late vehicle that tops out at 3000kgs --early vehicles it is less than 2000kgs
Using the shorter gear leaver in the samurai, the gear choices are arranged in a simple U fashion. They are arranged in sequence. At left top, bottom, right middle and right top you have 2 high(2H), 4 hight (4H), neutral(N) and 4 low (4L). 2H- Engages rear wheel drive only. 4H- Engages all wheels in 4X4 mode. N- Disengages all wheels (if you gonna tow your vehicle) 4L- Engages all wheels in 4X4 mode with 50% more torque but you cut your top speed by an equal amount. If you have the OEM gear knob the diagram of the layout of the transfer box should be imprinted. 2 high should be used on dry and mildly wet paved roads. Using 4L or 4H in these conditions may result in damage to your transfer box. You may use 4L or 4H in any other road conditions.
You will destroy your transmission trying to tow a 4x4 with any wheel rolling on the ground. You could however have the rear drive shaft removed for towing and have the front wheels up on a tow dolly. That would be safe.
Depending on the gear ratio of your vehicle you have a max capacity of 8,500 or 9,500lbs. Your ideal trailer weight for this vehicle I would say is between 5,000 and 8000lbs. For more info on towing Click here.
There is a reason they install a transmission cooler in
a vehicle when you order the towing pkg. Cooler is
better. A universal trans.cooling system is not that
expensive and fairly easy to install. And it's worth it's
weight in gold if you can squeeze an extra 10 to 20,000mi out of a transmission, before you go the long buck for a rebuilt. Hope this helps.
Neutral is only used when you need to tow the jeep. Normal two wheel driving is done in 2h. To engage 4wheel drive keep rolling slowly and engage either 4h or 4L. Generally 4L is almost never used as it is for pulling weight like a vehicle stuck in a snowbank. If it does not return to 2h when you go back into two wheel operation, many times it will if you back up about ten or twenty feet. Don't engage 4 wheel drive while standing still. and never force the lever if you hear grinding.
It seems to be stuck in 4x4 still. There could be damaged done to the powertrain by the towing company. Therefore they should be held accountable for the damage and repair that will be needed. You never tow a vehicle in 4x4 it should be carried on a flat-back. Same with AWD vehicles. The towing companies are well aware of this, is their business to know. Make sure to disengage the 4x4, put the 4x4 shifter on the floor in neutral while in park or not moving. If you continue to have problems contact the towing company and hold them accountable for it. See what you can work out with them. If they tell you they are not responsible then contact a lawyer and make them responsible for it.