Question about Chevrolet Impala

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We've had -14 degrees & now my shifter won't highlight park or neutral so I can't start my car.

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Since I don't know the model or year Chevy, I'm going to take a stab at it and guess that your transmission linkage in on the column.
If that is the case, there is a switch mounted onto the column that connects the ignition switch when the shift lever is on Park or Neutral. It is named the "neutral starter switch"
It can be adjusted on the column and it can probably be taken off and the switch piece moved into the neutral or park position. It is just a switch and it does not put the car into or out of any gear, but it does disconnect or reconnect the ignition. The last time i replaced on was a very long time ago. The one I did was white in color.
Now if your linkage is FROZEN so that you cannot move it. i.e. ice lodged up into it. REALLY STUCK. Then I would start to investigate a way remove the ice, melt the ice, and if it's not ice. Simply unjam it.
This will take a good flashlight to track down the part of the linkage that is binding or it frozen. Open the hood, trace the lines or pieces that go from the shift lever to the transmission switcher mounted directly on the transmission.
If you have a cable shifter, determine if the cable is stretched or otherwise damaged.
If your shift lever is mounted on the drive shaft. I would get under the car and start looking that way.
Removing the shift console might help as well.
And for kicks I would lubricate the parts as I go to smooth out the shifters operation when I do free it up.
The last thing that it can be is internal to the transmission. Something perhaps is jammed inside. Maybe some moisture got into it and froze. In that case I would attempt to heat it up to above freezing. Maybe a space heater turned on next to it. Not a lot of heat, just enough to thaw it out.
Hope this has helped
Otherwise have a happy new year.
Good Luck,
Mark

Posted on Jan 03, 2011

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===

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====

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Please rate my answer if it's helpful to you.

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