Question about 1991 Plymouth Grand Voyager

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What is the easiest way to change the drive belt tensioner?

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Without getting into a long winded process, your best bet is to purchase a vehicle specific repair manual from your local major chain auto parts store (Pep Boys, Advance, Auto Zone, O'Reilly's, etc.) which should clearly outline how to perform this procedure. Shouldn't cost more than $20 for the manual.

If all you need is the pulley, that shouldn't run over $20, but if you have to buy the entire tensioner assembly, that will run probably $45.

This isn't a difficult thing to do and you'll get a lot of satisfaction in having done the job yourself.

Good luck!

Posted on Jan 01, 2011

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The diagram should be under the hood. If you have a 3/8" socket breaker bar you connect it to the tensioner turn it to release the tension on the belt. The tensioner will want to spring back and apply tention to the belt. While you have the tension off you can slip the belt off. Once the belt is off you can release the tensioner and put the new belt on. Once the belt is back on almost you have to pull the tensioner back releasing the tension and slip the belt into it's final resting place and slowly putting tension back on the belt. The tension on the belt is extremely strong and if you are not careful you can smash or snap your fingers off when putting tension back on the belt if your fingers are between the belt and a pully. The cost of a belt is about $50 on most cars and you can do it in about 15 minutes with out taking anything apart. Look for a youtube video on Serpentine belt change on a Suburban or a Corvette it is the easiest type of car to do it on and will give you an idea of how to do it on a front wheel drive car which is a bit harder because of how the engine is placed under the hood. Same deal though with a tensioner and 3/8" socket wrench.

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How do you change the drive belt?


There is a tension arm with a pulley on it. This is called a tensioner. There is a shape on the arm for a 1/2" breaker bar or wrench to press the arm and allow slack.

There should be a diagram of the belt routing on a label under the hood.. Some people take digital pictures before they remove the old belt.

Every mechanic has preferences to the best way to do things. Just because you can move the tension arm does not mean it is the best pulley to end with. If you wrap the belt around the pulleys and save the last pulley with the easiest access, do that. Others would rather have a smooth last pulley to slide the belt over rather than a grooved pulley.

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Start by drawing a diagram of the belt routing. Serpentine belts normaly have 1 spring loaded tensioner (1 pully will have a nut or 3/8 or 1/2 inch drive hole) That will be the tensioner. get spanner or ratchet to fit & lever the tensioner away from the belt. Remove belt. fit new belt to most pullys except the easiest to get to, lever the tenioner back & fit the belt to the last pully, Check the belt is on all pullys properly & your done

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SECTION 303-05: Accessory Drive 2006 Crown Victoria/Grand Marquis Workshop Manual DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION Procedure revision date: 03/18/2008 Accessory Drive adobe.gif Printable View (104 KB) The accessory drive system:
  • has a single serpentine accessory drive belt with 6 ribs.
  • has an idler pulley.
  • has an automatic drive belt tensioner.
  • is not adjustable.
The accessory drive system provides power to operate components which power other systems. These could include components such as the generator, power steering pump and A/C compressor. Each of these components is equipped with a pulley which is driven by the accessory drive belt. The accessory drive belt is driven by the engine crankshaft pulley. One or more idler pulleys may be provided to facilitate belt routing and alignment. The automatic belt tensioner maintains correct belt tension and compensates for component wear and changes in system load. System load changes can be caused by the A/C compressor clutch engaging or disengaging, or demand changes on other systems powered by the accessory drive belt. To maintain correct operation of this system, it is critical that the correct length drive belt be installed. The pulleys must also be correctly aligned and kept clean.
Accessory Drive Belt Routing
n0037351.jpg
Item Part Number Description 1 8678 Accessory drive belt idler pulley 2 10344 Generator pulley 3 8620 Accessory drive belt 4 3A733 Power steering pump pulley 5 6312 Crankshaft pulley 6 8509 Coolant pump pulley 7 2E884 A/C clutch pulley 8 6B209 Accessory drive belt tensioner pulley Belt Tensioner
Automatic tensioners are calibrated to provide the correct amount of tension to the belt for a given accessory drive system. Unless a spring or damping band within the tensioner assembly breaks, or some other mechanical part of the tensioner fails, there is no need to check the tensioner for correct tension.

2010&c18=modelyear&c20=n924137&c35=wsm%2caccessory%20drive%2cs6a%2c303-05%2cdescription%20and%20operation&s=1249x702&c=32&j=1.3&v=y&k=y&bw=910&bh=359&ct=lan&hp=n&[aqe]

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Except 7.5L Engine Alternator Belt
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.

The proper belt routing is included in this section, however, it is a good idea to make a simple drawing of the belt routing of your engine for installation reference before removing the belt.

  1. Rotate the drive belt tensioner to relieve the belt tension. The procedure is as follows:
    1. On the 4.6L, 5.4L and 6.8L engines, use a 1/2 drive tool or a special belt removal tool to rotate the tensioner in the proper direction as directed by the rotation arrow on the tensioner.
    2. On the 4.2L, 5.8L, 7.5L and 7.3L engines, use a 16mm socket and drive tool or a special belt removal tool to rotate the tensioner in the proper direction as directed by the rotation arrow on the tensioner.
    3. While holding the tensioner back, remove the belt from around one pulley.
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To install:

  1. Position the belt around the pulleys in the proper routing with the exception of one pulley. It is easiest to keep the belt off of the easiest pulley to access. Hold the belt tight with your hands and using the proper tool for your engine, rotate the tensioner in the correct direction and place the belt around the final pulley.
  2. Release the tensioner slowly until it sits firmly against the belt.

If the tensioner does not touch the belt or the wear indicator marks are not within specification, the belt is routed incorrectly or the wrong belt has been installed.

  1. Connect the negative battery cable.
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The easiest way to change a serpentine belt is to go and buy a serpentine belt tool (Around $15-$20 at the auto parts store.) It's a long, flat wrench with bits that will fit most belt tensioners. The idea is to move the belt tensioner down, to allow the belt to relax so you can pull it off.
Once you have the belt off, follow the serpentine belt installation diagram on a sticker, located under the hood. Then, while pushing down on the belt tensioner, slip the belt on to the last pully and then slowly bring the tensioner back to tension. Double-check your belt routing with the belt diagram before starting your Grand Cherokee.

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check out this site it will probably help , they hav erepair guides for most vehicles http://www.autozone.com/home.htm

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