Question about 1997 Cadillac Eldorado

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I need to know how to troubleshoot and repair/replace the magnasteering sensor power steering assist and where it is located on the car

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Where is the brake fluid swicth

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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2008 HHR Power Steering works only once in a while need help trouble shooting


Electronic power steering . Do you know anything about automotive electronic's ? Electronic power steering control module , sensor inputs an output control ? DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes . Electrical testing ? Do you have a professional type scan tool to check input an output data , codes ?
Power Steering System Description and Operation (Non-Turbo)
The electric power steering (EPS) system reduces the amount of effort needed to steer the vehicle. The system uses the body control module (BCM), power steering control module (PSCM), torque sensor, discrete battery voltage supply circuit, EPS motor, serial data bus, and the instrument panel cluster (IPC) message center to perform the system functions. The PSCM, torque sensor, not the EPS motor are serviced separately from each other or from the steering column. Any EPS components diagnosed to be malfunctioning requires replacement of the steering column assembly, also known as the EPS assembly.
Torque Sensor
The PSCM uses a torque sensor as it's main input for determining the amount of steering assist. The steering column has an input shaft, from the steering wheel to the torque sensor, and an output shaft, from the torque sensor to the steering shaft coupler. The input and output shafts are separated by a torsion bar, where the torque sensor is located. The sensor consists of a compensation coil, detecting coil and 3 detecting rings. These detecting rings have toothed edges that face each other. Detecting ring 1 is fixed to the output shaft, detecting rings 2 and 3 are fixed top the input shaft. The detecting coil is positioned around the toothed edges of detecting rings 1 and 2. As torque is applied to the steering column shaft the alignment of the teeth between detecting rings 1 and 2 changes, which causes the detecting coil signal voltage to change. The PSCM recognizes this change in signal voltage as steering column shaft torque. The compensation coil is used to compensate for changes in electrical circuit impedance due to circuit temperature changes from the electrical current and voltage levels as well as ambient temperatures for accurate torque detection.
EPS Motor
The EPS motor is a 12-volt brushed DC reversible motor with a 61-amp rating. The motor assists steering through a worm shaft and reduction gear located in the steering column housing.
Power Steering Control Module (PSCM)
The PSCM uses a combination of torque sensor inputs, vehicle speed, calculated system temperature and the steering calibration to determine the amount of steering assist. When the steering wheel is turned, the PSCM uses signal voltage from the torque sensor to detect the amount of torque being applied to the steering column shaft and the amount of current to command to the EPS motor. The PSCM receives serial data from the engine control module (ECM) to determine vehicle speed. At low speeds more assist is provided for easy turning during parking maneuvers. At high speeds, less assist is provided for improved road feel and directional stability. The PSCM nor the EPS motor are designed to handle 61 amps continuously. The PSCM will go into overload protection mode to avoid system thermal damage. In this mode the PSCM will limit the amount of current commanded to the EPS motor which reduces steering assist levels. The PSCM also chooses which steering calibration to use when the ignition is turned ON, based on the production map number stored in the BCM. The PSCM contains all 8 of the steering calibrations which are different in relation to the vehicles RPO's. The PSCM has the ability to detect malfunctions within the EPS system. Any malfunction detected will cause the IPC message center to display PWR STR (or Power Steering) warning message.

DTC C0000
DTC C0176
DTC C0460
DTC C0475 (with LNF)
DTC C0475 (without LNF)
DTC C0545 (without LNF)
DTC C0545 (with LNF)
DTC C0561
DTC C056D
DTC C056E
DTC C0845
Your best bet ,take it to a qualified repair shop .

Jul 07, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

I just put hub bearings on my 2005 grand Prix GTP and when I plug the sensor it says service variable effort steering what's wrong.


check the sensor on top of the steering rack ,their is a sensor that increases the idle when the steering is turned when the vehicle is stationary

Nov 10, 2016 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

What is wrong with this 2007 pontiac g/p no p/s at low rpms?


The power steering pump has nothing to do with it .
Variable Effort Steering System Description and Operation
The Variable Effort Steering (VES) system or MAGNASTEER?® Varies the amount of effort required to steer the vehicle as vehicle speed changes. At low speeds, the system provides minimal steering effort for easy turning and parking Maneuvers. Steering effort is increased at higher speeds to provide firmer steering (road feel) and directional stability. The Electronic Brake Control Module (EBCM) controls a bi-directional magnetic rotary actuator located in the steering rack and pinion. The EBCM varies the steering assist by adjusting the current flow through the actuator to achieve a given level of effort to steer the vehicle. The VES system accomplishes this by adding or subtracting torque on the input shaft to the rack and pinion. The main component of the system is an electromagnetic actuator, which consists of a multiple-pole ring-style permanent magnet, a pole piece, and an electromagnetic coil assembly. The VES system uses the ABS wheel speed sensor inputs to determine vehicle speed. When the EBCM senses wheel speed, it commands a current to the VES actuator that is most appropriate for each speed. The EBCM commands current from negative two amps to positive three amps to the actuator, which is polarized. At low speeds, a negative current is commanded, which assists steering. At medium speeds no current is commanded and steering is assisted by hydraulics only. At high speeds, a positive current is commanded, which creates steering resistance. Ignition voltage and ground are provided through the EBCM. The EBCM has the ability to detect malfunctions in the actuator or the circuits to the actuator. Any malfunctions detected will cause the system to ramp to zero amps and steering will be assisted by hydraulics only and setting a DTC.
Your best bet is take your vehicle to a GM dealer or a ASE certified repair shop that knows about this system .

Mar 14, 2016 | 2007 Pontiac Grand Prix

2 Answers

Hi my eps light is comming on and i lose power streering how do i fix it


It cannot be fixed until the problem with the Electronic Power Steering(EPS) is properly diagnosed.
The power assist system is comprised of...
  • EPS computer unit
  • Warning light on the dashboard
  • A connection to the OBD2 Diagnostic port in the car
  • A Vehicle speed sensor
  • A sensor which detects steering rotation on the input shaft of the steering rack
  • An electric motor, which provides the power steering assistance to the steering rack. Unless that motor runs you will have no power assistance to your steering.
  1. You will need to have the system scanned with the appropriate scan tool through the OBD port in the car. This will generate various fault codes which assist in diagnosing where the problem lies in the power steering system. It may be just a failed sensor that needs replacing or it might be a bigger problem.
  2. Once the fault codes have been pulled the mechanics can diagnose the cause and make whatever repairs or parts changes may be required.
  3. This is not a do it yourself exercise. You will need a mechanic who knows these Japanese electronic power steering systems and who understands the fault codes (and there are many of them on this EPS system) to diagnose the problem for you and fix whatever fault(s) has arisen.

Dec 30, 2015 | Daihatsu Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Were is the steering pump sensor on pontiac grand prix gt 2005


This is a very complex system an if you don't work on these systems all the time , I suggest you take it to a ASE certified repair shop that does !
The Variable Effort Steering (VES) system or MAGNASTEER?® Varies the amount of effort required to steer the vehicle as vehicle speed changes. At low speeds, the system provides minimal steering effort for easy turning and parking Maneuvers. Steering effort is increased at higher speeds to provide firmer steering (road feel) and directional stability. The Electronic Brake Control Module (EBCM) controls a bi-directional magnetic rotary actuator located in the steering rack and pinion. The EBCM varies the steering assist by adjusting the current flow through the actuator to achieve a given level of effort to steer the vehicle. The VES system accomplishes this by adding or subtracting torque on the input shaft to the rack and pinion. The main component of the system is an electromagnetic actuator, which consists of a multiple-pole ring-style permanent magnet, a pole piece, and an electromagnetic coil assembly. The VES system uses the ABS wheel speed sensor inputs to determine vehicle speed. When the EBCM senses wheel speed, it commands a current to the VES actuator that is most appropriate for each speed. The EBCM commands current from negative two amps to positive three amps to the actuator, which is polarized. At low speeds, a negative current is commanded, which assists steering. At medium speeds no current is commanded and steering is assisted by hydraulics only. At high speeds, a positive current is commanded, which creates steering resistance. Ignition voltage and ground are provided through the EBCM. The EBCM has the ability to detect malfunctions in the actuator or the circuits to the actuator. Any malfunctions detected will cause the system to ramp to zero amps and steering will be assisted by hydraulics only and setting a DTC - diagnostic trouble code !

Sep 29, 2015 | Pontiac Grand Prix Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

2007 Pontiac Grand prix GT steering components diagram


Variable Effort Steering System Description and Operation
The Variable Effort Steering (VES) system or MAGNASTEER® Varies the amount of effort required to steer the vehicle as vehicle speed changes. At low speeds, the system provides minimal steering effort for easy turning and parking Maneuvers. Steering effort is increased at higher speeds to provide firmer steering (road feel) and directional stability. The Electronic Brake Control Module (EBCM) controls a bi-directional magnetic rotary actuator located in the steering rack and pinion. The EBCM varies the steering assist by adjusting the current flow through the actuator to achieve a given level of effort to steer the vehicle. The VES system accomplishes this by adding or subtracting torque on the input shaft to the rack and pinion. The main component of the system is an electromagnetic actuator, which consists of a multiple-pole ring-style permanent magnet, a pole piece, and an electromagnetic coil assembly. The VES system uses the ABS wheel speed sensor inputs to determine vehicle speed. When the EBCM senses wheel speed, it commands a current to the VES actuator that is most appropriate for each speed. The EBCM commands current from negative two amps to positive three amps to the actuator, which is polarized. At low speeds, a negative current is commanded, which assists steering. At medium speeds no current is commanded and steering is assisted by hydraulics only. At high speeds, a positive current is commanded, which creates steering resistance. Ignition voltage and ground are provided through the EBCM. The EBCM has the ability to detect malfunctions in the actuator or the circuits to the actuator. Any malfunctions detected will cause the system to ramp to zero amps and steering will be assisted by hydraulics only and setting a DTC.

The Magnasteer® system is a speed-dependent power steering system. The Magnasteer® system provides power assist at varying levels depending on need.
A bi-directional magnetic rotary actuator in the steering gear adjusts the amount of torque (driver effort) necessary to turn the steering wheel.
The Magnasteer® is controlled through the ABS module and varies the torque by adjusting the current flow through the actuator.
The amount of adjustment will be directly related to the vehicle speed. The controller receives speed-related input signals from the vehicle speed sensor.
For more information on Magnasteer® refer to Variable Effort Steering System Description and Operation

Is the vehicle driveable ? The steering wheel is connected to the wheels

DTC C0450 Steering Assist Control Solenoid/Motor/Actuator Circuit
Sounds like it's stuck on full assist .

Apr 25, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

2006 chevy hhr power steering its hard to turn? Can u tell me where to find the 60 amp fuse location under the hood fuse box?


THIS IS A DEALERSHIP FIX ELECTRIC POWER STEERING IS CONTROLLED BY POWER STEERING CONTROL MODULE.IT CONTROL BY INFORMATION SENSORS LIKE TORQUE SENSORS IN STEERING WHEELAND VECHICLE SPEED SENSOR IN WHICH SPEED WILL AID IN STEERING.YOU GO 10 MILES AN HOUR YOU WILL RECEIVE FULL POWER ASSIST.YOU GO 25 MILE HOUR POWER ASSIST REDUCED.THIS STEERING SYSTEM HAS TO BE HOOKED UP ON DIAGNOSTIC EQUIPMENT AT DEALERSHIP YOU CANT FIX AT HOME.YOUR OWNERS MANUAL IN GLOVE BOX HAS ALL FUSE AND RELAYS LOCATIONS.

Jun 19, 2010 | 2006 Chevrolet HHR

1 Answer

Cadillac deville 1998 power steering /magnasteer makes noise turning


  • Check the steering fluid maybe you need to add some and also check the hose make sure there are no leaks and if the noise still there after you add a steering fluid visit a mechanic and check the hydraulic of the steering wheel.

Feb 12, 2010 | 1998 Cadillac DeVille

2 Answers

Power steering failure


Problems with electronic variable-assist systems include all of the same things that can go wrong with a conventional power steering system (leaks, center wear in the steering gears, pump & hose failures, etc.), plus problems with the control electronics including the vehicle speed sensor circuit, the solenoid valve and control module. Accurate diagnosis, therefore, is essential to minimize warranty returns. Most of these systems provide diagnostic fault codes that can be accessed with a voltmeter, test light or scan tool to pinpoint the nature of the fault (if the fault is electronic rather than mechanical or hydraulic).

If power to the solenoid or control valve actuator is lost, the valve keeps the bypass circuit closed so full power assist is provided under all driving conditions. The only indication of trouble, therefore, might be a loss of road feel and/or increased steering sensitivity at highway speeds.

It’s important to remember that variable-rate power steering only reduces the amount of pressure that reaches the steering gear at higher road speeds. The only way it could reduce power assist at low speed would be in the unlikely event the actuator or solenoid valve failed in the open position. This could cause a noticeable reduction or loss of power assist.

On GM’s Magnasteer racks, loss of current to the magnetic coils would cause a loss of power assist at low speed. Coil resistance can be checked with an ohmmeter, and should read about two ohms. An infinite (open) reading indicates a bad coil (requires replacing the rack since the coils are not serviceable). Checking for shorts between both sides of the coil assembly and rack housing is also recommended.

The system does have self-diagnostic capability, but there is only one fault code: C1241 (Magnasteer circuit malfunction). The code is set if the module detects an open or a short in the coil circuit. If this code is present, the Magnasteer system is disabled and will not vary the steering effort as vehicle speed changes. The C1241 body code can be read with a Tech 2 or equivalent scan tool. The Tech 2 tool can also be used to perform a Magnasteer function test. The test varies the current to the coil so you can check for a change in steering effort when turning the steering wheel.

Replacement racks for variable-assist power steering applications are available with or without an EVO control solenoid. As long as the original EVO control solenoid is working OK, it can be removed and installed on the replacement rack to save your customer a few bucks. There’s no need to replace the whole rack if only the EVO solenoid valve is defective.

On GM Magnasteer applications, the whole rack must be replaced if the rack or control unit is defective because the Magnasteer unit is part of the rack. Handle with care because the permanent magnets inside the Magnasteer valve assembly and connector are fragile and can be easily damaged.

Good luck and hope this helps you understand the Steering system on your STS to save you some money on what to look for and what to look out for if your going to have a auto shop repair it. Such as the Valve is replaceable and it may just be a bad wire connection.



May 22, 2009 | 2002 Cadillac Sts

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