Question about 2002 Saturn L-Series

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Need directions on how to install a timing chain on a 2002 Saturn L series 2.2 liter along with the allignment marks for the intake and exhaust cams

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  • Saturn Master
  • 6,826 Answers

To Install:

  1. Install or connect the following:
    • Timing chain drive sprocket to crankshaft
      1. Rotate the crank so the mark on the sprocket is at the 5 o'clock position
  2. Assemble chain to the intake camshaft sprocket alignment copper link to the "INT" diamond timing mark on the camshaft sprocket Need directions on how to install a timing chain - sat_car_22_tmng-chn_pos.gif

    NOTE: When lowering the timing chain rotate the assembly 90° to allow the chain to fall between the cylinder block bosses then rotate the assembly back so the camshaft sprocket is facing forward.
    sat_car_22_tmng-c_hsng_opng.gif

  3. Lower the assembly through the chain housing opening on top of the cylinder head. Use care to ensure that the chain goes around both sides of the cylinder block bosses NOTE: The crankshaft sprocket timing mark will be at approximately the 5 o'clock position.
  4. Route chain around crankshaft sprocket and align silver link to the timing mark sat_car_22_set_tdc.gif

    NOTE: The camshaft sprocket bolts are not reusable; they are torque-to-yield and must be discarded to prevent premature failure.
  5. Install or connect the following:
    • Intake camshaft sprocket loosely onto the intake camshaft then install the new camshaft sprocket bolt finger tight NOTE: It is not necessary to align the sprocket-to-camshaft offset notch at this time.
    • Adjustable timing chain guide through the opening on top of the cylinder head then install the chain guide bolt; torque to 89 lb-in. (10 Nm) sat_car_22_ajst_tmng-ch_guid.gif
      sat_car_22_cm-shft_sprkt_blts.gif

    • Exhaust camshaft sprocket loosely onto the exhaust camshaft with the timing mark on the sprocket aligned with the silver link then install a new camshaft sprocket bolt finger tight
    NOTE: It is not necessary to align the sprocket-to-camshaft offset notch at this time.
    NOTE: The camshaft sprocket bolts are not reusable; they are torque-to-yield and must be discarded to prevent premature failure.
  6. Align the camshaft sprocket-to-camshaft Need directions on how to install a timing chain - sat_car_22_crnk_tmng-c_mrk.gif using the following procedure: sat_car_22_crnk_tmng-c_mrk.gif

    NOTE: Do not rotate either camshaft more than 1/2 turn in either direction with the crankshaft at Top Dead Center (TDC). To do so may cause valve to piston contact resulting in a damaged valve and/or a damaged piston.
    • Ensure that the sprocket timing mark is at the 5 o'clock position
    • Rotate the intake camshaft using a 24mm wrench on the flats of the camshaft until the sprocket-to-camshaft alignment notch seats
    • When the sprocket seats on the camshaft tighten the sprocket bolt finger tight
    • Rotate exhaust camshaft using a 24mm wrench on the flats of the camshaft until the sprocket-to-camshaft alignment notch seats
    • When the sprocket seats on the camshaft tighten the sprocket bolt finger tight
  7. Verify that all colored links are aligned with the appropriate marks on the camshaft and crankshaft sprockets NOTE: If they are not repeat steps 1C through 4.
  8. Install the fixed timing chain guide and bolts; torque to 89 lb-in. (10 Nm)
  9. Install the fixed timing chain guide bolt access hole plug; torque to 30 lb-ft. (40 Nm)
  10. Install upper timing chain guide and bolts; torque to 89 lb-in. (10 Nm) NOTE: Use a 24mm wrench to support the camshaft while applying torque to the camshaft sprocket bolt. Do not torque the camshaft bolts against the timing chain as it may damage the timing chain.
  11. Torque the intake and exhaust camshaft sprocket bolts; torque as follows:
    • First Pass: 63 lb-ft. (85 Nm)
    • Second Pass: Turn an additional 30° using a torque angle gauge
  12. Install the sealing ring and tensioner assembly; torque to 55 lb-ft. (75 Nm)
  13. Install or connect the following:
    • Timing chain oil nozzle and bolt; torque to 89 lb-in. (10 Nm)
    • Camshaft cover assembly
    • Engine front cover
    • Negative battery cable; torque to 13 lb-ft. (17 Nm)

Posted on Nov 12, 2010

  • Duane Wong
    Duane Wong Nov 12, 2010

    Click on the X's and maybe the diagrams will show up for you.

  • Vicki A Mar 22, 2011

    The pictures are .gif. Left click to open them

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Instruction changing timing belt 1979 Alfa Romeo Spider Veloz?


With Cam Caps loosened, FIRST loosen timing chain tensioner, press it in to loosen tension, Crank using ratchet to TDC (Top Dead Center on crank pully, (to keep from damage to pistons), align Exhaust Cam Timing Mark to mark on #1 Exhaust cam cover, then take up slack between Exhaust & Intake Cams (on top between the cams), Then align the Intake Cam to mark on #1 Cam Cap, "Now" loosen the 17mm bolt to tighten timing chain, rotate engine using rachet two times, reset TDC at the crank, and look at "Cam Timing Marks on both the Exhaust, and Intake Cams. If you did all this correctly the "Timing Marks" should be lined up so TDC,Exhaust, and Intake marks are all the same.

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Timming chain broke


place no 1 piston at TDC compression stroke. There are procedures for the timing of the balance shafts but if it is only the timing chain I will go to that
Align uniquely coloured chain link with intake camshaft sprocket timing mark-- INT--. ( this will be pointing at the 2 o'clock position)
install timing chain and sprocket as an assembly
align first matching coloured chain link crankshaft timing mark (5 o'clock position)
align the second matching coloured chain link with exhaust cam shaft timing mark--EXH ( at the 11 o'clock position
There is a special procedure to reset the balance tensioner and it is different to the timing chain procedure.

To reset cam shaft timing chain tensioner push piston fully and turn clockwise until locked
Once the tensioner has been compressed ensure the distance from end to end is 2.83 inches . If not repeat the resetting process
vehicles 30.000 miles the tensioner is released when the engine is first started . In vehicles over 30.000 miles manually release tensioner by tapping the plunger
Note cam shaft and crank shaft sprockets bolts MUST only be used once. If you want details on the balancer chain procedure then make a comment in the box
use tension wrench and a degree gauge
cam bolts are tensioned to 63 ft lbs + 30 degrees
crank shaft pulley is tensioned to 74 ft lbs + 75 degrees

Feb 02, 2014 | 2003 Saturn ION

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Need diagram how to install timing chain 2004 Malibu overhead cam


Procedure is pasted below. Please let me know if you have questions.
Removal & Installation2.2L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the Precautions Section.
  2. Drain the cooling system.
  3. Drain the engine oil.
  4. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE The timing chain has 2 matching colored links and 1 uniquely colored link.
    Negative battery cable, PCV hose, Fuel line bracket, Ignition coil and module assembly Ground strap from camshaft cover, Camshaft cover, Front fender liner, Accessory drive belt Crankshaft balancer pulley, Accessory drive belt tensioner, Front cover-to-water pump bolt Remaining front cover bolts, Front cover
  5. Rotate the engine until the crankshaft sprocket mark aligns with the matching colored link (2) at the 5 o-clock position.
  6. Confirm that the INT diamond on the intake camshaft sprocket is aligned with the uniquely colored link at (1) the 2 o-clock position.
  7. Confirm that the EXH triangle on the exhaust camshaft sprocket is aligned with the matching colored link (3).
  8. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE Use a 24 mm wrench to hold the camshafts to prevent them from turning.
    Timing chain tensioner, Fixed timing chain guide access plug, Fixed timing chain guide Upper timing chain guide, Exhaust camshaft sprocket, Timing chain tensioner guide Intake camshaft sprocket, Timing chain through the top of the cylinder head Crankshaft sprocket

    jturcotte_638.jpg

    Fig. Lining up the crankshaft sprocket mark with the colored link in the 5 o-clock position (2).


    jturcotte_639.jpg

    Fig. Aligning the intake camshaft sprocket mark with the colored link in the 2 o-clock position (1).


    jturcotte_640.jpg

    Fig. Aligning the exhaust camshaft sprocket (3).

To install:
  1. Install the crankshaft sprocket with the timing mark in the 5 o-clock position.
  2. Assemble the intake camshaft sprocket to the timing chain with the timing mark lined up with the uniquely colored link (1). Hand tighten a new intake camshaft sprocket bolt.
  3. Lower the timing chain through the opening in the cylinder head.
  4. Route the timing chain around the crankshaft sprocket and line up the first marching colored link (2) with the timing mark on the crankshaft sprocket.
  5. Install the exhaust camshaft sprocket with a new bolt loosely onto the exhaust camshaft.
  6. Align the timing mark on the sprocket with the last matching colored (3).
  7. If necessary, align the camshaft as follows:
    1. Using a 24 mm wrench, first turn the intake camshaft until the alignment feature on the back of the camshaft sprocket seats in the notch in the front of the intake camshaft.
    2. Turn the crankshaft 45 degrees in either direction.
    3. Turn the intake camshaft to the appropriate location.
    4. Turn the crankshaft back to top dead center (TDC).
  8. When the sprocket seats in on the camshaft, tighten the sprocket bolt hand tight.
  9. Verify all of the colored links and the appropriate timing marks are still aligned.
  10. Install the fixed timing chain guide. Tighten the bolts to 133 inch lbs. (15 Nm).
  11. Install the upper timing chain guide. Tighten the bolts to 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm).
  12. Using a 24 mm wrench to hold the camshafts, tighten the camshaft sprocket bolts 63 ft. lbs. (85 Nm) plus 30 degrees.
  13. Measure the timing chain tensioner from end to end. A new tensioner should be supplied in the fully compressed non-active state. A tensioner in the compressed state will measure 2.83 inches (72 mm) front end to end. A tensioner in the active state will measure 3.35 inches (85 mm) from end to end.
  14. If the timing chain tensioner is not in the compressed state, perform the following steps:
    1. Remove the piston assembly from the body of the timing chain tensioner by pulling it out.
    2. Install the bottom half of the Tensioner tool J-45027-2 into a vise.
    3. Install the notch end of the piston assembly into the bottom half of the tensioner tool.
    4. Using the top half of the Tensioner tool J-45027-1, turn the ratchet cylinder into the piston.
    5. Install the compressed piston assembly back into the timing chain tensioner body until it stops at the bottom of the bore. Do not compress the piston assembly against the bottom of the bore.

  15. Install the timing chain tensioner assembly. Tighten to 66 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
  16. Release the timing chain tensioner by compressing it approximately 0.08 inches (2mm). Feed a rubber-tipped tool down through the cam drive chest to reset on the cam chain. Give the tool a sharp jolt diagonally downwards to release the tensioner.
  17. Install the timing chain oiling nozzle.
  18. Install the timing chain guide bolt access hold plug with silicone sealant on the threads. Tighten the plug to 59 ft. lbs. (90 Nm).
  19. Install or connect the following:

    Camshaft cover. Tighten the bolts to 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm). Front cover with new gasket. Tighten the bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm). Accessory drive belt tensioner. Tighten the bolts to 33 ft. lbs. (45 Nm). Crankshaft balancer pulley using a new bolt. Tighten the bolt to 74 ft. lbs. (100 Nm) plus 75 degrees. Accessory drive belt, Front fender liner, Ground strap to camshaft cover Ignition coil and module assembly, Fuel line bracket, Air intake assembly, Negative battery cable
  20. Refill the cooling system to the correct level.
  21. Refill the engine with oil to the correct level.
  22. Start the engine and check for leaks.

    jturcotte_2381.gif

    Fig. Compressing the timing chain tensioner-2.2L engine.

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1 Answer

I have a 2002 pontiac grand am i am replaceing the cam chain need to know how to time the cams with the crank, new chain only has one marked link


  1. Rotate the engine until the crankshaft sprocket mark aligns with the second silver link (2) at the 5 o'clock position. Refer to the illustration.

    zjlimited_451.jpg

    Fig. Rotate the engine until the crankshaft sprocket mark aligns with the second silver link (2) at the 5 o'clock position-2.2L engine

  2. Make sure the INT diamond on the intake camshaft sprocket is aligned with the copper link at (1) at the 2 o'clock position. Refer to the illustration.

    zjlimited_452.jpg

    Fig. Make sure the INT diamond on the intake camshaft sprocket is aligned with the copper link at (1) at the 2 o'clock position-2.2L engine

  3. Make sure the EXH triangle on the exhaust camshaft sprocket is aligned with the silver link (3). Refer to the illustration.

    zjlimited_453.jpg

    Fig. Make sure the EXH triangle on the exhaust camshaft sprocket is aligned with the silver link (3)-2.2L engine



  4. Hope helps.

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Do you have a diagram for 2003 saturn timing belt


The 2.2 liter engine uses colored links on the timing chain to align with the marks on the gears. You just have to rotate the engine to where the copper chain link is up on the upper right side of the intake can gear--aligned to the INT diamond on the gear. Then the silver link should be down at about 5 O-Clock on the crankshaft timing mark. The other silver link should then be aligned to the mark on the exhaust cam sprocket. See picture below.

For the 3.0 liter engine, there are marks on the belt that line up with marks on the gears. The book calls out special tools to hold the cam sprockets in alignment while the belt is put on. There is also a special tool to lock the belt onto the crankshaft sprocket. See pictures below.
Please let me know if you have questions.

2.2 liter:

jturcotte_425.gif



jturcotte_426.gif

3.0 liter:
camshaft sprocket alignment with belt marks

jturcotte_427.gif


Camshaft locking tools

jturcotte_428.gif



Crankshaft belt tool

jturcotte_429.gif


Properly adjusted tensioner

jturcotte_430.gif

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rotate the engine till the crankshaft sprocket mark lines up with the second silver link on the chain, should @ the 5:00 position. on the right sprocket or the intake sprocket align the intake diamond with the copper link should set at the 2:00 position, and the triangle on the exhaust sprocket should line up with the other silver link in the chain approxamately at the 10:00 position. Once you get it in time, it is a good idea to put a bar on the crank and turn the engine over one complete revolution, just to make sure you got it timed right. hope this helps

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10bc7b2.gif

60dbeef.gif

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