Question about 1998 Saturn SL

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My windshield wipers run unexpectedly especially at cold startup.

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Hi, it seems that the switch plate on the motor has gone faulty and needs replacement.

Posted on Nov 07, 2010

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2005 crown vic. p71v 1st the fluid stopped and the wipers would'nt shut off, now 1 day later no fluid still and the wipers stop working completely, please help me


Principles of Operation
The windshield wiper motor receive inputs from the following:
  • multifunction switch
  • lighting control module (LCM)
  • ignition switch
  • battery junction box (BJB)
  • central junction box (CJB)
The following components are integrated into the windshield wiper motor:
  • windshield wiper motor module
  • high/low speed relay
  • run/park sensor (Hall effect)
  • washer pump relay
High Speed Windshield Wipers
High speed is activated when the multifunction switch supplies ground to the windshield wiper motor module inputs. The windshield wiper motor module then supplies ground to the run/park sensor and high/low relay coil, activating the relay with voltage supplied from the ignition switch (RUN/ACC) through the central junction box (CJB). When the windshield wiper motor module receives voltage from the run/park sensor, it removes ground from the run/park sensor, deactivating it. The windshield wiper motor continues to operate from voltage connected through the run/park sensor until the Hall effect senses the magnet in the motor. When the Hall effect senses the magnet in motor the windshield wiper motor returns to the park position, the internal run/park sensor grounds the windshield wiper motor module input and the windshield wiper motor module removes ground from the windshield wiper high/low relay coil, deactivating the high/low relay and windshield wiper motor. The windshield wiper motor module continues to cycle the windshield wipers until the inputs from the multifunction switch are changed from the high speed position.
Low Speed Windshield Wipers
Low speed is activated when the multifunction switch supplies a specific ground to the speed inputs of the windshield wiper motor module. The windshield wiper motor module then supplies ground to only the windshield wiper run/park relay coil, activating it. When the windshield wiper run/park relay is activated, the deactivated windshield high/low relay connects voltage to the windshield wiper motor low input activating the wiper motor. The windshield wiper motor module continues to operate the windshield wiper motor in the same manner as in high speed, but in low speed with the wiper motor connected to the low speed input.
Intermittent Speed Windshield Wipers
The intermittent wiper speed is activated with grounds controlled by the multifunction switch inputs to the windshield wiper motor module. The windshield wiper motor module then activates the windshield wiper run/park relay coil and switches voltage through the windshield wiper high/low relay. The high/low relay remains deactivated, supplying the voltage to the wiper motor low speed input and activates the windshield wiper motor. When the windshield wiper motor module receives the grounded input, the motor continues to operate until Hall effect sensors senses the wiper motors magnet, which turns off the run/park sensor output to the windshield wiper run/park software, deactivating the relay and disconnecting voltage to the wiper motor. The windshield wipers remain parked until the windshield wiper motor module completes a time-out and then repeats the intermittent windshield wiper cycle.
Washer System
The windshield washer is activated by the internal wiper motor module when it receives a ground from the multifunction switch between the washer input. Dependent on the correct ground, the internal wiper motor modules activates the windshield washer relay (internal) by grounding the respective relay coil. When the relay is activated, it connects voltage to the washer pump while the washer level switch provides ground to the washer pump.
Default Mode
The windshield wiper motor defaults to this mode when the run/park sensor does not sense the hall effect magnet inside wiper motor. This can be caused by obstruction of the windshield wipers or a binding linkage. The windshield wiper motor will continue to operate in a high/low speed condition for a period of 60 seconds.

Symptom Chart
Symptom Chart Condition Possible Sources Action
  • The wipers are inoperative
  • Multifunction switch
  • Circuitry
  • Ignition switch
  • Windshield wiper motor
  • Go To Pinpoint Test A .

Do you know how to test automotive electrical circuits using a factory diagnostic test procedure flow chart ?

PINPOINT TEST A: THE WIPERS ARE INOPERATIVE Test Step Result / Action to Take A1 CHECK CIRCUITS 65 (DG) AND 2025 (RD/YE) FOR VOLTAGE
  • Key in OFF position.
  • Disconnect: Windshield Wiper Motor C125.
  • Key in ON position.
  • Measure the voltage between windshield wiper C125 pin 5, circuit 2025 (RD/YE), harness side and ground; and between windshield wiper motor C125 pin 8, circuit 65 (DG), harness side and ground.
  • Are the voltages greater than 10 volts?
Yes
GO to A2 .

No
REPAIR the circuit(s) in question. TEST the system for normal operation. A2 CHECK CIRCUITS 57 (BK) AND 676 (PK/OG) FOR OPENS
  • Key in OFF position.
  • Measure the resistance between windshield wiper C125 pin 6, circuit 57 (BK), harness side and ground; and between windshield wiper motor C125 pin 3, circuit 676 (PK/OG), harness side and ground.
  • Are the resistances less than 5 ohms?
Yes
GO to A3 .

No
REPAIR the circuit(s) in question. TEST the system for normal operation. A3 CHECK THE MULTIFUNCTION SWITCH
  • Disconnect: Multifunction Switch C202b.
  • Carry out the multifunction switch component test. Refer to Wiring Diagrams Cell 149 for schematic and connector information.
  • Does the multifunction switch pass the component test?
Yes
GO to A4 .

No
INSTALL a new multifunction switch. REFER to Section 211-05 . A4 CHECK CIRCUIT 57 (BK) FOR AN OPEN
  • Measure the resistance between C202b pin 5, circuit 57 (BK), harness side and ground.
  • Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes
GO to A5 .

No
REPAIR the circuit. TEST the system for normal operation. A5 CHECK CIRCUITS 56 (DB/OG), 58 (WH), 61 (YE/RD), AND 63 (RD) FOR OPENS
  • Using the following table, measure the resistance between the multifunction switch C202b harness side and the windshield wiper motor C125 harness side:

    Multifunction Switch C202b Windshield Wiper Motor C125 pin 6, circuit 56 (DB/OG) pin 10, circuit 56 (DB/OG) pin 3, circuit 58 (WH) pin 11, circuit 58 (WH) pin 1, circuit 61 (YE/RD) pin 1, circuit 61 (YE/RD) pin 4, circuit 63 (RD) pin 9, circuit 63 (RD)
  • Are the resistances less than 5 ohms?
Yes
GO to A6 .

No
REPAIR the circuit(s) in question. TEST the system for normal operation. A6 CHECK FOR CORRECT WIPER MOTOR OPERATION
  • Disconnect all wiper motor connectors.
  • Check for:
    • corrosion
    • pushed-out pins
  • Connect all wiper motor connectors and make sure they seat correctly.
  • Operate the system and verify the concern is still present.
  • Is the concern still present?
Yes
GO to A7 .

No
The system is operating correctly at this time. The concern may have been caused by a loose or corroded connector. TEST the system for normal operation. A7 CHECK THE WINDSHIELD WIPER MOTOR
  • Key in OFF position.
  • Disconnect: Windshield Wiper Motor C125.
  • Carry out the windshield wiper motor component test as outlined in this section.
  • Does the windshield wiper motor pass the component test?
Yes
The system is operating correctly at this time. The concern may have been caused by binding or incorrect pivot arm adjustment. REFER to Windshield Wiper Blade and Pivot Arm Adjustment in this section. TEST the system for normal operation.

No
INSTALL a new windshield wiper motor. REFER to Windshield Wiper Motor in this section.

Apr 30, 2018 | Ford Crown Victoria Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Wiper motor


Possible wiper linkage has broken/seperated from wiper motor. The wiper cowling covering the linkage assembly will need to be removed to inspect/repair

Feb 13, 2016 | 2008 Chevrolet Impala

1 Answer

Why is my windshield wipers running in the off position, it's like they are running in the intermittent position, but it's in the off position.


When the windshield wiper / washer switch is turned to the OFF position while the wiper motor is somewhere in mid-cycle, the wiper motor module will continue to operate the wiper motor until the wipers reach the park position. If the ignition is turned off while the wipers are in mid-cycle, the wipers will stop immediately where they are. The wipers will park the next time the ignition is cycled to the ON position.

Schematic Reference: Wiper/Washer Schematics


1

Did you review the Wiper/Washer System Description and Operation and perform the necessary inspections?
Go to Step 2
Go to Symptoms - Wiper/Washer Systems

2

  1. Turn the ignition ON.
  2. Turn the windshield wiper/washer switch OFF.
Are the windshield wipers always on?
Go to Step 3
Go to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections in Wiring Systems

3

Disconnect the windshield wiper/washer switch connector.
Are the windshield wipers always on?
Go to Step 4 if yes
Go to Step 7 if no

4

  1. Disconnect the windshield wiper motor connector.
  2. Test the windshield wiper switch signal 1 circuit for a short to voltage. Refer to Circuit Testing and to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Did you find and correct the condition?
Go to Step 11
Go to Step 5

5

Test the windshield wiper switch signal 2 circuit for a short to voltage. Refer to Circuit Testing and to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Did you find and correct the condition?
Go to Step 11
Go to Step 6

6

Test the windshield wiper motor high speed circuit for a short to voltage. Refer to Circuit Testing and to Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Did you find and correct the condition?
Go to Step 11
Go to Step 9

7

Inspect for poor connections at the windshield wiper/washer switch. Refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections and to Connector Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Did you find and correct the condition?
Go to Step 11
Go to Step 8

8

Replace the windshield wiper/washer switch. Refer to Windshield Wiper and Washer Switch Replacement - On Vehicle in Steering Wheel and Column.
Is the repair complete?
Go to Step 11
--

9

Inspect for poor connections at the windshield wiper motor. Refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections and to Connector Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Did you find and correct the condition?
Go to Step 11
Go to Step 10

10

Replace the windshield wiper motor. Refer to Windshield Wiper Motor Replacement .
Is the repair complete?
Go to Step 11
--

11

Operate the system in order to verify the repair.
Did you correct the condition?
The Wiper / Washer System consists of the following components:
?€¢
Windshield wiper / washer switch


?€¢
Windshield wiper system module / motor


?€¢
Windshield washer fluid pump


?€¢
Windshield washer fluid level switch


?€¢
Instrument panel cluster (IPC)


?€¢
ACC 15-amp fuse


?€¢
WSW 30-amp fuse

Jan 04, 2016 | 2002 Pontiac Bonneville

2 Answers

My windshield wiper fluid wont wrk in front but back does is it the windshield wiper motor th wipers still move but no fluid


check fuse ..and if good..wiper pump may be bad or clogged lines from being cold if you are in cold weather

Jan 31, 2011 | 2002 Dodge Caravan

1 Answer

A4 wipers run and stop in the middle of the cycle and do not retrun to bottom of the windshield. What needs to be done to fix this?


Sounds like you may need to replace the wiper transmission which has the motor and both rods attached to it. Dealer calls it a wiper transmission or bracket. Most Audi dealers in area will stock it, especially this time of year.

Dec 28, 2010 | 2004 Audi A4

2 Answers

Wipers don't work on intermittent. They run but stop in they middle of the windshield and don't go to the bottom like normal, Then they run again and stop some other spot. When put on continuous they...


Intermittent Speed Windshield Wipers
The intermittent wiper speed is activated with grounds controlled by the multifunction switch inputs to the windshield wiper motor module. The windshield wiper motor module then activates the windshield wiper RUN/PARK relay coil and switches voltage through the windshield wiper high/low relay. The high/low relay remains deactivated supplying the voltage to the wiper motor low speed input and activates the windshield wiper motor. When the windshield wiper motor module receives the grounded input, the motor continues to operate until Hall effect senses magnet to turn off RUN/PARK sense the output to the windshield wiper RUN/PARK software, deactivating the relay and disconnecting voltage to the wiper motor. The windshield wipers remain parked until the windshield wiper motor module completes a time-out and then repeats the intermittent windshield wiper cycle.

  • The intermittent windshield wiper speed does not operate correctly
  • Multifunction switch.
  • Circuitry.
  • Windshield wiper motor.
  • Go To Pinpoint Test D .

Pinpoint Test D: The Intermittent Windshield Wiper Speed Does Not Operate Correctly
Normal Operation During normal operation, the windshield wiper motor receives voltage at all times through battery junction box (BJB) fuse 1 (30A), circuit 65 (DG). The windshield wiper motor also receives power with the ignition switch in RUN or ACC positions through central junction box (CJB) fuse 33 (15A), circuit 1002 (BK/PK). Ground is provided to the windshield wiper motor through circuit 676 (PK/OG) and circuit 57 (BK). The run/park and high/low relays are contained in the wiper motor electronics. Mode of operation is dependant on the signal(s) received from the multifunction switch.
    Possible Causes
  • Multifunction switch
  • Open in circuit 57 (BK), 56 (DB/OG), 61 (YE/RD) or 63 (RD)
  • Windshield wiper motor
PINPOINT TEST D: THE INTERMITTENT WINDSHIELD WIPER SPEED DOES NOT OPERATE CORRECTLY Test Step Result / Action to Take D1 CHECK THE MULTIFUNCTION SWITCH
  • Key in OFF position.
  • Disconnect: Multifunction Switch C202b.
  • Carry out the multifunction switch component test. Refer to Wiring Diagrams Cell 149 for schematic and connector information.
  • Did the multifunction switch pass the component test?
Yes
GO to D2 .

No
INSTALL a new multifunction switch. REFER to Section 211-05 . TEST the system for normal operation. D2 CHECK CIRCUIT 57 (BK) FOR OPEN
  • Measure the resistance between multifunction switch C202b-6, circuit 57 (BK), harness side and ground.
  • Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes
GO to D3 .

No
REPAIR the circuit. TEST the system for normal operation. D3 CHECK CIRCUITS 56 (DB/OG), 61 (YE/RD) AND 63 (RD) FOR OPENS
  • Disconnect: Windshield Wiper Motor C125.
  • Using the following table, measure the resistance between multifunction switch C202b harness side and windshield wiper motor C125 harness side:

    Multifunction Switch C202b Windshield Wiper Motor C125 Pin 2, circuit 56 (DB/OG) Pin 10, circuit 56 (DB/OG) Pin 4, circuit 61 (YE/RD) Pin 1, circuit 61 (YE/RD) Pin 1, circuit 63 (RD) Pin 9, circuit 63 (RD) Pin 3, circuit 58 (WH) Pin 11, circuit 58 (WH)
  • Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes
GO to D4 .

No
REPAIR the circuit(s) in question. TEST the system for normal operation. D4 CHECK FOR CORRECT WIPER MOTOR OPERATION
  • Disconnect all wiper motor connectors.
  • Check for:
    • corrosion.
    • pushed-out pins.
  • Connect all wiper motor connectors and make sure they seat correctly.
  • Operate the system and verify the concern is still present.
  • Is the concern still present?
Yes
GO to D5 .

No
The system is operating correctly at this time. Concern may have been caused by a loose or corroded connector. TEST the system for normal operation. D5 CHECK THE WINDSHIELD WIPER MOTOR
  • Key in OFF position.
  • Disconnect: Windshield Wiper Motor C125.
  • Carry out the windshield wiper motor component test as outlined in this section.
  • Did the windshield wiper motor pass the component test?
Yes
The system is operating correctly at this time. Concern may have been caused by incorrect binding pivot arm adjustment. REFER to Wiper Blade and Pivot Arm Adjustment in this section. TEST the system for normal operation.

No
INSTALL a new windshield wiper motor. REFER to Windshield Wiper Motor in this section.

Feb 19, 2018 | 2006 Ford F 350 Super Duty

2 Answers

Dodge caravan 1996 During cold weather wiper malfunction


Hi

Sounds to me like the "parking" contacts inside the wiper motor have broken off / worn.
Needs to remove wiper moter / dismantle to inspect. (On some models you can purchase these contacts.)

Dec 10, 2009 | 1996 Dodge Caravan

1 Answer

Need to get a programmer dont know where its at


  • Windshield Wipers Continue to Run When Turn Signal and Windshield Wiper Switch Are Turned OFF
  • Damaged turn signal and windshield wiper switch .
  • Damaged windshield wiper motor .
  • Damaged windshield wiper control module.
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Pin Number Circuit Circuit Function 1 57 (BK) Wiper Motor Ground (Park) 2 28 (BK/PK) Wiper Module to Wiper Motor (Park Switch) 3 65 (DG) Wiper Motor Power (Park Feed) 4 61 (Y/R) Wiper Motor Common (RUN) 5 56 (DB/O) Wiper Motor LO 6 58 (W) Wiper Motor HI
Windshield Wiper System The windshield wiper system consists of :
  • Windshield wiper motor (17508) (F-type).
  • Washer system.
  • Windshield wiper control module.
  • Turn signal and windshield wiper switch (13K359).
The windshield wiper control module is:
  • Located at the instrument panel fuse panel.
The windshield wiper motor is:
  • Attached to the cowl top extension (021A36) .
  • Connected to windshield wiper mounting arm and pivot shaft (17566) .
The turn signal and windshield wiper switch features a:
  • Rotary wiper switch.
  • Push type washer actuator.
OFF/Low/High Speed
  • Has a two-speed, permanent magnet, three brush electric windshield wiper motor .
  • The windshield wiper motor has a brush rigging that permits selection of low or high speed.
  • When the turn signal and windshield wiper switch is in the LO position, the common brush and the blue/orange wire brush are used, and the windshield wiper motor operates at low speed.
  • When the turn signal and windshield wiper switch is in the HI position, the common brush and the white wire brush are used.
  • In HI position, electric current will bypass a portion of the armature winding causing the windshield wiper motor to operate faster.
  • When the turn signal and windshield wiper switch is moved to the OFF position, the windshield wiper motor will continue at low speed until the park switch outer contacts open.
  • When the park switch contacts open, the windshield wiper motor stops in the park position.
Interval
When the turn signal and windshield wiper switch is in the interval position:
  • The wipers make single wipes separated by pauses.
  • The rotary switch is on the end of turn signal and windshield wiper switch .
  • The length of the pause can be set from approximately 1 to 17 seconds.
  • Length of pause decreases as the rotary switch is rotated away from off.
  • Length of pause increases as the rotary switch is rotated toward off.
While in the interval wiper mode:
  • It is normal to hear a slight click at the beginning of each on/pause cycle. NOTE: When using interval wipers, the first wipe may not occur until after a pause of up to 17 seconds.

May 27, 2009 | 1994 Ford Mustang

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