Question about 2000 Lincoln Navigator

1 Answer

My 04 navigastor dropped on one side about 3 weeks ago.check suspension was "not" on. The dealership replaced the ride height sensor and the solenoid on that side. When we got the truck back the check suspension light was now on!! Since then we have replaced the other front sensor and solenoid, the VDM and now an O-ring. They have found no system leaks nor is the compressor bad. They are now at a loss and are almost refuseing to continue??!! Help from lincoln engineers and other techs has solved nothing. Constructive suggestions would be appreciated.

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1 Answer

Constructive----I have a very complicate 2004 Linclon LS and relatives have the Navigator, and Expeditions,Etc.

These vehicles have so many issues, dealers are not an option, because of cost, and there inability to even find an issue,that fortunately, I have done my own repairs for 47 years and stayed up with the technology.

I would say unless you have a local shop and a few dollars left,to diagnose and repair that air ride system,which I don't see as a problem, I would recommend you replace the suspension with conventional parts ,such as strutmasters offers or other Mfg may have. That way eliminate the air suspension issues.
It is ten years old and you will have the rest of it's ownership ,making love ,to constant COP Ignition Coil problems and more,so you don't need to stay with suspension issues

You should no way be at a dealer, for any make or model vehicle ,after the warrantee runs out.
If you have deep pockets,want nothing repaired and as people have coined it,get ripped off (over charged) then a dealer will hook you up

Posted on Oct 14, 2010

  • 2 more comments 
  • soapshop Oct 14, 2010

    Ah Strutmasters..I guess by constructive i should have said " anyone besides strumasters salesman". Thanks anyway.

  • Anonymous Oct 15, 2010

    I don't sell anything I'am retired
    I get auto trade publications at home, still--free
    I used to own a trans repair shop

  • HeatherSm Nov 12, 2010

    Hi my name is Heather. I bought a kit for my Navigator from Strutmasters and I have to say It works great and I'm not a expert but I rather pay a couple grand less to get my car back up running than pay the dealer a few grand.

  • Anonymous Nov 15, 2010

    Thanks for your input and support of my suggestion.
    You can, if you have the knowledge and time, and do your own work,try and continually repair thoses systems,but for most poeple and an older veh,plus the cost of doing any business with a dealership,you, I believe made a good consumer choice.

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I have a 99 expedition, air ride suspension went out. Changed the air compressor and still will not air up. Checked the relay and seems to be working. One other time this happened and friend changed a...


Your best bet take it an have it diagnosed ! This is computer controlled an may have DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes stored !
C1724 Air Suspension Height Sensor Power Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test F . C1726 Air Suspension Rear Pneumatic Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test G . C1760 Air Suspension Rear Height Sensor High Signal Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test H . C1770 Air Suspension Vent Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test I . C1790 Air Suspension LR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test J . C1795 Air Suspension RR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test K . C1830 Air Suspension Compressor Relay Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test L
Symptom Chart Condition Possible Sources Action
  • No communication with the air suspension control module
  • CJB Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A).
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension control module.
  • Air suspension switch.
  • GO to Pinpoint Test A .

You replaced a part that you probably didn't need !
  • The compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.
  • GO to Pinpoint Test Q .

There is a lot to this system an guessing as to what the problem is ,isn't the way to fix it.
Measure the voltage between air compressor relay C1000 Pin A, Circuit 1053 (LB/PK), harness side and ground.
  • Is the voltage greater than 10 volts?
Yes GO to Q3 .

No REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test.
Measure the resistance between air compressor C1000 Pin B, Circuit 538 (GY/RD), harness side and air compressor assembly C194M Pin 4, Circuit 538 (GY/RD), harness side.
  • Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes GO to Q4 .

No REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
  • Air Suspension Control Module
    NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
    NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
    The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
    The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.

Jun 09, 2017 | 2000 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

2003 Yukon Denali has Service ride Control Warning..wat to do?


Hi Jose:
The first place to start is to have Ride Control Module scanned for trouble codes, this requires a high end scan tool. Most common problem is the air compressor in the rear or a height sensor. Here is how the system works.

Automatic Level Control Description and Operation
The RTD system is bi-state real time damping system. The Suspension Control module controls the suspension damper solenoids and suspension position sensors, along with parts of the automatic level control (ALC) system and electronic variable orifice (EVO) power steering system.

The Automatic Level Control system consists of the following:
• Suspension Control Module
• Compressor/Leveling Module
- Air Pressure Sensor
- Exhaust Solenoid
• Compressor Motor Relay

The objective of the Automatic Level Control System is to provide constant ride height at all load conditions. The Suspension Control module monitors body-to-wheel height, and vehicle speed.

The Suspension Control module will use the rear body-to-wheel displacements and vehicle speed inputs to keep the rear trim height of the vehicle at its desired level.

The electronic suspension control (ESC) system is bi-state real time damping system. The ESC module controls the suspension damper solenoids and suspension position sensors, along with parts of the automatic level control (ALC) system, if 1500 series.

The ESC system consists of the following:
• The ESC module
• The compressor/leveling module, if 1500 series
- The air pressure sensor, if 1500 series
- The exhaust solenoid, if 1500 series
• The compressor motor relay, if 1500 series
• The steering handwheel speed/position sensor
• The suspension damper solenoids
• The suspension position sensors

Hope this helps; also keep in mind that your feedback is important and I'll appreciate your time and consideration if you leave some testimonial comment about this answer.

Thank you for using Fixya, and have a nice day.

Nov 16, 2011 | 2003 GMC Yukon Denali

1 Answer

We have a 04 Navigator, we replaced several air ride height sensors and solenoids. We re-scaned and had the following C1991 and C1990 and it wouldn't take the re-programing. Ford suggested we replaced...


Befoe that expense which may still be your only option reset your system by Disconnecting and reconnecting you battery and check for a blown fuse to the motor if all is the same then replace your pump.

Oct 08, 2010 | Lincoln Navigator Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

I have a 1994 lincoln continental car. Hoe do I replace the suspention drier?


why do you want to replace it? As air is exhausted through it, it dires it out for the next use. it's part of compressor assembly.

1996 cont'l The air suspension system includes the following major components:
  • Air compressor to supply air to the air springs (part of front spring and shock and rear spring and shock absorber assemblies
  • Front spring and shock (3C098) and rear spring and shock absorber (5A965) at each corner of the vehicle
  • Four linear air suspension height sensors (5359): two rear and two front height sensors to maintain the vehicle at the proper ride height; only LH rear height sensor is used for air suspension.
  • Dual-mode front spring and shock and rear shock absorber assemblies with internal actuator.
All system functions are controlled by vehicle dynamics control module (5A919). This control module receives inputs from several different sources. These inputs include:
  • vehicle speed via multiplex communication network
  • ignition switch position
  • door position via multiplex communication network
  • height sensor position
  • air suspension service switch
  • engine rpm via multiplex communication network
  • ride and steering personality settings via multiplex communications network
Communications monitor system operation and allow diagnosis of any concerns that may develop in the system. System monitoring for the driver's use is provided through the instrument panel mounted message center indicator (10D898).
  • Diagnosis communication for the service technician is provided through the data link connector (14489) (DLC) under the instrument panel and Rotunda New Generation Star (NGS) Tester 007-00500 or equivalent.
The message center indicator will display AIR LEVELING DISABLED or CHECK RIDE CONTROL if the suspension system is not turned on or the vehicle dynamics control module detects a concern. If air leveling system disabled is displayed, check that air suspension service switch is in the ON position.
----------------------------------------------------------
Solenoid Valve Vent The vent solenoid valve operates as follows:
  • The vent solenoid valve allows air to escape from the system during venting corrections.
  • The valve is located in the air compressor cylinder head and shares a common electrical connector with the motor.
  • The valve is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Air leakage past the valve tip is prevented by an O-ring seal.
  • The vent solenoid valve opens when a corner of the vehicle is high and the vehicle dynamics control module (5A919) determines lowering is required.
  • When the vent solenoid valve is opened, it provides an escape route for pressurized air.
  • However, the vehicle will not lower unless the air spring solenoid valves (5311) are also opened to allow air to leave the springs.
  • Lowering the vehicle corners requires the vehicle dynamics control module to open two solenoid valves, the vent and one air spring solenoid.
  • Air is exhausted from the spring and vents through the compressor air drier (5346).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 04-05: Suspension, Computer Controlled 1996 Continental Workshop Manual
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Air Compressor and Drier Assembly Removal
  1. Turn air suspension service switch OFF.
  1. Disconnect electrical connector located on the air compressor.
  1. Disconnect two air lines from compressor air drier.
  1. Remove three fasteners retaining air compressor and drier assembly to radiator support, frame rail and fender apron.

Dec 22, 2009 | 1994 Lincoln Continental

3 Answers

The rear suspension air bags no work


start here

The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving condition:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) transfer case inputs, and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines, and the use of an air spring with an air spring solenoid.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed and the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch is located behind the RH kick panel on a mounting bracket. The switch interrupts power to the air suspension control module.
The air suspension switch supplies a signal to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this signal the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • Is not interchangeable with four wheel air suspension (4WAS) compressor.
  • Consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • Is mounted in the engine compartment between the washer fluid bottle and headlamp (RH front corner).
  • Is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • Is powered by a solid state relay, controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • Passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • Air drier has a single port and is not interchangeable with 4WAS compressor air drier.
  • Air drier may be replaced separately.
  • Incorporates a snorkle that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • Allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • Is located in the air compressor cylinder head.
  • Has a 160 psi internal relief valve.
  • Shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • Is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • Opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • Provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • Is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The air springs are mounted between the axle spring seats and the frame upper spring seats.
The two air springs replace the conventional rear coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing of the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module is mounted in the passenger compartment inside the instrument panel above the radio and temperature controls.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Air Suspension Diagnostic Connector
The air suspension diagnostic connector is used to aid the technician in diagnosing the air suspension system. It is also used to vent the system of compressed air when air suspension system components need to be repaired or replaced. The air suspension diagnostic connector is located under steering column.

Oct 02, 2009 | 1998 Ford Expedition

2 Answers

99 expedition two wheel drive passenger side goes up higher than the drivers side.uneven ride! whats a ride height sensor?


height sensor is a sensor that control air compressor on air shock.it keep vechicle level.if height sensor senses distance between frame and suspension .it will admit air to shock by controling the air compressor.check the air shock on driver side.BESURE TO TURN OFF ELECTRICAL POWER TO AIR SUSPENSION BEFORE RAISING VECHICLE.

Jul 10, 2009 | 2000 Ford Expedition

2 Answers

No power to rear bags its down but wont air up bags dont seem cracked unplugged connector no power I tried resetting still no power


is switch on?
The air suspension switch and bracket is mounted below the RH side of the instrument panel.

Dealer can run diagnostic test with scan tool for fault codes.
----------

The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving conditions:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, the air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for the RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines and the use of air springs with air spring solenoids.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed or the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
------------------------------------
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The two air springs support the conventional rear leaf coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket).
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed or crimped air line(s)
  • Unmounted height sensor
  • Damaged air spring(s)
  • Open fuses:
    • Central junction box (CJB) Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A)
    • Battery junction box (BJB) Fuse 109 (50A)
  • Loose, corroded or disconnected connectors
  • Air suspension switch is in the OFF position
  • Damaged solenoid valve(s)


-----------------------------------------------------------
  • The compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.

Apr 30, 2009 | 2000 Ford Expedition

3 Answers

Rear air suspension compressor not engaging.


what year? here's 2003 rear air only info, not 4 wheel air.

you have a fuse panel in truck and 1 under hood.




Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed or crimped air line(s)
  • Unmounted height sensor
  • Damaged air spring(s)
  • Open fuses:
    • Central junction box (CJB) Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A)
    • Battery junction box (BJB) Fuse 109 (50A)
  • Loose, corroded or disconnected connectors
  • Air suspension switch is in the OFF position
  • Damaged solenoid valve(s)

  • compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.
  • Go To Pinpoint Test P .



----------------------------------------------------------------------------

The system consists of unique rear air springs, the air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for the RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines and the use of air springs with air spring solenoids.

Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch supplies power to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this power, the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when the rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off the air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • is powered by a solid state relay which is controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • air drier has a single port.
  • air drier may be replaced separately.
  • incorporates a snorkel that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • is part of the air compressor cylinder head.
  • has a 1,103 kPa (160 psi) internal relief valve.
  • shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The two air springs support the conventional rear leaf coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket).
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Solenoid Valve, Air Spring
s2j~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Never rotate an air spring solenoid valve to the release slot in the end cap fitting until all pressurized air has escaped from the spring to prevent damage or injury.
The air spring solenoid:
  • allows air to enter and exit the air spring during leveling operations.
  • is electrically operated and controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • is only installed as a unit.

Apr 18, 2009 | 2003 Lincoln Navigator

1 Answer

EXPEDITION REAR AIR RIDE PROBLEM


do you have just rear air suspension? here's rear only. 4 wheel different. Deler an run a diagnostic test with WDS machine and get fault codes.
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The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving conditions:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, the air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for the RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines and the use of air springs with air spring solenoids.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed or the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
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Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket).
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level
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  • Uneven vehicle height
  • Circuitry.
  • Rear pneumatic fault.
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Air suspension control module.
  • Go To Pinpoint Test I .

Feb 21, 2009 | 2001 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

Air Ride Sensors Corroded?


you buy a car with all these electronics. ride hieght sensors for each wheel. this is affecting that. then when you go to the dealership you want them to replace only the exact one piece that fails. that could take hours of diagnosis time. at damn near 100 per hour. go ahead and give them the car. let them do diag. total price 2000. or you have narrowed it down to brains or sensor. do it yourself 1000. problem solved it should cost 1000-2000 to fix. if u find parts cheaper. money in your pocket

Jan 22, 2009 | 2003 Lincoln Navigator

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