Question about 1994 Lincoln Town Car

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Air suspension compressor cycles on and off. does not raise the rear.

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  • Lincoln Master
  • 6,826 Answers

Check for a air line to have a small leak.

Posted on Oct 12, 2010

  • Ronny Bennett Sr.
    Ronny Bennett Sr. Oct 22, 2010

    Please check the plastic lines and connectors,to make sure it is not something simple.

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I have a 2001 town car with a suspension problem. I just replaced the air bags. A month later the pump started to run too much. I tried soapy water but found no leaks.Yesterday the back end droped and the...


Having it hooked up to a factory scan tool would be your best bet . Check for DTC'S diagnostic trouble codes . Without testing ,code scan ,we'd only be guessing .
Very complex , the untrained person hasn't got a pray of fixing this . You have no idea what your dealing with . Vehicle Dynamic Suspension The vehicle dynamic suspension consists of the following components:
  • Rear air suspension control (RAS) module (5A919)
  • Snorkel
  • Drier
  • Air compressor (5319)
  • Air suspension switch (5K761)
  • Solenoid valve (5311)
  • Air spring (5560)
  • Air suspension height sensor (5359)
  • Air line
  • Rear Air Suspension Control Module
    A microprocessor controls the air suspension system. The microprocessor and its supporting hardware are contained in the rear air suspension control module. The rear air suspension control module responds to signals from various sensors in the vehicle to maintain the programmed ride height while the vehicle is either moving or stopped. The rear air suspension control module accomplishes this by opening and closing solenoid valves to control the amount of air in the air spring(s). The rear air suspension control module turns on the compressor by applying voltage through the compressor relay to inflate the air spring(s) and raise the vehicle. The rear air suspension control module opens the vent solenoid to lower the vehicle by releasing air from the air spring(s) in response to signal inputs from the air suspension height sensor(s).
  • Rear Air Suspension Control Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index DTC Description Source Action B1317 Battery Voltage High Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test C . B1318 Battery Voltage Low Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test C . B1342 ECU Is Defective Rear Air Suspension Control Module INSTALL a new rear air suspension control module. REFER to Module-Air Suspension Control . TEST the system for normal operation. C1441 Steering Sensor Channel A Circuit Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module REFER to Section 211-00 . C1442 Steering Sensor Channel B Circuit Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module REFER to Section 211-00 . C1722 Air Suspension Height Sensor Power Circuit Short to Power Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test D . C1723 Air Suspension Height Sensor Power Circuit Short to Ground Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test E . C1760 Air Suspension Rear Height Sensor High Signal Circuit Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test F . C1763 Air Suspension Rear Height Sensor High Signal Circuit Short to Ground Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test G . C1765 Air Suspension Rear Height Sensor Low Signal Circuit Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test F . C1768 Air Suspension Rear Height Sensor Low Signal Circuit Short to Ground Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test H . C1770 Air Suspension Vent Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test I . C1773 Air Suspension Vent Solenoid Output Circuit Short to Ground Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test J . C1790 Air Suspension LR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test K . C1793 Air Suspension LR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Short to Ground Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test L . C1795 Air Suspension RR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test M . C1798 Air Suspension RR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Short to Ground Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test N . C1813 Air Suspension Vent Request Exceeded Max Timing Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test O . C1818 Air Suspension Air Compressor Request Exceeded Max Timing Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test P . C1830 Air Compressor Relay Circuit Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test Q . C1832 Air Compressor Relay Circuit Short to Power Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test R . C1840 Air Suspension Switch Circuit Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test S . C1842 Air Suspension Switch Circuit Short to Power Rear Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test D . C1897 Steering VAPS Circuit Loop Failure Rear Air Suspension Control Module REFER to Section 211-00 . U1041 SPC Invalid or Missing Data for Vehicle Speed

Nov 12, 2017 | 2000 Lincoln Town Car

2 Answers

Air suspension


LEAK IS AIR LINE FROM COMPRESSOR TO REAR SUSPENSION
OR...REAR SUSPENSION COMPONENT FAILURE

Jul 21, 2013 | 2003 Oldsmobile Bravada

2 Answers

Removing rear air suspension on GMC Envoy


Just behind right rear tire up in the wheel well. Air inlet is inside right rear quarter near the accessory inflator. Compressor runs 3 lines one for the accessory inflator and one for each air bag.
THere are also 2 sensors, one on each trailing arm that senses load and then raises and lowers accordingly.

Dec 28, 2009 | 2002 GMC Envoy XL

1 Answer

Troubleshooting Suspension failure 2000 Lincoln Navigator


I have owned several air suspension vehicles. My Expedition was similar to yours. You may want to try the 4x4 switch because it will raise the body 1-2 inches higher. Checking its fuse would not hurt.

On most of my vehicles the suspension would work end to end, raising the front first. You could have 2 issues with the suspension. There should be valving to switch the air to the rear suspension after the front is up. I would wait longer for the rear to catch up.

If I had to guess why the front lifts first it would be to get the front off of the curbs and sidewalks when you park so the bottom doesn't drag.

There is a diagnostic plug for the air suspension and sometimes Autozone or Oreillys have the scanner for that special plug. If not, some alignment shops and all dealers would have it. Also Ford parts are often the same as Lincoln and cheaper., Someone may make aftermarket parts at a better price.

Dec 02, 2009 | Lincoln Navigator Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Front end air suspension in cold weather acts up. I am in FL so I cannot imagine what it would do up north. It will correct itself after it has warmed up. The check air suspension message does NOT come on....


year?

SECTION 204-05: Vehicle Dynamic Suspension — 4-Wheel 2003 Expedition/Navigator Workshop Manual
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION Vehicle Dynamic Suspension The four wheel air suspension system is comprised of the following components:
  • service switch
  • control module
  • two front height sensors
  • one rear height sensor
  • compressor and drier assembly (includes vent solenoid)
  • air lines
  • front and rear air spring and shock absorber assemblies
  • four air spring solenoids
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Principles of Operation
The 4-wheel air suspension (4WAS) module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for both the load leveling and the vertical height adjustment features.
The 4WAS load leveling feature automatically makes adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height, and that constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle left and right sides for the 4WAS system are restricted to what can be reliably achieved with three height sensors.
The height adjustment feature has three vehicle heights within a two-inch span:
Kneel height — improves the ease of entering and exiting by lowering the vehicle one inch below the trim height in the front and rear when the vehicle ignition is in the OFF or LOCK positions and the vehicle is stationary.
Trim height — normal vehicle ride position; vehicle moves to trim position when the ignition is ON, when the transmission is initially shifted to DRIVE or REVERSE mode, when all doors are closed or when speed of more than 24 km/h (15 mph) is detected.
Off-road height — improves ground clearance by raising the vehicle one inch above trim height in the front and rear when the vehicle is at 4x4 low modes and the vehicle speed is less than 40 km/h (25 mph).
The 4WAS module uses the universal bus protocol, (UBP), module communications network for sending and receiving various signals with the exception of speed, information from the three height sensors, and the air suspension service switch. For additional information about UBP, refer to Section 418-00 .
The 4WAS system holds vehicle height when any door or rear hatch is opened. The system stores front and rear vehicle height the moment any door is detected open. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system returns to its commanded height when all doors are closed or vehicle speed exceeds 24 km/h (15 mph).

---------------------------------------------------------------
Air Suspension Service Switch
The air suspension service switch signal is needed to wake up the 4WAS module. Without the module receiving this signal, the 4WAS system is inoperative at speeds below 24 km/h (15 mph) and will not react when the vehicle is raised or lowered. At speeds above 24 km/h (15 mph), the system will be active as if the air suspension service switch is in the ON position.
---------------------------------------------------------
Air Compressor
The air compressor:
  • consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • is powered by a solid state relay, which is controlled by the 4WAS module.
  • passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • has a single port drier that can be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • is part of the air compressor cylinder head.
  • shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • opens when the 4WAS module determines that lowering is required.
  • provides an escape route for pressurized air when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • has a 1034 kPa (150 psi) internal relief valve.
  • is installed with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
The 4WAS system has front and rear air springs. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the system's air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system's air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the vehicle; decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the 4WAS module command.
Air Lines and Fittings
NOTE: Apply a soapy water solution to the air lines to verify the location of air leaks. If the air lines are cut, ruptured or leaking, a service repair kit is available.
Nylon air lines with quick connect fittings connect to the air compressor and air spring solenoids. The compressor assembly output line is divided by the use of a fitting to supply the front and rear air springs. Fittings are also used to divide the air supply to the RH and LH air spring solenoids.
Air Suspension Height Sensors
There are two sensors used for the front suspension and one sensor used for the rear suspension. The sensors send a voltage signal to the 4WAS module. The output ranges from approximately 4.50 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce) to 0.50 volt at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The sensors have a usable range of ± 45° compared to total suspension travel of 196 mm (7.84 in) at the front wheels and 240 mm (9.6 in) at the rear wheels. Therefore, the sensors are mounted to the suspension at a point where full suspension travel at the wheel is relative to the travel at the height sensor. The front height sensors are mounted to the frame and the links are attached to the upper arm ball studs. The rear height sensor is mounted to the frame and the link is attached to the rear lower arm ball stud.
When the height sensor indicates that the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the system. When the sensor indicates that the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the system to lower the vehicle to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the 4WAS module.
The compressor solid state relay is energized by the 4WAS module to have high current flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
4-Wheel Air Suspension (4WAS) Module
NOTE: The 4WAS module must receive a ride height adjustment calibration and must pass a pneumatic test when it is installed new or swapped.
The 4-wheel air suspension (4WAS) module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), all air spring solenoids, and provides power to front and rear height sensors. The 4WAS module also controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the three height sensors and other universal bus protocol (UBP) signals. The 4WAS module conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies, and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
The 4WAS module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 26-pin, two-way connector. The 4WAS module is keyed so that it cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two harness hardshell connectors and each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversed connections.
-----------------------
  • The air compressor continuously cycles with the ignition switch in the OFF position and no DTC is set
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.
  • 4WAS module.

Oct 21, 2009 | Lincoln Navigator Cars & Trucks

3 Answers

The rear suspension air bags no work


start here

The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving condition:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) transfer case inputs, and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines, and the use of an air spring with an air spring solenoid.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed and the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch is located behind the RH kick panel on a mounting bracket. The switch interrupts power to the air suspension control module.
The air suspension switch supplies a signal to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this signal the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • Is not interchangeable with four wheel air suspension (4WAS) compressor.
  • Consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • Is mounted in the engine compartment between the washer fluid bottle and headlamp (RH front corner).
  • Is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • Is powered by a solid state relay, controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • Passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • Air drier has a single port and is not interchangeable with 4WAS compressor air drier.
  • Air drier may be replaced separately.
  • Incorporates a snorkle that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • Allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • Is located in the air compressor cylinder head.
  • Has a 160 psi internal relief valve.
  • Shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • Is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • Opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • Provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • Is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The air springs are mounted between the axle spring seats and the frame upper spring seats.
The two air springs replace the conventional rear coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing of the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module is mounted in the passenger compartment inside the instrument panel above the radio and temperature controls.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Air Suspension Diagnostic Connector
The air suspension diagnostic connector is used to aid the technician in diagnosing the air suspension system. It is also used to vent the system of compressed air when air suspension system components need to be repaired or replaced. The air suspension diagnostic connector is located under steering column.

Oct 02, 2009 | 1998 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

The rear suspension is down on my 1999 Ford Expedition - Eddie Bauer. The cause: while out in the woods I came across a small dip which cause my back left wheel to lift off the ground. The suspension...


I had a 1999 Expedition. When you put the 4x4 on it raises the vehicle an extra inch or 2.
It may help to turn the 4x4 off. Two wheel drive is a lower air setting.
Your original pump may still be good. The problem can be in the front. The compressor is not filling the front suspension to the cutoff point. It will lift the rear after the front end is at running height. Since you lost the front end first, the remaining air bled out there and then the rear came down. Once you shut down the car the suspension was done, all the air was let go.
There are adjustment solenoids on the body but you need someone qualified to repair this.

Sep 05, 2009 | 1999 Ford Expedition

2 Answers

REAR AIR SHOCKS


First, you may have leaks in your bags, causing your suspension to drop. The other possibility is that your rear suspension level sensor is faulty, causing the suspension to readjust itself incorrectly.

Jul 24, 2009 | 2000 Lincoln Navigator

3 Answers

Rear air bag suspension failure 1998 Ford EXP E.B. 2x2


this will get you started. report back on progress and we'll go from there. There is a diagnostic test that will provide codes I think. I will look.

The system consists of unique rear air springs, air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) transfer case inputs, and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines, and the use of an air spring with an air spring solenoid.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed and the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch is located behind the RH kick panel on a mounting bracket. The switch interrupts power to the air suspension control module.
The air suspension switch supplies a signal to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this signal the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • Is not interchangeable with four wheel air suspension (4WAS) compressor.
  • Consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • Is mounted in the engine compartment between the washer fluid bottle and headlamp (RH front corner).
  • Is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • Is powered by a solid state relay, controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • Passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • Air drier has a single port and is not interchangeable with 4WAS compressor air drier.
  • Air drier may be replaced separately.
  • Incorporates a snorkle that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • Allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • Is located in the air compressor cylinder head.
  • Has a 160 psi internal relief valve.
  • Shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • Is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • Opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • Provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • Is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The air springs are mounted between the axle spring seats and the frame upper spring seats.
The two air springs replace the conventional rear coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing of the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module is mounted in the passenger compartment inside the instrument panel above the radio and temperature controls.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Solenoid Valve, Air Spring
swj~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Never rotate an air spring solenoid valve to the release slot in the end cap fitting until all pressurized air has escaped from the spring to prevent damage or injury.
The air spring solenoid:
  • allows air to enter and exit the air spring during leveling operations.
  • is electrically operated and controlled by the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Diagnostic Connector
The air suspension diagnostic connector is used to aid the technician in diagnosing the air suspension system. It is also used to vent the system of compressed air when air suspension system components need to be repaired or replaced. The air suspension diagnostic connector is located under steering column.

Jun 01, 2009 | 1998 Ford Expedition

3 Answers

Rear air suspension compressor not engaging.


what year? here's 2003 rear air only info, not 4 wheel air.

you have a fuse panel in truck and 1 under hood.




Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed or crimped air line(s)
  • Unmounted height sensor
  • Damaged air spring(s)
  • Open fuses:
    • Central junction box (CJB) Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A)
    • Battery junction box (BJB) Fuse 109 (50A)
  • Loose, corroded or disconnected connectors
  • Air suspension switch is in the OFF position
  • Damaged solenoid valve(s)

  • compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.
  • Go To Pinpoint Test P .



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The system consists of unique rear air springs, the air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for the RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines and the use of air springs with air spring solenoids.

Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch supplies power to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this power, the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when the rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off the air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • is powered by a solid state relay which is controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • air drier has a single port.
  • air drier may be replaced separately.
  • incorporates a snorkel that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • is part of the air compressor cylinder head.
  • has a 1,103 kPa (160 psi) internal relief valve.
  • shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The two air springs support the conventional rear leaf coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket).
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Solenoid Valve, Air Spring
s2j~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Never rotate an air spring solenoid valve to the release slot in the end cap fitting until all pressurized air has escaped from the spring to prevent damage or injury.
The air spring solenoid:
  • allows air to enter and exit the air spring during leveling operations.
  • is electrically operated and controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • is only installed as a unit.

Apr 18, 2009 | 2003 Lincoln Navigator

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