Question about 2001 Ford Focus

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I am trying to identify a part on the cylinder head. The intake valve is seated against a tapered ring. I have no idea what the ring is called but it broke. I am having a very tough time finding a replacement mainly because I can't correctly identify it but also because I haven't seen a photo of one to compair it to.

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Valve seat and its a specialised job to change it requiring liquid nitrogen

Posted on Oct 06, 2010

Testimonial: "Thank you. I was almost positive that it was a valve seat but with so much conflicting information on the internet it is better safe than sorry."

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  • Expert
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I believe you are either looking for the valve guide or the valve seat.

Posted on Oct 06, 2010

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2 Answers

Hi I'm getting low compression pressure on cylinder 2 on my Renault Clio 1.4 16v 2003 model 1,3&4 are OK I have changed head gasket,valves,rings but still the compression is low can anyone help please


I wonder did you check your work as you progressed?
Pressure testing the valve seats for instance or even just a paraffin test? A good valve seat is difficult to obtain with the hardened steel seats used for unleaded fuel, especially when using a coarse grade of carborundum paste.

In order to discover where the compression leak is it will be necessary to set the cylinder at the top of the compression stroke, lock the engine and then inject compressed air into the cylinder using either a propriety or home-made adapter in the spark plug hole. It will soon be obvious where the air is leaking from indicating the fault.

Valve clearances are important and in the case of hydraulic self-adjusting valve lifters it is possible for them to stick and hold the valve slightly open. I generally squeeze each one in a vice several times until all the oil has been evacuated.
If the valve spring is weak or the oil pressure relief valve is stuck closed tappet jacking is possible.
Good luck!

Nov 02, 2015 | Renault Cars & Trucks

4 Answers

Holden viva 2005 wagon auto electrician said there is no compression in number 4 cylinder and not much in number 1 and maybe the valve could have been damaged? Advice appreciated please.


The valves allow air and gasoline to enter the combustion chamber, to be ignited by the spark plug, and to allow the burned gases to be exhausted from the chamber.

When the valves do not work, a mechanic needs to remove parts of the engine, to see what's wrong, and to make repairs.
It could cost you $500 to $1000 US dollars.

Maybe, time to "junk" the TEN-YEAR-OLD vehicle, and buy another one ???

Apr 20, 2015 | Holden Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Having loud valve tick on 3rd cylinder compression test showed it was weak. took valve cover off and checked everything with feeler gauge to find


If you know how valves are installed in a head, then you know there is one traditional way to repair problem -- pull the head off.
The other is to replaced the seals and keepers while holding the valve up against the valve seat from the valve stem. Mess up and you pull the head to finish the repair. For someone who has not done engine work - take the car to the shop OR pull the head and take it in, Normally if there are 2 heads you do both at the same time, because repairing one side makes it stronger than the other and the can bring on other problems.

Apr 04, 2015 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

I have no compression in cylinder 1 it has only 15 pd of pressure but it doesn't smoke


Do a cylinder leak down test

Still nothing ,the valves are worn,head comes off

Compression does not tell you if a valve seals properly,
only how much pressure your building at cranking speed

Jul 23, 2014 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Can I repair a bad cylinder without taking apart the motor in a 2000 Monte Carlo?


Are you talking about compression readings? If so, and you only have 30 psi, engine is in serious state of disrepair. The cylinder head will have to be taken off to fix the problem-sounds like a stuck valve, a non sealing valve, or a blown head gasket. There's no way to get to it without removing the head.
Apparently you had a compression test done? If you had done or would do a leak down test of that cylinder, it would pinpoint the source of the problem-whether an intake or exhaust valve, or a head gasket, or piston or ring damage. With a leak down test, wherever the air is escaping from the cylinder points to the source: if for instance, air leaks out the exhaust pipe, you know it is the exhaust valve not sealing in that cylinder. If air leaks out the intake-it's the intake valve.
Air hissing from the oil dipstick tube would mean compression is being lost past the piston rings-going into the crankcase.

Feb 22, 2013 | 2004 Chevrolet Monte Carlo

1 Answer

My 99 cherokee sport 4x4 straight 6 is misfiring 3 and4 cylinder.i changed wires,plugs cap,rotor, coil pack and still runs bad.looking for a answer please


test the compression, also look for a intake manafold leak, take a can of carb cleaner and spray around were the intake mounts to the cylinder head if the engine smouth out replace the gasket or the injector o-rings.....we do a lot of valve jobs on these engines so do a compression test if below 100 psi remove the head and replace the valves and most likly the valve seats....good luck

Jan 23, 2012 | 1999 Jeep Cherokee

1 Answer

One cylinder is low in my 1998 Volvo s90 and the repair shops says the engine needs to be replaced. Is this true>


Not necessarily. I assume you mean that the compression on one cylinder is low? This is generally either the rings/cylinder, or valves. Sometimes a blown headgasket can drop compression, but will generally have other symptoms, ie., blown between one cylinder and another, blown between the cylinder and a cooling or oil passage, etc.

A GOOD shop will check more than compression, to determine where the exact problem is.

*A head gasket blown between 2 cylinders will have low compression on bothe affected cylinders.
*A head gasket blown into an oil or cooling passage will blow bubbles (gasses) into the affected area.
*To check the rings/cylinder, after running the first compression check, put a few ounces of oil into the cylinder through the spark plug hole. Re-run the compression check on that cylinder, and if the compression improves dramatically, you have bad rings on that cylinder.
*To check the valves, you need what is called a pressure differential guage. You place the affected cylinder at TDC (Top Dead Center) on the compression stroke. You then attach the guage, and apply a set amount of air pressure to the cylinder, usually about 100psi. One dial on the gauge reads input pressure (100psi), and the other reads how much the cylinder is actually holding. A drop of more than 10-15% generally indicates a bad valve in the head (as long as the prevoius checks came out OK). To determine which valve is bad, remove the intake ducting and listen for escaping air (Intake Valve) and listen at the tailpipe for the same (exhaust valve).

These are general procedures for tests so that you can see if your mechanic has actually performed them or not. If you want to run the tests yourself, I can give you more specific instructions.

Repairs:
Head Gasket - need to remove the head and check the head and block for cracks. Then replace the gasket and reinstall the head.
Bad Valve(s) - need to remove the head and have the bad valves reground or replaced by a machine shop and then reinstall the head.
Bad Rings/Cylinder - the engine will need to be removed and either machined and rebuilt or replaced.

Again, if you want any more specifics, please ask.

Hope this was helpful!

Sep 17, 2011 | 1998 Volvo S90

1 Answer

Excessive fuel consumption on vw caravelle 2.5i


Clogged PCV Valve
The main purpose of the PCV (positive crankcase ventilation) valve is to recirculate blow-by gases back from the crankcase area through the engine to consume unburned hydrocarbons. Blow by is a mixture of air, gasoline and combustion gases forced past the rings on the combustion stroke. The PCV system usually has a tube leading from the crankcase to the carburetor or intake manifold. Vacuum within the engine intake manifold pulls blow by gases out of the crankcase into the combustion chamber along with the regular intake of air and fuel.
Worn Piston Ring Grooves
For piston rings to form a good seal, the sides of the ring grooves must be true and flat - not flared or shouldered - and the rings must have the correct side clearance in the grooves. Normally, automotive ring groove side clearance should not exceed .002-.004. As the pistons move up and down, the rings must seat on the sides of the grooves in very much the same way that valves must seat to prevent leakage. New rings in tapered or irregular grooves will not seal properly and, consequently, oil will pass around behind the rings into the combustion chamber. Worn grooves are usually flared or tapered causing increased side clearances which permit more than the normal amount of oil to pass the rings into the combustion chamber. Excessive side clearances also create a pounding effect by the rings on the sides of the piston grooves. This promotes piston groove wear and, if the condition is not corrected, breakage of rings lands may occur.
Cracked or Broken Ring Lands
Cracked or broken ring lands prevent the rings from seating completely on their sides and cause oil pumping by a process similar to that described in #7. In addition to this, they also lead to serious damage to the cylinders as well as complete destruction of the pistons and rings. Cracked or broken ring lands cannot be corrected by any means other than piston replacement and this should be done as soon as there is the slightest indication of a crack.
Worn Valve Stems and Guides
When wear has taken place on valve stems and valve guides, the vacuum in the intake manifold will draw oil and oil vapor between the intake valve stems and guides, into the intake manifold and then into the cylinder where it will be burned. If this condition is not corrected when new piston rings are installed, an engine is likely to use more oil than it did before because the new piston rings will increase the vacuum in the intake manifold. When gum or deposits on the valve stems are removed - a procedure recommended when overhauling an engine - the seal previously formed will be removed and leakage will be more pronounced. This is particularly true on overhead valve engines where loss of oil may occur on the exhaust valves as well as on the intake valves. High oil consumption caused by too much valve guide clearance can frequently be cured by reaming or nerraling the valve stem. In some cases new valves may also be required. Use of a permanently bonded valve stem seal will give added insurance against oil leakage on complete engine overhauls or on valve jobs. Large Oil Leaks Leaking valve cover gaskets, leaking crankshaft front and rear seals.

Apr 24, 2011 | Volkswagen Microbus Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

What is the clearance for rod bearings on the crank of a 98 ford f 150 4.6


General Specifications Item Specification
Displacement L (CID) 4.6 (281)
Number of Cylinders 8
Bore and Stroke mm 90.2 x 90.0
Firing Order 1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
Oil Pressure (HOT @ 1500 rpm) kPa 138-310
Drive Belt Tension a
Cylinder Head and Valve Train
Combustion Chamber Volume cm 52?±.5
Valve Seats Width?€"Intake mm 1.9-2.1
Valve Seats Width?€"Exhaust mm 1.9-2.1
Valve Seats Angle 44.51-45.01 degrees
Valve Seats Runout (T.I.R.) Max mm 0.025
Valve Arrangement (Front-to-Rear) (Left Hand) E-I-E-I-E-I-E-I
(Right Hand)
I-E-I-E-I-E-I-E
Valve Stem to Guide Clearance?€"Intake mm (Inch) 0.020-0.069
(0.00078-0.00272)
Valve Stem to Guide Clearance?€"Exhaust mm (Inch) 0.045-0.095 (0.0018-0.0037)
Valve Head Diameter?€"Intake mm (Inch) 44.5- (1.75)
Valve Head Diameter?€"Exhaust mm (Inch) 34.0 (1.34)
Valve Head Diameter?€"Gauge Diameters mm (Inch) 42.5- and 32.0
(1.67 and 1.26)
Valve Face Runout Limit mm (Inch) 0.05 (0.002)
Valve Face Angle 45.25-45.75 degrees
Valve Stem Diameter (STD)
?€"Intake mm (Inch) 6.995-6.975 (0.275-0.2746)
Valve Stem Diameter (Std)
?€"Exhaust mm (Inch) 6.970-6.949 (0.274-0.2736)
Valve Springs?€"
Compression Pressure N @
Spec. Length?€"Intake 587.14 N @ 28.02 mm
Valve Springs?€"
Compression Pressure N @
Spec. Length?€"Exhaust 587.14 N @
28.02 mm
Valve Springs?€"Free
Length ( Approximate)?€"
Intake mm (Inch) 49.55 (1.951)
Valve Springs?€"Free
Length (Approximate)?€"
Exhaust mm (Inch) 49.55 (1.951)
Valve Springs?€"Installed
Pressure N @ Spec. Length
?€"Intake 244.64 N @ 40.0 mm
Valve Spring?€"Installed
Pressure N @ Spec. Length
?€"Exhaust 244.64 N @ 40.0 mm
Valve Springs?€"Installed
Pressure N @ Spec. Length
?€"Service Limit 10 % Pressure Less @ 28.02 mm
Valve Springs?€"Installed
Pressure N @ Spec. Length
?€"Out of Square Limit 2 degrees
Valve Guide Inner
Diameter mm (Inch) 7.015-7.044 (0.2761-0.2773)
Rocker Arm?€"Ratio 1.75:1
Valve Tappet?€"Diameter
(STD) mm (Inch) 16.000-15.988 (0.66-0.629)
Valve Tappet?€"Clearance
to Bore mm (Inch) 0.018-0.069
(0.00071-0.00272)
Valve Tappet?€"Service
Limit mm (Inch) 0.016 (0.00063)
Valve Tappet?€"Hydraulic
Leakdown Rate b 5-25 seconds
Valve Tappet?€"Collapsed
Valve Tappet Gap?€"
Desired mm (Inch) 0.085-0.45 (0.0033-0.0177)
Camshaft
Lobe Lift?€"Intake
mm (Inch) 6.58939 (0.2594)
Lobe Lift?€"Exhaust
mm (Inch) 6.58939 (0.2594)
Lobe Lift?€"Allowable
Lobe Lift Loss mm (Inch) 0 (0)
Theoretical Valve Lift @
Zero Lash?€"Intake
mm (Inch) 12.0 (0.472)
Theoretical Valve Lift @
Zero Lash?€"Exhaust
mm (Inch) 12.0 (0.472)
End Play mm (Inch) 0.025-0.165
(0.00098-0.0065)
Journal to Bearing
Clearance mm (Inch) 0.025-0.076
(0.00098-0.003
Journal to Bearing
Clearance?€"Service Limit
mm (Inch) 0.021 (0.0048)
Journal Diameter (All)
mm (Inch) 26.962-26.936
(1.061-1.060)
Journal Diameter (All)?€"
Bearing Inside Diameter
(All) mm (Inch) 27.012-26.987
(1.063-1.0625)
Camshaft Runout
mm (Inch) 0.05 (0.002)
Cylinder Bore
Diameter?€"Surface Finish
(RMS) 0.2-0.6 Microns
Diameter?€"Out-of-Round
Limit mm (Inch) 0.015 (0.0006)
Diameter?€"Out-of-Round
Service Limit mm (Inch) 0.020 (0.00079)
Diameter?€"Taper Service
Limit mm (Inch) 0.006 (0.00023)
Piston
Piston?€"Diameter?€"
Coded Red 1 mm (Inch) 90.177-90.197
(3.550-3.551)
Piston?€"Diameter?€"
Coded Blue 2 mm (Inch) 90.190-90.210
(3.5507-3.5515)
Piston?€"Diameter?€"
Coded Yellow 3 mm (Inch) 90.203-90.223
(3.513-3.5521)
Piston-to-Bore-Clearance
mm (Inch) -0.015 + 0.031 (0.0005-0.0012)
Pin Bore Diameter
mm (Inch) 22.0015-22.004
(0.866-0.8663)
Ring Groove Width?€"
Compression (Top)
mm (Inch) 1.520-1.550 (0.06-0.610)
Ring Groove Width?€"
Compression (Bottom)
mm (Inch) 1.520-1.530 (0.060-0.0602)
Ring Groove Width?€"Oil
Ring mm (Inch) 6.996-7.224 (0.275-0.2844)
Piston Pin?€"Length
mm (Inch) 61.93-62.05 (2.44-2.443)
Diameter mm (Inch) 21.994-21.999
(0.866-0.8661)
Pin to Piston Clearance
mm (Inch) 0.005-0.010
(0.0002-0.0004)
Pin to Rod Clearance
mm (Inch) 0.015-0.040
(0.0006-0.00157)
Piston Rings?€"Ring Gap
?€"Compression (Top)
mm (Inch) 1.0 MAX (0.0394)
Piston Rings?€"Ring Gap
?€"Compression (Top)
mm (Inch) 1.0 MAX (0.0394)
Oil Ring?€"Side Clearance
mm (Inch) 1.25 MAX (0.05)
Oil Ring?€"Compression
(Top) mm (Inch) 0.040-0.090
(0.0016-0.0031)
Oil Ring?€"Compression
(Top) mm (Inch) 0.030-0.080
(0.0012-0.00031)
Oil Ring Snug Fit
Oil Ring?€"Service Limit
mm (Inch) 0.015 MAX (0.0006)
Ring Gap?€"Compression
(Top) mm (Inch) 0.23-0.49
(0.01-0.02)
Ring Gap?€"Compression
(Bottom) mm (Inch) 0.23-0.49
(0.01-0.02)
Ring Gap?€"Oil Ring (Steel
Rail) mm (Inch) 0.05-0.66 (0.006-0.026)
Lubrication System
Oil Capacity?€"Automatic
Transmission (Quarts U.S.) 6.675?±0.125
Oil Capacity?€"Manual
Transmission (Quarts U.S.) 6.425?±0.125
Cylinder Block
Main Bearing Bore
Diameter mm (Inch) 72.401-72.422 (2.85-2.851)
Crankshaft and Flywheel
Main Bearing Journal
Diameter mm (Inch) 67.483-67-503 (2.65-2.657)
Connecting Rod Journal?€"
Diameter mm (Inch) 52.988-53.003
(2.0861-2.0867)
Crankshaft Free End Play
mm (Inch) 0.130-0.301 (0.0051-0.012)
Crankshaft Runout to Rear
Face of Block mm (Inch) 0.050 MAX (0.002)
Connecting Rod Bearings
Clearance to Crankshaft?€"
Desired mm (Inch) 0.027-0.069 (0.001-0.0027)
Clearance to Crankshaft?€"
Allowable mm (Inch) 0.027-0/069 (0.001-0.0027)
Bearing Wall Thickness
(STD) mm (Inch) 2.44-2.452 (0.096-0.0965)
Main Bearings
Clearance to Crankshaft?€"
Desired mm (Inch) 0027-0.065
(0.0011-0.0026)
Clearance to Crankshaft?€"
Allowable mm (Inch) 0.027-0.065
(0.0011-0.0026)
Bearing Wall Thickness
(STD) mm (Inch) 1.920-1.928 (0.075-0.076)
Connecting Rod, Piston and Rings
Connecting Rod?€"Piston
Pin Bore Diameter
mm (Inch) 21.959-21.979
(0.864-0.865)
Connecting Rod?€"
Crankshaft Bearing Bore
Diameter mm (Inch) 56.756-56.876 (2.234-2.24)
Connecting Rod?€"Length
(Center-to-Center)
mm (Inch) 150.7 (5.93)
Alignment (Bore-to-Bore
Max. Diff.) c ?€"Twist
mm (Inch) 0.050 per 25 (0.0015-0.984)
Alignment (Bore-to-Bore
Max. Diff.)?€"Bend
mm (Inch) 0.038 per 25 (0.0015-0.984)
Side Clearance (Assembled
to Crank)?€"Standard
mm (Inch) 0.015-0.45 (0.0006-0.0177)
Side Clearance (Assembled
to Crank)?€"Service Limit
mm (Inch) 0.05 MAX (0.02)
Crankshaft Main Bearing
Journal Taper mm (Inch) 0.020 (0.0007)
Crankshaft Main Bearing
Journal Runout mm (Inch) 0.05 (0.002)
Crankshaft Connecting Rod
Journal Taper mm (Inch) 0.015 (0.0006)

Feb 15, 2011 | 1998 Ford F150 Regular Cab

2 Answers

Need to know where the engine intake valve is located


May need to clarify what you are needing. There is an intake manifold that feeds gas and air to the the engine usually the top.
Also each cylinder has 1 to 2 intake valves in each cylinder so a v/8 has 8-16 intake valves. they are located in the heads and are partially visible by removing the valve covers. To re seat a valve you have to remove the heads.
Clarify so we can help more

Feb 15, 2011 | 1996 Ford Econoline

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