Question about 1991 Nissan Stanza

1 Answer

Running too rich

Car is fuel injected with 4 separate injectors, no mixture adjustment. The ignition system checks-out, no MAP sensor on this model either. As mentioned in previous question, the car is running too rich, idles too slow, and knocks-off when put in gear. Timing is good and compression is excellent. If I can, will dig out ECM and run diagnostic to see if there's a sensor failure and pray it doesn't cost TOO much. Have tech manual on the way. For some reason parts and info for this particular Nissan either are hard to get or have to be ordered and take a while to get. Dealers=OUCH!

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  • techno213 May 29, 2008

    ECM controls the idle mixture & speed, no adjustments whatsoever. It's got to be either bad sensors somewhere or possibly bad gas.

  • 14wheelin Oct 13, 2008

    i have a 91 stanza with the 2.4 doing likely the same... it ran and drove fine for ever and just this last weekend i started it up drove like a block it died and cant get it started now i checked spark thats all good i pull the plugs and they smell really rich in gas so should be no reason to keep from starting any help????????

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Just checking is there a screw to adjust on the throttle body?

Posted on May 25, 2008

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I have a 2001 Buick Lesabre that is idling very rough and smells like sulfur when at idle. I have had the spark plugs changed, fuel filter, ignition coils, and everything else done. It does not help the...


DIAGNOSIS

Here's what we think may be wrong with your car and what may be causing it. The list goes from the most likely problem to the least likely. Check out our Product and How To pages or the Vehicle Repair Guide for your vehicle (if available) for more information about particular parts.
Keep in mind, this is a general diagnosis. Your car may not have the parts we list as potential problems. If you're not sure if your car has a particular part, check your owner's manual.
-->lg-tl.jpg lg-tr.jpg Smells Like Change Symptom: Sulfer Change When: Engine Idling Change Where: Engine Exhaust Change -->lg-bl.jpg lg-br.jpg
Priority Action Part Type Cause 1 Inspect OXYGEN Sensor Damaged or Faulty OXYGEN Sensor or Circuit. 2 Inspect Catalytic Converter Clogged or Faulty Catalytic Converter. 3 Inspect Fuel Injector Pressure Regulator Faulty Regulator/Weak Spring Causing a Rich Fuel Mixture. 3 Inspect MAP Sensor Faulty or Disconnected MAP Sensor Causing a Rich Fuel Mixture. 3 Inspect Coolant Temperature Sensor Faulty or Disconnected Coolant Temperature Sensor Causing a Rich Fuel Mixture. 4 Inspect Carburetor Incorrect Carburetor Adjustment. 5 Inspect PCV Valve Plugged or Damaged PCV Valve.

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DTC P0172 - P0172 Fuel Trim System Rich Bank 1... this indicates that the fuel mixture is too rich, but you already know it is running rich.

A rich fuel mixture can be caused by a number of things First, I would suggest checking fuel pressure to make sure it is within normal specs If fuel pressure is too high due to a faulty pressure regulator for example, it will cause too much fuel to be entering the engine.

A leaking fuel injector can cause a rich fuel mixture, as can an injector that is stuck in the open position. When the engine is shut off, monitor fuel pressure with a fuel pressur gauge; it should remain steady.If fuel presure drops when the engine is off, then removing the fuel rail and injectors while still connected to the lines to visually check for a dripping injector may be informative.

There are several engine control system problems that can cause a rich fuel mixture; if you can obtain a scan tool that is capable of displaying live engine data you can check for these possible causes:

1) Low MAP reading; this can be due to a fault in the MAP sensor, MAP circuit, or as a result of low engine vacuum due to a restricted exhaust, jumped timing belt, or low compression on one or more cylinders caused by valve leakage or a leaking head gasket. Compression testing the engine may reveal internal mechanical problems of this type that would cause low engine vacuum. A low engine vacuum reading from the MAP makes the computer think the engine is under heavy load such as during acceleration, so it commands a rich fuel mixture in response. A vacuum leak can also result in a rich mixture for the same reason.

2) Low coolant temperature signal. This can be caused by a fault in the coolant temperature sensor circuit, faulty coolant temperature sensor, low engine coolant level, or a faulty thermostat that is allowing the engine to run too cold.

Keep us updated.

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I need a honda car code , i can't turn on my radio


service manual.
Code Description Possible Cause
0 ECU / ECU signal No signal to ECU
1 Oxygen sensor circuit Oxygen sensor or circuit, ECU
2 Oxygen sensor circuit Oxygen sensor or circuit, ECU
3 MAP sensor circuit Map sensor circuit
4 CKP sensor / engine speed (RPM) Crank angle sensor or circuit, ECU
sensor
5 MAP sensor circuit MAP sensor or circuit, mechanical
problem
6 ECT sensor circuit ECT sensor or circuit, automatic
transaxle control unit
7 TPS / Angle Sensor TPS sensor or circuit, automatic
transaxle control unit
8 CKP sensor / engine speed (RPM) Crank angle sensor or circuit, ECU
sensor
9 CMP sensor CMP sensor or circuit
10 IAT sensor IAT sensor or circuit
11 Idle Mixture Adjuster Sensor Idle mixture adjuster sensor or
circuit
12 EGR system fault No EGR action, faulty EGR valve
13 BARO sensor circuit BARO sensor or circuit
14 Idle Air Control valve circuit / ECU Open or shorted out ignition signal
circuit / No signal to ECU
15 Ignition Output signal Open or shorted ignition output
signal circuit
16 Fuel Injector Circuit Open or shorted fuel injector
circuit
17 VSS circuit VSS sensor or circuit
18 Ignition Timing Adjuster Open or shorted signal circuit
19 A/T Lock-up control solenoid Open or shorted signal circuit,
Lock-up control solenoid lock-up solenoid
20 Electrical Load Detector / Sensor Electrical load detector or circuit
Honda/Acura
Fault Code Definitions (21 - 59)
Chapter 3 22
Code Description Possible Cause
21 Spool Solenoid Valve Open or shorted signal circuit,
spool solenoid valve
22 Valve Timing Electronic Oil Open or shorted signal circuit,
pressure switch valve timing oil pressure switch
23 Knock sensor circuit Knock sensor or circuit
30 AT / ECU communication signal A AT control unit, ECU
31 AT / ECU communication signal B AT control unit, ECU
35 Traction control / ECU / signal Traction control module, ECU
36 Traction control / ECU / signal Traction control module, ECU
41 Oxygen sensor heater - left side Oxygen sensor / heater or circuit
42 Oxygen sensor heater - right side Oxygen sensor / heater or circuit
43 Fuel Supply system - left side Oxygen sensor or circuit, fuel
system
44 Fuel Supply system - right side Oxygen sensor or circuit, fuel
system
45 Fuel metering - left side Injector control circuit, incorrect
fuel metering
46 Fuel metering - right side Injector control circuit, incorrect
fuel metering
48 Heated oxygen sensor Oxygen sensor or circuit
53 Right Knock Sensor Right knock sensor or circuit
54 CKP sensor 2 CKP sensor 2 or circuit
59 CMP sensor 2 CMP sensor 2 or circuit

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1 Answer

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A lot of factors affect the richness or leanness of the fuel mixture, including air temperature, engine coolant temperature, barometric pressure, throttle position, air flow and engine load. Other sensors monitor these factors too, but the O2 sensor is the master monitor for what's happening with the fuel mixture. Problems with the O2 sensor can throw the whole system out of whack.'

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1 Answer

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Here is the first half of the codes look till you find the one you have
111 System PASS.
112 ACT sensor circuit grounded.
113 ACT sensor circuit open.
114 ACT sensor is out of Self-Test.
116 ECT sensor is out of Self-Test.
117 ECT sensor circuit grounded.
118 ECT sensor circuit open.
121 TP sensor is out of Self-Test.
122 TP sensor input is less than Self-Test minimum.
123 TP sensor input is greater than Self-Test maximum.
124 TP sensor input voltage is greater than expected.
125 TP sensor input voltage is less than expected.
128 MAP vacuum hose damaged or disconnected.
129 Insufficient MAF input.
136 HEGO sensor circuit indicates system lean (Right HEGO).
137 HEGO sensor circuit indicates system rich (Right HEGO).
139 No HEGO switching (Front Side).
141 Fuel system indicates lean.
144 No HEGO switching (Left Side).
157 MAF sensor circuit open.
158 MAF sensor shorted to power.
159 MAF sensor is out of Self-Test.
167 Insufficient TP input change.
171 Lack of HEGO switching (Rear Side).
172 HEGO sensor circuit indicates lean. (Rear Side).
173 HEGO sensor circuit indicates rich. (Rear Side).
174 Check for diluted engine oil.
175 Lack of HEGO switching (Front Side).
176 HEGO sensor circuit indicates lean. (Front Side).
177 HEGO sensor circuit indicates rich. (Front Side).
178 Check for diluted engine oil.
179 Fuel system at part throttle lean adaptive limit, system rich (Rear Side).
181 Fuel system at part throttle rich adaptive limit, system lean (Rear Side).
182 Fuel system at idle lean adaptive limit, system rich (Rear Side).
183 Fuel system at idle rich adaptive limit, system lean (Rear Side).
184 MAF sensor input voltage is greater than expected, in range.
185 MAF sensor input voltage is less than expected, in range.
186 Closed loop injector pulse width longer than expected.
187 Closed loop injector pulse width shorter than expected.
188 Fuel system at part throttle lean adaptive limit, system rich (Front Side).
189 Fuel system at part throttle rich adaptive limit, system lean (Front Side).
193 Flexible Fuel sensor circuit failure.
211 PIP circuit failure.
212 Loss of tachometer/IDM input.
213 EEC SPOUT circuit open.
214 CID circuit failure.
215 PCM detected coil 1 primary circuit failure.
216 PCM detected coil 2 primary circuit failure.
217 PCM detected coil 3 primary circuit failure.
218 Loss of ignition diagnostic monitor signal-left side.
219 Spark timing defaulted to 10 degrees, spark output circuit open.
221 Spark timing error.
222 Loss of ignition diagnostic monitor signal-right side.
223 Loss of dual plug inhibit control.
224 PCM detected coil 1, 2, 3 or 4 primary circuit failure.
225 Knock not sensed during dynamic response test KOER.
226 Ignition diagnostic monitor signal not received.
232 PCM detected coil 1, 2, 3 or 4 primary circuit failure.
238 PCM detected coil 4 primary circuit failure.
241 Ignition control module to PCM ignition diagnostic monitor pulse width transmission error.
244 Cylinder Identification circuit fault present when cylinder balance test requested.
311 Secondary air injection system inoperative during KOER self-test (bank #1).
312 Secondary air injection system misdirected during KOER self-test.
313 Secondary air injection system not bypassed during KOER self-test.
314 Secondary air injection system inoperative during KOER self-test (bank #2)
326 PFE sensor circuit voltage lower than expected.
327 PFE sensor circuit voltage below Self-Test minimum.
328 Exhaust gas recirculation valve position sensor closed voltage lower than expected.
332 Insufficient EGR flow.
334 Exhaust gas recirculation valve position sensor closed voltage higher than expected.
335 PFE sensor circuit voltage out of Self-Test range.
336 PFE sensor circuit voltage higher than expected.
337 PFE sensor circuit voltage above Self-Test maximum.
338 Engine coolant temperature lower than expected (thermostat test).
339 Engine coolant temperature higher than expected (thermostat test).
341 Octane adjust service pin open.
381 Frequent A/C clutch cycling.
411 Cannot control RPM during KOER low RPM check.
412 Cannot control RPM during KOER high RPM check.
415 Idle Air Control system at maximum adaptive lower limit.
416 Idle Air Control system at upper adaptive learning limit.
452 Insufficient input from VSS.
453 Servo leaking down.
454 Servo leaking.
455 Insufficient RPM increase.
456 Insufficient RPM decrease.
457 Speed control command switch(s) circuit not functioning.
458 Speed control command switch(s) stuck/circuit grounded.
459 Speed control ground circuit open.

Jan 15, 2009 | 2001 Ford Windstar

2 Answers

1999 Ford Taurus mechanical problem


Hello,
your problem appears to be the idle control motor located on the air intake manifold it is a small motor that goes bad quite often. Other items that can cause this is a bad /clogged air filter or a tune up (spark plugs and wires), or clogged fuel injectors. to clean the injectors you can buy a container of fuel system cleaner and pour it into the gas tank and as you drive it cleans the system.

Once the fuel system is cleaned via a tankful of cleaner & gas then the idle controller motor would be next on the list to be replaced.

Good Luck !
Rich Lilja

Dec 03, 2008 | 1999 Ford Taurus

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