Question about 1991 Toyota Pickup

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Timing chain has a lot of slack and is rubbing against internal case. question can existing chain be tightened or must be replaced completely

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  • Toyota Master
  • 17,129 Answers

It will be good that the chain is replaced as the slack had made the chain loose off the mechanical strength.
So it will be ideal to have the chain replaced at least in the near future as you can for the time being tighten as continue to use, with the slapping noise reduced.

Posted on Sep 29, 2010

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  • Toyota Master
  • 959 Answers

The timing chain keeps the major componants in the engine alligned. A new chain will allign the engine componants better than an old chain that is sagging... and will thusly make the engine perform better and get better fuel milage as well as last longer.

I would replace the chain and not even consider the tightening of a chain that is that worn out...

You are lucky not to have the chain skip and cause the valves to come into contact with the pistons... ( read ; Interference engine)

Posted on Sep 29, 2010

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How do I put a water pump on 2.4 grand am


There are a lot of steps, and you need to take your time. You will need access to a lift or jack stand, and make sure you keep the work area clean and organised, taking photos of the timing system will make your life easier when it comes to re-timing the engine.

Water Pump Replacement (2.4L)
Removal Procedure
  1. Drain the coolant. Recover the coolant. Refer to Cooling System Draining and Filling.
  2. Remove the exhaust manifold. Refer to Exhaust Manifold Replacement in Engine Exhaust.
  3. Remove the coolant intake pipe. Refer to Engine Coolant Inlet Pipe Replacement in Engine Cooling.
  4. Lower the vehicle.
  5. Disconnect the heater hose quick connect from the heater outlet pipe.
  6. Remove the timing chain and tensioner. Refer to Camshaft Timing Chain, Sprocket, and Tensioner Replacement in Engine Mechanical - 2.4L. (see below procedure)
  7. Remove the water pump cover-to-cylinder block bolts.
  8. Remove water pump pipe to cylinder block bolt.
  9. Remove the 3?water pump-to-timing chain housing nuts.
  10. Remove the water pump and cover assembly.
  11. Remove the water pump cover-to-coolant pump assembly bolts.
  12. Clean all sealing surfaces.
Installation Procedure
    Important: Before you install the coolant pump, read the entire procedure. Follow the tightening sequences in order to avoid part damage and to provide proper sealing.

  1. Install the pump cover bolts. Hand tighten the bolts.
  2. Install water pump cover assembly.
  3. Install the cover-to-block bolts. Hand tighten the bolts.
  4. Install the coolant pump-to-timing chain housing nuts. Hand tighten the nuts.
  5. Notice: Refer to Fastener Notice in Cautions and Notices.
  6. Torque in sequence as follows:
    1. Tighten the water pump-to-timing chain housing nuts.
      Tighten
      Tighten water pump to timing chain housing nuts to 26?Y (19?lb?ft).
    2. Tighten the pump cover-to-pump assembly bolts.
      Tighten
      Tighten the water pump cove to water pump bolts to 14?Y (124?lb?in).
    3. Tighten the coolant pump cover-to-engine block bolts. Tighten the bottom bolt first.
      Tighten
      Tighten water pump to engine block bolts to 26?Y (19?lb?ft).
  7. Install heater hose to pipe on water pump.
  8. Install the exhaust manifold and install new gaskets. Refer to Exhaust Manifold Replacement in Engine Exhaust.
  9. Install oil level indicator tube and indicator. Refer to Oil Level Indicator Tube Replacement in Engine Mechanical-2.4L.
  10. Connect the brake vacuum pipe to the cam housing.
  11. Raise the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.
  12. Install catalytic converter to to manifold. Refer to Catalytic Converter Replacement in Engine Exhaust.
  13. Install the coolant inlet pipe. Refer to Engine Coolant Inlet Pipe Replacement.
  14. Install the timing chain and tensioner. Refer to Camshaft Timing Chain, Sprocket, and Tensioner Replacement in Engine Mechanical - 2.4L.
  15. Lower the vehicle.
  16. Connect the oxygen sensor connector.
  17. Fill cooling system. Refer to Cooling System Draining and Filling in Engine Cooling.
  18. Inspect the system for leaks.
Camshaft Timing Chain, Sprocket, and Tensioner Replacement
Removal Procedure
    Caution: Refer to Battery Disconnect Caution in Cautions and Notices.
    Notice: The timing chain on the LD9 (VIN T) Twin Cam Engine is not to be replaced with the timing chain from any other model year. The timing sprockets are different on the Twin Cam engine and the shape of the links matches the sprockets. Engine damage may result if the wrong timing chain is used. The timing chain and the crankshaft sprocket must be marked so that they are reinstalled in the same side facing out at the time of reassembly.
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Remove the engine front cover. Refer to Engine Front Cover Replacement.
  3. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise (as viewed from the front of the engine, normal rotation) until the camshaft sprocket timing dowel pin holes align with the holes in the timing chain housing.
  4. Set the crankshaft sprocket keyway pointing upwards. Align with the centerline of the cylinder bores. This is the timed position.
  5. Remove the timing chain guides.
  6. Raise and support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.
  7. Ensure that all of the slack in the timing chain is above the tensioner assembly.
  8. Remove the timing chain tensioner bolts and the tensioner.
  9. Remove the tensioner shoe. Use a small locking ring plier in order to engage the hole in the locking tab and remove the shoe from the stud.
  10. Notice: Do not attempt to pry the sprocket off the camshaft or damage to the sprocket or chain housing could occur.
    Important: Mark the timing chain and the crankshaft sprocket prior to removal. If the chain or the crankshaft sprocket is installed with the wear pattern in the opposite direction, noise and increased wear may occur.
  11. Mark the crankshaft sprocket and the timing chain outer surface.
  12. Remove the timing chain.
  13. Lower the vehicle.
  14. Holding the intake camshaft sprocket with J 39579, remove the sprocket bolt and washer.
  15. Remove the washer from the bolt and rethread the bolt back into the camshaft.
  16. Using a 3-jaw puller and the relief holes in the sprocket, remove the intake camshaft sprocket.
  17. Repeat this procedure for the exhaust camshaft sprocket.
  18. Clean the old sealant from the bolt with a wire brush.
  19. Clean the threaded hole in the camshaft with a round nylon bristle brush.
  20. Inspect the parts for wear. Replace the parts as necessary.Some scoring of the timing chain shoe and the guides is normal.
  21. Replace the timing chain shoe or guides if the scoring exceeds 1.12?mm (45?in).
Installation Procedure


  1. Use Adhesive/Sealant Compound GM?P/N?12345493 or equivalent on the camshaft sprocket bolt. Install the intake and exhaust camshaft sprockets onto the camshafts with the marked surface showing.Notice: Refer to Fastener Notice in Cautions and Notices.
  2. Install the retaining bolts and washers to the intake and exhaust camshaft sprockets.
  3. Tighten
    Tighten the bolts to 70?Y (52?lb?ft) while holding the sprockets with the J 39579.
  4. Install the J 36800 through the holes in the camshaft sprockets into the holes in the timing chain housing. This will position the camshaft for correct timing.
  5. If the camshafts are out of position (you must rotate the camshaft more than 1/8?turn in order to install the alignment dowel pins), use the following procedure:
    1. Rotate the crankshaft 90?degrees clockwise off of the TDC in order to give the valves adequate clearance to open.
    2. Once the camshafts are in position and the dowels installed, rotate the crankshaft counter clockwise back to the top dead center.

  6. Notice: Do not rotate the crankshaft clockwise to TDC. Valve or piston damage could occur.
    Important: The side of the timing chain that was marked during removal must be showing when the chain is installed.
  7. Install the timing chain over the exhaust camshaft sprocket, around the coolant pump, and around the crankshaft sprocket.
    1. Remove the alignment dowel pin from the intake camshaft.
    2. Using the J 39579, rotate the intake camshaft sprocket counterclockwise enough in order to slide the timing chain over the intake camshaft sprocket.
    3. Release the J 39579. The length of the chain between the 2?camshaft sprockets will tighten.
    4. If properly timed the intake camshaft alignment dowel pin should slide in easily. If the dowel pin does not fully index, the camshafts are not timed correctly and the procedure must be repeated.
  8. Leave the alignment dowel pins installed.
  9. Raise and support the vehicle. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.
  10. The timing marks on the crankshaft and on the cylinder block should be aligned when the slack is removed from the chain linking the intake camshaft sprocket and the crankshaft sprocket. If the marks are not aligned, move the chain one tooth forward or rearward, remove the slack and re-examine the marks.

  11. Important: Use the following steps in order to reset the timing chain tensioner assembly to the zero position.
  12. Reset the timing chain tensioner assembly.
    1. Insert the tensioner plunger assembly into the tensioner housing.
    2. With the tensioner plunger fully extended, turn the complete assembly upside down on a bench or other flat surface.
    3. With the plunger face against the workbench, press firmly on the bottom of the tensioner housing.
    4. Compress the plunger until the plunger is seated flush in the tensioner.

  13. Check the plunger to make sure the plunger is out of the cylinder at the correct dimension. The correct dimension for the plunger to extend out of the cylinder is 1.7?mm (0.07?in) maximum.

  14. Loosely install the tensioner assembly and bolts to the timing chain housing.
  15. Install the timing chain tensioner shoe on the stud.
  16. Apply hand pressure to the timing chain tensioner shoe until the locking tab seats in the groove in the stud.
  17. Tighten the timing chain tensioner bolts. Do Not overtighten.
    Tighten
    Tighten the bolts to 10?Y (89?lb?in).


  18. Important: If the timing chain tensioner is not released from the installation position, engine damage will occur when the engine is started.
  19. Release the timing chain tensioner plunger.
    1. Using a flat blade screwdriver, cotter pin remover, or similar tool, press firmly against the face of the timing chain tensioner plunger.
    2. Important: If the timing chain tensioner cannot be depressed, the plunger is not properly reset and the procedure for resetting the timing chain tensioner should be repeated.
    3. Depress the timing chain tensioner plunger until the plunger is bottomed out in the bore of the timing chain tensioner.
    4. Release the tensioner plunger. the plunger should press firmly against the back of the timing chain tensioner shoe.
  20. Remove J 36800 from the camshaft sprockets.
  21. Rotate the crankshaft clockwise 2?full rotations. Align the crankshaft keyway with the mark on the cylinder block, and reinstall the alignment dowel pins. The pins should slide in easily if the engine is timed correctly.

  22. Install the timing chain guides.
  23. Install the engine front cover. Refer to Engine Front Cover Replacement.
  24. Connect the negative battery cable.
    Tighten
    Tighten the bolt to 16?Y (12?lb?ft).

Jul 02, 2016 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

My 1999 Olds intregue sounds like a sewing machine, and it sounds like it comes from the left frount part of the engine.. have replaced left and right axels, breaks and rotated tires and still has the...


There could be internal engine damage, say like a worn timing chain rubbing against the pan. If you have replaced the axles, brakes, and rotated tires, and determined the engine is the problem, then I would consider a replacement, unless the cost is too high to justify.

Nov 04, 2011 | 1999 Oldsmobile Intrigue

1 Answer

Clicking noise while driving, changes with speed, sounds like coming from transfer case or drive shaft


If indeed it is coming from the drive line area, it could be a bad universal joint. It may also be a torn boot on the front axle (just thought I'd mention this), or it could be the transfer case chain has a lot of slack, causing the chain to hit against the transfer case housing internally, this would be the worst case scenario.

Feb 04, 2011 | 2005 Jeep Liberty

1 Answer

What is the position for the timing chain gears.


Timing Chain and Sprockets REMOVAL & INSTALLATION 2.3L and 2.4L Engines The following tools will be required to perform this procedure:
  • Camshaft sprocket timing alignment pins - J 36008 or equivalent
  • Camshaft sprocket wrench - J 39579 or equivalent
  1. Fig. 1: View of the DOHC engine "timed position'' - 2.3L and 2.4L engines 86883175.gif
    Fig. 2: View of the SOHC engine "timed position'' - 2.3L engine 86883176.gif
  2. Remove the timing chain guides. There are usually three.
  3. Raise and safely support the front of the vehicle.
  4. Make sure all of the slack is above the tensioner. Gently pry off timing chain tensioner spring retainer, then remove the spring. NOTE: On the 2.3L engine two styles of tensioners are used. Early production engines will have a spring post and late production ones will not. Both styles are identical in operation and are interchangeable.
  5. Remove the timing chain tensioner shoe retainer.
  6. Make sure all the slack in the timing chain is above the tensioner assembly; remove the chain tensioner shoe. The timing chain must be disengaged from the wear grooves in the tensioner shoe in order to remove the shoe. Slide a suitable small prybar under the timing chain while pulling shoe outward.
  7. If difficulty is encountered while removing chain tensioner shoe, proceed as follows:
    1. Lower the vehicle.
    2. Hold the intake camshaft sprocket with a camshaft sprocket wrench - J 39579 or equivalent holding tool and remove the sprocket bolt and washer.
    3. Remove the washer from the bolt and re-thread the bolt back into the camshaft by hand. The bolt provides a surface to push against.
    4. Remove intake camshaft sprocket using a 3-jaw puller in the 3 relief holes in the sprocket. NOTE: Do NOT try to pry the sprocket off the camshaft or damage to the sprocket or chain housing could occur.
  8. Unfasten the tensioner assembly attaching bolts, then remove the tensioner. CAUTION
    The tensioner piston is spring loaded and could fly out causing personal injury. Use care when removing.
  9. Matchmark the timing chain outer surface for reassembly purposes.
  10. If equipped, remove the chain housing to block stud, which is actually the timing chain tensioner shoe pivot.
  11. Remove the timing chain.
  12. Inspect the parts for wear, then replace if necessary. Some scoring of the timing chain shoe and guides is normal. Clean the old sealant off of the bolt with a wire brush. Clean the threaded hole in the camshaft with a round nylon bristle brush. To install: WARNING
    Failure to following installation procedures can result in severe engine damage.
  13. Install the intake camshaft sprocket onto the camshaft with the marked surface showing. Install the sprocket retaining bolt and washer. Use an adhesive compound 12345493 or equivalent on the bolt. Tighten the bolt to 52 ft. lbs. (70 Nm), while holding the sprocket with tool J-36013, J 39579 or equivalent, if removed.
  14. Install tool J 36800 or equivalent, through hole(s) in the camshaft sprocket(s) into the holes in the timing chain housing. This positions the camshafts for correct timing. Fig. 3: Placing the camshaft sprockets onto the marked surface of the camshaft 91063g30.gif
  15. If the camshafts are out of position and must be rotated more than 1?8 turn in order to install the alignment dowel pins:
    1. The crankshaft must be rotated 90°clockwise off of TDC in order to give the valves adequate clearance to open.
    2. Once the camshafts are in position and the dowels installed, rotate the crankshaft COUNTERCLOCKWISE back to TDC. NOTE: Do NOT rotate the crankshaft clockwise to TDC, or valve and piston damage could occur. WARNING
      The side of the timing chain that was marked must be facing outward when installed.
  16. For DOHC engines only, install the timing chain over the exhaust camshaft sprocket, around the idler sprocket and around the crankshaft sprocket.
  17. Remove the alignment dowel pin from the intake (DOHC only) camshaft. Using dowel pin remover tool J 39579 or equivalent, rotate the intake (DOHC only) camshaft sprocket counterclockwise enough to slide the timing chain over the intake (DOHC only) camshaft sprocket. Release the camshaft sprocket wrench. The length of chain between the two camshaft sprockets will tighten. If properly timed, the intake camshaft alignment dowel pin should slide in easily. If the dowel pin does not fully index, the camshafts are not timed correctly and the procedure must be repeated. Fig. 4: Place the timing chain over the exhaust camshaft and around the idler sprocket and around the crankshaft sprocketDOHC engines 91063g31.gif
  18. Leave the alignment dowel pins installed.
  19. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  20. With slack removed from chain between intake camshaft sprocket (camshaft sprocket for SOHC engines) and crankshaft sprocket, the timing marks on the crankshaft and the cylinder block should be aligned. If marks are not aligned, move the chain one tooth forward or rearward, remove the slack and recheck the marks.
  21. If equipped, tighten the chain housing to block stud. The stud is installed under the timing chain. Tighten to 19 ft. lbs. (26 Nm).
  22. For vehicles through 1991, reload timing chain tensioner assembly to its "zero'' position as follows:
    1. Assemble restraint cylinder, spring and nylon plug into plunger. Index slot in restraint cylinder with peg in plunger. While rotating the restraint cylinder clockwise, push the restraint cylinder into the plunger until it bottoms. Keep rotating the restraint cylinder clockwise but allow the spring to push it out of the plunger. The pin in the plunger will lock the restraint in the loaded position.
    2. Install tool J-36589 or equivalent, onto plunger assembly.
    3. Install plunger assembly into tensioner body with the long end toward the crankshaft when installed.
  23. For 1992-98 vehicles, reload timing chain tensioner assembly to its "zero'' position as follows:
    1. Form a keeper from a piece of heavy gauge wire. See the accompanying figure.
    2. Apply slight force on the tensioner blade to compress the plunger.
    3. Insert a small prybar into the reset access hole, then pry the racket pawl away from the ratchet teeth while forcing the plunger completely in the hole.
    4. Install the keeper between the access hole and the blade. Fig. 5: View of reloading the timing chain tensioner assembly to its "zero'' position - 1992-98 vehicles 86883177.gif
  24. Install the tensioner assembly to the chain housing. Recheck the plunger assembly installation. It is correctly installed when the long end is toward the crankshaft.
  25. Install and tighten timing chain tensioner bolts. Tighten to 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm).
  26. Install the tensioner shoe and tensioner shoe retainer. Remove the special tool J-36589, then squeeze the plunger assembly into the tensioner body to unload the plunger assembly.
  27. Lower vehicle enough to reach and remove the alignment dowel pins.
  28. Rotate crankshaft clockwise (normal rotation) two full rotations. Align the crankshaft keyway with the mark on the cylinder block, then reinstall the alignment dowel pins. The pins will slide in easily if the engine is timed correctly. WARNING
    If the engine is not correctly timed, severe engine damage could occur.
  29. Install the timing chain guides and, if equipped, the crankshaft oil slinger.
  30. Install the timing chain front cover. For details, please refer to the procedure located in this section.
  31. Connect the negative battery cable, then start the engine and check for oil leaks.

Oct 07, 2010 | 1998 Buick Skylark

1 Answer

I am replacing the timing chain on my 1993 saturn that has a 1.9 motor.. i need to know what the settings are.. can you please help?


Assuming you have the single overhead camshaft, there is a pin you're supposed to use to align the camshaft gear--see below diagram from autozone.com:

869f282.jpg
Obviously you could substitute a phillips screwdriver of the appropriate size for the alignment pin shown. Leave it in until you complete the chain installation.

The crankshaft pully mark goes straight up:

8dca8ab.jpg Make sure the chain is tight on the right side when the gears are in these positions and that it doesn't slip any teeth on eight gear when you apply the tensioner. I will paste the autozone instructions below.

To install:
  1. Inspect the chain for wear and damage. Check the inside diameter of the chain, it should be no more than 16.77 in. (426mm). Inspect the chain guides for wear or cracks and the timing sprockets for teeth or key wear. Replace components as necessary.
  2. Verify that the crankshaft is positioned 90 degrees clockwise past TDC from the keyway (keyway at 3 o'clock).
  3. Bring the camshaft up to No. 1 TDC by loosely installing the sprocket and rotating the sprocket until the timing pin can be inserted. The camshaft contains wrench flats to assist in turning the shaft. The dowel pin should be at 12 o'clock when the camshaft is at TDC and a timing pin ( 3 / 16 in. drill bit) should then install at about the 8 o'clock position.
  4. If removed, install the crankshaft sprocket, then rotate the crankshaft counterclockwise 90 degrees up to No. 1 TDC (keyway at 12 o'clock).
  5. Position the chain under the crankshaft sprocket and over the camshaft sprocket. If necessary remove the camshaft sprocket, then slide the camshaft sprocket into position with the chain already engaged. The timing chain should be positioned so that one silver link plate aligns with the reference mark on the camshaft sprocket and the other aligns with the downward tooth (at the 6 o'clock position) on the crankshaft sprocket. The letters FRT on the camshaft sprocket must face forward, away from the cylinder head and excess chain slack should be located on the tensioner side of the block.
  6. Temporarily install the timing pin to verify proper alignment of the camshaft and sprocket, then install and tighten the sprocket bolt to 75 ft. lbs. (102 Nm). Again, use a wrench on the camshaft flats to hold the shaft in position while tightening the bolt. Do not allow the camshaft retaining bolt to torque against the timing pin or cylinder head damage will result.
  7. Install the chain guides with the words FRONT facing out. Install the fixed guide first and verify the chain is snug against the guide, then install the pivot guide. Tighten the bolts to 19 ft. lbs. (26 Nm) and verify that the pivot guide moves freely.
  8. Retract the tensioner plunger and pin the ratchet lever using a 1 / 8 in. No. 31 drill bit inserted in the alignment hole at the bottom front of the component. Install the tensioner and tighten the bolts to 14 ft. lbs. (19 Nm), then remove the drill bit.
  9. Make one final check to verify all components are properly timed, then remove all timing pins.
  10. Install the timing chain front cover.
  11. Connect the negative battery cable, start the engine and check for leaks.

Sep 01, 2010 | Saturn L-Series Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

You can hear the the timing chain rubbing against metal when you rev heavy


it may be the chain tentioner(?) spring is stuck or too slack making the chain slap against the housing

Aug 25, 2010 | 1999 Ford Explorer

1 Answer

I need a timing chain diagram for a 2002 jeep grand Cherokee with a 4.0L engine


This is the procedure on it.


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INSTALLATION

NOTE: Assemble the timing chain, crankshaft sprocket and camshaft sprocket with the timing marks aligned Fig. 5 .
  1. Apply Mopar(TM) Silicone Rubber Adhesive Sealant to the keyway in the crankshaft and insert the key With the key in the keyway on the crankshaft, install the assembly on the crankshaft and camshaft.


spacer.gif 2008-10-22_161528_2.thumb.gif spacer.gif spacer.gif View Full Image spacer.gif

Install the camshaft sprocket retaining preload bolt and washer Fig. 6 . Tighten the preload bolt to 108 N.m (80 ft. lbs.) torque.





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  • To verify correct installation of the timing chain, turn the crankshaft to position the camshaft sprocket timing mark as shown in Fig. 7 . Count the number of chain pins between the timing marks of both sprockets. There must be 15 pins. NOTE: Installation of the timing chain with the timing marks on the crankshaft and camshaft sprockets properly aligned ensures correct valve timing. A worn or stretched timing chain will adversely affect valve timing. If the timing chain deflects more than 12.7 mm (1/2 inch) replace it. The correct timing chain has 48 pins. A chain with more than 48 pins will cause excessive slack.
  • Install the crankshaft oil slinger.
  • Replace the oil seal in the timing case cover.
  • Lubricate the tension spring, thrust pin and pin bore in the preload bolt with Mopar(TM) Engine Oil Supplement, or equivalent. Install the spring and thrust pin in the preload bolt head Fig. 6 .


    spacer.gif 2008-10-22_161701_4.thumb.gif spacer.gif spacer.gif View Full Image spacer.gif


  • Install the timing case cover and gasket.
  • With the key installed in the crankshaft keyway, install the vibration damper, washer and bolt. Lubricate and tighten the bolt to 108 N.m (80 ft. lbs.) torque.
  • Install the serpentine drive belt and tighten to the specified tension, Refer to Engine/Drive Belts, Mounts, Brackets and Accessories/Drive Belt/Service and Repair for the proper procedure.
  • Install the fan and hub (or Temporal fan) assembly. Install the shroud.
  • Connect negative cable to battery
  • Jul 16, 2010 | Jeep Grand Cherokee Cars & Trucks

    1 Answer

    Rubbing metal noise coming from timing chain.


    Dear Rubbing Noise,
    The correct and long term repair for this would be to replace the chain and timing chain tensioners.Only saying to replace the chain seeing as how it's been slapping on metal, where it's not supposed to.This will cure your problem and you will be a happy camper, HOPE I COULD HELP!!!

    Nov 24, 2009 | 2003 Nissan Altima

    3 Answers

    Overheating and water mixed in with oil


    Blown head gasket will cause this so will a warped head, unproperly torqued bolts on the head, or even a crack in the block.

    Apr 19, 2009 | 1987 Toyota 4Runner

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