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Re: ford escort 1.8 td
Remove the hose at the intake on the turbo and see that it turns freely with no sideways movement. If that checks out ok, then see that the air filter is clean. At the air filter also check the intake is free of any debre. Most times if a turbo is not working propperly oil will leak causing the car to smoke. Frankster016
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Sounds like you have problems with the turbo as thee is a bearing there and you said it starts rattling once the turbo kicks in. There is one other thing, you may have internal engine damage as like you said, only 500 miles and some of that was racing. May not have been broken in properly. I know I was told you need to break an engine in for 500 - 1000 miles then change the oil. I hope this is not the case for you though.
Routine maintenance is all that is required. All the required services are outlined in the owner's manual and at what mileage they should be done. Here are the high lights Change the oil every 3,000 miles, this is the single most important thing to keep the car running well for 10's of thousands of trouble free miles. If it is an automatic transmission change the fluid and filter every 60,000 miles minimum. Flush the cooling system every 100,000 miles, use only long life coolant. These are additional services that greatly extend the life of the expensive components. A turkey baster works well for these Flush the brake fluid and power steering fluid resovoirs every 30,000 miles
The recommended time is 6years or 60,000 miles whichever comes first,the only good thing with this year is that if the belt breaks it will not cause engine damage like the newwer cars, the waterpump should also be replaced when ndoing the timing belt, this is not to costly on an escort. hope this helps good luck.
According to the 1997-2002 Ford Escort Manual the average replacement interval is every 60,000 Miles (96,000 Kilometers). I unfortunately procrastinated and my timing belt snapped at 109,000 Miles and I had to go to the junk yard for a new engine. I had to replace a whole engine for not replacing a $15.00 belt.
I have a 1998 ZX2 with 193,000 original miles. For four years it has had a turbo on it and I run 13's in the 1/4 mile at the local drag strip. So far, the engine is holding up just fine. Now, the transmission is a different story. But, if you aren't beating the car up every week at the drag strip or trying to destroy a set tires with a smokey burn-out, you won't have to worry about the transmission. A very good resource for Escorts is www.teamzx2.com
I had a similar problem in my Mondeo 1.8 TD a few years ago and this was cured by changing the engine oil and filter to the correct type.
I had used the special Duckhams 10w-40w Turbo Diesel (or was it 15w-40w?) oil but once I changed it to the correct Ford 5w-30w (Formula-E ) ordinary oil, the turbo worked a treat every time.( I understand now that there is an even "thinner" option that works even better so worth checking ....Something like a 1w-30w )
A strange answer I know, but true
The only reason I used the Duckhams was because the chap in Halfords said it was the best one for a Turbo Diesel
replacing this belt is just insurance that it won't break on you later, depending on how many miles you had driven it so far...it's advise to change the TENSIONER also, this keeps the belt correctly adjusted, check also the IDLER pulleys for bearing type noise and repl as needed...........The other BELT you should maintain is the TIMING BELT for the engine, service it around every 60K and also when doing that repl the waterpump and nec. pulleys.....These Escorts are generally low maint vehicle, and affordable to run....hope this helps you...GL