Question about Chevrolet Suburban 2500

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97 suburban, 454, 4x4 hard starting.takes a couple primes of fuel pump to start.fuel pressure is 35 psi at idle.doesn't change when pinching return line.fuel pump was replaced 1 year ago.when cranking engine with fuel pressure gauge attached goes to 5 psi and drops when stop cranking.

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  • happycamp566 Sep 11, 2010

    no it does not blow out black some when starting. thanks

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  • 45 Answers

May have a bad inj . doese it blow black smoke when irt starts.??

Posted on Sep 11, 2010

  • happycamp566 Sep 11, 2010

    no it does not blow out black when starting.thanks

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My fuel pressure goes to 60 pounds when the keys is turned on then starts dropping Is it my fuel pump or pressure regulator? 2004 GMC Yukon XL


Fuel pressure may drop due to a leaking injector or bad check valve in the fuel pump itself. The regulator does not come into effect until the engine is running and a vacuum supply is produced to it. If the regulator is leaking internally, it could send fuel back to the tank as well. Prime the fuel line and pinch off the return line ( if possible ) to eliminate a regulator problem. If the fuel pressure drops with the return line pinched off, suspect a leaking injector or fuel pump. If injector is leaking, the vehicle should run rich and cause a hard start/rough run condition

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You should have a test port on the Fuel Supply rail, use a tool from a local auto parts "Tool Loaner program" where you can borrow tools for free,w/a deposit of course,then follow the steps provided;

MPI Fuel System Pressure Test

The MPI fuel system used in vehicles equipped with a 4.OL engine employs a vacuum balanced pressure regulator. Fuel pressure should be approximately 55-69 kPa (8-10 psi) lower with the vacuum line attached to the regulator than with the vacuum line disconnected. System fuel should be 214 kPa (31 psi) with the vacuum line connected to the regulator and 269 kPa (39 psi) with the vacuum line disconnected. CAUTION: Some fuel may be discharged when connecting fuel gauge to fuel rail.
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  4. If the pressure is not to specification, check the following before replacing the fuel pressure regulator:
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If your sending unit is one wire, unhook it from the sender and place a jumper wire from wire to ground. Turn ign on, gauge should pep high PSI. Two wire plug, place jumper between contacts of wires (unplugged). Same thing. What this does is isolate the gauge. If gauge pegs on test, replace sender. If it does it again with new sender, it's the pump. But it's probably the sender.

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1997 GMC 1 ton 4x4 hard to start after it has warmed up. changed fuel filter no help No code to be read We have notice that the fuel in the rail is vapor not a liquid. Is this normal and if not what would...


The fuel pressure should hold at or near the 45 lbs after you shut the truck off.
You have one of three problems causing this.
One, the fuel pressure regulator is leaking internally and allowing fuel to return to the tank via the return line. To verify, use a pair of pliers and gently pinch the return line off. Turn the key on to the run position, the pump will run for 2 to 5 seconds and pressurize the line. Watch the pressure gauge, it should hold pressure. If it does, change the regulator.

Two, the check valve at the pump is weak. To verify, turn the key to the run position, when peak pressure is reached, gently pinch the pressure line and watch the pressure gauge. If the pressure remains near the peak pressure the check valve is bad. Replace the fuel pump.

Three, if neither of the above procedures work, you have a leaking injector. You will want to remove the fuel rail, pressurize it to find the bad injector.

Any one of these failures will cause the "vapor" issue you describe.

Good luck, let me know what you find.
Regards,

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Hard start


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