Question about 1997 Chevrolet Suburban

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Having trouble with the 4x4 on my 97 GMC suburban. When I push the button for four wheel drive the transfer case shifts and the front drive shaft turns but the front axle will not lock in. The trans went out a while back. I had it replaced and ever since the front axle has not worked. I took it back to the trans shop and they said ( surprise, surprise) " Its nothing we did". Any one have any ideas?

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There is a front differential actuator on the side of the front axle housing .. select 4x4 inside the cab and check for 12 volts with a test light at the plug for the actuator. If you have power and ground when in 4x4 the actuator has failed ( common ) . If there is no power it is possible they did no plug everything back in on transfercase and left a harness unplugged or damaged. Let me know what you find and I can help further.
Good luck.

Posted on Sep 04, 2010

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I had the same problem with my 97 Silverado. I'm sure the problem is your front axle actuator motor. This is a common problem and I'm sure your local parts store will have it in stock. It's fairly easy to change if you don't mind getting dirty. Just be careful when disconnecting the electrical connector, they are easily broken if you manhandle them. Hope this helps!

Posted on Sep 04, 2010

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1 Answer

4 wheel drive won't engage


Which do you have ?
Transfer Case - NVG 236 (Two Speed Automatic)
Transfer Case - NVG 233-NP1 (Two Speed Selectable)
The NV236 transfer case is an automatic transfer case with three drive ranges. Shifting from rear wheel drive to four wheel drive is done automatically when the transfer case shift control module receives wheel rotating slip information from the speed sensors. The transfer case shift control module then engages the transfer case motor/encoder to position the transfer case from rear to four wheel drive. When the transfer case shift control module receives information that the wheel rotation is the same on both axles, the transfer case shift control module sends position information to the motor/encoder to put the transfer case back into rear wheel drive. The three drive ranges are 2HI, 4HI, and 4LO. The 2HI position is for normal driving with the rear wheels pushing the vehicle. The 4HI, position is for driving through sand, snow, mud, gravel, or heavy rain at normal or slightly below normal speeds. The 4HI engages the front axle to allow for four wheel drive. The front axle is pulling the vehicle, and the rear axle is pushing the vehicle. The 4LO range is used for off road driving, heavy snow, deep mud, or shallow fording. The 4LO is similar to the 4HI except that the gearing in the transfer case is set for low speed and high torque. The NV236 is manufactured at Syracuse New York by New Venture Gear a division of New Process Gear for General Motors.
Is the switch light on or flashing ? If you have automatic 4x4 there are several DTC'S that can set >
DTC B2725 ATC Mode Switch Circuit Malfunction DTC C0300 Rear Speed Sensor Malfunction DTC C0305 Front Speed Sensor Malfunction DTC C0308 Motor A/B Circuit Low DTC C0309 Motor A/B Circuit High DTC C0310 Motor A/B Circuit Open DTC C0315 Motor Ground Circuit Open DTC C0323 T-Case Lock Circuit Low DTC C0324 T-Case Lock Circuit High DTC C0327 Encoder Circuit Malfunction DTC C0362 4LO Discrete Output Circuit High DTC C0367 Front Axle Control Circuit High DTC C0374 General System Malfunction DTC C0376 Front/Rear Shaft Speed Mismatch DTC C0387 Unable to Perform Shift DTC C0550 ECU Malfunction DTC C0611 VIN Information Error

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Did you ever think of having it diagnosed by a qualified repair shop ? Thier are aspects associated with this system you have no clue about. That's the first thing every one goes for , changing the switch . It flashes because codes are stored .
DTC B0768 Service Indicator Circuit High
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You need a professional scan tool to check for these codes an too view data parameters .
Transfer Case Shift Control Module
The transfer case shift control module uses the VIN information for calculations that are required for the different calibrations used based on axle ratio, transmission, tire size, and engine. The system does not know which calibration to use without this information.
The direct battery supply line (CKT 1640) provides the power to the module and motor circuitry.
Transfer Case Encoder Motor
The transfer case encoder motor consists of a permanent magnet (PM) DC motor and gear reduction assembly. It is located on the left hand side (drivers side) of the transfer case. When activated it turns the sector shaft of the transfer case (clockwise or counter clockwise) to shift the transfer case. The encoder motor is controlled with a pulse width modulated (PWM) circuit within the transfer case shift control module. This circuit consists of a driver on both the Motor A and Motor B circuits. The encoder motor is bi-directional to allow the motor to shift the transfer case from 2HI or 4HI to neutral and 4LO positions.
Transfer Case Encoder
Your best bet ,take it to a qualified repair shop .

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