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Re: my 98 taurus has this codes what do i need to fix?...
P0171 and p0174 are o2 sensors, There are 4 o2 sensors on a Taurus. 1 on each exhaust manifold, and 1 after each catalytic converter. p1518 is vehicle speed, idle speed control----this means the idle air control needs fixed. you can take it off and clean carbon from it. do not push on end of air valve it will loose its adjustment. do not put in any liquid to clean, the best way is to clean end of valve with an old toothbrush or similar. also clean carbon from engine side where iac mounts. when clean put back on. you can use carb cleaner for end of valve, as for the 02 sensors, you have to find out which ones are bad first. or replace all thats up[ to you. you have to get a 02 sensor socket for 3/8 drive. then they just turn out. the best way to get them out is have the car warm.
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The recommended repair for both the P0171 and P0174 codes is to clean the MAF sensor. Ensure you use the proper cleaning solution, as there are many that will damage the sensor. Buy a cleaner that is made specifically for MAF sensors. The P0420 code will probably clear up if the MAF sensor clears the other two codes.
Determining exactly what of the thousands of parts on a modern car is broken is as difficult as doing the repairs many times. IN this video you'll learn how to diagnose and fix error codes P0171 and P0174 on a 2001 Ford Escape, which indicate vacuum problems.http://www.lightdeal.co.uk/
Change the Mass Air Flow sensor.Or the the Volume Air flow sensor.Also replace the ( IAC ) Idle Air Control. There is no code P1518 are you sure they wrote it down for you correctly? I just had my Library of codes updated last week and it is not on the list. After all repairs are made make sure you have the Diagnostic Trouble Codes Erased from the on board computers memory. This will reset the check engine light and keep it from comming on again for thoes codes.If it does come on again and it relays more DTC you can ask me for further help through the Reply Window. Good Luck and have a good XMASS.
P0171 - System too Lean (Bank 1)
P0174 - System too Lean (Bank 2)
P1451 - EVAP Control System Canister Vent Solenoid Circuit Malfunction
I'm afraid I don't have enough info to tell you how to fix the P1451 but I'm certain it's the cause of the other two codes.
The P0420 code is a Catalytic converter efficiency code check the compression.Swap the #1 injector to a different location to see if the code follows.Test the coilpak. A cracked exhaust manifold is the most likely cause p0171 and 0174 Induction air leaks, vacuum or some kind fuel restriction, weak fuel pump, restricted fuel filter etc.You also could have an exhaust leak near the upstream o2 sensor. If youtake it in they will probably use smoke to find out where the leak is.
P0171 is system too lean bank 1, P0174 is too lean bank 2, and 302 is misfire bank 1. Look for vacuum leaks. If you don't find them, put a vacuum gage on it can check. The P0171 is almost always a vacuum leak. If not other possibilities are front O2 sensor is too old and should be replaced (if mileage is greater than 100k then replace). Try injector cleaner. Misfires are usually bad spark plugs, but could possibly be caused by insufficient fuel. I've never had a car of mine in bad enough shape to have that error.