Question about 1992 Ford Explorer
The EGR (exhaust gas recirculation) valve
What is it? This is a device that reduces engine emissions of nitric oxides by allowing a measured amount of exhaust gas to re-enter the intake manifold and mix with the air prior to entering the cylinders. The EGR can be vacuum or electrically driven or a combination of both.
Where is it located? The EGR is most often associated with the intake manifold. The EGR will be sited at a point of contact with both the exhaust and intake manifolds. If the exhaust manifold is remote, for example on the other side of the engine to the intake manifold, there will often be an exhaust feed pipe leading from the exhaust manifold to the EGR sited on the intake manifold.
How does it work? Generally intake manifold vacuum acting on a diaphragm draws up on a valve to open a connection between an entry port from the exhaust gases and an exit port to the intake manifold. An open EGR port makes starting difficult so the valve operation is often impeded by an electrical over-ride until the engine has warmed up, as signaled to the ECU by the coolant temperature sender. In some cases, a differential pressure feedback exhaust (DPFE) sensor fed by pipes from the exhaust feed to the EGR informs the ECU when and by how much the EGR should be open.
Symptoms of faulty EGR
The EGR has two possible fault modes either it is a) open when it should be closed or b) closed when it should be open. (some EGR faults are in fact more likely to be DPFE related)
How to check? With the engine running it may be possible to force the EGR valve open by pressing on the diaphragm with one’s fingers. Failing that pulling off the vacuum line to the EGR, blocking the pipe on the inlet manifold and applying vacuum to the EGR to monitor function will determine if the diaphragm is split. Removal of the EGR assembly and examination of the ports and valve mechanism will reveal any carbon build up.
How to fix? If the diaphragm is split then the EGR needs to be replaced. Most EGR problems are linked to carbon soot build up and this can be cleaned using a cloth, brush and carburetor choke cleaner spray. If the exhaust feeder pipe is blocked this can be cleaned using a piece of frayed hand brake cable as an internal brush. This makeshift brush can be further enhanced by mounting it in a drill to sweep dirt from the interior of lengths of pipe. Some cars (Hondas are a good example) have an elaborate passage way system to provide exhaust gas to each inlet pipe runner. The only way to clean these out is by removing the blanking plugs (no easy task) and then using the makeshift rotary wire brush and carburetor choke spray. New blanking plugs have to be reinstated to make good the passage ways assembly.
Posted on Jul 14, 2010
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
SOURCE: EGR VALVE ON 96 FORD PROBE SE
If it's a 2.0L, 5 speed (1994-7) there are two DPFE solenoids (both w/ 3 vacuum ports) near the oil filter, which control the EGR valve. They are discontinued and impossible to find except on junked cars. (FORD #'s K5T44093-4)
I have to junk my 1996 Probe if I don't find them - Missouri emissions.
Posted on Mar 03, 2010
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