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How do I line up the timing belt on a 85 Mk 1 Gti Golf?

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The crankshaft pulley and bottom half of the plastic cambelt cover needs to be fitted. Of course the cambelt is also already fitted on the crank.
Get the crank on TDC. No 1(furthest from the gearbox) cylinder's piston must be at the top. To determine this look on the bellhousing, there is a large plastic plug which needs to be removed. Inside the bottom of this hole you will see a piece of metal(looks like an arrow) pointing downwards
Remove the sparkplug on cylinder 1. Use a long wooden dowel, about 10 inches to be safe, insert it into the plug hole and try to keep it as upright as possible. (You can also use a screwdriver but you have to be careful not to get it jammed since it will scratch the cylinder walls and/or piston crown) Rotate the engine till the dowel is at its highest point. Now look in the bellhousing where you removed the plastic plug. You should see a line with a 0 stamped next to it on the edge of the flywheel. Line this up with the pointy piece of metal visible inside the bellhousing.
Next on the cam pulley(on the inner/engine side) is a little dot stamped into the metal on the side of one of the teeth. Line this up with the front top edge of the head. Looking at no 1 cylinder's cam lobes they will now both be pointing upward away from the valves lifters, so that both valves are closed.
Last you have to line up the intermediate shaft(that drives the distributor). It also has a little dot stamped on a tooth, but on the outside of the pulley. Turn it until it lines up with the notch in the crankshaft pulley. If you dont you may not be able to get the distributor lined up to set the ignition timing. Fit the cambelt over the intermediate shaft first and then starting at the front of the camshaft pulley(ie keeping the tension over the intermediate shaft) fit the belt over it and you're done.

Posted on Jul 07, 2010


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