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Re: how to check the timing cause it jumped a gear
To set the timing on tghe truck, first remove the negative battery wire from battery. Put the truck in netural and set the parking brake,block the rear tires. Remove the distributor cap and check the location of rotor..Then get a socket and ratchet and turn the crankshaft (clockwise) until the timing mark on the crankshaft vibration damper aligns with the (TDC) top dead center mark.Then look at the distributor rotor, it should be pointing at the #1 cylinder on engine. If not remove hold down clamp from distributor and lift up just enough to turn rotor and push back down to check position of rotor. Remember TDC on crankshaft and rotor facing #1 cylinder. Hope this will help.
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If there is was no check engine light prior to the problem (which would normally indicate sensor problems), then I would suspect that the engine has jumped time. The 2.2L engines, although they have a timing chain and not a belt, had issues with the timing chain tensioner. This wars out, breaks, and allows the timing chain to jump across the gear teeth, putting the engine out of time. This will cause a no-start condition, and if bad enough, cause valve damage that will require the heads to be repaired. The easiest way to check for this problem is to perform a compression check of the cylinders. If the engine has jumped time, the compression in the cylinders will vary greatly from one cylinder to the next and will most likely be lower than normal.
It is probably a vacumm hose leaking. When engine is idling, listen for a hissing sound. Also check to make sure the distribitor isn't loose. If you can rotate it, then the timing needs to be set. If it has a bad timing belt, then it could have jumped time. Have this checked out befor driving it much more befor it jumps more and bends a valve. If the cam gear jumped one cog, it will run low compression and cause it to run tthat way. The timing belt is a very serios issue.
A car with a timing belt will jump time for several reasons, the belt dries out and the teeth strip off the belt, the tensioner or guide wear and fail, the belt can stretch over the years causing it to jump the sprockets. A car with a timing chain can jump because many were made with cam gears that had plastic teeth and they wore out, or the gear was made out of a casting that wore out, or the chain stretched replacement cam gears were usually made out of steel. Bob Bristol Magic Collision
I would look into the cap, rotor button, and wires, spark plugs basically a tune up it should eliminate that misfire condition unless it is time for the timing chain to be replaced because of stretch in it or has jumped a gear. Check your timing marks first. If all is well proceed to tune up. also make sure your fuel filter is new or recently has been changed if not go here the very first thing starving for fuel will cause a misfire condition as well.
Check to make sure that the timing mark is there when #1 is TDC.Leave the wire on #1 cylinder and place the plug on somethig metal .With all the other plugs removed bump it over until #1 sparks. I would think that maybe the roll pin that holds the gear to the bottom of distibuter may have shered .This would cause issue.The cam and crank sensor will not make your timming off 180Deg.Timming chain will.But 180Deg I would think not.Where is the #1 cylinder when it is lined up in the cap? Make sure that you can't turn your distributer.Don't think you can turn it that far without removing it.
as silly as it sounds, pull off the distributor cap and make sure the distributor is turning-ive been a mechanic for awhile and i think i remember the gear at the bottom of the dist.being made of soft metal that can strip gears or brake off causing the dist to either stop turning or "jump time" like a bad timing chain.i seem to remember it happening on the 4.1 motors but if your car is a 4.5 or 4.9 its still basically the same motor internally.
Since you are getting spark and fuel we know you are good there. Check the timing on the engine. Turn the engine from the front of the crankshaft with a socket and a large breaker bar until you reach top dead center of the intake stroke. Then remove the distributor cap and check to make sure the rotor is pointing to the # 1 cylinder. It almost sounds from your description of the sound the engine is making that the timing chain has jumped a few teeth on the gear. These factory gears have a nylon coating on the teeth and over time the nylon chips off the gear. When to much of this plastic gets chipped off the teeth it results in chain slack on the push side of the gear. When you shut the engine off it can jump a few teeth at the very last second before the engine stops rotating the crank and cause it to jump teeth. The engine probably has high mileage and might need the timing gears and chain replaced now. If you perform the visual check with the distributor I think you will find the chain has jumped a few teeth. If you need more help come back to this site and one of us will be glad to help. Good luck. Let me know what you discover.
if this is a manual tranny you could have bad detent balls these hold the gear shifter in place of you could have bad gear teeth (dog teeth) on you gears and cincro gears Torque converter won't cause this problem. auto tranny check gear slector linkage and them servos in tranny to make sure they are fully ingageing