Question about 1998 Suzuki Esteem
I need to know if the egr valve check engine code usually results in the egr valve just needing a cleaning or replacement? If by process of elimination I should just do the cleaning how do I get that done? Also I have been pricing the egr valves for this car and the pricing seems to be all over the place high and low, what's the average or normal price for the egr valve?
Usually the EGR valve problems show the fault code P0400 - Exhaust Gas Recirculation Flow Malfunction
What does that mean?
The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve is vacuum controlled valve that regulates the amount of exhaust gases that re-enter the cylinders. The powertrain control module (PCM) determines how much based on engine load, temp, and other conditions. If the PCM detects that the amount of exhaust gases entering the cylinder were insufficient or non-existent, this code is set.
No symptoms will likely be noticed by the driver other than the MIL (malfunction indicator lamp). However, non visible symptoms will be increased combustion temperature and increased Nox emissions.
A code P0400 may mean that one or more of the following has happened:
* Plugged EGR passage which restricts the flow of exhaust gasses
* Faulty EGR solenoid
* Faulty EGR solenoid wiring/harness
* Vacuum lines damaged/disconnected to the EGR valve solenoid or to the EGR valve
* Faulty EGR valve
Since EGR valve designs are different, no one test will suffice:
* Using a scan tool, operate the EGR valve with the engine running. If the engine stumbles, the problem was likely intermittent wiring problem or intermittent blockage problem
* If engine doesn't stumble, operate the EGR valve manually, if possible. If engine doesn't stumble and die, the ports are likely plugged. Removal of valve and cleaning of all ports will be required
* Checking of solenoid can only usually be done with a scan tool, because most solenoids operate with a duty cycle of voltage, rather than constant voltage
* Check all vacuum lines, hoses, etc for any damage
* Visually inspect the solenoid harness and the solenoid for damage
* Replace EGR valve
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Hope this helped (remember comment and rated this).
Posted on May 08, 2010
Hello! Cleaning works at times...The EGR is bolted to the back-side of the intake manifold...Two bolts hold it in place...More than likely it's fouled with carbon...However, looking at the age of the vehicle I would recommend replacing it...
Auto Zone sells them for $74.99...The part # is EGR3173...Guru........Saailer
Posted on May 08, 2010
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017
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Common in automobile emission systems since the early 1970s, the EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) valve controls an engine's emission of smog-causing nitrous oxides, or NOx. Its job is to route a portion of the exhaust gases back into the intake manifold. That lowers combustion temperature to below 2,500 degrees Fahrenheit - the temperature at which NOx gases form.
EGR flow is controlled by the engine's computer, which opens or closes the valve as needed. The EGR system is, for the most part, in the "out of sight, out of mind" category, and typical doesn't require regular maintenance. But if it gets clogged with carbon deposits, you'll see your "check engine" light come on, and a code (perhapsP0401or P0402 or P0403) will show that there is insufficient flow. That typically results from a vehicle being driven persistently on short trips that don't allow the engine to fully warm up. Flow problems also can be caused by carbon buildup due to failure to change the oil frequently enough.
A clogged EGR valve not only results in higher emissions, it can affect fuel economy and cause rough idling - even serious engine damage. Valves can usually be cleaned, but replacement is often recommended.
Advice? Make sure to put on some highway or freeway miles, and always change the oil according to the maintenance schedule in your owner's manual.
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