f the engine shows signs of overheating, stop and look to see if the fan is working. With the type operated by the Connect the motor feedterminal to the live terminal onthe battery.
Check a fan motor for faults
Fan motor with the thermo-switch lead disconnected and test lead connected to the battery.Look at the battery
, and take off the wiring terminals to the motor or disconnect the plug. Free the wires from clips or other fixings on the fan
A new motor is supplied without a fan, which must be refitted from the old one.The motor and fan normally come off as an assembly, but you may also have to remove the shroud and sometimes the radiator.
Separate the components. Clean the parts that are to be reused, simply by degreasing or even by repainting.
Checking the new motor
When you fit a replacement motor, check it by connecting its leads directly to the battery. Be sure to connect the positive (+) and negative (-) leads to the corresponding battery terminals.Take care - the motor will kick as it starts and there will be a large spark when it is connected.
Checking the switch for faults
A thermo-switch with push-on connections. The switch is threaded and has a sealing washer which must be renewed.If the fan motor is not at fault, leave the ignition switched on, take the connections off the thermo-switch and briefly touch them together.
If the fan motor now works, the switch is faulty. If it does not, check to see that there is current flowing to the switch by using a circuit tester on the feed wire to the thermoswitch.
Touch the leads together to bypass the switch.If the tester does not light, trace the lead from the thermo-switch back to its power supply; the car handbook may have a wiring diagram
A detailed drawing showing the location of electronic components and devices that are connected together in a circuit.
.If the tester lights, trace the lead from the thermo-switch through to the relay and check the terminals for tightness and cleanliness. Clean and tighten as necessary.
Changing a thermo-switchThe thermo-switch is normally located in the radiator bottom tank, in the How to flush an engine radiator) until the coolant is below the level at which it is fitted. Catch the coolant in a clean container if you plan to reuse it.
If a rubber cover is fitted over the back of the switch, ease it off, then disconnect the electrical connections.
The switch can now be unscrewed from its mounting point with an appropriate spanner. It may, however, be very tight, so take care not to distort the surrounding metal if it is fitted in the radiator bottom tank. Always fit a new sealing washer.
Checking the relay for faultsWith the ignition switched on,
short-circuit the thermo-switch by putting a screwdriver across its two terminals; do not disconnect the leads. You may be able to hear a click from the relay as it operates.
Test for current with a test lamp or circuit tester at the 'live' lead to the relay - again with the ignition switched on.
If there is current here but, when the thermo-switch is bypassed, none at the terminal for the fan-motor lead, the relay is faulty and must be replaced.
Checking the T-piece
On the Datsun Cherry the thermoswitch and connections are in a T-piece on the bottom radiator hose, so look there if the switch is not on the radiator.