Question about 1987 Nissan Pickup

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Engine idles ok. Above 3000 rpm engine surges up and down in rpm. No power. Occasionally seems to pop through carburetor. Any suggestions?

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Idle air sensor or just adjust your carb with a flat head screwdriver

Posted on May 04, 2010

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2000 Suzuki Esteem 1.8L.. I went to start my motor & turned it off right before started. I heard some kind of backfire. Then I started it and it's been idling high, the surging. Please help!!


scan it yet, a FULL OBD2 scan? why not?if not.
now is the time...


the 1.8L J18 engine, same as the older Sidekick sports used.
same engine , know it I do.
its the precursor to the J20, (j18 is under-stroked, j20 with many of the same parts. inside)
the back fire means explosion sound to rear end of tail pipe?
yes, that is rich raw fuel in the muffler. plus Air.
if there are exhaust cracks and then engine goes rich this can happen( a double failure)
if how ever BACK means, back to the Air cleaner, then that be different reasons, (timing)


engine now starts.?>
engine runs.? has full power, car drives ok.?
JUST?
SURGE,. you never said.

does engine get hot? 180F or more and holds (y/n)
ever get a full tuneup this decade,
most dont so i tell you, bad spark causes, misfire and raw fuel is wasted to the exhaust and sure can go boom.

surging usually means the ISC can not control idle
so it hunts, (a suzuki software engine on all 90s engines)
PCM errors, inside it. (dangerous too)
a modern car, if idle goes too high the ecu commands the ISC closed
and holds it there solid, (safe way , no hunting allowed now)]
so if this car surges, it's , lean engine.

some think flooding is surging.
and this is usually below 800 rpm,
almost stalls, then corrects, seems like a surge.

next time post rpm range of surge.?????

do not drive a surging engine, do not be like Toyota drivers. (over 800 rpm hot)

surge from 400 -800 rpm is class 1 surge.
surge from 800 to say 2000 RPM is class2, and very dangerous to some folks, (key off, get car fixed, tow it)

The ECU controls idle speeds. (hard coded servo controls)

Mar 18, 2016 | Suzuki Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Throttle surge at idol


surge, great post, what engine displacement.
open hood (my answers are USA only) look up, see big white
sticker that is the engine vacuum and type engine sticker)
surge hot or cold? engine.
if it surges hot, that means :
1: ISC system out of control , it job is to stop surge and 5 more things.
2: the engine is way lean and cause ISC to loose control

just 2 reasons, and can be 50 things. wrong.
is the CEL lamp out running> if not, pull the DTC codes and post them. (all)
as a mech ,we find out which it is.
(i make sure my engine can hold closed loop at idle , if not and lean it will surge. (may)
we make sure the ISC works ok (not sticking, clean it)
and then test to see , that if by my forcing it closed, by hand (ask)
i can get way below 800 RPM. most do 500 but 600 is ok.
if rpm stays above 800 closed, that means you have huge
vacuum leak or TV blackage (too thight throttle cable?)

finding vacuum leaks can be horrific, task .
there are many tricks (and tests) to do this, ask.

see that logic above, If I the mech, can not drop rpm below 800
by hand, then no ISC on earth can. not now or ever.
and proves the induction has huge air leaks
or some dolt set the spark timing 20 degrees advanced.
see it.
so as always , a tuneup is first, then as always , i always check timing,and for proper advance rates.
advances engines at idle race way too fast and the iSC will just go NUTS.

ISC = Idle speed controller , that valve that has wires.
the IAC is a thermal device and no wires and it too can stick open
when the IAC sticks open the ISC goes , yes, nuts,
nuts can be surge (ECU is hunting it)
or just racing way too fast hot, say 1500 rpm.
a slow RPm can be a stuck open EGR (50k service point)
lean will cause too low.
too rich , misfires and too low
the ISC is the last thing to work right, all else must be good.

what does your CEL lamp do?

PS: most cars, if the ECU/PCM enters Limphome, it cuts all idle controls. again, the CEL lamp. glowing while running.../????

Nov 28, 2013 | 1994 Honda Civic Del Sol

1 Answer

Increase then decrease idle when engine is cold especially


cold engine idle surge. (problem)
RPM range of surge not stated
300-700 or 800 to 1500? (range is critical to diagnosis)

bad fuel
running summer fuel in winter (running old fuel?)
needs a tune up bad, see the list in the operator guide.
idle speed controller,sticking or EGR valve same. (clean them)
location not stated, so cant guess about local air temps.?
no other symptoms, lack of engine power? etc?
was it ok last week, or better, when was the last time it was OK?
1week, 1year?
surge , causes, on a tuned engine might be:
1: too lean. so lean the ISC can not control idle. rpm low, stalling
2: too rich, flooding, stalling, spark plugs foul (look at them)
3: weak compression in 1 or more cylinders.
4: bad spark.
5: air leaks, in the plenum causing , ISC to lose control.
why high RPM?

especially?
well that means it fails hot too.
and there is a simple tests. for hot surge.
is engine fully hot? 180F and holds solid there?
say rpm is about 800
and you turn on head lights, heater fan and (not AC) and defrost.
the RPM must hold or the ISC is failing.
ISC -= idle speed controls. (all EFI has this function)

Oct 28, 2013 | 1996 Honda Prelude

1 Answer

2000 ford taurus ses surges when engine is warm and stalls frequently


I would take it by any auto parts store to have them pull codes from the computer. They should be able to tell you the problem. However, I would suspect the IAC (idle air controller) to be faulty.

Dec 23, 2012 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

When engine warms up it start to surge


Engine stalls cold or RPM fluctuates at idle up and down or dies near idle.

This problem is commonly caused by a dirty automatic idle speed control valve and throttle valve but always run a OBD2 fault code as well as the cleaning procedure. Buy a can of throttle valve cleaner (do not use carburetor spray cleaner!) from NAPA or Carquest (made by CRC chemicals) and spray it into the air intake while the engine is running, use up about 1/2 the can, engine will try to stall hold the speed up, shut it down and let it soak for 30 minutes, restart and blow out the remaining fluid, shut it down and disconnect the negative battery cable for 5 Min's to reset the base idle control. If the above cleaning doesn't cure your issues you need to have the computer controlled automatic idle speed control system diagnosed and repaired by a dealer or electronic engine control repair shop.

Nov 05, 2012 | 1998 Nissan Frontier

1 Answer

Engine surges at rpm over 1500


Look for a vacuum leak (lines and intake), Is the engine light on, were any codes present? A faulty EGR or IAC could cause the problem too. Check the throttle cable for any restrictions.

May 27, 2009 | 1996 Chevrolet Cavalier

3 Answers

Low rpm's in idle when heating/cooling system is on & surges.


Check your EGR or your Idle control Valve. This can cause a problem with your irratic idling

Apr 17, 2009 | 1995 Ford Explorer

2 Answers

Rough idle / engine surges until power is applied


Sounds like a possible vaccume hose leak?

Feb 07, 2009 | 1997 Chevrolet Astro

1 Answer

'03 Focus at between 2-3000 rpm 'bogs down' then surges


Your vehicle's computer system has self-testing capability. When the computer senses that there is a problem with some of the components it stores the correspondent trouble code(s) in its memory and lights up the "Check Engine" or "Service Engine Soon" light to tell you that there is a problem. There are test that will need to be done depending on what codes are present to determine the proper repair.

Jan 28, 2009 | 2000 Ford Focus

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