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What causes the air compressor clutch to hold back

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There is a electro magnet behind the pulley. When 12v is connected, the magnet pulls the top plate to the pulley and the a/c compressor turns.

Posted on Apr 30, 2010

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Air conditioner compressor locks up


If the compressor is seizing up it could be failed bearings in the compressor itself or something wrong with the electronic clutch on the front of it. (Im assuming its for your Chev Blazer as per the post?) If the fan belt is loose, the belt will slip causing horrible screeching noises. The clutch on the front of the compressor usually has 1 wire which runs behind the clutch across the top of the compressor. Check that the clutch is disengaging when the air con is not in use and it "pulls" in when you turn it on.

Sep 02, 2013 | 2004 Chevrolet Blazer

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How to remove and reinstall a clutch on an a/c compressor



The AC compressor continued to turn even after I pulled the 12-volt supply wire to the unit. The AC compressor exhibited no unusual symptoms that would explain the locked clutch, there was no bearing failure, no unusual noise, On the contrary, the AC continued to work properly. The Jaguar cooled as good or better than the other cars I currently own, all of which have original factory 134a AC systems. uses the GM A6 compressor, a common compressor used by a variety of General Motor's cars I was not about to disassemble a perfectly working AC system because of a defective clutch. The project starts by removing the hood. Clearance in the Jaguar engine bay is non-existent. In addition, the AC compressor is located 3 inches from the radiator top support. it is possible to do this with the hood on you will regret it. The objective is to replace the AC clutch on the car. Remove the AC compressor's front and rear bolts only. Lift the front of the compressor up to clear the top radiator support. Do not depressurize the system or remove any hoses.
Remove the center 9/16-inch nut from the compressor shaft. A special clutch holding tool is not needed if an air impact wrench is used.
install the clutch removal tool. The clutch is "press fit" to the AC compressor front shaft.
Instead of a clutch holding tool, I used a bar resting on the engine (blue arrow) to hold the tool removal nut while I turned the center stud that forces the clutch off.
The pulley is now completely visible. You will need a large snap ring pliers to remove the snap ring that secures the pulley.
Notice the towel below the compressor. Snap rings (red arrow) have a habit of flying off the pliers and disappearing forever into the engine. You are farned
The pulley is a zero clearance fit to the compressor nose. If you are lucky it will slide off by pulling on it. You will probably not be lucky. I used a puller to remove the pulley. Be careful here. You must identify what the puller can and cannot push against. The center compressor shaft must not be used as leverage to pull or push any component not on the compressor shaft. A 1 1/8-inch, 1/2-in drive socket (red arrow) will fit over the center shaft and rests on the compressor nose cone. This is my leverage point. I taped a large washer (blue arrow) to the socket to provide a contact point for the puller.
Attach puller jaws in the pulley groves and place the modified washer to rest against the nose cone. Slowly tighten the puller to remove pulley.
Locate and secure pulley key. If the key stays on the compressor shaft, do not remove it. An even bigger snap ring secures the coil assembly to the compressor. Remove the snap ring.
Remove coil assembly.
The clutch release springs (blue arrows) also appear to be in working order.
Testing the resistance of the coil assemblies indicate that they are within specs. The old coil pack reads 4.8 ohms.
The rebuilt coil pack reads 4.5 ohms.
In removing the clutch it appeared the coil was permanently energized. The clutch removal tool had to forcefully pull the clutch from the pulley. I was not about to put this coil pack back on. I cleaned the contacts on the rebuilt unit prior to installation.
Gently clean the nose cone remove any surface rust. the clutch bearing rides on this surface, it must not be damaged.
connect coil pack to compressor and install. Make sure the coil pack is attached properly to the electrical connector. There are three indicators on the rear of the coil pack that must match the corresponding holes in the compressor body (red arrow). Install big snap ring.
Clean pulley surface and install pulley. The bearing might require some slight persuasion to slide onto the nose cone. Use a drift (red arrow) that contacts the inner ring of the bearing only. Tap gently until the pulley bearing seats.
Install second snap ring. Make sure that the snap ring seats fully in the shaft grove. Tap the snap ring fully into the groove with a screwdriver if necessary. (red arrow)
Clean clutch mating surface and install clutch to the compressor. Note position of shaft key and corresponding clutch key slot. (red arrows). Make sure they line up before installing clutch to compressor shaft.
use the clutch installation tool. The front of the tool (blue arrow) screws over the threads of the exposed 9/16-inch shaft stud (yellow arrow). The nut then forces the bearing (red arrow)against the clutch face, forcing it onto the compressor shaft. One side of the bearing rotates with the nut to reduce friction as it forces the clutch onto the shaft. Note that the forces all act on the compressor shaft, not against it.
Hold the center bolt while tightening the nut down.
You are looking for a pulley clearance of .010 to .015. If you inadvertently create too close a gap, put the clutch puller back on and pull the clutch out accordingly. Replacement and or rebuilt parts are rarely perfect. You will probably get different readings at various locations around the circumference of the clutch. If the closest gap is .010 or more and the largest gap is .015 or less you are OK.
Install 9/16-inch self-locking nut and tighten. If a clutch holding tool is not available, then finish tightening this nut after the compressor belt is on and the clutch energized. This nut does not hold on or impacts the position of the clutch. It appears to be a safety precaution just in case the press fit clutch somehow comes off the compressor shaft.
Install compressor to engine. Tighten 4 bolts to engine bracket. Connect electrical connections to coil assembly. Install belts.
Turn on your vehicle and let there be cold air, good luck sorry illustrations wouldn't load to this format

on Mar 05, 2011 | Jaguar XJ12 Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Im trying to replace the ac clutch on an 04 mustang. i have the clip off but the clutch won't slide off. help please


Clutch and Clutch Field Coil adobe.gif Printable View (235 KB)
Special Tool(s) st1260a.jpg 2-Jaw Puller
205-D026 (D80L-1002-L) or equivalent st1232a.jpg Installer, A/C Compressor Coil
412-065 (T89P-19623-EH) st1235a.jpg Holding Fixture, Compressor Clutch (3.8L vehicles)
412-098 (T94P-19703-AH) st2584a.jpg Holding Fixture, Compressor Clutch (4.6L vehicles)
412-103 (T95L-19703-AH) st1220a.jpg Remover, Differential Bearing
205-116 (T77F-4220-B1) st1234a.jpg Installer, A/C Compressor Field Coil
412-078 (T91L-19623-CH) st1233a.jpg Remover, A/C Compressor Field Coil
412-067 (T89P-19623-FH) Removal
  1. Remove the A/C compressor (19703). For additional information, refer to Air Conditioning (A/C) Compressor - 3.8L or Air Conditioning (A/C) Compressor - 4.6L in this section.
  1. Remove the bolt.
    1. Hold the A/C disc and hub assembly (19D786) with the special tool.
    1. Remove the bolt.
    a0030171.jpg
  1. Remove the A/C disc and hub assembly and the A/C clutch hub spacer (19D648).
    1. Thread an 8 x 1.25 mm bolt into the A/C clutch to force it from the compressor shaft.
    1. Lift the A/C disc and hub assembly and the A/C clutch hub spacer from the compressor shaft.
    al0322a.jpg
  1. Remove the pulley snap ring.
    l10153a.jpg
  1. Remove the A/C clutch pulley (2E884).
    l10154a.jpg
  1. ani_caut.gif CAUTION: Do not use air tools. The A/C clutch field coil (19D798) can be easily damaged.
    Remove the A/C clutch field coil.
    1. Note the location of the A/C clutch field coil electrical connector.
    1. Install the special tool on the nose opening of the A/C compressor.
    1. Install the special tool.
    1. Remove the A/C clutch field coil.
    am2024a.jpg
Installation
  1. NOTE: If installing a new A/C compressor, the A/C clutch components should be reused unless obvious signs of damage are found. If excessive grooving is found, a new A/C clutch disc and hub and A/C compressor pulley must be installed together. Otherwise, each component can be installed individually where needed.
    Visually inspect the A/C clutch disc and hub, A/C compressor pulley and A/C clutch field coil for damage.
    • Inspect for physical damage, including cracked or melted components or discoloration due to excessive heat.
    • Inspect for excessive wear, including grooving in the A/C clutch disc and hub or A/C compressor pulley that is more than fingernail depth.
    • Inspect for roughness in the A/C compressor pulley bearing.
  1. Clean the A/C disc and field coil and pulley mounting surfaces.
  1. ani_caut.gif CAUTION: Do not use air tools. The A/C clutch field coil can be easily damaged.
    Install the A/C clutch field coil.
    1. Place the A/C clutch field coil on the A/C compressor with the A/C clutch field coil electrical connector correctly positioned.
    1. Using the special tools, install the A/C field coil.
    gl2051a.jpg
  1. NOTE: The A/C clutch pulley is a tight fit on the A/C compressor head. It must be correctly aligned during installation.
    Install the A/C clutch pulley.
    l10157a.jpg
  1. Install the pulley snap ring with the bevel side out.
    l10158a.jpg
  1. Place one nominal thickness A/C clutch hub spacer inside the clutch hub spline opening.
    gl2100a.jpg
  1. Install the A/C clutch.
    l10159a.jpg
  1. Using the special tool, install the A/C disc and hub assembly retaining bolt.
    a0030060.jpg
  1. Measure and adjust the clutch air gap by removing or adding A/C clutch hub spacers.
    a0031504.jpg
  1. Install the A/C compressor. For additional information, refer to Air Conditioning (A/C) Compressor - 3.8L or Air Conditioning (A/C) Compressor - 4.6L in this section.
hope this helps

Aug 13, 2011 | 2004 Ford Mustang

1 Answer

No Cold Air Blowing out of vents Air conditioner just blows out warm/hot air only what would cause this it just happened very quickly went to to store Approx. 14 miles away from home went to leave to get...


There are a few possibilities. Blown fuse to the compressor clutch, bad clutch, seized compressor, broken belt, low system pressure, or a rock through the coils in front of the radiator causing a leak. Take it to a reputable mechanic for repairs.

Jun 27, 2010 | 1998 Ford Escort

2 Answers

When I turn on the defrost or the air conditioner, my 2001 blazer seems to lose a lot of power- it feels almost like it's about to stall completely. And also, my air conditioner doesn't blow cold air. The...


A Faulty Idle Control Solinoid Will Cause this, Its Purpose is to Raise the Idle when the A/C -Defrost is turned on due to the Extra Load the A/C Compressor puts on the Engine.

Jun 14, 2010 | 2001 Chevrolet Blazer

1 Answer

My 2002 eclipse engine dies when you turn on the air conditioner. If you rev the engine up some it wants to run but extremely rough.


Open the hood and have someone turn on the AC (this is the part where I have to say wear eye protection) It sounds like the clutch on the air conditioning compressor is bad. So instead of spinning, it's just locking up. Making the belt squeal and smoke. The locked compressor is putting drag on the rest of the pulleys and engine causing it to stall. Kind of like if you turn a bicycle upside down and spin the petals to watch the back tire spin. Then someone holds something on the tire and its harder to turn the pedal(s).

Jun 11, 2010 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

When the ac is on the belt will stpo the air gets hot then it starts back up the air gets cold


ONE OF TWO CONDITIONS BELT IS LOOSE FROM BAD TENSIONER OR WORE OUT SECONDLY COULD HAVE TO MUCH FREON CAUSING COMPRESSOR TO LOCK UP SOMETIMES LET ME KNOW

Sep 01, 2009 | 2004 Nissan Sentra

1 Answer

Intermittent A/C operation


I think your a/c clutch is going. If it works for a while and cuts out, the electrci clutch is getting hot and losing the ability to stay clamped.
Sometimes, you can shim the clutch so it's less of a gap to close. Or, replace the clutch.

------------------------------------
SECTION 412-03A: Air Conditioning 2001 F-Super Duty/Excursion/Motorhome Chassis Workshop Manual
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Clutch And Clutch Field Coil —5.4L, 6.8L
Removal
  1. Remove the A/C compressor. For additional information, refer to Compressor—5.4L and 6.8L in this section.
  1. Remove the A/C clutch hub retaining bolt.
    1. Hold the A/C clutch hub with the special tool.
    1. Remove the bolt.
  1. Remove the A/C clutch and the A/C clutch hub spacer.
    1. Thread an 8 x 1.25 mm bolt into the A/C clutch hub spacer to force it from the compressor shaft.
    1. Lift the A/C clutch and the A/C clutch hub spacer from the compressor shaft.
  1. Remove the pulley snap ring.
  1. Remove the A/C clutch pulley.
  1. s1o~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Do not use air tools. The A/C clutch field coil can be easily damaged.
    Remove the A/C clutch field coil.
    1. Note the location of the A/C clutch field coil electrical connector.
    1. Install the special tool on the nose opening of the A/C compressor.
    1. Install the special tool.
    1. Remove the A/C clutch field coil.

May 22, 2009 | 2002 Ford F250 Super Duty SuperCab

1 Answer

Where is the low pressure switch for my Honda Odyssey 2003 AC ?


The A/C pressure switch is located in the high pressure line (the skinny one) on the passenger side of the engine compartment just under the fuse/relay box. The switch has three functions: <28 psi, the switch opens to protect the compressor from lack of lubrication. >220 psi, the switch shifts the radiator and compressor fan to high speed. >455 psi, the switch opens to protect the compressor seals. Check to see if you have any powertrain DTC's first. A faulty engine coolant temp sensor can cause problems with the compressor clutch relay. If the radiator and compressor fan come on with the A/C on but the compressor clutch does not operate, check the compressor clutch relay. You can also obtain Heater control panel diagnostic trouble codes (DTC's) by turning the ignition switch on. Then turn fan switch off. Press recirc button to select recirc air. Press and hold recirc to turn off recirc air but this time continue to hold the button down until recirc light comes on for two seconds and then goes off. If there is any trouble, the recirc light will then blink a code (if no trouble, the light will remain off) 1 blink = problem in air mix control motor circuit. 2 blinks = a problem in mode control motor circuit. 3 blinks = a problem in evaporator temperature sensor circuit. (this one could be a factor in your case) Turn the ignition switch off to end the test.

Mar 16, 2009 | 2003 Honda Odyssey

1 Answer

2006 Monte Carlo Air Compressor Clutch


It is a nut, but you will need special tools to replace the clutch, You should just replace the compressor. you will need special equipment to evacuate and recharge the system.

Jul 09, 2017 | 2006 Chevrolet Monte Carlo

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