Question about 2002 Chevrolet Silverado

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I have a 2002 Chevy Silverado 8 cylinder 4wd extended cab. It has the push button shifter for 4wd. When I try to use 4WD Auto or 4WD Hi, the indicator lights come on but the 4wd does not engage. I read that it might be the actuator. I was told to also check the fused for the actuator. Questions: Where are the fuses for the Actuator located? Where is the Atuator itself located and do you have a picture of it? Thanks

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Fuse is located at the end of eh dash on drivers side and the Actuator is located at the front differential and on the passenger side.
When in 4wd mode, a switch on top of the transfer case conducts 12 volts out to the actuator. Wire #50 (brown) is the 12v feed, and it conducts to the light blue wire (#900) to the actuator.
When shifted out of 4wd, the switch opens up and no voltage goes to the actuator.

Check voltage at the connector for the front actuator (at the front differential - it looks like a large bullet that threads into the front diff.) If it has 12 volts, the actuator is the problem. If it does not have 12 volts, check the transfer case switch and the power feed to the transfer case.

I'll assume it is the actuator, if the plug to the actuator is getting 12 volts when in 4wd.
The way this actuator works, is it is a sealed chamber that gets heated by voltage. When it heats, the pin in the end swells and pushes a shift fork in the front differential. The shift fork engages a spline on the passenger side of the differential, and boom! you have 4WD.

GM offered an upgrade to this actuator that is a motor instead of a heated device. However, it requires a small harness addition, a spacer, and a new actuator. It is about a $150 to $200 option.

Good luck. The actuator is usually the problem 90% of time but recheck all of the wire harness just to maker sure there is no short before replacing any parts. The actuator may not be fully engaged or disengaged and the fork to the spline may be what is causing the grinding.

88-UP C/K ACTUATOR UPGRADE
VEHICLE SERVICED: 88-99 CHEVROLET FULL SIZE
PURPOSE: IMPROVE AXLE CONNECT ENGAGEMENT TIME AND
COMPONENT RELIABILITY.

SYMPTOMS: NO FRONT DRIVE AXLE ENGAGEMENT WHEN SHIFTED INTO 4X4.

Obtain the following GM part numbers:
(1) 26060073 Actuator
(1) 88959465 Harness/Spacer Kit

Posted on Feb 03, 2010

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The problem is in the push button control on the dashbord. The soldered electrical contacts become cracked and no longer have a conection. A cheep fix is to take the switch out of dash take apart switch and reheat the soldered pins.A replacement switch is about $50.00. Did this on my 2000 silverado and another 1999 silverado and had no problem since!

Posted on Feb 12, 2010

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