Question about 2003 Dodge Caravan

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How do I test a rear windshield wiper motor ? Generally it doesn't work at all. Sometimes the blade will move half way and then stop. With a helping hand it can be returned to the static position. All plugs and contacts are clean and firm.

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  • cawebco Nov 14, 2009

    As mentioned, when power is applied it sometimes runs, so dynamic testing doesn't answer whether the motoor is any good. What should the resistance be and across which terminals, please ?

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There two ways. One is dynamic testing, and the other is static testing. Dynamic testing simply means you put power to it to see if it runs. Static testing means measuring the resistance at the terminal, which you will need a multimeter. Dynamic testing just requires 12 volts source.

Posted on Nov 14, 2009

  • Ronado Panaligan
    Ronado Panaligan Nov 14, 2009

    Yeah but before the power goes to the motor it goes through switches, and relay. Dynamic testing is applying power directly to it, eliminating other causes. If runs all the time when power is applied to it directly, then it is good so you look somewhere else.

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Section 01-16A: Wiper and Washer System, Ranger/Explorer 1994 Ranger and Explorer Vehicles Workshop Manual
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION Windshield Wiper System, Ranger/Explorer The windshield wipers are actuated by a permanent magnet, rotary-type electric windshield wiper motor (17504) . The two windshield wiper pivot arms (17526) and windshield wiper blades (17528) are mounted on a pivot shaft, one at each side of the windshield. The windshield wiper mounting arm and pivot shaft (17566) are connected to the motor by windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip (17531) . Ranger and Explorer vehicles are equipped with an interval wiper and washer (IWW) system featuring a lever-type turn signal and windshield wiper switch (13K359) mounted on the steering column. The IWW windshield wiper governor (17C476) uses a relay contact to control current to the windshield wiper motor . The governor electronic circuitry controls the contact to supply current to windshield wiper motor . A rear wiper/washer system is available on Explorer vehicles. The rear window wiper system consists of a windshield wiper motor mounted inside the liftgate (40010) , an articulating windshield wiper pivot arm and windshield wiper blade , a windshield wiper/washer switch (17A553) and an inline circuit breaker. The front electric windshield washer system consists of a control switch, integral with the turn signal, a windshield washer reservoir (17618) and windshield wiper motor and the necessary windshield washer hoses (17A605) , windshield washer nozzle jet and brackets (17603) and attaching parts.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Pivot Shafts and Linkage Removal and Installation
NOTE: The left and right pivot and windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip assemblies are serviced separately.
  1. Perform Steps 1 through 9 of Windshield Wiper Motor Removal as described in this section.
  1. If servicing left windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip , remove left windshield wiper mounting arm and pivot shaft and windshield wiper blade assembly.
  1. Remove left windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip access cover.
  1. Remove left pivot nut, lower windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip and slide it out through left access opening. For installation, follow removal procedures in reverse order. Tighten nut to 10-13 Nm (7-10 ft-lb). Make sure the clip is fully seated in the windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip . Do not try to install clip with windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip on motor crank pin.
----------------------------------------------------------
Windshield Wiper Motor Windshield wiper motor are not serviceable. If worn or damaged, the windshield wiper motor must be replaced as an assembly. Removal
  1. Cycle windshield wiper blades until in straight-up position and turn ignition switch OFF.
  1. Disconnect battery and wiper motor electrical connector.
  1. Remove the right windshield wiper mounting arm and pivot shaft and windshield wiper blade .
  1. Disconnect the battery ground cable (14301).
  1. Remove the right pivot nut and allow the windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip to drop into the cowl top outer panel .
  1. Remove the linkage access cover, located on the right side of the dash panel near the windshield wiper motor.
  1. Reach through the access cover opening and unsnap the wiper motor clip.
  1. Push the clip away from the windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip until it clears the nib on the crack pin. Then, push the clip off the windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip.
  1. Remove the windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip from windshield wiper motor crank pin.
  1. Remove nut and ground strap.
  1. Remove three attaching nuts from windshield wiper motor. Remove the windshield wiper motor .
Installation
  1. Position the windshield wiper motor and install the three attaching screws. Tighten to 13.6-19.0 Nm (10-14 ft-lb).
  1. Install nut and ground strap.
  1. Connect wiper motor electrical connector.
  1. Install clip completely onto right windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip. Make sure the clip is fully seated. Do not put the windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip on the motor crank pin and then try to install the clip.
  1. Install the left windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip onto the wiper motor crank pin.
  1. Install the right windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip onto the wiper motor crank pin. Pull the windshield wiper adapter and connecting arm clip onto the crank pin until it snaps into place. The clip is properly installed if the nib is protruding through the center of the clip.
  1. Install the right windshield wiper mounting arm and pivot shaft and nut. Tighten the nut to 9.5-12.5 Nm (84-110 in-lb). NOTE: When the battery has been disconnected and reconnected, some abnormal drive symptoms may occur while the powertrain control module (PCM) (12A650) relearns its adaptive strategy. The vehicle may need to be driven 10 miles or more to relearn the strategy.
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  1. Install the windshield wiper mounting arm and pivot shaft and windshield wiper blade assemblies on the pivot shafts to dimension X. Dimension X is the distance between the centerline of the blade saddle and the top edge of the cowl top outer panel grille. The value of Dimension X for each vehicle is given in the Dimension X chart in the Specifications portion of this section.
  1. Test the system.
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