Question about 2001 Saturn SL

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When connecting a jumper lead between battery positive terminal & the S terminal on the solenoid. Starter motor does not operate, is the solenoid bad?

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Take a wooden mallet and tap the solenoid and see if the plunger in the barrel is seized and won't move to make the copper disk to make connection

Posted on Nov 14, 2009

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Yes...as long as the battery is charged

Posted on Nov 14, 2009

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1986 Ford F350 wont start


Try following the positive battery cable from the battery to the starter solenoid (not sure if you have an inner fender-mounted solenoid or a starter-mounted one. Take one lead of a pair of jumper cables and connect one end to the solenoid terminal with the cable from the battery, and take the other end of that same jumper cable lead and momentarily connect it to the other large terminal on the starter solenoid. If the starter engages when you do this, replace the starter solenoid. If the engine doesn't try to crank when you do this, you probably have a bad starter. Good luck.

Oct 12, 2013 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

How to replace a starter??


Ford Excursion, Expedition, Lincoln Navigator 2000-2005
Starter

Print


Removal & Installation

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of this section.

    Negative battery cable
  2. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE To disconnect the hard-shell connector from the solenoid S terminal, grasp the plastic shell and pull off; do not pull on the wire. Pull straight off to prevent damage to the connector and S terminal.


    Starter terminal cover Terminal nut and separate the battery starter cable from the starter motor Solenoid S terminal connector, if equipped with a starter mounted solenoid
  4. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Starter motor retaining bolts Starter motor from the vehicle

To install:
  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter motor and retaining bolts. Tighten the bolts to 15-20 ft. lbs. (20-27 Nm). Bttery starter cable and a terminal nut to the starter motor. Tighten the terminal nuts to 79 inch lbs. (9 Nm). Slenoid S terminal connector, if equipped with a starter mounted solenoid Sarter solenoid safety cap, if equipped
  2. Lower the vehicle.
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Ngative battery cable
  4. Start the engine several times to check starter motor operation.

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of this section.
  2. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
  3. Raise the front of the truck and install jackstands beneath the frame. Firmly apply the parking brake and place blocks in back of the rear wheels.
  4. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Wiring from the starter motor terminals Starter motor retaining bolts, loosen Starter retaining bolts while supporting the starter motor Starter from the vehicle

To install:
  1. The installation is the reverse of removal. Tighten the starter retaining bolts to 15-20 ft. lbs. (20-27 Nm)

4.6L, 5.4L & 6.8L Engines
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  3. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  4. Remove or disconnect the following:
    NOTE To disconnect the hard-shell connector from the solenoid S terminal, grasp the plastic shell and pull off; do not pull on the wire. Pull straight off to prevent damage to the connector and S terminal.


    Starter terminal cover Terminal nut and separate the battery starter cable from the starter motor Solenoid S terminal connector, if equipped with a starter mounted solenoid
  5. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Starter motor retaining bolts Starter motor from the vehicle

To install:
  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter motor and retaining bolts. Tighten the bolts to 15-20 ft. lbs. (20-27 Nm). Battery starter cable and a terminal nut to the starter motor. Tighten the terminal nuts to 79 inch lbs. (9 Nm). Solenoid S terminal connector, if equipped with a starter mounted solenoid Starter solenoid safety cap, if equipped
  2. Lower the vehicle.
  3. Connect the negative battery cable.
  4. Start the engine several times to check starter motor operation.

6.0L Diesel Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2. Disconnect the battery ground cable.
  3. Remove starter solenoid protective cap.
  4. Disconnect the starter motor electrical connections.
  5. Remove the bolts and the starter.

To install:
  1. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure. Tighten the starter bolts to 18 ft. lbs. (25 Nm)

7.3L Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable
  3. Raise the front of the truck and install jackstands beneath the frame. Firmly apply the parking brake and place blocks in back of the rear wheels.
  4. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Wiring from the starter motor terminals Starter motor retaining bolts, loosen Starter retaining bolts while supporting the starter motor Starter from the vehicle

To install:
  1. The installation is the reverse of removal. Tighten the starter retaining bolts to 15-20 ft. lbs. (20-27 Nm)


Testing & Troubleshooting

Feed Circuit Test

  1. Make sure the battery is fully charged.
  2. Disconnect the Inertia Fuel Shutoff (IFS) switch.
  3. Connect a remote starter switch between the starter solenoid S-terminal and the battery positive (+) terminal.
  4. Connect the Rotunda 73 Digital Multimeter positive lead to the battery positive (+) post. Connect negative lead to the starter solenoid M-terminal.

    0996b43f80204e8b.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Motor feed circuit-S-terminal (1), remote starter switch (2), battery (3), Rotunda 73 digital multimeter (4), B-terminal (5), M-terminal (6)

  5. Engage the remote starter switch. Read and record the voltage. The voltage reading should be 0.5 volt or less.
  6. If the voltage reading is 0.5 volt or less, go to the Motor Ground Circuit Component Test.
  7. If the voltage reading is greater than 0.5 volt, indicating excessive resistance, move the Rotunda 73 Digital Multimeter negative lead to the starter solenoid B-terminal and repeat the test. If the voltage reading at the B-terminal is lower than 0.5 volt, the concern is either in the connections at the starter solenoid or in the solenoid contacts.
  8. Remove the cables from solenoid B-, S- and M-terminals. Clean the cables and connections and reinstall the cables to the correct terminals. Repeat Steps 3 through 6. If the voltage drop reading is still greater than 0.5 volt when checked at the M-terminal or less than 0.5 volt when checked at the B-terminal, the concern is in the solenoid contacts. Install a new starter motor.
  9. If the voltage reading taken at the solenoid B-terminal is still greater than 0.5 volt after cleaning the cables and connections at the solenoid, the concern is either in the positive (+) battery cable connection or in the positive battery cable itself.
  10. By moving the Rotunda 73 Digital Multimeter negative lead toward the battery and checking each mechanical connection point, the excessive voltage drop can be located. When the high reading disappears, the last mechanical point that was checked is the concern. Repair or install a new connection as required.

Ground Circuit Test
A slow cranking condition can be caused by resistance in the ground or return portion of the cranking circuit. Check the voltage drop in the ground circuit as follows:
  1. Disconnect the inertia fuel shutoff switch.
  2. Connect a remote starter switch between the starter solenoid S-terminal and the battery positive (+) terminal.
  3. Connect the Rotunda 73 Digital Multimeter positive lead to the starter motor housing (the connection must be clean and free of rust or grease). Connect the negative lead to the negative (-) battery terminal.

    0996b43f80204e8c.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Motor ground circuit-Rotunda 73 digital multimeter (1), battery (2), S-terminal (3), M-terminal (4), B-terminal (5), remote starter switch (6)

  4. Engage the remote starter switch and crank the engine. Read and record the voltage reading. The reading should be 0.2 volt or less.
  5. If the voltage drop is more than 0.2 volt, clean the negative cable connections at the battery and body connections, and retest.
  6. If the voltage drop is greater than 0.2 volt, determine which way the current is flowing in the cable.
  7. Connect the Rotunda 73 Digital Multimeter positive lead to the end of the cable nearest battery positive.
  8. Connect the multimeter negative lead to the terminal at the other end of the cable.
  9. Crank the engine and observe the voltage reading. The voltage reading should be 0.2 volt or lower. If the voltage drop is too high, clean the terminal ends. Retest, and if still high, install a new cable. If the voltage reading is less than 0.2 volt and the engine still cranks slowly, install a new starter motor.

Voltage Drop Test

WARNING When servicing the starter motor or performing other underhood work in the vicinity of the starter motor, be aware that the heavy gauge battery input lead at the starter solenoid is "electrically hot" at all times.

WARNING A protective cap or boot is provided over the battery input terminal on all vehicle lines and must be installed after servicing. Be sure to disconnect the battery ground cable before servicing the starter motor.
Always make the Rotunda 73 Digital Multimeter connections at the component terminal rather than at the wiring end connector. Making a connection at the wiring end connector could result in false readings because the meter will not pick up a high resistance between the wiring connector and the component.

Aug 05, 2012 | 2001 Ford Expedition

2 Answers

Will not turn over


Thanks for choosing FixYa and welcome to the site. First, check your ignition fuse. It may have blown. You need to check the battery first. Check the connections and post. Clean them with a wire brush if needed. Check the wires for damage. Try hitting your starter to see if it will catch. You could have a bad starter. Check the connections. It can be s starter solenoid or the flywheel may be missing teeth.

Aug 28, 2011 | 1994 Dodge Caravan

1 Answer

I need to find out how to take off and put on a starter on a 2004 chevy tracker


TESTING WARNING
During the following test, the starter motor must not be energized for longer than 5 seconds, otherwise you run the risk of burning out the starter motor coil.
  1. Remove the starter motor from the vehicle.
  2. Detach the field coil lead from terminal M on the starter motor.
  3. Using jumper wires, connect a 12 volt battery to the starter motor so that the negative battery terminal is attached to the starter motor housing and to solenoid terminal M, and that the positive battery terminal is connected to starter motor solenoid terminal S. The starter motor plunger should move outward; if it does not, replace the solenoid with a new one. Fig. 1: To test the solenoid plunger, first detach the field coil lead from alternator terminal M, then attach a 12 volt battery to the starter motor as shown . . . 90882g50.gif
    Fig. 2: . . . then detach the negative jumper wire from terminal M. The plunger should remain extended 90882g51.gif
    Fig. 3: Detach the other negative lead from the starter motor housing. The solenoid plunger should now retract to its normal resting position 90882g52.gif
    Fig. 4: Use an ammeter to measure the amount of current draw the starter motor uses 90882g53.gif

  4. Detach the negative battery jumper wire from terminal M on the starter motor solenoid, and check the plunger for movement. The plunger should remain extended; if the plunger returns to its resting position, replace the solenoid with a new one.
  5. While observing the solenoid plunger, detach the negative battery lead from the starter motor housing. The plunger should return to its normal resting position; if it does not, replace the solenoid with a new one.
  6. Reattach the 12 volt battery and install an ammeter to the starter motor as shown in the accompanying illustration. The starter motor should rotate smoothly and steadily with the pinion gear moving out, and the ammeter should display less than 60 amps at 11.5 volts (Samurai models), or 90 amps at 11 volts (Sidekick, Tracker, X-90 and Sidekick Sport models). If the ammeter does not display the specified values, or if the starter motor does not operate smoothly and steadily, replace the starter motor with a new one.
---
REMOVAL & INSTALLATION
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. If necessary for added under-vehicle clearance, apply the parking brake, block the rear wheels, then raise and safely support the front of the vehicle on jackstands.
  3. From beneath the vehicle, label and detach all wiring from the starter motor solenoid terminals.
  4. Remove one of the two starter motor mounting bolts and loosen the other bolt until it can be turned by hand, then support the starter motor with one hand while removing the last starter motor mounting bolt.
  5. Lower the starter motor down and away from the engine and transmission. To install:
  6. Hold the starter motor in position and install the two mounting bolts. Tighten the two bolts securely.
  7. Reattach all applicable wiring to the starter motor solenoid. Ensure that the wiring terminals and connectors are clean and free of corrosion.
  8. If necessary, lower the vehicle.
  9. Connect the negative battery cable.

Oct 23, 2010 | Chevrolet Tracker Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

2005 Sedona wont start, wont take a jump. Radio works and lights come on but wont turn over. Friend said to follow the positive battery cable to its end and id find the starter. cant find it. looked here...


OK, even if you find the starter, you'll have to find a way of testing it.

Starter Testing Starting System Voltage Drop Tests NOTE: The battery must be in good condition and fully charged prior to performing this test.
There are three area of the starter motor circuits that voltage drop test can be performed on. These include:
  • The starter feed circuit
  • The starter ground circuit
  • The starter solenoid.
Starter Feed Circuit
  1. Disable the fuel system by removing the fuel pump fuse or the fuel pump relay.
  2. Verify that the vehicle will not start.
  3. Connect the positive lead of a voltmeter to the positive terminal of the battery.
  4. Connect the negative lead of a voltmeter to the starter B+ terminal.
  5. Turn the ignition key to the START position and note the voltage displayed on the voltmeter.
    • Ideally, there should be no more than 0.1 volt drop for each connection displayed on the voltmeter. No voltage should be consumed by the vehicle wiring
      1. If the battery cable connects directly to the starter motor there should be no more than a 0.2 volt drop measured
      2. If the vehicle uses a starter solenoid between the battery and the starter motor terminal there should be no more than 0.4 volt displayed on the voltmeter
Starter Ground Circuit
  1. Disable the fuel system by removing the fuel pump fuse or the fuel pump relay.
  2. Verify that the vehicle will not start.
  3. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to the case of the starter motor.
  4. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to the negative terminal of the battery.
  5. Turn the ignition key to the START position and note the voltage displayed on the voltmeter.
    • Ideally, there should be no more than 0.1 volt drop for each connection displayed on the voltmeter. No voltage should be consumed by the vehicle wiring
      1. If the battery cable connects directly to the starter motor there should be no more than a 0.2 volt drop measured
    • Starter Solenoid
  6. Disable the fuel system by removing the fuel pump fuse or the fuel pump relay.
  7. Verify that the vehicle will not start.
  8. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to the case starter B+ terminal.
  9. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to the lug (the starter M terminal) that connects the starter solenoid to the starter motor.
  10. Turn the ignition key to the START position and note the voltage displayed on the voltmeter.
    • Ideally, there should be no more than 0.2 volt drop across the starter solenoid displayed on the voltmeter.
In general, there should be no more than a 1.0 volt drop throughout the entire starter motor feed and ground circuit. Any voltage drops measured in either the feed or ground circuits after connections have been cleaned will require replacement of the affected battery cable. Typically, any voltage drops measured in the solenoid are repaired by replacing the starter motor.

---
Starter Relay Removal & Installation Engine Compartment Relay Box kia-02-00-8057.gif
Starter printpage_icon.gif


Removal & Installation

  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions at the beginning of this section.
  2. Record the radio anti theft code data.
  3. Remove or disconnect the following:

    Negative battery cable On 2002-05 vehicles, shift cable Starter motor electrical connectors On 2002-05 vehicles, starter heat shield Starter motor

    0996b43f802319bc.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

    Fig. Starter motor mounting-3.5L Engine


To install:
  1. Install or connect the following:

    Starter motor. Tighten the bolts to 20-24 ft. lbs. (27-33 Nm). On 2002-05 vehicles, starter heat shield Starter motor electrical connectors. Tighten the battery terminal nut to 106-141 inch lbs. (12-16 Nm). On 2002-05 vehicles, shift cable Negative battery cable Reprogram the radio anti theft codes

Oct 18, 2010 | 2005 Kia Sedona

2 Answers

Amp meter shows discharge andmotor won't turn over


I would say the starter motor has a problem.Try tapping on the starter motor with a hammer,lightly,while some one tries to start the engine,the amp meter is supposed to discharge when starting,because the stater is drawing amps.The starter needs to be replaced.

Jan 19, 2010 | 1990 Ford F150

1 Answer

My Subaru Legacy Outback won't start and the battery is fully charged, the starter won't even click, what is the problem?


Starters don't click.
Solenoids click.

So remove push-on connector from Solenoid wire.
Should be clean, secure & relay bracket grounded.
Connect a jumper wire between battery positive terminal & the exposed terminal on the solenoid.
If starter motor now operates then it's the ignition switch.
If starter motor does not operate then replace solenoid.

Oct 10, 2009 | 1997 Subaru Legacy

1 Answer

2004 jeep liberty replacing the starter


2004 Jeep Liberty 4WD 3.7L MFI SOHC 6cyl
Starteer - Removal & Installation

2.4L & 3.7L Engines
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of this section.
  2. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  3. Remove the starter mounting bolts.
  4. On the 3.7L engine, the left side exhaust pipe and front driveshaft must be disconnected.
  5. Disconnect the starter solenoid harness connections.
  6. Remove the starter.
To install:

8222c5e.jpg

Fig. Starter mounting: 2.4L engine

1ab95e7.jpg

Fig. The starter position for the 3.7L engine
  1. Connect the starter solenoid wiring connectors.
  2. Install the starter and torque the bolts to 40 ft. lbs. (54 Nm).
  3. On the 3.7L, the left side exhaust pipe and front driveshaft.
  4. Install the negative battery cable and check for proper operation.

2.8L Engine
  1. Disconnect and isolate negative battery cable.
  2. Raise and support vehicle.
  3. Disconnect solenoid wire connector from solenoid terminal
  4. Remove battery cable from stud on starter solenoid.
  5. Remove 3 starter mounting bolts.
  6. Remove starter from transmission bellhousing.
To install:
  1. Position starter motor to transmission housing.
  2. Connect battery cable solenoid terminal wire harness connector to connector receptacle on starter solenoid. Always support starter motor during this process. Do not let starter motor hang from wire harness.
  3. Install battery cable eyelet terminal onto solenoid B(+) terminal stud.
  4. Install nut securing battery cable eyelet terminal to starter solenoid B(+) terminal stud.
  5. Refer to torque specifications.
  6. Position starter motor and install 3 bolts. Tighten 3 bolts in this sequence: top bolt, bottom bolt, middle bolt. Refer to torque specifications.
  7. Lower vehicle.
  8. Connect negative battery cable.

Also can review the Service Repair Manual for Jeep KJ Liberty

I really hope help you with this (remember rated this help) Good luck.

Oct 04, 2009 | 2004 Jeep Liberty

1 Answer

How do i remove starter on 2001 ford f350 dually (7.3 l powerstroke)


Starter

Removal & Installation 1. Disconnect the positive and negative battery cables.
2. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
3. Remove the starter terminal cover.
4. Remove the terminal nut and separate the battery starter cable from the starter motor.
5. Disconnect the solenoid (S) terminal connector, if equipped with a starter mounted solenoid.
ø To disconnect the hard-shell connector from the solenoid (S) terminal, grasp the plastic shell and pull off; do not pull on the wire. Pull straight off to prevent damage to the connector and (S) terminal.
6. Remove the starter motor retaining bolts.
7. Remove the starter motor from the vehicle.
To Install:
8. Place the starter motor in position and install the starter motor retaining bolts. Tighten the bolts to 15-20 ft. lbs. (20-27 Nm).
9. Install the battery starter cable and a terminal nut to the starter motor. Tighten the terminal nuts to 79 inch lbs. (9 Nm).
10. Connect the solenoid (S) terminal connector, if equipped with a starter mounted solenoid.
11. Install the starter solenoid safety cap. If equipped.
12. Lower the vehicle.
13. Connect the positive and negative battery cables.
14. Start the engine several times to check starter motor operation

May 27, 2009 | 2001 Ford F350 Super Duty SuperCab

1 Answer

Replace AC fan motor now car doesnt turn over right away.


You can try this to verify that the starter is good or bad.

prev.gif next.gif
Starter Testing Starting System Voltage Drop Tests NOTE: The battery must be in good condition and fully charged prior to performing this test.
There are three area of the starter motor circuits that voltage drop test can be performed on. These include:
  • The starter feed circuit
  • The starter ground circuit
  • The starter solenoid.
Starter Feed Circuit
  1. Disable the fuel system by removing the fuel pump fuse or the fuel pump relay.
  2. Verify that the vehicle will not start.
  3. Connect the positive lead of a voltmeter to the positive terminal of the battery.
  4. Connect the negative lead of a voltmeter to the starter B+ terminal.
  5. Turn the ignition key to the START position and note the voltage displayed on the voltmeter.
    • Ideally, there should be no more than 0.1 volt drop for each connection displayed on the voltmeter. No voltage should be consumed by the vehicle wiring
      1. If the battery cable connects directly to the starter motor there should be no more than a 0.2 volt drop measured
      2. If the vehicle uses a starter solenoid between the battery and the starter motor terminal there should be no more than 0.4 volt displayed on the voltmeter
Starter Ground Circuit
  1. Disable the fuel system by removing the fuel pump fuse or the fuel pump relay.
  2. Verify that the vehicle will not start.
  3. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to the case of the starter motor.
  4. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to the negative terminal of the battery.
  5. Turn the ignition key to the START position and note the voltage displayed on the voltmeter.
    • Ideally, there should be no more than 0.1 volt drop for each connection displayed on the voltmeter. No voltage should be consumed by the vehicle wiring
      1. If the battery cable connects directly to the starter motor there should be no more than a 0.2 volt drop measured.
Starter Solenoid
  1. Disable the fuel system by removing the fuel pump fuse or the fuel pump relay.
  2. Verify that the vehicle will not start.
  3. Connect the positive lead of the voltmeter to the case starter B+ terminal.
  4. Connect the negative lead of the voltmeter to the lug (the starter M terminal) that connects the starter solenoid to the starter motor.
  5. Turn the ignition key to the START position and note the voltage displayed on the voltmeter.
    • Ideally, there should be no more than 0.2 volt drop across the starter solenoid displayed on the voltmeter.
In general, there should be no more than a 1.0 volt drop throughout the entire starter motor feed and ground circuit. Any voltage drops measured in either the feed or ground circuits after connections have been cleaned will require replacement of the affected battery cable. Typically, any voltage drops measured in the solenoid are repaired by replacing the starter motor.

I looked at all the steps for replacing the blower motor...they should not have messed with anything that would have affected the operation of the starter.

Apr 02, 2009 | 1999 Toyota Corolla

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