Question about 1986 Toyota Pickup 4WD

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What do I set the timing to, on a 1986 Toyota carburated 22r? I've seen all sorts of numbers, 0, 5, 12 degree BTDC.

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Carbed models should be started at 0 degrees, Fuel injected models at 5.

Posted on Mar 17, 2010

  • justinroconn Jan 13, 2011

    IM having the same problem. WHere is 0 Degrees at? I set the piston to the top of the motor but idk where 0 degrees is?

  • thetallguy67
    thetallguy67 Nov 13, 2014

    It should be marked by aligning a machined notch in the main/crank pulley and the degree markings on the oil pump cover. Old pump covers may have had the lettering worn off, or barely visible from the get-go due to a poor casting process.


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Buy manual and follow instructions carefully 

Posted on Oct 04, 2009


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Hi guys I have a 1986 Toyota Landcruiser 3f motor petrol and am having troubles with timing the distributor my flywheel has two lines marked on it and one ball inlaid mark which one do I time it on?

the lines are probably 5 degrees and 10 degrees btdc
place it on 10 btdc and se the distributor so that the point of the cam is facing the pick up exactly

May 03, 2017 | Toyota Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Truck does not start reads code 12 spark seems to be of and backfires when I try to start

what engine? size? 22R 22RE or 3F-E? 3VZ-E?
never work an car with out knowing what engine and if old EFI or carb.
look at it , in USA the under hood sticker clearly states engine in car.
does your motor have a timing belt for the cam>?
ever change it every 60K,,, oops////
on old cars ,and this one is.
I always check compression,, at WOT, (wide open throttle)
if 80psi the cam slipped. if 150PSI x4 its a winner

next is spark, if the cam slips, BTW< the spark timing is GONE
OUT TO LUNCH timing, no , dont change it ,fix the belt first.
and back firing is caused by bad timing....
22R and 22R-E engines have a cam chain.
but seen many cars with a screaming chain, owners ignore it....
seen them slip too.. as hard as it is to believe. (im never shocked)

#2, do that 60k tuneup for spark and filters now, amazing what a simple tune up does, with new spark wire, in winter they short.
and air filter and fuel filter,

spark timing> spec:
At idle the 22R-E should read 10-14deg BTDC, 3VZ-FE should read 8deg BTDC, and the 3F-E should read 12deg BTDC.
if way off, the cam is out of time. (no one messed with engine)

code 12
means the ECU found a dead sensor (spark) NE, G1 or G2
these are all sensors for spark, cam or crank or both.
the FSM covers this.
code 12 are loss of sensor for 2 second cranking
and is a bad sensor, not calibrated , or bad wire to it,, etc.
think about this. (no engine stated, so generic answers happen)
IF the cam is off time.
the CAM sensor is fibbing, as compared to the crank sensor.
so it would not be a suprise to me, that code 12 throw.

that is why i check spark timing first. then if way off
check compression 2nd, and if way off.
time 4
the cam end is exposed and timing verified.

if engine is interference type, is use a total different strategy.
do no harm, is first. (visual inspections of cam are first)

next time post the engine you have.
merry Chrismas and hope we find it fast.

Dec 24, 2013 | 1991 Toyota Pickup

2 Answers

How to set timing when replacing timing chain

I am not familiar with this car, but I think you get the timing from the crankshaft sensor, unless you still have a distributor.

Mar 25, 2013 | 2007 Toyota FJ Cruiser

1 Answer

I need a 22R aisan carburator diagram so I can rebuild my carburator.

purchase the carburetor rebuild kit for your carburetor and it should have instructions in the box to aid you in rebuilding it . Remember , to do it correctly you must get an acid wash tank to submerge the entire carburetor body into before you install the new parts . And be sure to clean it thoroughly after you remove it from the acid dip tank .

Nov 18, 2010 | 1986 Toyota Pickup 4WD

2 Answers

We need the timing specs for and 86 2.3 ford mustang

Ignition timing should be set at 10 degrees BTDC (before top dead center), with vacuum advance hose disconnected and plugged, engine idling at 800 rpm or less.

Jan 10, 2010 | 1986 Ford Mustang

1 Answer

Vw camper ignition timing

If it is really a 1986 the spec is 5 degrees before top dead center at idle.
Much better (and easier) to set at 35 degrees BTDC at 3000 rpm.

Sep 16, 2009 | 1986 Volkswagen Wagon Camper

1 Answer

1986 toyota 4wheeldrive with 22r engine jumped timeing what are the timeing specs

I have the same truck.
With the jumper wire in the service plug, the timing should be at 5 degrees.

May 12, 2009 | 1986 Toyota Pickup 4WD

1 Answer

Just had new head gasket and timing gear and chain put in 86 22r

check vacuum lines also check timing with a timing light it shuld be set on 5 degrees not zero also check if it retards or advances

Apr 22, 2009 | 1987 Toyota Pickup

1 Answer

No problems yet

It is okay as you specified. feel safe drive it.

I love Toyota.

rate this

Apr 05, 2009 | 1983 Toyota Pickup

1 Answer

1986 Toyota 4X4 22r Engine

It sounds as if you have a couple of possible problems. First could be the fuel pump. If yoou disconnect the fuel line, put the line in a jar and crank the engine over, you should get a pint in 15 seconds or so. Also check the pressure, should have around 5 psi. Secondly, you may have a vacuum hose cracked, broken, or leaking. Check your hoses and also the carbureator for leaks.
Hope this helps;
RPM Northwest

Jan 27, 2009 | 1986 Toyota Pickup 4WD

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