I own a 2002 Kia Rio. For the past several months I've been having to add steering wheel fluid or it groans every time you turn the wheel. I had it looked at the last time I had the oil changed. The mechanic said the rack and pinion needed to be replaced for $700. Is this a reasonable price? Would this be easy to replace by ourselves or too complicated?
Depends. Can't tell without seeing it. Try going to my favorite advisor who will help for free and tell you how much it will most likely cost you... Autozone. There is usually an experienced mechanic working there for just this reason. They may even recommend a good and reasonable repair shop locally who they personally trust. Follow their advice.
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look for split in the hard line where fluid is leaking. If you see split, change the line only. make sure power steering reservoir is filled and rack and pinion is full (charge with steering wheel left/right motion). You should be able to remove wheel and inside wheel panel to see power steering fluid shooting out of any hole. There is hydraulic pressure on the lines.
Im assuming that you mean power steering fluid is leaking... top off the fluid, replace cap, and have a freind turn the steering wheel back and forth while you check the hoses and lines for leaking fluid.
it depends where it is leaking from,if is a hose fitting it might just need tightening up,if it is from the power steering pump it is most likely the front seal behind the pulley & it will have to be replaced, or replace the whole pump, if it is the steering rack it could be the the pinion seal ( where the steering column connects ) at the ends of the rack where the tie rod connects (inside the rubber boots) all these seals can be replaced ,but sometimes it is better to fit reconditioned units, depending how many kilometeres/miles the vehicle has done.....hope this helps....cheers
This sounds like textbook steering rack failure. If the internal seals wear out the rack will leak fluid internally, causing the exact symptoms you're describing. These can be rebuilt, but it's hardly worth the effort. It's less headache and only slightly more expensive to replace it.
You need to look to your power steering system. First check your power steering reseivor for proper amount of fluid. If you can see the fluid when you open the reseivor, there's enough fluid..
Next, check deflection in the power steering belt. Should be no more than a 1/2 inch of movement in the center of belt. Be sure the engine is off.
If all this is ok, problem can be in the power steering rack and pinion unit. These can not be repaired, only replaced.
One last check. With engine running, have someone slowly rotate the steering wheel completely from side to side while you watch the wheels to determine if they are traveling through a complete turn. If not, this can also be a problem with rack and pinion.