Question about 2000 Ford Focus

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Good compression in the cylinders and sucking in the tail pipe. Took the head off and lifters and rockers are good.

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  • Ford Master
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Valves could be bent from a broken timing belt ,then a "fix" and sold on ,lots of cowboys in the second hand cars sales

Posted on Oct 03, 2009

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I have a 1988 dodge dakota with a 2.2 l litre 4 cylinder there is a noise in the engine that makes it sound like a diesel . i pulled the rocker cover off and checked the cam shaft lobes all looked good ....


it sounds as if you have piston wrist pin noise/not good!/run a compression test-all cylinders should keep same compression +/- 5 to 10 psi/not sure what cylinders shouuld average?say 90 psi refer to shop manuel specs.GOOD LUCK WITH THAT!

Mar 30, 2011 | Dodge Dakota Cars & Trucks

3 Answers

I have a loud ticking under my valve cover. 97 ford escort. I think its a loose valve but is it some thing i can fix. I know a little about cars. but not an expert


not a valve, but a lifter. I will paste procedure below. You judge if you can do it or not. Recommend you replace them all while you're in there. If you let this go, the lifter will wear out the camshaft. Lifters are $22 each, and you have 8 of them. You will also need a new valve cover gasket.
Please let me know if you have questions, and thanks for using FixYa.

2.0L Engine
SOHC engine
See Figures 6, 7, 8 and 9
  1. Disconnect the engine air cleaner-to-valve cover hose from the cover by compressing the hose clamp with pliers and sliding the clamp back, then separate the hose from the cover.
  2. Remove the spark plug wire separators from the valve cover and set the wire assemblies aside.
  3. Unfasten the three valve cover retaining bolts.
  4. Remove the valve cover and gasket from the cylinder head.
WARNING Do not use any abrasive grinding discs to remove gasket material. Use a plastic manual gasket scraper to remove the gasket residue. Be careful not to scratch or gouge the aluminum sealing surfaces when cleaning them.
  1. Remove the old gasket material from the cylinder head and valve cover mating surfaces.

jturcotte_163.jpg

Fig. Fig. 6: Remove the spark plug wire separators from the valve cover

jturcotte_164.jpg

Fig. Fig. 7: Compress the engine air cleaner-to-valve cover hose clamp with pliers, and slide the clamp back ...


jturcotte_165.jpg

Fig. Fig. 8: ... then disconnect the hose from the valve cover


jturcotte_166.jpg

Fig. Fig. 9: Unfasten the valve cover retainers and remove the valve cover-2.0L SOHC engine


If removing more than one valve lifter (tappet), mark the lifters and their locations as they must be installed in their original bores.

  1. Remove the rocker arm(s).
  2. Unfasten the lifter guide plate retainer.
  3. Remove the guide plate and the lifter.


To install:
  1. The oil feed hole in the lifter must face away from the oil feed hole in the cylinder head.
  2. Lubricate the lifter(s) with clean 5W-30 engine oil and install them in their original bores.

Make sure the lifter guide plate retainer tabs are towards the rear of the cylinder head, and the lifter guide plate tabs are towards the front of the cylinder head.
  1. Install the lifter guide plate and tighten the retainer.
  2. Install the rocker arms.
Do not use any sealer with a silicone type gasket.
  1. Install a new gasket and the valve cover.
  2. Install and tighten the valve cover retainers to 71-97 inch lbs. (8-11.5 Nm).
  3. Attach the spark plug wire separators to the cylinder head.
  4. Connect the engine air cleaner-to-valve cover hose and engage the hose clamp

Jan 19, 2011 | Ford Escort Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

I have true duels on my 1986 chevy pickup. It has a 305 motor. It only smokes on the passenger side of the tail pipe blue smoke only when the motoor gets hot. If im going down the road it stops. When I...


Bad news. Depending on what your mileage is, you can have a burnt valve, sticking lifter, bad piston ring all on the right side of the engine. The blue smoke is burning oil. Oil from the crank case is being compressed up into the cylinder and being burned. You will have to get a compression check on that side of the engine. You check the compression one sparkplug at a time while the engine idles. A loss in compression will tell you what cylinder is failing.

Good luck and thanks for your question and I hope my suggestions help. burdfrenzy
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Jan 04, 2011 | 1986 Chevrolet Chevy

2 Answers

Need instructions on how to change the lifters in my 1998 Chevy S10 2.2L


Please don't forget to rate!!!!

2.2L Engine When installing new lifters, a pre-lube should always be applied to the lifter body. It is also a good idea to prime hydraulic lifters by submerging them in clean engine oil and depressing the plunger using an old pushrod. This allows the internal components of the hydraulic lifter to coat with oil before initial operation in the engine. All lifters should be replaced when a new camshaft is installed.
If any valve train components (lifters, pushrods, rocker arms) are to be reused, they must be tagged or arranged during removal to assure installation in their original locations.
  1. Remove the rocker arm cover.
  2. Remove the cylinder head assembly from the engine.
  3. Remove the bolts retaining the lifter anti-rotation brackets, then remove the brackets.
  4. Remove the hydraulic roller lifters from the bores.
  5. Inspect the lifter and lifter bore for wear and scuffing. Examine the roller for freedom of movement and/or flat spots on the roller surface.

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Remove the bolts retaining the lifter anti-rotation brackets ...


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... then remove the anti-rotation brackets


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The lifters are located in bores in the engine block


a298166.gif
Use a lifter removal tool to remove the lifters from the bore

To install:
If installing a new lifter, coat the lifter body with a suitable camshaft pre-lube
  1. Install each hydraulic lifter to its bore being careful to align the flat sides (top) of the lifters with the flat sides of the anti-rotation brackets. When properly installed the flat sides of each lifter are aligned parallel to the anti-rotation bracket. The roller at the bottom of the lifter is parallel to the camshaft lobe.
Make sure to properly align and install each lifter as improper installation of the lifters or brackets could result in engine damage.
  1. Install the anti-rotation bracket retaining bolts and tighten to 97 inch lbs. (11 Nm).
  2. Install the cylinder head.
  3. Install the rocker arm cover.

d477687.gif
Removing the hydraulic roller lifter from the 2.2L engine

Feb 06, 2010 | Chevrolet S 10 Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Blown head gaskit need to remove head and replace with new ong


2.2L (VIN 4) Engine
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions section.
  2. Relieve the fuel system pressure.
  3. Drain the cooling system.
  4. Remove or disconnect the following:
    • Accessory drive belt
    • Air cleaner outlet duct
    • Engine mount
    • Intake manifold
    • Exhaust manifold
    • Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) sensor electrical connector
    • Power steering pump
    • Radiator inlet pipe
    • Spark plug wires
    • Rocker arm cover

    NOTE Whenever valve train components are removed, keep them in order for installation purposes.

    • Rocker arms and pushrods
    • Lifters
    • Alternator rear brace and the alternator
    • Power steering pump
    • Radiator inlet pipe
    • Ignition coil assembly
    • Accessory bracket
    • Spark plug wires
    • Cylinder head bolts

    WARNING Two sizes of bolts are used; note the location of each.

    • Cylinder head
  5. Inspect the cylinder head and block surface for cracks, nicks, heavy scratches and flatness.
b9d2546.gif
Cylinder head torquing sequence—2.2L (VIN 4) engine

  1. Install or connect the following:
    • Cylinder head with a new gasket and new cylinder head bolts. Torque the long bolts, in sequence to 46 ft. lbs. (63 Nm) and the short bolts to 43 ft. lbs. (58 Nm) plus an additional 90 degree turn on all the bolts.
    • Lifters
    • Pushrods and rocker arms. Torque nuts to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
    • Rocker arm cover. Torque the bolts to 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm).
    • Spark plug wires
    • Accessory bracket
    • Ignition coil assembly
    • Radiator inlet pipe
    • Power steering pump. Torque the bolts to 22 ft. lbs. (30 Nm).
    • ECT sensor electrical connector
    • Exhaust manifold. Torque the nuts to 118 inch lbs. (13 Nm).
    • Alternator. Torque the bolts to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm).
    • Intake manifold. Torque the bolts to 17 ft. lbs. (24 Nm).
    • Engine mount. Torque the bolts to 55 ft. lbs. (75 Nm).
    • Air cleaner outlet duct
    • Accessory drive belt
    • Negative battery cable
  2. Refill and bleed the cooling system.
  3. Start the vehicle and inspect for leaks.

Oct 08, 2009 | 2000 Chevrolet Cavalier

1 Answer

Smoke coming out of tail pipe think i blew the head gasket


Check the water in the radiator and your oil. If either has contaminated the other then good chance your head gasket has gone.

Try a compression test. If one or two cylinders is way lower than the others also a good sign your head gasket is in trouble.

Solution.... Replace the head gasket :)


Sep 24, 2009 | 1989 Toyota Pickup SR5

2 Answers

There is a ticking sound coming from teh drivers side of the motor top end when i start it up when i drive it goes away but its there when i start it or ideling


In order to give you a solution to your problem, I need to explain a little bit about the valve train in your engine, the engine itself, and how it works.

1.You have an Internal Combustion engine. It is a Four Stroke engine. The engine has a Cylinder Block with cylinders inside. There is a piston for each cylinder which goes up, and down. The piston/s are connected to a crankshaft. The crankshaft turns the transmission, which in turn turns the driveshaft, to the rear differential. The rear differential has axles, which the rear wheels are bolted to. The four strokes are , Intake Stroke, Compression Stroke, Combustion Stroke, and Exhaust Stroke.

The piston goes down the cylinder drawing the fuel/air mixture in. (Intake Stroke) The Intake valve opens. The piston comes back up the cylinder, and Compresses the fuel/air mixture. (Compression Stroke) Both the Intake and Exhaust valve are closed. The spark plug fires igniting the fuel/air mixture, and shoves the piston down. (Combustion Stroke) Finally the Exhaust valve opens, and expels the burnt gases. (Exhaust Stroke)
This page on Wikipedia.org, may help explain the process. The third 'photo' down on the right is an animation showing the process.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internal_combustion_engine
The animation shows an engine with an Overhead Camshaft. Your camshaft is located in the Cylinder Block, and not in the Cylinder Head, as shown.

2.Your Camshaft is a shaft with egg shaped lobes on it. As the tip of the egg shape comes to the top, it pushes up on a Hydraulic Lifter. This lifter in turn pushes up on a Pushrod, which pushes up on a Rocker Arm. The Rocker Arm in turn pushes down on either the Intake Valve, or the Exhaust Valve, opening them.

A Rocker Arm is shaped a lot like a See-saw. Just like the one's at a child's playground. As one side goes up, the other side comes down. The Pushrod pushes up on one side of the Rocker Arm, and the other side of the Rocker Arm pushes down on the valve, opening it.

A Hydraulic Lifter is a small cylinder that has a piston in it. Oil goes through a tiny hole in the side of the lifter, and this keeps the piston in a certain position. (That's why this lifter is named 'Hydraulic', because it uses oil inside) The Pushrod rests on this piston. The hydraulic action of the Hydraulic Lifter, keeps slack out of the valve train. The pushrod to rocker arm distance, and the rocker arm to valve distance.

What you are hearing, is a clicking sound from clearance being created, in-between the pushrod to rocker arm, and/or rocker arm to valve stem. A metal to metal clicking sound.

Solution? Depends on how mechanically inclined you are, or you may want to refer this job to an auto repair shop. The valve cover needs to be removed, and the nut on each rocker arm needs to be adjusted. Adjusting the nut down, (Clockwise), pushes the rocker arm down on the rocker arm stud, a little. This removes the slack, and makes things nice, and quiet again. Your engine will also run better, and you'll get better gas mileage.

DON'T do this, or have it down, and eventually the slack that is in there will increase. This will break parts! There IS a technique in doing this. If you know of someone who is good at adjusting valves, they can do it. They MUST be good however. If you adjust the Rocker Arm Nut too far down, you will lose power, and the exhaust valve face will burn. Not far enough down, and you get the clicking sound you hear now. About 1/4 turn down, to 1/2 turn down, should do it.

Jul 26, 2009 | 1998 Chevrolet S-10 Pickup

1 Answer

Oil running out my tail pipe


Excess engine oil can only enter combustion chamber from four areas, (1) the intake manifold [pcv system failure], (2) Valve stem seals worn out [pluged oil return holes in heads causing oil to get sucked past worn seals] (3) Worn/varnished up/broken piston rings,(4) Highly unlikely but a hole in piston. Since you only show excess oil on left rear, suspect #2 or #3 although usually more than one set of rings will wear out or (gumm up).Check compression with all plugs out, ignition & fuel disabled, i believe 120 to 150 psi is good, if ok , check #2. If this has the older efi intake, its rare, but also could have a failed intake gasket for that cylinder and be sucking oil from underneath.Hope this helps!

Feb 15, 2009 | 1998 GMC Yukon

2 Answers

1998 Plymouth Breeze 2.4 liter - Failed inspection


your O2 sensor up stream is gone and the engine is sucking air probably your pcv valve hose and is sucking oil straight into head and out D tail pipe! you have some good looking over to do on this by the sounds of it but do you notice oil missing a lot or do you bother to check and I would do a compression check on it before I spend any more cash on it!!! so start with compression test! see specks on line for suggested test pounds 145 pound per cylinder???net

Nov 29, 2008 | 1998 Plymouth Breeze

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