Question about 1999 Nissan Altima

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Timing belt guides

Changing timing belt guides

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The principle is you have to align TDC ( Top Dead Center) the camshaft, the crankshaft and piston # 1 position at top when both intake valves and exhaust valve are close.
If you follow these following steps, it is a piece of cake.

1- Take off the valve cover to expose the camshaft.
2- Take off all spark plugstiming belt guides - 2.gif, so you can be able to turn the camshaft without any resistance.
3- Turn the cam shaft until the mark on the camshaft pulley aligned with the 0 calibration mark.
4- Put a screwdriver to into the cylinder # 1 to make sure it is at the top. Then remove it.
5-Turn the camshaft and at the same time notice the intake and exhaust valves for cylinder # 1 are both closed and the notch on the camshaft is aligned straight with the crankshaft mark.
6- For a sanity check, from the spark plug2.gif wire # 1, trace back to the distributor cap. Carefully take off the cap and see the rotor is in the position contact to the plug wire # 1. Then put the cap back as it was.
This is to ensure you have spark at the combustion stage when all valves are close and piston is at the top.
7- With everything is as said, now you put in the timing belt at no turning any position of the crankshaft or the camshaft. If the belt teeth is not aligned correctly, you have to take it out and put it back to provide the mark from crankshaft and camshaft are perfectly aligned.
8- Make sure you loosen up the timing belt tension to put it in easily and tighten it up after have correct tension.
9- Put everything back then you are good to go.
10- Don't forget to replace the Valve cover head gasket to prevent the oil leak.
Good luck and have fun in your hands-on action

Posted on Sep 10, 2009


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