Question about 1996 Lincoln Town Car

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1996 town car air suspension not working replace air bags,height sensor,good grounds and power to relay & module,can't get trouble codes

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  • Anonymous Mar 12, 2014

    Test height sensor

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Check the air lines to the bags, make sure switch in trunk is not turned off

Posted on Sep 08, 2009

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Rear suspension will deflate but why won't it inflate?


That could work , You mite be able to test the sensor in question with ohm meter . Test the front one an see what the resistance is ,then check the back one. I don't know what it should be with out looking it up in the service info . You could also check to see if the sensor is getting power from the control module , an see if there is a return input to the module .
There are a few DTC'S this able to set !
Air Suspension Control Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index
Air Suspension Control Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index DTCs Description Source Action B1318 Battery Voltage Low Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test C . B1342 Air Suspension Control Module Air Suspension Control Module INSTALL a new air suspension control module. REFER to Module-Air Suspension Control . SET the front ride height. REFER to Air Suspension Initialization (Clear DTC B2140). CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test. B1485 Brake Pedal Input Circuit Battery Short Air Suspension Control Module RERUN On-Demand Self-Test. MAKE SURE that the brake pedal is not pressed. If DTC is returned again, REPAIR brake pedal position (BPP) circuitry. B1566 Door Ajar Circuit Short to Ground Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test D . B2140 Initialization Failure (Vehicle Ride Height Not Programmed) Air Suspension Control Module REFER to Air Suspension Initialization (Clear DTC B2140). C1439 Vehicle Acceleration EEC-V Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test E . C1724 Air Suspension Height Sensor Power Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test F . C1726 Air Suspension Pneumatic Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test G . C1760 Air Suspension Height Sensor High Signal Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test H . C1770 Air Suspension Vent Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test I . C1790 Air Suspension LR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test J . C1795 Air Suspension RR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test K . C1830 Air Suspension Compressor Relay Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test L . C1917 Steering Electronic Variable Orifice (EEVO) Out-of-Range Fault Air Suspension Control Module Go To Pinpoint Test Q .
  • Uneven vehicle height
  • Circuitry.
  • Rear pneumatic fault.
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Air suspension control module.
  • Go To Pinpoint Test I .

Nov 06, 2015 | 2002 Lincoln Navigator

2 Answers

I have a 99 expedition, air ride suspension went out. Changed the air compressor and still will not air up. Checked the relay and seems to be working. One other time this happened and friend changed a...


Your best bet take it an have it diagnosed ! This is computer controlled an may have DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes stored !
C1724 Air Suspension Height Sensor Power Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test F . C1726 Air Suspension Rear Pneumatic Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test G . C1760 Air Suspension Rear Height Sensor High Signal Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test H . C1770 Air Suspension Vent Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test I . C1790 Air Suspension LR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test J . C1795 Air Suspension RR Air Spring Solenoid Output Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test K . C1830 Air Suspension Compressor Relay Circuit Failure Air Suspension Control Module GO to Pinpoint Test L
Symptom Chart Condition Possible Sources Action
  • No communication with the air suspension control module
  • CJB Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A).
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension control module.
  • Air suspension switch.
  • GO to Pinpoint Test A .

You replaced a part that you probably didn't need !
  • The compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.
  • GO to Pinpoint Test Q .

There is a lot to this system an guessing as to what the problem is ,isn't the way to fix it.
Measure the voltage between air compressor relay C1000 Pin A, Circuit 1053 (LB/PK), harness side and ground.
  • Is the voltage greater than 10 volts?
Yes GO to Q3 .

No REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test.
Measure the resistance between air compressor C1000 Pin B, Circuit 538 (GY/RD), harness side and air compressor assembly C194M Pin 4, Circuit 538 (GY/RD), harness side.
  • Is the resistance less than 5 ohms?
Yes GO to Q4 .

No REPAIR the circuit. CLEAR the DTCs. REPEAT the self-test.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
  • Air Suspension Control Module
    NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
    NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
    The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
    The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.

Jun 09, 2017 | 2000 Ford Expedition

3 Answers

Front air suspension stopped working on my 2004 lincoln navigator. i replace the relay still doent work. Is there someway to reset the system


Vehicle Dynamic Suspension The four wheel air suspension system is comprised of the following components:
  • service switch
  • control module
  • two front height sensors
  • one rear height sensor
  • compressor and drier assembly (includes vent solenoid)
  • air lines
  • front and rear air spring and shock absorber assemblies
  • four air spring solenoids
-----------------------------------------------------------
Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed, crimped air line(s)
  • Unmounted height sensor(s)
  • Damaged front air spring(s)
  • Damaged rear air spring(s)
  • Battery junction box (BJB) fuses 20 (30A), fuse 27 (5A), and fuse 111 (50A)
  • Loose, corroded, or disconnected connectors
  • Air suspension service switch is in the OFF position
  • Damaged solenoid valve(s)

  1. If the inspection reveals an obvious concern that can be readily repaired, correct the concern before continuing with Inspection and Verification.
  1. If the concern remains after the inspection, use the scan tool connected to the data link connector (DLC) to retrieve continuous diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) and to execute On-Demand Self-Test diagnostics for the 4WAS module.
    • If the On-Demand Self-Test is passed and no DTCs are retrieved, GO to Symptom Chart to continue diagnostics.
    • If DTCs are retrieved, go to the 4WAS Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index in this section.
    • If the 4WAS module cannot be accessed by the scan tool, Go To Pinpoint Test A .
------------------------------------------

Aug 05, 2010 | 2004 Lincoln Navigator

1 Answer

1999 Towncar - Air suspension shocks in good condition and car rides level - no idicator light is on. The car just rides way too stiff. Even the slightest bump jolts the inside (rattles change in ash...


I will check the shop manual, but the module does control ride for stiffness, increased stiffness at higher speeds, etc. If the bags are inflated, then the module cintrols how much air to allow in or out based on inputs to the module. See if you can get one from a salvage yard form a cash for clunkers car.

A dealer can run a test for fault codes in the computer. Call and ask how much for just a scan for fault codes in the air suspension module.

-----------------------------
Vehicle Dynamic Suspension The vehicle dynamic suspension consists of the following components:
  • Rear air suspension control (RAS) module (5A919)
  • Snorkel
  • Drier
  • Air compressor (5319)
  • Air suspension switch (5K761)
  • Solenoid valve (5311)
  • Air spring (5560)
  • Air suspension height sensor (5359)
  • Air line
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Rear Air Suspension Control Module
A microprocessor controls the air suspension system. The microprocessor and its supporting hardware are contained in the rear air suspension control module. The rear air suspension control module responds to signals from various sensors in the vehicle to maintain the programmed ride height while the vehicle is either moving or stopped. The rear air suspension control module accomplishes this by opening and closing solenoid valves to control the amount of air in the air spring(s). The rear air suspension control module turns on the compressor by applying voltage through the compressor relay to inflate the air spring(s) and raise the vehicle. The rear air suspension control module opens the vent solenoid to lower the vehicle by releasing air from the air spring(s) in response to signal inputs from the air suspension height sensor(s).
Air Suspension Switch
sxg~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: The air suspension switch must be turned to the OFF position when the vehicle is hoisted, jacked, towed, jump started, or raised off the ground, to avoid unnecessary operation of the system and possible damage to the air suspension system components.
The air suspension switch provides a signal to the rear air suspension control module in the ON position to activate the system to maintain the programmed vehicle height.
Air Compressor
NOTE: The compressor contains a thermal overload circuit breaker. The circuit breaker automatically resets after a cool down period and after being tripped by excessive compressor motor heat.
The air compressor assembly consists of the compressor pump, electric motor and vent solenoid (must be installed as an assembly).
Air Suspension Height Sensor
The air suspension height sensor sends signals to the air suspension control module. There are three possible conditions that the air suspension control module interprets from the signals of the air suspension height sensors. The conditions are trim height, below trim height, or above trim height.
Solenoid Valve, Air Spring
sxg~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Never rotate an air spring solenoid valve to the release slot in the air spring end cap fitting until all pressurized air has escaped from the air spring to prevent vehicle damage or personal injury.
The air spring solenoid valve allows air to enter and exit the rear air springs during height adjustment operations. The air spring solenoid valve is electrically operated and controlled by the air suspension control module.
Steering Sensor
The steering sensor provides the steering rate and position to the air suspension control module to avoid overcompensation of the air suspension during turns.
Inspection and Verification
  1. Verify the customer concern.
  1. NOTE: If the door ajar indicator is illuminated, repair the door ajar indicator. For additional information, refer to Section 413-09 .
    Visually inspect for obvious signs of mechanical and electrical damage.


Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed or crimped air line(s)
  • Incorrectly mounted, damaged or disconnected height sensor
  • Damaged air spring(s)
  • Central junction box (CJB) Fuse:
    • 8 (10A)
    • 17 (10A)
  • Battery junction box (BJB) Fuse 12 (30A)
  • Loose or corroded connectors
  • Air suspension switch
  • Damaged air spring solenoid(s)


  1. If the concern remains after the inspection, connect New Generation STAR (NGS) Tester to the data link connector (DLC) located beneath the instrument panel and select the vehicle to be tested from the NGS Tester menu. If NGS Tester does not communicate with the vehicle:
    • check that the program card is properly installed.
    • check the connections to the vehicle.
    • check the ignition switch position.
  1. If the NGS still does not communicate with the vehicle, refer to the New Generation STAR Tester manual.
  1. Carry out the DATA LINK DIAGNOSTIC TEST. If NGS Tester responds with:
    • CKT914, CKT915 or CKT70 = ALL ECUS NO RESP/NOT EQUIP. Refer to Section 418-00 .
    • NO RESP/NOT EQUIP for rear air suspension control module, go to Pinpoint Test A.
    • SYSTEM PASSED, retrieve and record the continuous diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs), erase the continuous DTCs and perform self-test diagnostics for the rear air suspension control module.
  1. If the DTCs retrieved are related to the concern, go to Rear Air Suspension Control Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index to continue diagnostics.
  1. If no DTCs related to the concern are retrieved, proceed to Symptom Chart to continue diagnostics.
Rear Air Suspension Control Module Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index
NOTE: If rear air suspension control module C251 is disconnected before rear air suspension control module C250, DTCs C1830, C1770, C1790 and C1795 will be retrieved and must be cleared before an accurate list of continuous DTCs can be retrieved. The DTCs C1441 and C1442 will only be retrieved when running the electronic variable orifice (EVO) functional test on NGS Tester. The DTC C1897 will only be retrieved once per ignition switch cycle.

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Module —Air Suspension Control Removal
sxg~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Before performing maintenance on any air suspension components, disconnect the power to the system by turning off the air suspension switch located on the LH side of the luggage compartment to prevent vehicle damage or personal injury.
sxg~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif CAUTION: Electronic modules are sensitive to static electrical charges. If exposed to these charges, damage may result.
  1. Turn the air suspension switch off.
  1. Disconnect the battery ground cable (14301).
  1. Pull out the lower instrument panel insulator.
    1. Remove the pushpins.
    1. Pull out the lower instrument panel insulator.
  1. Remove the lower instrument panel insulator.
    1. Disconnect the power point.
    1. Disconnect the courtesy lamp.
    1. Remove the lower instrument panel insulator.
  1. Remove the rear air suspension control module.
    1. Remove the screws.
    1. Disconnect the electrical connectors.
    1. Remove the rear air suspension control module.
Installation
  1. NOTE: When the battery is disconnected and reconnected, some abnormal drive symptoms may occur while the vehicle relearns its adaptive strategy. The vehicle may need to be driven 16 km (10 mi) or more to relearn the strategy.
    To install, reverse the removal procedure.

Jan 20, 2010 | Lincoln Town Car Cars & Trucks

3 Answers

The rear suspension air bags no work


start here

The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving condition:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) transfer case inputs, and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines, and the use of an air spring with an air spring solenoid.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed and the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch is located behind the RH kick panel on a mounting bracket. The switch interrupts power to the air suspension control module.
The air suspension switch supplies a signal to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this signal the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • Is not interchangeable with four wheel air suspension (4WAS) compressor.
  • Consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • Is mounted in the engine compartment between the washer fluid bottle and headlamp (RH front corner).
  • Is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • Is powered by a solid state relay, controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • Passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • Air drier has a single port and is not interchangeable with 4WAS compressor air drier.
  • Air drier may be replaced separately.
  • Incorporates a snorkle that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • Allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • Is located in the air compressor cylinder head.
  • Has a 160 psi internal relief valve.
  • Shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • Is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • Opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • Provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • Is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The air springs are mounted between the axle spring seats and the frame upper spring seats.
The two air springs replace the conventional rear coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing of the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module is mounted in the passenger compartment inside the instrument panel above the radio and temperature controls.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Air Suspension Diagnostic Connector
The air suspension diagnostic connector is used to aid the technician in diagnosing the air suspension system. It is also used to vent the system of compressed air when air suspension system components need to be repaired or replaced. The air suspension diagnostic connector is located under steering column.

Oct 02, 2009 | 1998 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

1996 lincon town pump works and cuts off before airing up


I am new at the Air Suspension issue myself. My 96 is beginning to have some issues. But, have you had the Height Leveling sensor above the rear axle checked out? The position of this sensors 'arm' is what tells the system to turn on and off the Air Compressor in order to maintain a level ride height. From what I have read. these sensors wear out. A faulty sensor could be telling the compressor to kick off to soon.

Aug 06, 2009 | 1996 Lincoln Town Car

2 Answers

Can any one tell me were how i can find the automatic level control on my 1994 town car


Description and Operation The rear air suspension:
  • Is an air-operated, microprocessor-controlled, suspension system.
  • Replaces the conventional rear coil spring suspension.
  • Provides low spring rates for improved ride and automatic rear load leveling.
  • Is standard equipment on the Town Car.
  • Is available as optional equipment on Crown Victoria and Grand Marquis.
The rear air suspension system has the following features:
  • The system is operational with the ignition switch in the RUN position.
  • Automatic rear load leveling has limited operation for one hour after ignition switch is turned to OFF.
  • The air suspension switch, located on the right side of the luggage compartment, must be turned OFF when the vehicle is on a hoist, being towed or jump started.
  • The Air Suspension warning indicator is located in the instrument panel, to the right of the speedometer.
    • The warning indicator flashes five times and then stays on when service switch is turned off or a system malfunction is detected.
  • The rear leveling system operates by adding or removing air in the springs to maintain the level of the vehicle at a predetermined rear suspension D ride height dimension, and is controlled by a control module (5A919) .
  • The rear air suspension control module also controls the electronic variable orifice (EVO) steering.
  • Refer to Section 11-02 for Description of the EVO steering system.
  • Air required for leveling the vehicle is distributed from the air compressor to the rear air springs by a nylon air line which runs from the compressor air dryer (5346) through a Y-fitting to each individual air spring.


Suspension, Computer Controlled—Town Car

c441c13.gif
Item Part Number Description 1 9C392 Compressor Relay Power Junction Block 2 5A897 Air Line (Attached to Brake/Fuel Bundle) 3 5319 Air Compressor With Regenerative Air Dryer and Vent Solenoid 4 5A897 Air Line to Compressor 5 5K761 Air Suspension Service Switch 6 14489 Data Link Connector 7 — Quick Connect 8 — To LH Air Spring 9 — From Compressor 10 — Y-Fitting (Part of 5A911) 11 — To RH Air Spring 12 5A908 Heat Shield 13 5A966 Spring Retainer Clip 14 5560 Rear Spring 15 5359 RearAir Suspension Height Sensor 16 5A919 Control Module 17 14018 Air Spring Solenoid

Control Module Power and Ground The control module (5A919) has the following features:
  • Power is provided by Circuit 418 and is controlled by the air suspension switch.
    • The air suspension switch is powered through a 15 amp fuse in Circuit 296 in Town Car.
    • AIR SUSPN PUMP (30A MAXI) fuse provides this power through Circuit 414 in the Crown Victoria/Grand Marquis.
  • Control module ground is provided through control module wire harness Pins 6 and 21, to the RH inner quarter panel sheet metal, near the control module .
---------------------------------
Weight Added When weight is added to the vehicle:
  • The air suspension height sensor (5359) length is reduced from trim length, sending a "rear is low" signal to the control module (5A919).
  • The control module then turns the compressor on by grounding the compressor relay control Circuit 420. This restores the rear of the vehicle to trim position.
    • Battery voltage is provided to the relay coil by Circuit 414.
  • The control module opens the spring solenoid valves (5311) by switching Circuits 416 and 429 to ground. This allows pressurized air to enter the springs.
    • Battery voltage is provided to the air spring solenoid valves by Circuit 414.
  • Compressed air flows from the compressor, through the compressor air dryer (5346) airlines and spring solenoid valves into the rear springs (5560).
  • As the rear springs raise the rear body height, the air suspension height sensor increases in length until the preset trim height is reached.
  • The control module then turns off the compressor (through the relay) and closes the air spring solenoid valves.
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Weight Removed When weight is removed:
  • The air suspension height sensor (5359) length is increased from the trim length, sending a "rear is high" signal to the control module (5A919).
  • The control module then opens the vent solenoid valve (located in the compressor assembly) by switching Circuit 421 to ground and opens the solenoid valves (5311) by switching Circuits 416 and 429 to ground. This restores the rear of the vehicle to trim position.
  • Compressed air flows from rear springs (5560), through the air spring solenoid valves, air lines, compressor air dryer (5346), and out the vent solenoid valve.
  • As the body lowers, the air suspension height sensor length decreases until the preset trim height is reached.
  • The control module then closes the vent and solenoid valves.
-----------------------------------------
Control module operates as follows:
  • In general the control module uses a 45-second averaging interval to determine when compress and vent operations are needed.
  • However, door courtesy lamp switch (13713) inputs can override the 45-second averaging interval so compress and vent operations can begin immediately, if needed.
  • The 45-second averaging interval is used to keep the control module from making unneeded corrections.
  • When a vehicle at the correct rear trim height hits a bump, the air suspension height sensor output will read low and high in addition to trim until the oscillations die out.
  • If the control module were to correct for these "bump induced readings", system duty cycle would increase unnecessarily.
  • The 45-second averaging interval not only eliminates corrections due to bumps, but also eliminates unneeded corrections resulting from braking, accelerating, and turning. The control module tabulates the air suspension height sensor readings, and does not begin a compress or vent operation until the air suspension height sensor (5359) reads low or high for 45 seconds consistently.
  • There are more restrictions on vent operations than there are on compress operations.
  • To eliminate the chance of catching a door on a curb as the vehicle vents down, the control module will not allow any venting to occur when a door is open.
  • The control module does not allow any vent operations for the first 45 seconds after the ignition switch (11572) has been turned to RUN.
    • Even if a vehicle is extremely high in the rear, DO NOT expect it to vent until the ignition switch has been turned to RUN for 45 seconds.

Jun 24, 2009 | 1994 Lincoln Town Car

3 Answers

Rear air bag suspension failure 1998 Ford EXP E.B. 2x2


this will get you started. report back on progress and we'll go from there. There is a diagnostic test that will provide codes I think. I will look.

The system consists of unique rear air springs, air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) transfer case inputs, and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines, and the use of an air spring with an air spring solenoid.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed and the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
Air Suspension Switch
The air suspension switch is located behind the RH kick panel on a mounting bracket. The switch interrupts power to the air suspension control module.
The air suspension switch supplies a signal to the air suspension control module. Without the air suspension control module receiving this signal the load leveling system is inoperative and will not react when rear of the vehicle is raised or lowered. If the air suspension system is disabled by turning off air suspension switch, a "CHECK SUSP" will appear in the RH corner of the instrument cluster with the ignition in the run position.
Air Compressor
The RAS air compressor:
  • Is not interchangeable with four wheel air suspension (4WAS) compressor.
  • Consists of the compressor and vent solenoid; neither are replaceable as individual items.
  • Is mounted in the engine compartment between the washer fluid bottle and headlamp (RH front corner).
  • Is a single cylinder electric motor driven unit that provides pressurized air as required.
  • Is powered by a solid state relay, controlled by the air suspension control module.
  • Passes pressurized air through the compressor air drier that contains silica gel (a drying agent). Moisture is then removed from the compressor air drier when vented air passes out of the system during vent operation.
  • Air drier has a single port and is not interchangeable with 4WAS compressor air drier.
  • Air drier may be replaced separately.
  • Incorporates a snorkle that may be replaced separately.
The vent solenoid:
  • Allows air to escape from the system during venting actions.
  • Is located in the air compressor cylinder head.
  • Has a 160 psi internal relief valve.
  • Shares a common electrical connector with the air compressor motor.
  • Is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Has an O-ring seal that prevents air leakage past the valve tip.
  • Opens when the air suspension control module determines lowering is required.
  • Provides an escape route for pressurized air that opens when system pressures exceed safe operating levels.
  • Is replaced with the air compressor as a unit.
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The air springs are mounted between the axle spring seats and the frame upper spring seats.
The two air springs replace the conventional rear coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket). Replace the air suspension height sensor as a unit.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing of the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module is mounted in the passenger compartment inside the instrument panel above the radio and temperature controls.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
Solenoid Valve, Air Spring
swj~us~en~file=ani_caut.gif~gen~ref.gif WARNING: Never rotate an air spring solenoid valve to the release slot in the end cap fitting until all pressurized air has escaped from the spring to prevent damage or injury.
The air spring solenoid:
  • allows air to enter and exit the air spring during leveling operations.
  • is electrically operated and controlled by the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Diagnostic Connector
The air suspension diagnostic connector is used to aid the technician in diagnosing the air suspension system. It is also used to vent the system of compressed air when air suspension system components need to be repaired or replaced. The air suspension diagnostic connector is located under steering column.

Jun 01, 2009 | 1998 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

REPLACED DRYER ON 96 CONT NOW THE BACK WONT AIR UP FRONT DOES


maybe you got dirt in the line to the rear. Here's some background info:

The air suspension system includes the following major components:
  • Air compressor to supply air to the air springs (part of front spring and shock and rear spring and shock absorber assemblies
  • Front spring and shock (3C098) and rear spring and shock absorber (5A965) at each corner of the vehicle
  • Four linear air suspension height sensors (5359): two rear and two front height sensors to maintain the vehicle at the proper ride height; only LH rear height sensor is used for air suspension.
  • Dual-mode front spring and shock and rear shock absorber assemblies with internal actuator.
All system functions are controlled by vehicle dynamics control module (5A919). This control module receives inputs from several different sources. These inputs include:
  • vehicle speed via multiplex communication network
  • ignition switch position
  • door position via multiplex communication network
  • height sensor position
  • air suspension service switch
  • engine rpm via multiplex communication network
  • ride and steering personality settings via multiplex communications network
Communications monitor system operation and allow diagnosis of any concerns that may develop in the system.
  • System monitoring for the driver's use is provided through the instrument panel mounted message center indicator (10D898).
  • Diagnosis communication for the service technician is provided through the data link connector (14489) (DLC) under the instrument panel and Rotunda New Generation Star (NGS) Tester 007-00500 or equivalent.
The message center indicator will display AIR LEVELING DISABLED or CHECK RIDE CONTROL if the suspension system is not turned on or the vehicle dynamics control module detects a concern. If air leveling system disabled is displayed, check that air suspension service switch is in the ON position.
-------------------------------------------------------
Weight Added When weight is added to the vehicle, the air suspension system responds as follows:
  • Air suspension height sensor length is reduced from trim length, sending a "vehicle is low" signal to the vehicle dynamics control module (5A919).
  • To restore vehicle to the trim position, the vehicle dynamics control module turns the compressor on by grounding the compressor relay control Circuit 420 (DB/Y). The relay is ground-side switched.
  • To allow pressurized air to enter the rear spring (5560) and front spring and shock (3C098), the control module opens the solenoid valves (5311).
  • Compressed air flows from the compressor, through the compressor air drier assembly, air lines and solenoid valves into the air springs.
  • As the air springs raise the body height, the air suspension height sensor (5359) increases in length until the preset trim height is reached.
  • The vehicle dynamics control module then turns off the compressor (through the relay) and closes the air spring solenoid valves.
  • ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • Weight Removed When weight is removed, the air suspension system responds as follows:
    • Air suspension height sensor length is increased from the trim length, sending a "vehicle is high" signal to the control module (5A919).
    • To restore the vehicle to the trim position, the vehicle dynamics control module opens the vent solenoid valve (located in the compressor assembly) and opens the solenoid valves (5311).
    • Compressed air flows from air springs, through the solenoid valves, air lines, compressor air drier (5346) and out the vent solenoid valve.
    • As the body lowers, the air suspension height sensor length decreases until the preset trim height is reached.
    • The vehicle dynamics control module then closes the vent and solenoid valves.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Control Module Power and Ground The vehicle dynamics control module (5A919) is located above the upper luggage compartment trim panel and lower module tray. Module power is provided by Circuit 418 (DG/Y) at Pins 36, 37, 56, 57, 58 and is powered through a Fuse 7 (30A) in power distribution box. Module ground is provided through control module wire harness Pins 6, 39, 40 and 60. The data link connector (14489) (DLC) is located in the passenger compartment under the instrument panel, 300 mm (12 inches) right of the steering column. This connector allows communications between the vehicle dynamics control module and either Rotunda New Generation Star (NGS) Tester 007-00500 or equivalent or Rotunda Service Bay Diagnostics System (SBDS)® 001-00001 or equivalent. When the CHECK RIDE CONTROL message is displayed in the message center indicator (10D898), a system error has been detected by the vehicle dynamics control module and is stored in the control module. This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) will be retained for the next 80 ignition switch cycles. If there is no repeat of the same error during these 80 ignition switch cycles, the control module will erase the DTC. Because of this self-erasing memory, a customer may have had a concern "just a few days ago" that is not retrieved from memory when Diagnostic Test Mode (DTC) "Retrieve/Clear Continuous DTCs" is executed. This must be kept in mind if you must tell customer that no current concern has been found. When the vehicle dynamics control module detects a concern, the air suspension system is disabled for the current ignition cycle. If the condition causing the concern clears up during the current ignition switch cycle, the system will not reactivate. For example, if the customer has severely overloaded the luggage compartment, the system will not be able to trim the vehicle without exceeding the compressor run time. This will generate a DTC that disables the computer controlled suspension system. If the customer then drives the vehicle and unloads the luggage compartment without turning the ignition switch OFF, the system will not adjust for the new load. The customer will experience poor ride quality and the vehicle will not adjust trim.

May 20, 2009 | 1996 Lincoln Continental

3 Answers

No power to rear bags its down but wont air up bags dont seem cracked unplugged connector no power I tried resetting still no power


is switch on?
The air suspension switch and bracket is mounted below the RH side of the instrument panel.

Dealer can run diagnostic test with scan tool for fault codes.
----------

The air suspension system is designed to improve ride, handling and general vehicle performance for static, on-road and off-road driving conditions:
  • Ride is improved by using an air type spring (the soft ride is inherent).
  • Handling is improved by maintaining constant vehicle attitude.
The system consists of unique rear air springs, the air compressor, air lines, air spring solenoids, height sensor, air suspension control module, attachments and associated signals derived from both driver and road inputs. With these components and signals, the air suspension control module commands changes in vehicle height that are necessary for the load leveling features.
The load leveling feature rear air suspension (RAS) systems shall automatically make adjustments in vehicle height so that the vehicle is always at trim height and constant front-to-rear vehicle attitudes are maintained over the expected load range of the vehicle. Adjustments in height that are necessary to correct height differences between the vehicle's left and right sides for the RAS system shall be restricted to what can be reliably achieved with one air suspension height sensor.
The system uses one air suspension height sensor, a steering sensor, generic electronic module (GEM) and other vehicle sensors to measure driver and road inputs. The system changes vehicle height using an air compressor, two air lines and the use of air springs with air spring solenoids.
The air suspension system holds vehicle height when the rear hatch or any door is opened. The system stores rear vehicle height the moment any open door is detected. The system then maintains this height regardless of the addition or removal of a load. The system will return to its commanded height when all doors are closed or the vehicle speed exceeds 16 km/h (10 mph).
------------------------------------
Air Spring
RAS vehicles use air springs in the rear. The air springs provide a varying spring rate proportional to the systems air pressure and volume. The air suspension system regulates the air pressure in each air spring by compressing and venting the system air. Increasing air pressure (compressing) raises the rear of the vehicle while decreasing air pressure (venting) lowers the rear of the vehicle. Vehicle height is maintained by the addition and removal of air in each air spring through an air spring solenoid installed in the upper spring cap and energized through the air suspension control module.
The two air springs support the conventional rear leaf coil springs.
Air Suspension Height Sensor
One air suspension height sensor is mounted on the vehicle. The air suspension height sensor sends a voltage signal to the air suspension control module. The output ranges from approximately 4.75 volts at minimum height (when the vehicle is low or in full jounce), to 0.25 volts at maximum height (when the vehicle is high or in full rebound). The air suspension height sensor has a useable range of 80 mm (3.2 in) compared to total suspension travel of 200-250 mm (8 to 10 in) at the wheel. Therefore, the air suspension height sensor is mounted to the suspension at a point where full rear suspension travel at the wheel is relative to 80 mm (3.2 in) of travel at the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension height sensor is attached between the No. 5 frame crossmember (upper socket) and the panhard rod (lower socket).
When the air suspension height sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is lower than trim under normal driving conditions, the air compressor will turn on and pump compressed air to the air springs. When the sensor indicates that the rear of the vehicle is raised above trim under normal driving conditions, this will cause the air to be vented from the air springs to lower the vehicle back to its trim height level.
Compressor Relay
The compressor relay is energized by the air suspension control module to allow high current to flow from the battery to the compressor motor.
  • A solid state relay is used in the air suspension system for air compressor control. The relay incorporates a custom power metal oxide semi-conductor field effect transistor (MOSFET) and ceramic hybrid circuitry. The relay switches high current loads in response to low power signals and is controlled by the logic of the air suspension control module.
Air Suspension Control Module
NOTE: The 4WAS air suspension control module is used for the RAS system. The internal processor recognizes external circuitry to determine if it is installed in a 4WAS or a RAS equipped vehicle.
NOTE: The air suspension control module is calibrated with information from the air suspension height sensor. A new or exchanged air suspension control module requires a ride height adjustment calibration process to be performed.
The air suspension control module controls the air compressor motor (through a solid state relay), and the air spring solenoids. The air suspension control module also provides power to the air suspension height sensor. The air suspension control module controls vehicle height adjustments by monitoring the air suspension height sensor, vehicle speed, a steering sensor, acceleration input, the door ajar signal, transfer case signals, and the brake pedal position (BPP) switch. The air suspension control module also conducts all fail-safe and diagnostic strategies and contains self-test and communication software for testing the vehicle and related components.
The air suspension control module monitors and controls the air suspension system through a 32-pin two-way connector. The air suspension control module is keyed so that the air suspension control module cannot be plugged into an incorrect harness. There are two sides of the harness connection to the air suspension control module. Each is uniquely colored and keyed to prevent reversing the connections.
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Visual Inspection Chart Mechanical Electrical
  • Restricted suspension movement
  • Excessive vehicle load
  • Cut, severed or crimped air line(s)
  • Unmounted height sensor
  • Damaged air spring(s)
  • Open fuses:
    • Central junction box (CJB) Fuse 4 (15A), 6 (5A) and 20 (5A)
    • Battery junction box (BJB) Fuse 109 (50A)
  • Loose, corroded or disconnected connectors
  • Air suspension switch is in the OFF position
  • Damaged solenoid valve(s)


-----------------------------------------------------------
  • The compressor is inoperative
  • BJB Fuse 109 (50A).
  • Air compressor assembly.
  • Circuitry.
  • Air suspension relay.

Apr 30, 2009 | 2000 Ford Expedition

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