Question about 2005 Volkswagen Jetta

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Check engine light on, code says that its a falty fan relay switch. what can I do?

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  • Volkswagen Master
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Stop by your local dealer and they can tell you which switch is faulty by the code number, then change it.

Posted on Sep 06, 2009

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Chrysler town&country after overheating getting p1491 code how to resolve it ?


Start your diagnosis at the fan relay module which is located below the battery box on the left frame rail. The Grey wire is hot at all times and fused by fuse #24 in the power distribution center. The Black wire is the ground. The Light Green/Dark Blue wire goes to the Powertrain Control Module which provides ground to the fan relay when cooling fan operation is needed. The Dark Green wire provides switched power to the fan motors.
Using a digital test meter, check for 12 volts on the Grey wire. Check for good ground at the Black wire. If you have good results with those two tests, ground the Light Green/Dark Blue wire at the relay. The fans should start up and run at high speed. Now is a good time to check the current draw on the fans-they should not draw more than 15 amps. If the fans do not run, check the operation of the fan motors by jumpering the Grey wire to the Dark Green wire. If the fans work, the relay is bad.
When replacing the relay, always clean the mounting surface and apply new thermo grease.
To check operation of the PCM, disconnect the connector to the engine coolant temperature sensor and check the Light Green/Dark Blue wire to see if the PCM is switching the ground to the relay. If it does not, check that wire at the PCM connector. If it switches there, you have an open between the PCM and the relay.
Common problems with this vehicle: Poor ground at for the relay, bad relay, bad ground for the engine coolant temp sensor.

Feb 23, 2017 | Chrysler Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

What does this mean?????????????


P0480 Cooling Fan Relay 1 Control Circuit OBD-II Trouble Code Technical Description Article by
don.jpg
Don Bowman
ASE Certified Automotive Tech

Cooling Fan Relay 1 Control Circuit
What does that mean? This is a generic powertrain diagnostic trouble code (DTC), which means it covers all makes/models, 1996-newer. However, specific troubleshooting steps will vary depending on the vehicle.
If your vehicle's check engine light comes on and after pulling the code you find a P0480 displayed, if refers to the engine cooling fan circuit. It is a generic code applying to all OBD II (on board diagnostics) vehicles.
While you are driving, air in sufficient quantity is passing through the radiator effectively cooling the engine. When you bring the car to a stop no air is passing through the radiator and the engine begins to increase in temperature.
The PCM (powertrain control module) senses the increase in engine temperature through the CTS (coolant temperature sensor) located near the thermostat. When the temperature reaches about 223-degrees F (value depends on make/model/engine), the PCM will command the cooling fan relay to turn on the fan. It does so by supplying the ground to the relay.
There is a problem within this circuit causing the fan to fail to operate allowing the engine to overheat while sitting still or driving at a slow speed. When the PCM attempts to activate the fan and senses the command and the result do not match, the code is set.
NOTE: P0480 speaks of the basic circuit, however codes P0481, and P0482 relate to the same problem with the only difference is they relate to the different fan speed relays.
Symptoms Symptoms may include:

  • Check engine light (malfunction indicator lamp) illumination and code P0480 set
  • Engine temperature will rise when the vehicle stops and idles
Potential Causes The causes for this DTC may include:
  • Faulty fan control relay 1
  • Fan control relay harness is open or shorted
  • Circuit electrical connections poor
  • Faulty cooling fan 1
  • Faulty coolant temperature sensor
  • Fan cooling fan harness is open or shorted
  • Cooling fan circuit poor electrical connection
  • Intake air temperature (IAT) failure
  • A/C selector switch
  • A/C refrigerant pressure sensor
  • Vehicle speed sensor (VSS)
Diagnostic and Repair Procedures It is always a wise idea to look up the technical service bulletins (TSB) on your particular vehicle to see what type complaints have been coming in to the dealer service department related to this code. Search using your favorite search engine "technical service bulletins for ....." Look up the code and the type of manufacturer recommended repair. This is also a good idea before buying a vehicle.
Many vehicles will have two engine fans, one for engine cooling and the second for cooling the air conditioning condenser, and additional cooling for the engine.
The fan that is not in front of the air conditioning condenser is the main cooling fan and the one to concentrate on initially. Additionally, many vehicles have multi-speed fans requiring as many as three fan speed relays for low, medium and high.
Open the hood and do a visual inspection. Look at the fan and make sure there is no obstruction in front of the radiator blocking airflow. Spin the fan with your finger (make sure the vehicle and key is off). If it will not spin the fan bearings are shot and the fan is bad.
Check the electrical connection at the fan. Pull the connector apart and look for corrosion or bent pins. Repair if necessary and use dielectric grease on the terminals.
Open the fuse block and inspect the cooling fan relay fuses. If they are good pull the cooling fan relays out. The bottom of the fuse block lid will usually indicate placement, but if not, look in the owner's manual.
The vehicle's PCM's function is to act as a ground to operate components, not to supply power. The fan relays are nothing but a remote light switch. The fan as well as other apparatus draws too much amperage to be safe in the cockpit, so it's kept under the hood.
A constant power supply from the battery is present on a terminal in each of the relays. This one turns on the fan when the circuit is closed. A switched terminal will be hot only when the key is on. The negative terminal in this circuit is the one used when the PCM wishes to active the relay by grounding it.
Look at the circuit diagram displayed on the side of the relay. Look for the simple open and shut circuit. Verify the battery positive terminal in the relay block with constant power. The opposite side goes to the fan. Use a test light to find the hot terminal.
Jump the battery terminal to the fan harness terminal and the fan will operate. If not, disconnect the fan connection at the fan and using an ohmmeter check the continuity between the fan side of the relay terminal and the connector at the fan, If there is continuity the fan is bad. If not the harness between the fuse block and the fan is faulty.
If the fan operated, check the relays. Look at the side of the relay for the switched power terminal or just turn the key on. Check the terminals for an additional power terminal and look where it would be on the relay.
Jump the battery plus terminal in the first test with this switched terminal and place an additional jumper from the negative terminal on the relay to ground. The switch will click on. Use an ohmmeter to test that the constant battery terminal and the fan harness terminal have continuity meaning the circuit has closed.
If the circuit has not closed or the relay has not clicked, the relay is bad. Check all the relays in the same fashion to be sure they are all working.
If there was no switched power at the relay, the ignition switch is suspect.
If they prove to be good, check the CTS with an ohmmeter. Pull the connector off. Let the engine cool and put the ohmmeter on the 200,000 scale. Probe the sensor terminals.
The reading will be about 2.5. For precise readings consult a service manual. Accuracy isn't necessary since all sensors may be different. You just want to know if it's working. Reconnect it and warm the engine.
Shut the engine down and pull the CTS plug again. Check it with the ohmmeter, there should be a big change in resistance, if not the sensor is bad.
If the above procedure could not find a failure, the probability is that a poor connection to the PCM or the PCM itself is at fault. Do not go any farther without consulting your service manual. Disconnecting the PCM could cause loss of programming and the vehicle may not start unless towed to the dealer for reprogramming.

Sep 23, 2015 | 2006 Volkswagen Jetta

1 Answer

P0300, P0305, P0306, P0320, P1491


Yes, most probably a new crank position sensor will solve your stalling problem. I would change that sensor first and then see if you still get other fault codes. The fan continuously running will reduce the lifetime of the fan and will lower the mpg. I would change the relay.

Aug 19, 2013 | 2004 Jeep Grand Cherokee

1 Answer

P0300, P0305, P0306, P0320, P1491


Not necessarily, you will just have to unplug it. The fan relay switch isn't that expensive so you should if you can. The multiple misfires usually means that you need a tune-up with plugs,coils and some sensors when required.

Aug 19, 2013 | 2004 Jeep Grand Cherokee

1 Answer

Fan will not run when hot


Check fan relay. Remove passenger headlight, cut plastic to find relay. Replaced mine last night. Radiator fan spinning again. Was having temp spikes at start up and idling. Also bought coolant temp sensor but have not installed. Before I replaced fan relay, check engine light wasn't on. Now that the new relay is installed, light came on. Autozone and Discount Auto have an OBDII sensor you can borrow for free to read the codes stored on computer. Codes are generally stored when the check engine light comes on. Getting minr checked today. Will update solution later if needed. Relay was $55.

Oct 23, 2012 | 2000 Jeep Grand Cherokee

1 Answer

Fan switch


cooling fan control relay is on the electronic level control compressor. cooling fan temperature switch is on the top right side of engine, near the alternator

Jun 10, 2012 | 1987 Cadillac DeVille

1 Answer

My 1997 dodge neon sohc auto check engine light is on with engine code p1491(open or shorted condition dectected in the radiator fan relay circuit) fan runs all the time with key on or off. replaced fan...


First, the easy way is to just bypass the relays all together. Install a switch on the inside of the car like you would fog lights. This will solve the problem of replacing thing after thing and wasting money. Just a $7.00 fix. After doing that unplug all the sensors and then the battery for at least 60 second to reset the computer. Than restart the car and the check engine light should go out, may take a day or so. Same thing with your gas cap, re-securing it will take a day or so for the light to go out. Good luck. I love my '97 neon.

Apr 25, 2009 | 1998 Dodge Neon

1 Answer

Cooling fan won't come on.


HI. I have prepared some steps for you to follow.This will aid you will the troubleshooting.


Step1 Check for broken wires or loose connectors around the fan circuit. Inspect connectors at the fan motor, relay, sensor or heat sensitive switch, and the Electronic Control Module (ECM)--your car’s computer control system. Also, make sure to check for a possible blown fan fuse. These are common and overlooked troublesome spots that may cause a fan to fail. Step2 Run and bring the engine to warm temperature. With the engine running, use a voltage test light to check for power to the motor fan. Be extra careful and make sure to keep your hands and tools away from the belt, fan or any other engine moving parts. If voltage is reaching the fan motor, the test light should glow. Step3 Turn off the engine after you see the light glow. Apply direct voltage to the fan motor from your car battery using a pair of spare wires. If the fan fails to operate, replace the fan motor. If the motor operates, your problem is in the motor connector. Step4 Locate the heat-sensitive switch or heating sensor if the fan motor operates with direct voltage and the test light did not glow. You should find the sensor in the radiator, engine block, or thermostat housing. Step5 Measure the resistance across the heating sensor with the multimeter. With the engine at cool temperature (engine off), it should register infinite resistance; with the engine at warm temperature (engine off), you should read low resistance. If both readings state infinite resistance install a new heating sensor, that’s the cause of your failing fan. Step6 Check the action of the fan relay if the heating sensor is registering variable resistance. Your service manual should specify the power and ground wires according to color codes and the proper way to test it. If the fan relay fails the test replace it with a new one. Step7 Check the connections going to the ECM after you determine the fan relay is working properly. If you find broken wires or loose connectors, make the necessary repairs. If you suspect a defective ECM take your vehicle to a service shop for a computer analysis. In most cases, the ECM is rare to be the cause of a failing fan. The above steps should take you to the root cause of your problem and help you fix the cooler fan.

Please rate and god bless..

Mar 21, 2009 | 1992 Dodge Spirit

1 Answer

Codes for 1995 Mitsubishi eclipse


Engine-light-help.com

P1100 Induction Control Motor Position Sensor Fault

P1101 Traction Control Vacuum Solenoid Circuit Fault - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1102 Traction Control Ventilation Solenoid Circuit Fault - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1103 Turbocharger Wastegate Actuator

P1104 Turbocharger Wastegate Solenoid

P1105 Fuel Pressure Solenoid

P1294 Target Idle Speed Not Reached

P1295 No 5 Volt Supply To TP Sensor

P1296 No 5 Volt Supply To MAP Sensor

P1297 No Charge In MAP From Start To Run

P1300 Ignition Timing Adjustment Circuit - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1390 Timing Belt Skipped One Tooth Or More

P1391 Intermittent Loss Of CMP Or CKP Sensor Signals - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1400 Manifold Differential Pressure Sensor Circuit - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1443 EVAP Purge Control Solenoid '2' Circuit Fault

P1486 EVAP Leak Monitor Pinched Hose Detected

P1487 High Speed Radiator Fan Control Relay Circuit Fault - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1489 High Speed Condenser Fan Control Relay Fault - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1490 Low Speed Fan Control Relay Fault

P1492 Battery Temperature Sensor High Voltage

P1494 EVAP Ventilation Switch Or Mechanical Fault

P1495 EVAP Ventilation Solenoid Circuit Fault

P1496 5 Volt Supply Output Too Low

P1500 Alternator FR Terminal Circuit - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1600 Serial Communication Link

P1696 PCM Failure EEPROM Write Denied

P1698 No CCD Messages From TCM

P1715 Pulse Generator Assembly

P1750 Solenoid Assembly

P1791 PCM ECT Level Signal To TCM Circuit Fault

P1899 P/N Position/Transaxle Range Switch Circuit Fault - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1751 A/T Control Relay

P1791 Engine Coolant Temperature Level Input Circuit - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

P1795 Throttle Position Input Circuit To TCM - Read Our Article On Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Mitsubishi Check Engine Light Code

Mar 21, 2009 | 1995 Mitsubishi Eclipse

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