SECTION 303-05: Accessory Drive
2006 Crown Victoria/Grand Marquis Workshop Manual
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION
Procedure revision date: 03/18/2008
Accessory Drive Printable View (104 KB)
The accessory drive system:
- has a single serpentine accessory drive belt with 6 ribs.
- has an idler pulley.
- has an automatic drive belt tensioner.
- is not adjustable.
The accessory drive system provides power to operate components which power other systems. These could include components such as the generator, power steering pump and A/C compressor. Each of these components is equipped with a pulley which is driven by the accessory drive belt. The accessory drive belt is driven by the engine crankshaft pulley. One or more idler pulleys may be provided to facilitate belt routing and alignment. The automatic belt tensioner maintains correct belt tension and compensates for component wear and changes in system load. System load changes can be caused by the A/C compressor clutch engaging or disengaging, or demand changes on other systems powered by the accessory drive belt. To maintain correct operation of this system, it is critical that the correct length drive belt be installed. The pulleys must also be correctly aligned and kept clean.
Accessory Drive Belt Routing
Accessory drive belt idler pulley
Accessory drive belt
Power steering pump pulley
Coolant pump pulley
A/C clutch pulley
Accessory drive belt tensioner pulley
Automatic tensioners are calibrated to provide the correct amount of tension to the belt for a given accessory drive system. Unless a spring or damping band within the tensioner assembly breaks, or some other mechanical part of the tensioner fails, there is no need to check the tensioner for correct tension.