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Air suspension compressor works but shocks don't rise. what causes this?

We have had a lot of rain recently, could it be the drier? I can hear the compressor til around the dashboard area and it sounds like it is struggling. But any further to the rear there doesn't seem to be anything happening.

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If neither one of the air shocks are moving its either the compressor or the main line has a hole, nick, crack, is smashed together somewhere after the compressor.

Posted on May 11, 2017

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2 Answers

2003 GMC Envoy air ride suspension won't work


The compressor is 600 bucks. If you can hear it running, then one or more plastic air lines going up to each shock is cracked . The level sensor may not be turning the compressor on. If you have experienced high water or a lot of snow and salt the system needs to be looked at to see what failed.

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2007 Yukon Denali XL autoride suspension light comes on intermittently


Would need to know what DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes are stored in the module for the autoride suspension . Hooking up a professional type scan tool ,looking at input data to the module etc... Looking at a wiring diagram an testing electrical circuit's using a DMM - digital multi-meter . Reading how the system works ,what all involved in making the system work . This is how a professional Tech would go about diagnosing this .

The automatic level control (ALC) system maintains a desired rear suspension position under all types of towing, hauling and loading conditions. The following components are involved in the operation of the ALC system:
• Air line tubing--Pressurized air from the ALC compressor is pumped to each of the rear shocks via air line tubing.
• Air drier--Pressurized air from the compressor is run through a drier containing a moisture absorbing chemical preventing water accumulation in the rear shocks.
• Compressor--Supplies pressurized air to the rear shocks
• Compressor motor relay--The relay supplies battery positive voltage to the ALC compressor motor.
• Pressure sensor--The electronic suspension control module (ESCM) module provides a 5-volt reference and low reference to the ALC pressure sensor. The module receives the signal voltage that is relative to the air pressure applied to the rear shocks.
• ESCM--Controls the ALC system and electronic suspension control (ESC) system and detects failures in both. The module monitors inputs from the position sensors, and pressure sensor to determine when to raise and lower the vehicle to trim height as the vehicle is loaded or unloaded. The module limits pump activation to 255 seconds to prevent thermal damage.
• Exhaust valve--An electric solenoid activated by the ESCM to vent air pressure from the rear shocks.
• Left and right rear suspension position sensors--The module provides a 5-volt reference and low reference to all 4 of the body-to-wheel suspension position sensors. The sensors send the ESCM a signal voltage that is relative to the rear suspension ride height
• Left and right rear shock absorbers with internal air chambers and dampers--Dampens the rear suspension and maintains trim height depending on the air pressure applied.

Nov 04, 2017 | 2007 GMC Yukon XL Denali

1 Answer

1999 lincoln navigator air suspension leaks down after rising up


You may have a crack in a line somewhere. You hear it cycling while driving because the height sensor is telling it to lift because it's loosing air somewhere. I'd replace those o-rings first.

Jul 02, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

1997lincolnviiiair ride system in front end is loosing air


This is a common problem for all Lincolns. Since the front rises but can't hold the air, it's a good sign that you don't have any compressor problems. You probably hear the compressor constantly clicking on to try to keep the front end inflated.
The most common cause is a leak in the air spring. It is often referred to an "air bag" which is basically a cartridge that fills and releases air based on the load. The most common repair is to replace the air spring (it's advisable to replace 2 at a time). There is another solution to replace the air spring(s) with a conventional aftermarket shock type spring setup. It's a matter of personal preference. You would still get a nice ride from a conventional shock absorber setup. Although more expensive, I've always preferred to go with the air spring replacement to keep the classic "Lincoln" ride intact.

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2 Answers

Air suspension fault light came on in my 2004 jag xj8. a day later vehicle to low light came on. watched the suspension and it continued to work with this warning lights on. a week later the right shock...


if your in doubt about the functionality of the suspension system a quick way to check and see if the static pressure system is working properly is totake a floor jack and raise up the opposing side that you have questions..The system stores 228ps in the retantion tank located under the spare tire.As you force the air to one side the recycle valve will release the air to lower the cars' body.You wil hear it come out,then lower the jack,then the air from the tank will refill the lost air....Turn on the car to initiate the air pump to refill the rear tank,you should feel the car raise up in the front evenly.Last but not least my suggestion is if you think another shock is leaking you can 1st check the caping on the shocks...at times they will leak slowly on the caping...it will start as a weeping leak and you cant hear it....you can get some soapy water and lightly spray it around the enter deck mounts location under the hood where the air lines feed into the shocks...if you see air bubbles,then you can easily pack a towel in the leakage until you find a used shock or rebuilt one off ebay....But you fault light wont display a mil.The fault light only comes on when pressure is lost from the shock,or a static line has failed...causing one shock to lower to be lower..The CAN will trigure a fault code as the sensor detects body uneveness..Usually when this happens you will see a fault code,but I doubt this is your issue.

Jun 21, 2011 | 2004 Jaguar XJR-Series

2 Answers

My 2003 lincoln navigator just left garage and now it leans completely to the left


This vehicle has a air ride suspension option which can read the height of the vehicle, when weight is added the suspension will compensate by appling air to the front and rear shocks. When weight reduced it will lower by venting air from the shocks. If the entire vehicle sits low there is a problem with the air compressor circuit (quite often water in the system and freezes causing damage to the compressor). In your case if only one side is low, check the front and rear shocks, the lowest wheel probably has a leaking shock and can't rise.

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1 Answer

Rear air suspension problem on a 95 deville. i hear the compressor go on yet once the car is drive a service suspension light comes on


In my opinion the air ride suspension is one of automobile's biggest mistakes. I see this a lot.

The first thing you must do is isolate the problem.

Jack up the back of the car and remove the rear wheels.

Now your shocks are visible. Inspect the rubber boots in the midsection of the shock, If this is worn or torn they will need to be replaced as they dry out once the integrity of the boot is jeopardized.

Next turn the key forward to turn in the compressor that you hear. And follow the thin black air lines that run into the side of the shock. A lot of times, especially on a vehicle this age, these lines will at some point rub on the frame or other item and have holes. Just listening for air leaks and running your fingers along the lines (feeling for bumps or holes) will give you a quick answer on this.

The only thing left in the system is the compressor itself, just remove the air lines from the shocks and as the compressor runs feel the end for air pressure. If you feel it the compressor is working.

Once you have isolated the issue your vehicle faces, feel free to come back and ask for assistance in replacing them. Be thourough and check everything though because 1 bad element will make future problems inevitable.

Please feel free to rate my answer and come on back to FixYa anytime.

Sep 04, 2010 | 1995 Cadillac DeVille

2 Answers

I have 94'crown vic with rear air ride suspension problems. The back end won't rise. Any help is appreciated.


Start by checking the fuses for the air compressor for the rear suspension. these will be listed in your owners manual. Failing this it could be the compressor motor or wiring to the motor, unless you can hear the compressor working. If the compressor is running but not adjusting the back of the car then you have an air leak in one of the shocks or air lines.
if you find it is a fuse, also listen for the compressor motor running and an air leak, if the system is running constantly to make up for a leak , that may be what blew the fuse.

Hope this helps
Ed

Mar 29, 2010 | 1994 Ford Crown Victoria

1 Answer

I have a 1994 lincoln continental car. Hoe do I replace the suspention drier?


why do you want to replace it? As air is exhausted through it, it dires it out for the next use. it's part of compressor assembly.

1996 cont'l The air suspension system includes the following major components:
  • Air compressor to supply air to the air springs (part of front spring and shock and rear spring and shock absorber assemblies
  • Front spring and shock (3C098) and rear spring and shock absorber (5A965) at each corner of the vehicle
  • Four linear air suspension height sensors (5359): two rear and two front height sensors to maintain the vehicle at the proper ride height; only LH rear height sensor is used for air suspension.
  • Dual-mode front spring and shock and rear shock absorber assemblies with internal actuator.
All system functions are controlled by vehicle dynamics control module (5A919). This control module receives inputs from several different sources. These inputs include:
  • vehicle speed via multiplex communication network
  • ignition switch position
  • door position via multiplex communication network
  • height sensor position
  • air suspension service switch
  • engine rpm via multiplex communication network
  • ride and steering personality settings via multiplex communications network
Communications monitor system operation and allow diagnosis of any concerns that may develop in the system. System monitoring for the driver's use is provided through the instrument panel mounted message center indicator (10D898).
  • Diagnosis communication for the service technician is provided through the data link connector (14489) (DLC) under the instrument panel and Rotunda New Generation Star (NGS) Tester 007-00500 or equivalent.
The message center indicator will display AIR LEVELING DISABLED or CHECK RIDE CONTROL if the suspension system is not turned on or the vehicle dynamics control module detects a concern. If air leveling system disabled is displayed, check that air suspension service switch is in the ON position.
----------------------------------------------------------
Solenoid Valve Vent The vent solenoid valve operates as follows:
  • The vent solenoid valve allows air to escape from the system during venting corrections.
  • The valve is located in the air compressor cylinder head and shares a common electrical connector with the motor.
  • The valve is enclosed in the cylinder head casting, which forms an integral valve housing that allows the valve tip to enter the pressurized side of the system.
  • Air leakage past the valve tip is prevented by an O-ring seal.
  • The vent solenoid valve opens when a corner of the vehicle is high and the vehicle dynamics control module (5A919) determines lowering is required.
  • When the vent solenoid valve is opened, it provides an escape route for pressurized air.
  • However, the vehicle will not lower unless the air spring solenoid valves (5311) are also opened to allow air to leave the springs.
  • Lowering the vehicle corners requires the vehicle dynamics control module to open two solenoid valves, the vent and one air spring solenoid.
  • Air is exhausted from the spring and vents through the compressor air drier (5346).
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Section 04-05: Suspension, Computer Controlled 1996 Continental Workshop Manual
REMOVAL AND INSTALLATION Air Compressor and Drier Assembly Removal
  1. Turn air suspension service switch OFF.
  1. Disconnect electrical connector located on the air compressor.
  1. Disconnect two air lines from compressor air drier.
  1. Remove three fasteners retaining air compressor and drier assembly to radiator support, frame rail and fender apron.

Dec 22, 2009 | 1994 Lincoln Continental

1 Answer

REPLACED DRYER ON 96 CONT NOW THE BACK WONT AIR UP FRONT DOES


maybe you got dirt in the line to the rear. Here's some background info:

The air suspension system includes the following major components:
  • Air compressor to supply air to the air springs (part of front spring and shock and rear spring and shock absorber assemblies
  • Front spring and shock (3C098) and rear spring and shock absorber (5A965) at each corner of the vehicle
  • Four linear air suspension height sensors (5359): two rear and two front height sensors to maintain the vehicle at the proper ride height; only LH rear height sensor is used for air suspension.
  • Dual-mode front spring and shock and rear shock absorber assemblies with internal actuator.
All system functions are controlled by vehicle dynamics control module (5A919). This control module receives inputs from several different sources. These inputs include:
  • vehicle speed via multiplex communication network
  • ignition switch position
  • door position via multiplex communication network
  • height sensor position
  • air suspension service switch
  • engine rpm via multiplex communication network
  • ride and steering personality settings via multiplex communications network
Communications monitor system operation and allow diagnosis of any concerns that may develop in the system.
  • System monitoring for the driver's use is provided through the instrument panel mounted message center indicator (10D898).
  • Diagnosis communication for the service technician is provided through the data link connector (14489) (DLC) under the instrument panel and Rotunda New Generation Star (NGS) Tester 007-00500 or equivalent.
The message center indicator will display AIR LEVELING DISABLED or CHECK RIDE CONTROL if the suspension system is not turned on or the vehicle dynamics control module detects a concern. If air leveling system disabled is displayed, check that air suspension service switch is in the ON position.
-------------------------------------------------------
Weight Added When weight is added to the vehicle, the air suspension system responds as follows:
  • Air suspension height sensor length is reduced from trim length, sending a "vehicle is low" signal to the vehicle dynamics control module (5A919).
  • To restore vehicle to the trim position, the vehicle dynamics control module turns the compressor on by grounding the compressor relay control Circuit 420 (DB/Y). The relay is ground-side switched.
  • To allow pressurized air to enter the rear spring (5560) and front spring and shock (3C098), the control module opens the solenoid valves (5311).
  • Compressed air flows from the compressor, through the compressor air drier assembly, air lines and solenoid valves into the air springs.
  • As the air springs raise the body height, the air suspension height sensor (5359) increases in length until the preset trim height is reached.
  • The vehicle dynamics control module then turns off the compressor (through the relay) and closes the air spring solenoid valves.
  • ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
  • Weight Removed When weight is removed, the air suspension system responds as follows:
    • Air suspension height sensor length is increased from the trim length, sending a "vehicle is high" signal to the control module (5A919).
    • To restore the vehicle to the trim position, the vehicle dynamics control module opens the vent solenoid valve (located in the compressor assembly) and opens the solenoid valves (5311).
    • Compressed air flows from air springs, through the solenoid valves, air lines, compressor air drier (5346) and out the vent solenoid valve.
    • As the body lowers, the air suspension height sensor length decreases until the preset trim height is reached.
    • The vehicle dynamics control module then closes the vent and solenoid valves.
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Control Module Power and Ground The vehicle dynamics control module (5A919) is located above the upper luggage compartment trim panel and lower module tray. Module power is provided by Circuit 418 (DG/Y) at Pins 36, 37, 56, 57, 58 and is powered through a Fuse 7 (30A) in power distribution box. Module ground is provided through control module wire harness Pins 6, 39, 40 and 60. The data link connector (14489) (DLC) is located in the passenger compartment under the instrument panel, 300 mm (12 inches) right of the steering column. This connector allows communications between the vehicle dynamics control module and either Rotunda New Generation Star (NGS) Tester 007-00500 or equivalent or Rotunda Service Bay Diagnostics System (SBDS)® 001-00001 or equivalent. When the CHECK RIDE CONTROL message is displayed in the message center indicator (10D898), a system error has been detected by the vehicle dynamics control module and is stored in the control module. This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) will be retained for the next 80 ignition switch cycles. If there is no repeat of the same error during these 80 ignition switch cycles, the control module will erase the DTC. Because of this self-erasing memory, a customer may have had a concern "just a few days ago" that is not retrieved from memory when Diagnostic Test Mode (DTC) "Retrieve/Clear Continuous DTCs" is executed. This must be kept in mind if you must tell customer that no current concern has been found. When the vehicle dynamics control module detects a concern, the air suspension system is disabled for the current ignition cycle. If the condition causing the concern clears up during the current ignition switch cycle, the system will not reactivate. For example, if the customer has severely overloaded the luggage compartment, the system will not be able to trim the vehicle without exceeding the compressor run time. This will generate a DTC that disables the computer controlled suspension system. If the customer then drives the vehicle and unloads the luggage compartment without turning the ignition switch OFF, the system will not adjust for the new load. The customer will experience poor ride quality and the vehicle will not adjust trim.

May 20, 2009 | 1996 Lincoln Continental

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