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LOOKING FOR pISTONS FLAT TOP BORE 82MM AND COMPRESSION STROKE 38MM

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6ya6ya
  • 2 Answers

SOURCE: I have freestanding Series 8 dishwasher. Lately during the filling cycle water hammer is occurring. How can this be resolved

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

larrymatthew
  • 318 Answers

SOURCE: I bought an aftermarket piston for my 1992 Mercury

Do not use this piston. We are not taking about thousanths of an inch (which would be bad enough) but hundredths. This would drastically change your combustion chamber volume in one cylinder only. Also the spark plug would fire with the piston further down the bore quit likely leading to detonation in that cylinder and may damage your engine because of it. It may, as you say, also be a balance concern since it may not be within the weight tolerance of the pistons. Simply changing the thickness of a head gasket by thousandths of an inc can make a combustion chamber difference - so as mentioned earlier - hundredths of an inch in one cylinder is not acceptable. Let me know your thoughts. Thanks. This actually was scary for me to read.

Posted on Jan 09, 2011

  • 40820 Answers

SOURCE: i have a oz xe 4.1 lt 250 xflow motor which i have rebuilt and put flat top pistons in bored out 60 thou shaved yella terra head 15 thou and has a very mild cam after lining up timing marks the inlet

when setting up the valve timing it is always done on the exhaust stoke.. Place the piston on TDC and set the valve timing so that the exhaust valve is just closing and the inlet is just opening. Rocking the crank a bit before tdc to a bit after tdc will produce a movement where the exhaust starts to close as the inlet starts to open. This is known as valve rock or valve overlap. The cam modification is of no consequence as the as all that is modified is the valve duration , not when they open or close. With the cam now timed to the crank turn the crank 180 degrees and set the ignition timing to the degrees advanced recommended ( 10-12 degrees bftdc is recommended for starting). Place the HT leads in the correct firing order and when running use a timing light to adjust ignition timing. If you are fitting a new cam then you must bedding in grease and when the motor starts it has to be run at around 2.000rpms for around 10 minutes to set (harden) the cam lobes or else they will wear off very quickly.

Posted on Sep 28, 2014

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I changed the crankshaft of my m43 with a crankshaft bearing some gears or drives, thereafter my piston height exceeds the engine block by almost a millimeter. What are the potential dangers?


the problem possibly is that the crankshaft you used may be a longer stroke that the one you removed ( you state that you change the crankshaft of the m43 with another crankshaft)
Assuming that the engine is not a diesel engine
problems that you will have besides the extra height, is an over the top compression pressure which will require top octane fuel or special fuel
one way to lower the compression pressure is to fit pistons with a hollow in the crown ( low compression pistons)
go to a speed shop and you may be able to get an over thick head gasket to stop the piston from hitting the head and to lower the compression pressure as well
look around and talk with speed shops and engine reconditioning engineering shops as there are different sized pistons that have the gudgeon pin set closer to the crown which will make the crown flush with the block
I think that you will have to research the bore and stroke of your engine and the engine that the crank came out of to see if there is a difference and work on that angle if such a difference exists
of course if it is a diesel, it is probably right it you use the correct head gasket as diesel engines have very little clearance between the head and the piston crown

Oct 07, 2016 | BMW 318 Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Firing order for rocam1.6


A six cylinder in-line engine has a power impulse every 720 degrees/6 i.e. 120 degrees of crankshaft rotation. The crankshaft has six crank-throws placed at 120 degrees out of phase with one another, which can be arranged only in three planes. Therefore, the crankpin phasing is arranged in pairs. For heavy-duty diesel engines, seven journals and bearings are provided, at each end and between adjacent crankpins. For petrol engines only 4 or 5 main journals are provided. The firing order with the crankshaft arrangement shown in the attached figure is considered. With piston 1 at the top of the compression stroke, its opposite piston 6 is at the top of its exhaust stroke. Rotation of crankshaft through 120 degrees brings pistons 2 and 5 to their TDC and either one of these can be arrangement to complete a compression stroke. If piston 5 is arranged to be at the end of compression and at the start of its power stroke, then piston 2 must be on its exhaust stroke. Rotation of crankshaft through second 120 degrees positions pistons 3 and 4 at the TDC, so either one of these can be on the compression stroke. If piston 3 is made to be on compression, piston 4 must be on its exhaust stroke. A third rotation of 120 degrees brings pistons 1 and 6 back again to TDC, where piston 6 is arranged to be on the compression and piston 1, therefore, be on its exhaust stroke. A fourth 120 degrees rotation brings pistons 2 and 5 to their TDC. Piston 2 is now on its compression and piston 5 on its exhaust stroke. Rotation of crankshaft through fifth 120 degrees brings piston 3 and 4 to TDC. Piston 4 is on compression and piston 3 on its exhaust stroke. Final rotation of 120 degrees completes the 720 degrees displacement of crankshaft and brings the pistons into positions for the next cycle. This cycle provides a firing order of 1, 5, 3, 6, 2, 4. If the phasing of paired crank-throws 3 and 4 and 2 and 5 are interchanged, then a second equally suitable firing-order of 1, 4, 2, 6, 3, 5 is achieved. This arrangement provides excellent dynamic balance and evenness of torque, and is preferred for engines larger than 2.5 liters provided length is not a prime consideration.

Sep 28, 2016 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

I have a 1994 ford escort and it's not getting eoungh power I've change the battery, sparks plugs and the alternator don't know what else to do please help


Did you check the timing? If the timing is off there will be a reduction in performance and power will be greatly reduced. If the engine is "pinging" or "knocking" under heavy acceleration, your timing is advanced, and pre ignition is occurring (that's when the spark has ignited the fuel in the combustion chamber prematurely), resulting in a knocking sound. When the piston is compressing the air/fuel mixture within the combustion chamber, the spark plug produces a spark from current it receives from contacts closing in the distributor cap. (Where all the spark plug wires are plugged into) if that spark come BEFORE the piston finishes it up stroke or compression stroke, the piston is then being slowed down from the kinetic energy produced by the exploding fuel. Thats where we loose our power. Idealy, the spark should come AFTER the piston has rotated over the top of its stroke, It has reached its limit in compression and is on its way back down then the spark should ignite the compressed fuel, thus giving the piston an additional "shove" back down to start its "Power" stroke, once its reached the bottom of the power stroke (stroke #2 of 4) it is then carried back up for the "exhaust" stroke pushing the burnt fuel out of the combustion camber and into the exhaust manifold, one it has reached the top of that stroke it begins its journey back down to start stroke number 4, the Intake stroke. Drawing in air/fuel mixture to again be pushed back upward to compress the air/fuel, and repeat the process over and over again. Now that I have thoroughly bored you to tears, Yeah, check the engine timing, if its not the timing it may be a vacuum leak.

May 11, 2015 | Ford Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

How to reset timing on 1992 454 tbi after replacing distributer


You have to put the number 1 cylinder at Top Dead Center of the compression stroke, and then you install the distributor with the rotor pointing to the #1 spark plug wire tower that is on the distributor cap.

Pull the spark plug from number 1 cylinder. You need a helper to turn the engine over by hand (using a socket on the crank pulley), or he can bump the starter over in very short bursts. Put your finger over the spark plug hole. When the piston is rising on the compression stroke, you will feel air pressure on your finger. Now look at the crank pulley and turn the engine on over until the zero degrees mark lines up on the timing pointer. Or you can stick a long straw or similar into the spark plug hole (don't let it drop into the cylinder!) to feel when the piston is at top of travel...see, you feel for pressure build up with finger (piston is rising on compression stroke), when you feel it, turn engine on over by hand until the piston is at top of travel-that is TDC of compression stroke. Now install distributor so that rotor ends up pointing directly to number 1 spark plug wire tower. Then follow firing order -as the rotor turns, it will follow the firing order around the dist. cap.
There are two top dead centers of each piston, tdc of compression stroke and tdc of exhaust stroke- to time the engine, you need tdc of compression-that is when the spark plug fires in the cylinder, so that is when you want the distributor in with the rotor pointing to #1.

Jul 28, 2014 | 1992 Chevrolet C/K 3500

3 Answers

2003pontiac grand prix how compress the piston by compressing or by turn in ?


What you need to do is lift the car take out the wheel where crank shaft is,
also know as the harmonic balancer

Jan 20, 2013 | 2003 Pontiac Grand Prix

1 Answer

What is the clearance for rod bearings on the crank of a 98 ford f 150 4.6


General Specifications Item Specification
Displacement L (CID) 4.6 (281)
Number of Cylinders 8
Bore and Stroke mm 90.2 x 90.0
Firing Order 1-3-7-2-6-5-4-8
Oil Pressure (HOT @ 1500 rpm) kPa 138-310
Drive Belt Tension a
Cylinder Head and Valve Train
Combustion Chamber Volume cm 52?±.5
Valve Seats Width?€"Intake mm 1.9-2.1
Valve Seats Width?€"Exhaust mm 1.9-2.1
Valve Seats Angle 44.51-45.01 degrees
Valve Seats Runout (T.I.R.) Max mm 0.025
Valve Arrangement (Front-to-Rear) (Left Hand) E-I-E-I-E-I-E-I
(Right Hand)
I-E-I-E-I-E-I-E
Valve Stem to Guide Clearance?€"Intake mm (Inch) 0.020-0.069
(0.00078-0.00272)
Valve Stem to Guide Clearance?€"Exhaust mm (Inch) 0.045-0.095 (0.0018-0.0037)
Valve Head Diameter?€"Intake mm (Inch) 44.5- (1.75)
Valve Head Diameter?€"Exhaust mm (Inch) 34.0 (1.34)
Valve Head Diameter?€"Gauge Diameters mm (Inch) 42.5- and 32.0
(1.67 and 1.26)
Valve Face Runout Limit mm (Inch) 0.05 (0.002)
Valve Face Angle 45.25-45.75 degrees
Valve Stem Diameter (STD)
?€"Intake mm (Inch) 6.995-6.975 (0.275-0.2746)
Valve Stem Diameter (Std)
?€"Exhaust mm (Inch) 6.970-6.949 (0.274-0.2736)
Valve Springs?€"
Compression Pressure N @
Spec. Length?€"Intake 587.14 N @ 28.02 mm
Valve Springs?€"
Compression Pressure N @
Spec. Length?€"Exhaust 587.14 N @
28.02 mm
Valve Springs?€"Free
Length ( Approximate)?€"
Intake mm (Inch) 49.55 (1.951)
Valve Springs?€"Free
Length (Approximate)?€"
Exhaust mm (Inch) 49.55 (1.951)
Valve Springs?€"Installed
Pressure N @ Spec. Length
?€"Intake 244.64 N @ 40.0 mm
Valve Spring?€"Installed
Pressure N @ Spec. Length
?€"Exhaust 244.64 N @ 40.0 mm
Valve Springs?€"Installed
Pressure N @ Spec. Length
?€"Service Limit 10 % Pressure Less @ 28.02 mm
Valve Springs?€"Installed
Pressure N @ Spec. Length
?€"Out of Square Limit 2 degrees
Valve Guide Inner
Diameter mm (Inch) 7.015-7.044 (0.2761-0.2773)
Rocker Arm?€"Ratio 1.75:1
Valve Tappet?€"Diameter
(STD) mm (Inch) 16.000-15.988 (0.66-0.629)
Valve Tappet?€"Clearance
to Bore mm (Inch) 0.018-0.069
(0.00071-0.00272)
Valve Tappet?€"Service
Limit mm (Inch) 0.016 (0.00063)
Valve Tappet?€"Hydraulic
Leakdown Rate b 5-25 seconds
Valve Tappet?€"Collapsed
Valve Tappet Gap?€"
Desired mm (Inch) 0.085-0.45 (0.0033-0.0177)
Camshaft
Lobe Lift?€"Intake
mm (Inch) 6.58939 (0.2594)
Lobe Lift?€"Exhaust
mm (Inch) 6.58939 (0.2594)
Lobe Lift?€"Allowable
Lobe Lift Loss mm (Inch) 0 (0)
Theoretical Valve Lift @
Zero Lash?€"Intake
mm (Inch) 12.0 (0.472)
Theoretical Valve Lift @
Zero Lash?€"Exhaust
mm (Inch) 12.0 (0.472)
End Play mm (Inch) 0.025-0.165
(0.00098-0.0065)
Journal to Bearing
Clearance mm (Inch) 0.025-0.076
(0.00098-0.003
Journal to Bearing
Clearance?€"Service Limit
mm (Inch) 0.021 (0.0048)
Journal Diameter (All)
mm (Inch) 26.962-26.936
(1.061-1.060)
Journal Diameter (All)?€"
Bearing Inside Diameter
(All) mm (Inch) 27.012-26.987
(1.063-1.0625)
Camshaft Runout
mm (Inch) 0.05 (0.002)
Cylinder Bore
Diameter?€"Surface Finish
(RMS) 0.2-0.6 Microns
Diameter?€"Out-of-Round
Limit mm (Inch) 0.015 (0.0006)
Diameter?€"Out-of-Round
Service Limit mm (Inch) 0.020 (0.00079)
Diameter?€"Taper Service
Limit mm (Inch) 0.006 (0.00023)
Piston
Piston?€"Diameter?€"
Coded Red 1 mm (Inch) 90.177-90.197
(3.550-3.551)
Piston?€"Diameter?€"
Coded Blue 2 mm (Inch) 90.190-90.210
(3.5507-3.5515)
Piston?€"Diameter?€"
Coded Yellow 3 mm (Inch) 90.203-90.223
(3.513-3.5521)
Piston-to-Bore-Clearance
mm (Inch) -0.015 + 0.031 (0.0005-0.0012)
Pin Bore Diameter
mm (Inch) 22.0015-22.004
(0.866-0.8663)
Ring Groove Width?€"
Compression (Top)
mm (Inch) 1.520-1.550 (0.06-0.610)
Ring Groove Width?€"
Compression (Bottom)
mm (Inch) 1.520-1.530 (0.060-0.0602)
Ring Groove Width?€"Oil
Ring mm (Inch) 6.996-7.224 (0.275-0.2844)
Piston Pin?€"Length
mm (Inch) 61.93-62.05 (2.44-2.443)
Diameter mm (Inch) 21.994-21.999
(0.866-0.8661)
Pin to Piston Clearance
mm (Inch) 0.005-0.010
(0.0002-0.0004)
Pin to Rod Clearance
mm (Inch) 0.015-0.040
(0.0006-0.00157)
Piston Rings?€"Ring Gap
?€"Compression (Top)
mm (Inch) 1.0 MAX (0.0394)
Piston Rings?€"Ring Gap
?€"Compression (Top)
mm (Inch) 1.0 MAX (0.0394)
Oil Ring?€"Side Clearance
mm (Inch) 1.25 MAX (0.05)
Oil Ring?€"Compression
(Top) mm (Inch) 0.040-0.090
(0.0016-0.0031)
Oil Ring?€"Compression
(Top) mm (Inch) 0.030-0.080
(0.0012-0.00031)
Oil Ring Snug Fit
Oil Ring?€"Service Limit
mm (Inch) 0.015 MAX (0.0006)
Ring Gap?€"Compression
(Top) mm (Inch) 0.23-0.49
(0.01-0.02)
Ring Gap?€"Compression
(Bottom) mm (Inch) 0.23-0.49
(0.01-0.02)
Ring Gap?€"Oil Ring (Steel
Rail) mm (Inch) 0.05-0.66 (0.006-0.026)
Lubrication System
Oil Capacity?€"Automatic
Transmission (Quarts U.S.) 6.675?±0.125
Oil Capacity?€"Manual
Transmission (Quarts U.S.) 6.425?±0.125
Cylinder Block
Main Bearing Bore
Diameter mm (Inch) 72.401-72.422 (2.85-2.851)
Crankshaft and Flywheel
Main Bearing Journal
Diameter mm (Inch) 67.483-67-503 (2.65-2.657)
Connecting Rod Journal?€"
Diameter mm (Inch) 52.988-53.003
(2.0861-2.0867)
Crankshaft Free End Play
mm (Inch) 0.130-0.301 (0.0051-0.012)
Crankshaft Runout to Rear
Face of Block mm (Inch) 0.050 MAX (0.002)
Connecting Rod Bearings
Clearance to Crankshaft?€"
Desired mm (Inch) 0.027-0.069 (0.001-0.0027)
Clearance to Crankshaft?€"
Allowable mm (Inch) 0.027-0/069 (0.001-0.0027)
Bearing Wall Thickness
(STD) mm (Inch) 2.44-2.452 (0.096-0.0965)
Main Bearings
Clearance to Crankshaft?€"
Desired mm (Inch) 0027-0.065
(0.0011-0.0026)
Clearance to Crankshaft?€"
Allowable mm (Inch) 0.027-0.065
(0.0011-0.0026)
Bearing Wall Thickness
(STD) mm (Inch) 1.920-1.928 (0.075-0.076)
Connecting Rod, Piston and Rings
Connecting Rod?€"Piston
Pin Bore Diameter
mm (Inch) 21.959-21.979
(0.864-0.865)
Connecting Rod?€"
Crankshaft Bearing Bore
Diameter mm (Inch) 56.756-56.876 (2.234-2.24)
Connecting Rod?€"Length
(Center-to-Center)
mm (Inch) 150.7 (5.93)
Alignment (Bore-to-Bore
Max. Diff.) c ?€"Twist
mm (Inch) 0.050 per 25 (0.0015-0.984)
Alignment (Bore-to-Bore
Max. Diff.)?€"Bend
mm (Inch) 0.038 per 25 (0.0015-0.984)
Side Clearance (Assembled
to Crank)?€"Standard
mm (Inch) 0.015-0.45 (0.0006-0.0177)
Side Clearance (Assembled
to Crank)?€"Service Limit
mm (Inch) 0.05 MAX (0.02)
Crankshaft Main Bearing
Journal Taper mm (Inch) 0.020 (0.0007)
Crankshaft Main Bearing
Journal Runout mm (Inch) 0.05 (0.002)
Crankshaft Connecting Rod
Journal Taper mm (Inch) 0.015 (0.0006)

Feb 15, 2011 | 1998 Ford F150 Regular Cab

1 Answer

I am having a hard time getting my 02 pt cruiser on its compression stroke when i line up all my timing marks what am i doing wrong?


NUMBER 1 PISTON TOP DEAD CENTER WITH DISTRIBUTOR ROTOR POINTING TO NUMBER 1 SPARK PLUG AND BOTH VALVES CLOSED.LOOKING AT TIMING SCALE CRANKSHAFT DAMPER TIMING MARK AT O.ON TIMING SCALE.REMOVE SPARK PLUG NUMBER 1 PLACE FINGER NEAR SPARK PLUG HOLE.WHEN YOU FEEL GUSH OF AIR ENGINE ENTERING COMPRESSION STROKE.SOME MECHANICS USES A SPECIAL WHISTLE WHEN PISTON GET TO COMPRESSION STROKE THE WHISTLE WILL BLOW TO LET YOU KNOW GOING TO COMPRESSION STROKE.

Oct 05, 2010 | Chrysler PT Cruiser Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

How do i find TDC when set the timing marks on 1990 volvo 740gl


if you know the firing order of the engine and also the position of the no.1 cylinder you are off to a good start.
Remove the plug on the no.1 cylinder and turn the engine until the piston starts coming up on compression stroke, you can fing out if it is on compression stroke by placing your finger or thumb over the spark plug hole, you will feel the pressure under your thumb or finger as the piston starts to come up the bore.
when you can feel that pressure you can remove your thumb etc and stick a medium size screwdriver into the hole making sure you hold it from falling into the cylinder, rest the end of the driver on top of the piston and turn the engine slowly by hand only, (not by the starter) until the piston has come up to the top of the cylinder, now have a look at the harmonic balancer on the end of the crankshaft, there should be markings on it and one marking will have a "0" with TDC above it, line that mark up with the pointer and that will be top dead center

Jun 26, 2010 | 1990 Volvo 740

2 Answers

1990 318i engine no compression yet timing chain ok cam and lifters working pistons going up and down has spark 0 compression wont start


I suggest you bring the pistons to TDC, one at time on the comprssion stroke and do a "cylinder leakage test". Put compressed air into the spark plug hose and try to detect where the air is going. If you have the piston exactly at TDC, it will stay there when you put conpressed air in the hole, if it's off a little it will push the piston down. If you have the valve cover off you can watch the valves to determine if you have the pistons on the compression stroke. You should be able to buy a fitting from an auto parts store that will thread into the spark plug hole. If not take an old spark plug and bust the guts out of it and weld a pipe fitting to it to adapt your air compressor hose.

Mar 07, 2010 | 1996 BMW 318

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