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Switching from low mode to high mode in 2003 range rover

Is there a way to test the electronic components that controls this part of the all wheel drive system?

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6ya6ya
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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SOURCE: 1999 chev blazer 4x4 system

I have a 1999 chevy blazer that stuck in 4 wheel drive. How do you get it out.

Posted on Dec 18, 2008

  • 1 Answer

SOURCE: Car permanently in 4 wheel drive.How do i select 2 wheel drive ?

sort of switch

Posted on Mar 01, 2009

  • 1 Answer

SOURCE: 2003 Ford Crown Vic Headlight Blackout Problem

repalce the relay its going bad

Posted on May 30, 2009

  • 6 Answers

SOURCE: stuck in 4x4 low range

My wife just recently had a similar problem. She got stuck in the mud and put our 2004 F150 in 4x4 Low to get out. She didn't. Had to have AAA pull her out. She then left a bit later and the truck was still in 4x4 Low even after switching to 2WD. She even tried going backwards to get it to switch. So she called me frantically because the car would not go over 10 mph w/o the RPMs getting way too high. I said I'd call her back. So I called our local Ford Repair shop and he gave me these instructions (loosely based on what the owner's manual says to do) 1. Start Vehicle 2. Switch to 4x4 Low 3. Put in Neutral 4. Switch to 4x4 High 5. Go in Reverse for a bit and then Forward a bit again (You should now be in 4x4 High) 6. Put in Neutral 7. Switch to 2WD You should now be good. If that didn't work, then try repeating step 5 after step 7. Which reminds me. I really should call her back :) (It worked)

Posted on Jun 15, 2009

  • 249 Answers

SOURCE: range rover 2003 transfer in neutral help please

hi, this is a long shot so dont give me negative if no joy.
on the p38 they suffer from a bad electronic selector.
now, i do not have a clue what gear box or transfer you have.
any way if you look at your transfer, beside where the prop comes out, is ther like a window wiper motor with 6 wires.
if so they get stuck, rust or dirt etc.
have you checked your fuses, alos i would add. again not sure on your model.
in the fuse box there is a blank fuse, when inserted it shifts it to neutral.
the dealers wont tell you where it is.
have you put any fuses in etc, i did this 5 year ago, a p38 was jump started, leads wrong way.
i got a call as the aa did not want to help anymore. aa had a hand full of fuses out, i stuck in were contacts were. after new ecu had no drive.
you are sure its not a gearbox fault, get back to me if not sure, i can tell you how to test this.

Posted on Aug 17, 2009

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Where is the four wheel module located on a 2001 f350 7.3 l lariat 4x4 nothing on the four wheel drive works and I checked all the fuses and are all fine


Have it check for DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes ?
GEM Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index
GEM Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC) Index DTC Description Source Action C1728 Transfer Case Unable to Transition Between 2H and 4H GEM CARRY OUT the electronic shift function test. REFER to Function Test - Electronic Shift in this section. C1729 Transfer Case Unable to Transition Between 4H and 4L GEM CARRY OUT the electronic shift function test. REFER to Function Test - Electronic Shift in this section. P0500 Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Malfunction GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F . P1804 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive High Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test H . P1808 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Low Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test I . P1812 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1815 Transmission 4-Wheel Drive Mode Select Short Circuit to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1819 Transmission Park/Neutral Position Switch Short Circuit to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test F . P1820 Transmission Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1822 Transmission Transfer Case Clockwise Shift Relay Coil Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1828 Transfer Case Counterclockwise Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1830 Transmission Transfer Case Counterclockwise Shift Relay Coil Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1832 Transmission Transfer Case Differential Lockup Solenoid Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test G . P1834 Transmission Transfer Case Differential Lockup Solenoid Short Circuit to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test G . P1865 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate Power Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1866 Transmission Transfer Case System Concern - Servicing Required GEM CARRY OUT the electronic shift function test. REFER to Function Test - Electronic Shift in this section. P1867 Transmission Transfer Case Contact Plate General Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test E . P1876 Transmission Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test G . P1877 Transmission Transfer Case 2-Wheel Drive Solenoid Circuit Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test G . - For All Other DTCs GEM GO to Section 419-10 .
Your best bet , take it to a qualified repair shop that has the diagnostic tool to trouble shoot .
Principles of Operation
Transfer Case - Electronic Shift
The four-wheel drive, electronic shift-on-the-fly feature electrically shifts the vehicle transfer case between 2WD, 4X4 HIGH, and 4X4 LOW. The system mode is selected by the operator through the mode select switch (MSS) on the instrument panel. The operator is informed which mode the system is in by two instrument cluster indicators, one for 4X4 HIGH which is 4X4, and one for 4X4 LOW which is LOW RANGE (in 4X4 LOW both the lamps are on). Shifts into 4X4 HIGH can be made at any speed. When shifting into 4X4 HIGH with the vehicle stationary, tooth blockage may occur, preventing shift completion. When the vehicle is driven above 8 km/h (5mph) the shift will complete. When shifting in or out of 4X4 LOW, the generic electronic module (GEM) requires that the vehicle speed be less than 5 km/h (3 mph), the brake pedal be applied, and the transmission in NEUTRAL (automatic transmission) or the clutch pedal be depressed (manual transmission). (The digital transmission range [TR] sensor informs the GEM when the automatic transmission is in the NEUTRAL range position.)
The gearmotor encoder assembly is mounted externally on the transfer case. It drives a rotary cam which moves the mode fork and the range fork within the transfer case between the 4X4 HIGH, 4X4 LOW, and 2WD range positions.
The GEM uses two relays to control the gearmotor encoder assembly shift between 4X4 HIGH, 4X4 LOW, and 2WD modes. The GEM controls the pulse vacuum hublock (PVH) solenoid which supplies engagement and disengagement vacuum to control the hublocks.
The GEM accomplishes shifts by interpreting inputs from:
  • mode select switch (MSS)
  • vehicle speed signal (transmitted from the ABS system)
  • gearmotor encoder plate position
  • brake pedal switch
  • digital transmission range (TR) sensor (automatic transmission)
  • clutch pedal position (CPP) switch (manual transmission)
  • ignition switch
Based on these inputs, the GEM controls the shifts into 2WD, 4X4 HIGH, or 4X4 LOW with the following outputs:
  • low to high relay (clockwise)
  • high to low relay (counterclockwise)
  • pulse vacuum hublock (PVH) solenoid
  • gearmotor encoder assembly
The electronic shift-on-the-fly (ESOF) system has a feature which allows the driver to override the vacuum operated hublocks. When the front hublocks are manually turned to the LOCK position, the hublocks are locked at all times, overriding the vacuum operated system. If the front hublocks are manually turned to the AUTO position, the hublocks can only be locked by turning the MSS to 4X4 HIGH or 4X4 LOW position.

Jun 12, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

Tip

Ford OBD-II Trouble Codes


P1000 OBD-II Monitor Testing Incomplete<br />P1001 KOER Test Cannot Be Completed<br />P1039 Vehicle Speed Signal Missing or Improper<br />P1051 Brake Switch Signal Missing or Improper<br />P1100 Mass Air Flow Sensor Intermittent<br />P1101 Mass Air Flow Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1112 Intake Air Temperature Sensor Intermittent<br />P1116 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor is out of Self-Test Range<br />P1117 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Intermittent<br />P1120 Throttle Position Sensor out of range<br />P1121 Throttle Position Sensor Inconsistent with Mass Air Flow Sensor<br />P1124 Throttle Position Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1125 Throttle Position Sensor Intermittent<br />P1127 Heated Oxygen Sensor Heater not on During KOER Test<br />P1128 Heated Oxygen Sensor Signals reversed<br />P1129 Heated Oxygen Sensor Signals reversed<br />P1130 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Adaptive Fuel Limit - Bank No. 1<br />P1131 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Lean - Bank No. 1<br />P1132 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Rich - Bank No. 1<br />P1135 Ignition Switch Signal Missing or Improper<br />P1137 Lack of Downstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Lean - Bank No. 1<br />P1138 Lack of Downstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Rich - Bank No. 1<br />P1150 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Adaptive Fuel Limit - Bank No. 2<br />P1151 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Lean - Bank No. 2<br />P1152 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Rich - Bank No. 2<br />P1157 Lack of Downstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Lean - Bank No. 2<br />P1158 Lack of Downstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Rich - Bank No. 2<br />P1220 Series Throttle Control fault<br />P1224 Throttle Position Sensor B out of Self-Test Range<br />P1230 Open Power to Fuel Pump circuit<br />P1231 High Speed Fuel Pump Relay activated<br />P1232 Low Speed Fuel Pump Primary circuit failure<br />P1233 Fuel Pump Driver Module off-line<br />P1234 Fuel Pump Driver Module off-line<br />P1235 Fuel Pump Control out of range<br />P1236 Fuel Pump Control out of range<br />P1237 Fuel Pump Secondary circuit fault<br />P1238 Fuel Pump Secondary circuit fault<br />P1250 Lack of Power to FPRC Solenoid<br />P1260 Theft Detected - Engine Disabled<br />P1270 Engine RPM or Vehicle Speed Limiter Reached<br />P1288 Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1289 Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor Signal Greater Than Self-Test Range<br />P1290 Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor Signal Less Than Self-Test Range<br />P1299 Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor Detected Engine Overheating Condition<br />P1309 Misfire Detection Monitor not enabled<br />P1351 Ignition Diagnostic Monitor circuit Input fault<br />P1352 Ignition Coil A - Primary circuit fault<br />P1353 Ignition Coil B - Primary circuit fault<br />P1354 Ignition Coil C - Primary circuit fault<br />P1355 Ignition Coil D - Primary circuit fault<br />P1356 Loss of Ignition Diagnostic Module Input to PCM<br />P1358 Ignition Diagnostic Monitor Signal out of Self-Test Range<br />P1359 Spark Output circuit fault<br />P1364 Ignition Coil Primary circuit fault<br />P1380 VCT Solenoid Valve circuit Short or Open<br />P1381 Cam Timing Advance is excessive<br />P1383 Cam Timing Advance is excessive<br />P1390 Octane Adjust out of Self-Test Range<br />P1400 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor circuit Low Voltage<br />P1401 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor circuit High Voltage<br />P1403 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor Hoses Reversed<br />P1405 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor circuit Upstream Hose<br />P1406 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor circuit Downstream Hose<br />P1407 EGR No Flow Detected<br />P1408 EGR Flow out of Self-Test Range<br />P1409? EGR Vacuum Regulator circuit malfunction<br />P1409? Electronic Vacuum Regulator Control circuit fault<br />P1410 EGR Barometric Pressure Sensor VREF Voltage<br />P1411 Secondary Air is not being diverted<br />P1413 Secondary Air Injection System Monitor circuit Low Voltage<br />P1414 Secondary Air Injection System Monitor circuit High Voltage<br />P1442 Secondary Air Injection System Monitor circuit High Voltage<br />P1443 Evaporative Emission Control System - Vacuum System - Purge Control Solenoid or Purge Control Valve fault<br />P1444 Purge Flow Sensor circuit Input Low<br />P1445 Purge Flow Sensor circuit Input High<br />P1450 Inability of Evaporative Emission Control System to Bleed Fuel Tank<br />P1451 EVAP Control System Canister Vent Solenoid Circuit Malfunction<br />P1452 Inability of Evaporative Emission Control System to Bleed Fuel Tank<br />P1455 Substantial Leak or Blockage in Evaporative Emission Control System<br />P1460 Wide Open Throttle Air Conditioning Cutoff circuit malfunction<br />P1461 Air Conditioning Pressure Sensor circuit Low Input<br />P1462 Air Conditioning Pressure Sensor circuit high Input<br />P1463 Air Conditioning Pressure Sensor Insufficient Pressure change<br />P1464 ACCS to PCM High During Self-Test<br />P1469 Low Air Conditioning Cycling Period<br />P1473 Fan Secondary High with Fans Off<br />P1474 Low Fan Control Primary circuit<br />P1479 High Fan Control Primary circuit<br />P1480 Fan Secondary Low with Low Fans On<br />P1481 Fan Secondary Low with High Fans On<br />P1483 Power to Cooling Fan Exceeded Normal Draw<br />P1484 Variable Load Control Module Pin 1 Open<br />P1500 Vehicle Speed Sensor Intermittent<br />P1501 Programmable Speedometer & Odometer Module/Vehicle Speed Sensor Intermittent circuit-failure<br />P1502 Invalid or Missing Vehicle Speed Message or Brake Data<br />P1504 Intake Air Control circuit malfunction<br />P1505 Idle Air Control System at Adaptive Clip<br />P1506 Idle Air Control Over Speed Error<br />P1507 Idle Air Control Under Speed Error<br />P1512 Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Closed<br />P1513 Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Closed<br />P1516 Intake Manifold Runner Control Input Error<br />P1517 Intake Manifold Runner Control Input Error<br />P1518 Intake Manifold Runner Control fault - Stuck Open<br />P1519? Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Open<br />P1520? Intake Manifold Runner Control circuit fault<br />P1519? Intake Manifold Runner Control fault - Stuck Closed<br />P1520? Intake Manifold Runner Control fault<br />P1530 Open or Short to A/C Compressor Clutch circuit<br />P1537 Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Open<br />P1538 Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Open<br />P1539 Power to A/C Compressor Clutch circuit Exceeded Normal Current Draw<br />P1549 Intake Manifold Temperature Valve Vacuum Actuator Connection<br />P1550 Power Steering Pressure Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1605 PCM Keep Alive Memory Test Error<br />P1625 Voltage to Vehicle Load Control Module Fan circuit not detected<br />P1626 Voltage to Vehicle Load Control Module circuit not detected<br />P1650 Power Steering Pressure Switch out of Self-Test Range<br />P1651 Power Steering Pressure Switch Input fault<br />P1700 Transmission system problems<br />P1701 Reverse Engagement Error<br />P1702 Transmission system problems<br />P1703 Brake On/Off Switch out of Self-Test Range<br />P1704 Transmission system problems<br />P1705 Manual Lever Position Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1709 Park or Neutral Position Switch out of Self-Test Range<br />P1710 Transmission system problems<br />P1711 Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1713<br />thru<br />P172 Transmission system problems<br />P1729 4x4 Low Switch Error<br />P1740 Transmission system problems<br />P1741 Torque Converter Clutch Control Error<br />P1742 Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Faulty<br />P1743 Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Faulty<br />P1744 Torque Converter Clutch System Stuck in Off Position<br />P1745 Transmission system problems<br />P1746 Electronic Pressure Control Solenoid - Open circuit<br />P1747 Electronic Pressure Control Solenoid - Short circuit<br />P1749 Electronic Pressure Control Solenoid Failed Low<br />P1751 Shift Solenoid No. 1 Performance<br />P1754 Coast Clutch Solenoid circuit malfunction<br />P1756 Shift Solenoid No. 2 Performance<br />P1760 Transmission system problems<br />P1761 Shift Solenoid No. 3 Performance<br />P1762 Transmission system problems<br />P1767 Transmission system problems<br />P1780 Transmission Control Switch circuit is out of Self-Test Range<br />P1781 4x4 Low Switch is out of Self-Test Range<br />P1783 Transmission Over-Temperature Condition<br />P1784 Transmission system problems<br />P1785 Transmission system problems<br />P1786 Transmission system problems<br />P1787 Transmission system problems<br />P1788 Transmission system problems<br />P1789 Transmission system problems<br />P1900 Transmission system problems

on May 23, 2011 | Ford F Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

2002 ford ranger - Where is the 4x4 actuator located


On the transfer case
Transfer Case - Electronic Shift
The four-wheel drive electronic shift-on-the-fly feature electrically shifts the vehicle transfer case between 2WD, 4WD HIGH, and 4WD LOW. The system mode is selected by the operator through the mode select switch (MSS) on the instrument panel. The operator is informed which mode the system is in by two instrument cluster indicators: one for 4WD HIGH which appears as 4WD, and one for 4WD LOW, which appears as 4WD LOW. Shifts into 4WD HIGH can be made at any speed. When shifting into 4WD HIGH with the vehicle stationary, tooth blockage may occur preventing shift completion. When the vehicle is driven above 8 km/h (5 mph) the shift will complete. When shifting in or out of 4WD LOW, the four-wheel drive (4WD) control module requires that the vehicle speed be less than 5 km/h (3 mph), the brake pedal be applied, and the transmission be in NEUTRAL (automatic transmission) or the clutch pedal be depressed (manual transmission).
The gearmotor encoder assembly is mounted externally on the transfer case. It drives a rotary cam which moves the mode fork and range fork within the transfer case between the 4WD HIGH, 4WD LOW, and 2WD range positions.
The four-wheel drive (4WD) control module controls the gearmotor encoder assembly that shifts between 4WD HIGH, 4WD LOW, and 2WD modes.

Mar 17, 2017 | Ford Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

2003 Silverado 4WD. Service 4WD dash light comes on after engaging 4WD and acts up by engaging itself randomly for several days, then goes back to normal.


Check connection at the 4X4 control module , check power and grounds . Do you know how to do basic electrical testing ? Does your truck have manual or automatic trans mission ? Which transfer case does yours have ?

The NVG 263 transfer case features a three button shift control switch located on the instrument panel. When the ignition is in the RUN position, the transfer case shift control module (TCCM) starts monitoring the transfer case shift control switch to determine if the driver desires a new mode/gear position. At a single press of the transfer case shift control switch, the lamp of the new desired position begins flashing to inform the driver that the TCCM has received the request for a new mode/gear position. The lamp continues to flash until all shifting criteria has been met and the new mode/gear position has been engaged. Once the new mode/gear position is fully active, the switch indicator for the new position remains ON constantly. In the event that the TCCM can not or will not complete the shift, the indicator returns to the previously selected position; this is a Transfer Case Shift Control Switch Indicator Flashes, then Returns to Previous Mode condition.

The NVG 263 transfer case provides the driver with 4 manual mode/gear positions:
• 2HI - 2 Wheel Drive high range
• 4HI - 4 Wheel Drive high range
• 4LO - 4 Wheel Drive low range
• Neutral
Have it check for DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes ?

DTC B0790
DTC B2725
DTC C0306
DTC C0327
DTC C0359
DTC C0379
DTC C0550

Your best bet would be take it to a qualified repair SHOP

Dec 28, 2016 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

I can here the tranfercase locking in but its not turning front tires at all ?


Your vehicle had option of two different 4x4 systems ,
New Venture Gear 263 Selectable Two Speed Transfer Case
The NVG 263 transfer case features a three button shift control switch located on the instrument panel. When the vehicle has the ignition key in the RUN position, the transfer case shift control module starts monitoring the transfer case shift control switch to determine if the driver desires a new mode/gear position. At a single press of the transfer case shift control switch, the lamp of the new desired position will begin flashing to inform the driver that the transfer case shift control module has received the request for a new mode/gear position. The lamp will continue to flash until all shifting criteria has been met and the new mode/gear position has been reached (or has been engaged). Once the new mode/gear position is fully active, the switch indicator lamp for the new position will remain ON constantly.
The NVG 263 transfer case provides the driver with 3 manual mode/gear positions:
• 2HI - 2 Wheel Drive high range
• 4HI - 4 Wheel Drive high range
• 4LO - 4 Wheel Drive low range
OR
The NVG 236/246 transfer case features a 4 button shift control switch located on the instrument panel. When the vehicle has the ignition key in the RUN position, the transfer case shift control module starts monitoring the transfer case shift control switch to determine if the driver desires a new mode/gear position. At a single press of the transfer case shift control switch, the lamp of the new desired position will begin flashing to inform the driver that the transfer case shift control module has received the request for a new mode/gear position. The lamp will continue to flash until all shifting criteria has been met and the new mode/gear position has been reached, or has been engaged. Once the new mode/gear position is fully active, the switch indicator lamp for the new position will remain ON constantly.
If there are problems with electronic part of the systems the shift control switch light will flash warning of a problem , If no lights you have a mechanical problem in the transfer case itself .
The front axle control circuit consists of an electric motor actuator which engages and disengages the front axle. The front axle actuator motor consists of a Permanent Magnetic (PM) motor, a worm gear controlled plunger, a front axle switch and an electronic control circuit all within the actuator assembly.
The front axle actuator has four circuits connected to it, a front axle feed circuit, front axle ground circuit, front axle control circuit and a front axle switch circuit.
Whenever a shift to AUTO 4WD, 4HI, or 4LO is requested, the transfer case shift control module engages the front axle by grounding the front axle control circuit through a current limiting driver. Test Description
The numbers below refer to the step numbers on the diagnostic table.
Tests the electrical function of the front axle actuator. Helps determine between mechanical and electrical malfunctions.
Tests for proper power and ground at the front axle actuator.
Tests the operation of the front axle control circuit.
Helps determine if the transfer case shift control module is able to monitor the front axle switch.
Tests the front axle switch circuit for an open or high resistance.
Measures the voltage between the front axle feed circuit and ground.
Tests the front axle control circuit for an open or high resistance.
Inspects the front axle for a mechanical malfunction.
Tests for open in the front axle feed circuit.

Feb 14, 2016 | 2001 GMC Yukon

1 Answer

How do I repair the four wheel drive on a 1999 Ford Ranger XLT?


It depends on what is wrong , is the 4x4 light flashing ? Are you aware of the complexity of the 4x4 system ? Has a electronic control module , has the ability to set an store DTC'S - diagnostic trouble codes !
Transfer Case The four wheel drive system is an electronic shift 4X4 system that allows the operator to choose between three different modes. The operator can switch 4X4 HIGH modes at any speed. To engage or disengage 4X4 LOW the vehicle speed must be less than 5 kph (3 mph), the brake depressed, and the transmission must be in NEUTRAL.
The shift motor sense plate, an integral part of the electronic shift motor, informs the generic electronic module (GEM) of the transfer case shift motor and contact plates A, B, C and D position.
The digital transmission range (TR) sensor is located on the LH side of the transmission, and informs the GEM when the transmission is in the NEUTRAL position.
The electronic shift motor is mounted externally at the rear of the transfer case. It drives a rotary cam which moves the mode fork and range fork within the transfer case between the 4X4 HIGH, 4X4 LOW and 2WD range positions.
When the GEM verifies the completion of the transfer case shift from 2WD to 4X4 HIGH (reading the contact plate positions), the GEM will then energize both pulse vacuum hublock (PVH) solenoids (supplying ground for 45 seconds). The PVH solenoid will allow a HIGH flow of intake manifold vacuum to the "wheel end hublocks", engaging the wheel end hubs to the front differential and transfer case to achieve four wheel drive.
Here are just a few DTC'S the system can set an store in the module !
P1804 4WD High Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1806 4WD High Indicator Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1808 4WD Low Indicator Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1810 4WD Low Indicator Short to Power GEM GO to Pinpoint Test C . P1812 4WD Mode Select Switch Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1815 4WD Mode Select Switch Circuit Short to Ground GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1820 Transfer Case CW Shift Relay Circuit - Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1822 Transfer Case CW Shift Relay Coil Short to Power GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1824 4WD Electric Clutch Relay Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1826 4WD Low Clutch Relay Short to Power GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1828 Transfer Case CCW Shift Relay Coil Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1830 Transfer Case CCW Shift Relay Coil Short to Battery GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1838 Transfer Case Shift Motor Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . P1846 Transfer Case CONTACT PLATE "A" Circuit Failure GEM GO to Pinpoint Test A . Now are you sure you really want to mess with this ? You would need a factory diagnostic scan tool to check this out before you start replacing parts !
Here

May 30, 2015 | Ford Ranger Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Why does my 4 wheel drive not work all the time?


Elaine,

not work, do tell what makes you think it dont work (a lamp) or tires slipping or dead tires. (by tires mean that and traction)??????????

what mode fails, of the many, and where.???????



first off, we dont know what your tires are touching.

on road, or off road. pavement or ICE or snow.

that matters big time . (you read manual and match MODE to Road)

your lost operators guide explains all that, right?

eg: how and when to use, 4wd, its all there. I promise.

ControlTrac 4-wheel-drive system



here are the mode. which one , gives you problems.



quote ford with comments.



What are the modes, and how do they differ?

(note this is the operational behavior of a 2008 Ford Expedition. Newer and older Expeditions will vary only slightly)



2H 2-wheel-drive with high range gearing (1.00:1) Rear-wheel-drive capability,

2-wheel electronic traction control system is enabled



4A 4-wheel-drive Auto with high range gearing (1.00:1) Full-time all-wheel-drive capability, ((best on pavement or any time)

Electronically adjusted torque split to front & rear wheels, Electronically variable center differential,

Front driveshaft & rear primary driveshaft allowed rotational speed difference,

4-wheel electronic traction control system is enabled



4H 4-wheel-drive with high range gearing (1.00:1) Part-time 4-wheel-drive capability, (not for dry pavement EVER)

Continuous 50/50 torque split to front & rear wheels, Electronically locked center differential,

Front driveshaft & rear primary driveshaft mechanically locked with no rotational speed difference,

4-wheel electronic traction control system is enabled



4L 4-wheel-drive with low range gearing (2.64:1) Part-time 4-wheel-drive capability, (off road usage, mostly)

Continuous 50/50 torque split to front & rear wheels, Electronically locked center differential,

Front driveshaft & rear primary driveshaft mechanically locked with no rotational speed difference,

4-wheel electronic traction control system is enabled, ESC and RSC are disabled



In 4A mode the center differential is electronically-controlled and rear drive wheel bias. The on-board computer monitors for any sign of rear drive wheel slip (loss of traction)

If loss of traction is detected, the center differential is told to send a share of the engine\'s torque to the front drive wheels. It will not let the front driveshaft turn at the same speed as the rear driveshaft.



What about traction management?

1997-2002 model Ford Expeditions offered an optional limited-slip rear differential (LSD). A conventional open rear differential was standard along with the conventional open front differential and the electronic locking center differential.

comment with out LSD, one tire can spin, on say ice.

but the other 3 tires dont, in full time.

Jul 04, 2014 | 2003 Ford Expedition

1 Answer

How do i engage into 4 Wheel Drive Mode on my V8 4.6 HSE


a 1999 landrover Range Rover is in constant 4 wheel drive. the only change you can make is high or low range and this is handled through the gear shift selection.

Feb 13, 2014 | 1999 Land Rover Range Rover

1 Answer

Air suspension out (inactive ) code



1. The automatic suspension system on a Land Rover must be placed in a service mode (High Lock) prior to raising the vehicle on a frame-contact hoist. This can only be accomplished by using a Land Rover Test Book Scan tool or an aftermarket equivalent.

2. If the suspension is allowed to hang freely at maximum extension, the suspension controller will enter a fault lockout mode and disable the compressor and height sensors

3. In addition, the suspension system will vent the suspension in an attempt to bring the vehicle to a correct ride height.

4. Since the suspension is hanging free at maximum extension, all the air will be vented, causing the vehicle to sit at maximum low when taken off the frame-contact hoist. A Land Rover Test Book Scan Tool or an equivalent is required to reset the suspension once it has entered the lockout mode.

Sep 23, 2009 | 2003 Land Rover Range Rover

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