Question about 1998 Chevrolet Cavalier

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I can't get the brake drum off of my '98 Cavalier. I need to back off the shoes, but there is no access port that I can find to get to the adjuster. How do I adjust the shoes, preferably without disconnecting the brake line?

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  • grampajohn46 Jul 16, 2009

    Canbruce:

    Autozones repair manual is just a copy of the Chilton manual. It does show an access port, at the bottom of the backing plate behind the adjuster. The problem is:

    There is no access port on either backing plate nor is there space for one.

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Driil a small hole, 1/4 in thru the backing plate near the bottom in the center. Use a screw driver and back off the adjuster.

Posted on Jul 20, 2009

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If you go to autozone.com and register for free you will have access to a full online repair manual and they will show you step by step procedures for the entire drum brake job. They are showing an access port in the brake backing plate that should have a plug in it to keep water out. Hope this helped and good luck.

Posted on Jul 16, 2009

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1 Answer

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Typical cavalier problem James,
First thing is to get drums off, the sandpaper the brake shoes,you'll see at the top and bottom of each shoe the only part of the shoes being used.I recommend picking up a new set of drums from Auto Zone,they are around $20.00 each. Now the last thing is back off the emergency adjuster about 5 threads, then you can adjust your drum brakes.

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1998 ford escort se hand brake need adjusting. doesn't hold.


Try to adjust the rear brakes tighter at the shoes, if you have drum brakes. May require taking the drum off and adjusting the adjuster. Or, adjusting it from the backing plate access hole if there is one.

Be sure to check the cables to make sure they are not broken anywhere between the hand brake lever and the back brakes.

Good luck on this repair.

ADJUSTMENT


  1. Raise and safely support the vehicle.
  2. Remove the wheel and tire assembly.
  3. Remove the brake drum.
  4. Using a brake adjusting gauge, measure the inside diameter of the brake
    drum.
  5. Compare the brake drum measurement to the brake shoes.
  6. Adjust the brake shoes by inserting a brake adjustment tool into the knurled
    quadrant of the rear quad operating lever and adjust the shoes to the same
    measurement as the brake drum.
  7. Install the brake drum.
  8. Install the wheel and tire assembly.
  9. Lower the vehicle.
  10. Check the brake system operation by making several stops while driving
    slowly forward.


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the shoes on drum brakes should auto adjust by backing up and applying pressure to the brake pedal (you may hear a clicking noise from the springs on the adjustment stars as they turn). If this does not work, the mechanism may be broken, aligned improperly or stuck by corrosion. Most drum brake assemblies have an access hole in the drum or backing plate to make manual adjustments, comment back to me if u have these access holes and I will walk you through the procedure...(check your shoe lining thickness as you may just need new brake shoes)

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There should be a small access hole in the backing plate for the adjustment .
By turning the star wheel inside of the drum, will either bring the shoes into contact with the drum ,or back them right-off,depending which side of the car you are working on. Good luck

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the brake shoes are likely stuck in the grooves worn into the drum. You need to back off the brake shoe adjusting wheel to loosen the brake shoes.
Also, the face of the drum usually has a couple of threaded holes you can screw bolts into to help pull the drums toward you.

First, hit all the way around the brake drum with a big hammer to loosen the drum from the center hub.
Then, istall the screws to help pull the drum.

to back off the adjuster with a screwdriver:

  1. NOTE: If the brake drum will not come off, follow these steps.
  2. Loosen the brake shoe adjusting screw nut (2047).
  3. Using a screwdriver, move the brake shoe adjusting lever (2A176) off the brake adjuster screw (2041).
  4. NOTE: Move the adjustment tool handle downward to loosen the brake shoe adjusting screw nut.
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please give a good rating if this helps.

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1 Answer

1999 nissan quest rear brake shoes need changing


help is here:
http://autos.groups.yahoo.com/group/villagerquest/

Drum Removal
  1. Remove the rear wheel and the tire assembly. Refer to Section 204-04 .
  1. Retract the brake shoes and loosen the brake adjuster screw.
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  1. Remove the brake drum.
----------------------
May require big hammer to loosen drum from axle flange. Hit between the the lugs, not on them.

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#10 is access plug to back off adjusting wheel.

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Item Part Number Description 1 2261 Rear wheel cylinder 2 — Dust boot (part of 2128) 3 2197 Wheel cylinder piston (part of 2261) 4 — Cup (part of 2128) 5 2204 Wheel cylinder piston cup spring (part of 2128) 6 — Wheel cylinder housing (part of 2261) 7 — Brake shoe hold-down pin 8 — Access hole (part of 2212) 9 — Rear brake bleeder screw (part of 2261) 10 — Access hole plug 11 — Rear wheel cylinder bolt 12 2212 Rear brake backing plate 13 — Rear brake backing plate bolts 14 2N790 Parking brake lever clip 15 — Spring washer 16 — Secondary brake shoe and lining (part of 2200) 17 — Brake shoe hold-down spring (part of 2B514) 18 — Lower retracting spring (part of 2B514) 19 2A637 Parking brake lever 20 — Parking brake lever pin 21 2A177 Brake shoe adjusting lever 22 — Adjuster lever pin (part of 2A177) 23 — Primary brake shoe and lining (part of 2200) 24 — Upper retracting spring (part of 2B514) 25 2041 Brake adjuster screw

--------------
Shoes Removal

Take a picture and remember how each part goes and attaches
  1. Remove the brake drum, refer to Drum in this section.
  1. Remove the upper retracting spring.
  1. Remove the lower retracting spring.
  1. Remove the self-adjuster.
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  1. Remove the hold-down springs.
  1. Remove the parking brake lever clip and the parking brake lever.

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