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OBD 11 catalyst not ready evaporative system not ready oxygen sensor heater not ready. How reset to pass emissions test?

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Sounds like you have a bad O2 sensor.

Posted on May 01, 2015

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This brief vlog explains clearly what the issue is and how you can avoid this problem in the future: http://obdnotready.blogspot.com/

Posted on May 17, 2016

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Cant pass emissions,i need at least one of the not ready status to become ready status out of the oxygen senson, evaporative system, catalyst


drive it. I am betting you have recently "cleared" codes which also clears readiness monitors in an attempt to better control people cheating the system. After enough drive cycles are reached the monitors will pass if nothing is wrong and turn to ready. If the problem that the codes implicated where not fixed than the check engine light will again come back on and you will again fail your attempt to pass emissions.

Drive it for a week or so and see what happens.

Aug 15, 2015 | Cars & Trucks

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I get OBD codes P0420 and P0430



P0420 and P0430

P0420 means Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold, Bank 1

P0430 means Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold, Bank 2

It means that the O2 sensors are good, and the O2 sensors are telling you that your catalytic converter, in the exhaust system is not working fine, as its emissions are polluting the air too much.

The catalytic converter is part of the exhaust system. The way to test this part is by doing an emission test. The two OBD codes that you are getting are already a test telling you that the converter must be replaced, unless an emission test done at a garage says the opposite.

This kind of problem will trigger the check engine light, and your car will also waste too much fuel.
You also risk to get in trouble if the car goes through an Air Pollution control, as the car won't pass an emission test in this condition.

To conclude, the Catalyst System must be replaced, the O2 Sensors are fine.

This is a repair that should be done at a garage, however you can find DIY instructions here:How to Replace a Catalytic Converter or you can get more detailed instructions, and step by step illustrated procedure purchasing a repair manual.

on May 27, 2009 | 2003 Chrysler 300M

1 Answer

What is code P0420, check engine light, 2004 Iszuzu Rodeo


Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold I have put together the following information about the P0420 fault code. I have also included diagnostic procedures you can take to your repair shop if the mechanic is having difficulty analyzing the code.
OBD II Fault Code
  • OBD II P0420
Fault Code Definition
  • Catalyst System Efficiency Below Threshold
Symptoms
  • Check Engine Light will illuminate
  • In most cases, there are no adverse conditions noticed by the driver
  • In some cases, there may be some performance problems noticed by the driver such as a lack of power from a restricted and/or damaged Catalytic Converter
Common Problems That Trigger the P0420 Code
  • Inefficient Catalytic Converter(s)
  • Defective Front or Rear Oxygen Sensor(s)
  • Misfiring engines
Common Misdiagnoses
  • Oxygen Sensors
Polluting Gases Expelled
  • HCs (Hydrocarbons): Unburned droplets of raw fuel that smell, affect breathing, and contribute to smog
  • CO (Carbon Monoxide): Partially burned fuel that is an odorless and deadly poisonous gas
  • NOX (Oxides of Nitrogen): One of the two ingredients that, when exposed to sunlight, cause smog
  • Most of the aftermarket Converter companies are re-working their designs so they can be certified for use in OBD-II vehicles in California
The Basics
The Catalytic Converter looks like a muffler. It is typically a stainless steel housing over a ceramic honeycomb core. The catalyst itself is made of platinum, palladium, or rhodium, all rare metals, which is why Catalytic Converters are so expensive. These elements reduce the toxicity of harmful exhaust gases that are expelled from the tail pipe. Catalytic converters are quite efficient, but if engine maintenance is neglected or an engine is allowed to "run rough," damage could occur, resulting in costly repairs. To replace the Catalytic Converter, the vehicle is raised to gain access to its underside. The converter is removed from the exhaust system and the new Catalytic Converter is installed.
Want to Learn More?
The Catalytic Converter is a sophisticated after-burning device designed to complete combustion of the exhaust gases that pass through it. It is a stainless steel container with an inlet and outlet pipe that looks similar to a muffler. Inside, the Catalytic Converter is a ceramic monolithic structure that has honeycomb-like passages running though it. This structure has several sections called beds that are thinly coated with rare metals, which react with the compounds in the exhaust gases to complete the combustion process, thereby cleaning the exhaust of harmful emissions.
  • The first section of the Catalytic Converter is called the reduction bed and is coated with rhodium. It is called the reduction bed because its purpose is to reduce the NOx gases back into harmless nitrogen and oxygen.
  • The next section of the Catalytic Converter is the oxygen storage bed, which is coated with cerium. Its purpose is to maintain an ideal level of oxygen for use by the rear of the converter. It does this by storing and releasing the oxygen that gets released from the reduction of NOx in the previous reduction bed.
  • The oxygen is then available for use in the final oxidizing bed, which is coated with platinum and palladium. The purpose of the oxidizing bed is to complete the combustion of CO by adding oxygen. The oxidizing bed also uses oxygen to burn any of the raw HCs that still remain in the exhaust gases.
P0420 Diagnostic Theory for Shops and Technicians
The P0420 code is set when the Catalyst monitor sees a decrease in voltage from the rear Monitoring Oxygen Sensor(s) and an increase in switching activity-from rich to lean to rich, etc.-that closely resembles the front Oxygen Sensor(s) during the time the computer is activating the Catalytic Converter monitor test. The voltage threshold is usually a minimum of 650 millivolts, which indicates a low level of oxygen. When the voltage goes too far below the 650 millivolt minimum, it indicates a higher level of oxygen. This means that not all of the oxygen is being consumed by the combustion process or by the afterburning effect of the Catalytic Converter. When the oxygen level gets too high, it means that the Cerium or Oxygen storage bed has degraded to the point where it is no longer able to store oxygen created by the reduction of NOx (nitrogen and oxygen). This oxygen is essential for the rear Oxidation bed to complete the conversion of CO into CO2 and HCs into H20 and CO2.
Common Tests for Diagnosis of the P0420 Code
  • Retrieve the code and write down the freeze frame information to be used as a baseline to test and verify any repair.
  • If there are any misfires, ignition, fuel and/or intake problems, these must be repaired before the Catalyst code is addressed. Any misfire, ignition, and/or fuel system problem will quickly ruin a Catalyst. They are often the cause for code in the first place.
  • Test drive the vehicle at or near the freeze frame conditions to verify that the rear Catalyst Monitoring Oxygen sensor is either mirroring the front Oxygen sensor and/or is not reaching the 650 millivolt threshold during 55-60 MPH cruise conditions. If either of theses conditions can be easily verified, then the Catalytic Converter is defective.
  • If there is any doubt about the condition of the front and/or rear Oxygen sensors, then check the Mode 6 data for all the Oxygen sensor monitor tests. If any of the front or rear Oxygen sensors barely pass their Mode 6 tests, then clear all codes and perform a drive cycle to see how well the front and rear Oxygen sensors pass their Mode 6 tests. They need to pass the Mode 6 tests with flying colors or they will confuse the OBD-II diagnostic software and possibly trigger a false code P0420. This is an important concept because if the front Oxygen sensor is slow and barely passes its monitor tests, it can fool the computer into thinking that the Catalyst has failed because the computer just watches how closely the switching speed of the front Oxygen sensor compares to the switching speed of the rear Monitoring Oxygen sensor. If the rear Monitoring Oxygen sensor is losing bandwidth and not able to easily reach the 650 milli volt threshold-but still barely passes its monitor tests-then it, too, can fool the computer into setting a P0420 code.
  • If the Catalyst has failed, be sure to check for any software updates for the power-train computer. Many of the OBD II-equipped vehicles require software updates whenever the Catalyst is replaced

Jun 17, 2014 | 2004 Isuzu Rodeo

1 Answer

No no it wasn't because of the O2 sensor that it didn't pass it was a couple of things that came up and the we're Catalyst not ready Monitor Evap not ready Monitor O2 not readyz


You have 8 I/M or Emission Monitors that have to run clear
BEFORE you can go to inspection

Your Catalyst Efficiency comes from the switching comparison
of the front & rear oxygen sensors being out of range

Until you resolve the rear O2 Sensor Heater Issue you won't
know if the cat is good or you have other problems

You need professional scan tool software & a long road test
to even find a problem,then component test,which apparently
wasn't done when they hung the new rear sensor on based on a code

Apr 30, 2014 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

2004 dodge stratus 2.4L not passing emissions test why Emission saying Catalyst Not Ready Oxygen Sensor Not Ready I put 375 highway miles on the car, hopping this will pass it.


Again, TOO LITTLE INFO!!!

could be a non operating oxygen sensor heating, check connector and damaged wiring, as it is posible to damage wiring or connector at this very hot plecement. Amclaussen.

Sep 27, 2013 | 2004 Dodge Stratus

2 Answers

Need a pic or diagram of location of Bank 2 sensor location on a 2004 Acura TL 3.2


Oxygen Sensor-I don't have a location of the Bank 2 sensor, so you'll have to guess on it by determining how many sensors you have by inspecting the exhaust system from the exhaust manifold down to the catalytic converter and past the catalytic converter which is downstream. Anything before the catalytic converter is upstream.
Do you have a code that describes which O2 sensor is not responding correctly?

Test/Replace
  • The sensor is threaded into the exhaust manifold.
  • It can be difficult to remove unless a special anti-seize compound is coated onto its threads.
  • Torque the sensor to 30 foot-pounds using a special socket.
  • A sensor that is too loose or a cracked exhaust manifold can result in a lean signal to the computer.
  • Check the vents in the thimble of a replacement O2 sensor.
  • There should be the same number of holes and they should face clockwise or counterclockwise like the ones on the original sensor.
  • Installing the wrong sensor can result in slower cross counts.

---
Operation
Although the oxygen sensor is termed a sensor, in actuality it is a galvanic battery. The oxygen sensor compares the potential difference between the ambient oxygen content around the exhaust and the oxygen content present in the exhaust stream. When the exhaust sample is lean, there is more oxygen in the exhaust as compared to the atmosphere. When the exhaust sample is rich, there is less oxygen content in the exhaust as compared to the atmosphere. The greater the difference between ambient oxygen and exhaust oxygen content, the greater the voltage produced.
For the oxygen sensor(s) to operate properly, it has to reach an operating temperature of approximately 600°F before a consistent voltage potential can be generated.
The Engine Management System (EMS) determines the state of readiness of the oxygen sensors by supplying a bias voltage of approximately 400 - 500mVDC to the oxygen sensor. As the sensor begins to warm up, the voltage produced increases due to rich exhaust mixtures commanded by the EMS. When the EMS senses a return voltage greater than the bias voltage, the computer will command the fuel mixture lean. When the output voltage from the sensor drops below bias voltage levels, the computer will command a rich mixture again. When the EMS determines that the O2 sensor has responded properly and within a predetermined amount of time, it will begin using the sensor as an input to adjust fuel trim.
Many Oxygen sensors used in OBD 2 engine management systems incorporate heaters. These heaters raise the sensors up to operating temperature quickly. The sooner the oxygen sensor gets to operating temperature, the sooner the EMS can maintain closer control over emissions, economy and performance. The oxygen sensor provides the computer with necessary information to maintain favorable operating conditions for the catalytic converter. The role of the catalytic converter is to store oxygen for the reduction of HC, CO and NOx emissions. The oxygen sensor input is used by the EMS to protect the catalytic converter by cycling the air/fuel mixture rich and lean. This provides adequate oxygen for storage while maintaining cool enough operating temperatures to prevent catalyst damage.
In addition to controlling the converters operating conditions for emissions control, the computer uses the oxygen sensors to tailor fuel trim providing a balance between fuel economy and performance.
Abnormal sensor activity has a profound effect on pulse-width and fuel trim strategies. Sensor values that indicate lean conditions will cause the computer to command changes in short term fuel strategies. Conditions such as secondary misfires create excessive HC levels. This also produces high oxygen levels in the exhaust. The oxygen sensor will sense only the increased oxygen content and input to the computer will be below bias voltage levels. The computer will respond by commanding additional fuel.
OBD 2 vehicles use oxygen sensors downstream of the converter(s) to monitor the efficiency of the catalyst. When the catalyst performs properly, available oxygen is used resulting in low levels oxygen in the exhaust sample. While downstream oxygen sensors are constructed the same as upstream oxygen sensors, the values that they generate are different. With relatively richer mixtures present around the downstream oxygen sensor, voltage inputs to the computer will be above the 450mV bias voltage. If the catalyst is operating effectively, the downstream oxygen sensor will cycle when the catalyst is flooded with oxygen. Typical values from the downstream oxygen sensor(s) are between 550- 900mV at idle.
While the downstream oxygen sensor is used to monitor catalyst efficiency, the upstream sensor has a pronounced effect on performance. Lean oxygen sensor values will result in an increase in pulse-width, excessive emissions, surging, hesitation, and potentially catalyst damage. Additional fuel can cause the catalyst temperatures to rise due to an afterburner effect in the converter. The oxygen sensor is the only post combustion input to the EMS. Other malfunctioning systems affect its operation.
Improper rich indications will cause lean operating conditions that may result in loss of power, hesitation, surging, poor idle quality and possibly converter damage. Sensors that do not switch properly, or are lazy do not provide accurate information to allow the computer to properly maintain the air/fuel mixture. Faulty heaters do not allow the sensors to reach operating temperature fast enough and the vehicle may remain in open loop for longer periods of time. Malfunctioning heaters also allow the sensors to cool down during periods of extended idle.
A faulty oxygen sensor due to loose connections, bad grounds, high resistance in the circuit, or opens in the circuit can cause the following symptoms.
Related Symptoms
  • Surging at idle
  • Unstable idle
  • Running rough off idle
  • Hesitation
  • Stumble
  • Chuggle
  • Poor fuel economy
  • Spark knock
  • Stalling on acceleration
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Oct 15, 2010 | 2004 Acura TL

1 Answer

Can't pass emissions inspection


TRY DISCONNECTING THE BATTERY CABLE SO THE PCM (COMPUTER) RESETS TO ORIGINAL DEFAULT VALUES. HOPE THIS WORKS FOR YOU. GOOD LUCK

Apr 29, 2009 | 1998 Mazda Millenia

1 Answer

Monitor Reset


The following conditions must occur to complete a Trip and test all OBD II monitors and components including the Catalyst Efficiency Monitor:
-- The misfire, comprehensive component, and adaptive fuel monitors are checked continuously from engine warm-up and can complete any time.
-- The exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) monitor test requires a series of idles and accelerations.
-- The heated oxygen sensor (HO2S) monitor requires a steady speed drive for approximately 1 minute at 30 to 40 mph.
-- The catalyst efficiency monitor requires a steady speed drive for 1 minute and 20 seconds beyond the HO2S monitor test at 40 to 65 mph.
If you cut engine off before test are completed then you must wait for a 6 hour cool down before monitors will run again.

Feb 06, 2009 | 1996 Nissan Quest

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