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Check engine light on secondary air pump not working. works with 12 volts but is it suppose to be less then 12 volts?

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  • Hilo Hill
    Hilo Hill Mar 28, 2015

    2000 lincoln ls V6 for question above



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Here is the Test procedure:-
1. Access the Air Injection Reaction (AIR) solid state relay, check for battery voltage on the Red/Black wire from fuse F117 and the Green/Black wire from fuse F111 and a good ground on the Black/Green wire. If OK, backprobe the Brown/Yellow wire with a jumper wire.

2. With the relay connected, ground the Brown/Yellow wire and verify that the AIR pump runs. If the pump does not run, leave the Brown/Yellow wire grounded, and check for battery voltage out of the relay on the Red/Black wire. If there is no voltage out the Red/Black wire, replace the relay. If there is battery voltage on the Black/Red wire, locate the AIR pump and verify that the Red/Yellow wire at the pump has battery voltage from the relay, and check for a good ground on the Black/Yellow wire at the pump. If battery voltage is present on the Red/Yellow wire, and the Black wire on the pump is a good ground, but the pump doesn't run, replace the AIR pump.

3. If the AIR pump runs, monitor the Oxygen (O2) sensor operation in closed loop before and after energizing the AIR pump, by grounding the AIR relay Brown/Yellow wire, to verify that both O2 sensors drop to lean readings within seconds of commanding the air pump on.

4. If neither O2 sensor signal goes lean after the AIR pump is commanded on, either the AIR pump has failed or has low output, or the AIR vacuum solenoid may have a functional (mechanical) problem that prevents it from allowing a vacuum signal to either of the switching valves. Locate the AIR vacuum solenoid and verify that it also has power on the Green/Blue wire and that the Brown/Red wire is grounded when the Brown/Yellow wire at the relay is grounded (this is the same wire). Check for good manifold vacuum into the solenoid, and check for vacuum out of the solenoid when the solenoid Brown/Red wire is grounded with the engine running. Check to make sure that the vacuum from the solenoid is reaching the AIR switching valves, and that the switching valves open when vacuum is applied. If all OK, the AIR pump is likely not pumping sufficient air.

5. If only one O2 sensor reading drops lean quickly, check for any problems with the exhaust on that side such as exhaust leaks or restrictions, or a faulty O2 sensor. Repair as needed and recheck operation. Tech tips The wire colors are different at the relay and the air pump and the diverter valve solenoid because of splices between the shared components. Due the location of the components, water ingestion into the air pump has been a problem. 2000 PCED On Board Diagnostics II SECTION 5: Pinpoint Tests Procedure revision date: 05/02/2003 HM: Secondary Air Injection (AIR) System HM: Introduction HM2.GO to HM6.HM3.REPAIR open circuit.HM4.REPAIR short circuit.HM5.REPLACE AIR bypass solenoid.HM11.

All others: GO to HM18.REPLACE solid state relay.HM8 to check electric AIR pump. RECONNECT solid state relay.REPAIR open circuit. RECONNECT solid state relay and fuse.HM8.DRAIN all water from hoses or REPLACE damaged parts. CAUTION: Operating the air pump in Output Test Mode for a period greater than two minutes may overheat and damage the air pump.

  • Disconnect the air hose from the air pump outlet.
  • Access Output Test Mode
  • Command the air pump ON.
  • Monitor the airflow at the air pump outlet.
  • Command the air pump OFF.
  • Is airflow present at the air pump outlet?
    Yes No GO to HM19. GO to HM9. HM10.GO toHM15.HM12.GO to HM32. CAUTION: Caution must be observed while performing this test.Note: On a two-valve system, make sure that air is flowing from both valves.
  • Reconnect vacuum control line.
  • Disconnect air tube from AIR diverter valve(s).
  • Inspect AIR diverter valve(s) outlets for damage from hot exhaust gases. Repair as necessary.
  • Key on, engine off.
  • Enter Output Test Mode.
  • Is air present from the AIR diverter valve(s)?
    Yes No KEY OFF. Repair the exhaust tubes from the AIR diverter valve to the exhaust manifold(s). If OK, GO toHM13. KEY OFF. REPLACE hose from electric AIR pump to AIR diverter valve. If OK, REPLACE the appropriate AIR diverter valve(s). HM14.REPAIR as necessary.Z1.REPAIR as necessary.HM17.GO toHM16.HM22.REPAIR open circuit.HM19.DRAIN all water from air hose. REPLACE or RE-ORIENT hose as appropriate. GO toHM19.Z2.

    If no problem is found, REPLACE PCM. (REFER to Section 2, Flash Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory (EEPROM).)REPLACE solid state relay.HM6.

    Testing is complete.

    All others, GO to HM11.HM21.GO to HM27.HM22.For LS6,GO to B5.

    All others : REPAIR open VPWR circuit between the solid state relay and Electronic Engine Control power relay.HM26. REMAIN in output test mode.If DTC P0411 is present, REPLACE electric AIR pump. GO to HM23. REMAIN in output test mode.Flash Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory (EEPROM).)GO toHM24.HM25.REPAIR the circuit in question.Flash Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory (EEPROM).)REPAIR open EAIR circuit.HM29.REPAIR open circuit.HM30.REPLACE electric AIR pump.HM31.Flash Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory (EEPROM).)HM33.REPLACE the vacuum line connecting the AIR bypass solenoid to AIR diverter valve(s).HM34.Key off. GO to HM35.Z2.REPLACE AIR bypass solenoid.HM36.REPLACE AIR bypass solenoid.HM37.REPAIR open VPWR circuit (and dedicated fuse on LS6).HM38.REPAIR open EAIR circuit.HM39.REPAIR short to ground.Flash Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory (EEPROM).)REPAIR short to power.

    Posted on Mar 30, 2015

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    • Cars & Trucks Master
    • 880 Answers

    12 volts. there is a relay that supplies 12 volts to the pump when closed. this relay is in the power distribution box.

    Posted on Mar 30, 2015

    • Hilo Hill
      Hilo Hill Apr 03, 2015

      I found the fuse but which one is the relay



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    I replaced my secondary air check valve on my 2001 chevy tahoe but code 1416 still comes up. what else can i check

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    P1416 Chevrolet
    P1416 Chevrolet - Secondary Air Injection System Bank 2
    Possible causes
    - Faulty Secondary Air Injection (AIR) pump
    - Secondary Air Injection check valve bank 2
    - Secondary Air Injection (AIR) pump electrical circuit fault
    - Blocked Secondary Air Injection (AIR) system

    When is the code detected?

    The P1416 code is set when no O2 sensor voltage change is detected by the Engine Control Module (ECM).

    Possible symptoms
    - Engine Light ON (or Service Engine Soon Warning Light)

    P1416 Chevrolet Description
    An Secondary Air Injection (AIR) pump is used on this vehicle to lower tail pipe emissions on start-up. The PCM supplies a ground to the AIR pump relay, which energizes the AIR pump. The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) monitors the HO2S voltages to diagnose the AIR system. During the AIR test the PCM activates the AIR pump during closed loop operation. When the AIR is activated, the PCM monitors the HO2S voltages and short term fuel trim values for both banks of the engine. If the AIR system is operating properly, the HO2S voltages should go low and the short term fuel trim should go high.

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    Am looking for what the carmd code p0410 means for a 2004 buick ranier - my car md is not working right.

    CEL light/code P0410, secondary air system fault.
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    Relay/fuse (box B) loc 3 ,15amps
    Pump $434(new) / $243 (Remanufactured) / $95 (used,Ebay)
    solenoid $73
    check valve $18

    A new pump, or simulator!

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    The pump only runs when the engine is cold, so the air & rich fuel mix is burnt in the exhaust manifold, so there's less Emission.

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    Car is choking out and dying. Reads P 0411 code. How do I know if its the motor or just the solenoid valve? How can I check to narrow down what actually is causing the problem? It's on a 2000 VW jetta VR6


    if (window.showTocToggle) { var tocShowText = "show"; var tocHideText = "hide"; showTocToggle(); } 16795/P0411/001041 - Secondary Air Injection System: Incorrect Flow Detected Possible Symptoms
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    Test Requirements
    Ensure all fuses are okay, battery voltage is at least 11.5 volts, all electrical accessories are off, A/C is off.
    Ensure engine is mechanically sound.
    Test Procedure

    Secondary air system is activated by ECM and blows air into exhaust pipe
    upstream of catalytic converter for 100 seconds during a cold start, 41-91°F (5-
    33°C). Engine must be cold to perform following test procedure.

    1. Ensure fuse and secondary fuse (secondary fuse is 40 amp and is located in fuse holder on top of battery)
    are okay. Check hoses and components of Secondary Air Injection System, for damage, loose fit and
    improper installation, check vacuum hoses for Secondary Air Injection System. Repair as necessary.
    Erase DTC memory. Verify repair. If DTC does not reset, test is complete. Perform ECM relearn
    2. Remove engine cover. Disconnect pressure hose from Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101), by pressing
    buttons on hose connector. See Fig. 33 . Using scan tool, check Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101) in
    scan tool Output Diagnostic Test Mode (Secondary Air Pump Relay activation mode). See OUTPUT
    3. Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101) should run in intervals and air should exit pump at hose connection.
    If Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101) is okay, go to step 7 . If motor runs and no air exits secondary air
    pump motor, replace faulty Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101). Erase DTC memory. Verify repair. Test
    is complete. Perform ECM relearn procedure. See TEST DRIVE RELEARN PROCEDURE . If
    secondary air pump motor does not run, go to next step.
    4. Disconnect Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101) harness connector, install LED test light at secondary air
    pump harness connector terminals. Turn ignition on. Using scan tool, activate Secondary Air Pump Motor
    (V101) in scan tool Output Diagnostic Test Mode (Secondary Air Pump Relay activation mode). See
    OUTPUT DIAGNOSTIC TEST MODE . LED test light at Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101) harness
    connector should flash. If LED test light at Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101) harness connector does
    not flash, go to next step. If LED test light at Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101) harness connector
    flashes, replace faulty Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101). Erase DTC memory. Verify repair. Test is
    complete. Perform ECM relearn procedure. See TEST DRIVE RELEARN PROCEDURE .
    5. Using DVOM check resistance of Secondary Air Pump Motor (V101) wiring. See appropriate WIRING
    be a maximum of 1.5 ohms for each reading. Check wiring for short circuit to one another in Secondary
    Air Pump Motor (N101) harness connector. Repair as necessary. Erase DTC memory. Verify repair. Test
    is complete. Perform ECM relearn procedure.
    Secondary Air Pump Motor (N101) wiring is okay, go to next step.
    6. Check Secondary Air Pump Relay (J299) and Secondary Air Pump Relay (J299) wiring. See DTC
    P0418/16802: SECONDARY AIR PUMP RELAY (J299), MALFUNCTION . Repair or replace as
    necessary. Erase DTC memory. Verify repair. Test is complete. Perform ECM relearn procedure. See
    7. Disconnect vacuum hose from Secondary Air Injection Valve (N112) and disconnect pressure hose from
    secondary air pump motor, press buttons on pressure hose connector to disconnect pressure hose. See Fig.
    34 . Blow lightly into disconnected pressure hose, Combi-Valve should be closed. Connect hand vacuum
    pump to disconnected vacuum hose and apply vacuum to Combi-Valve, Combi-Valve should open. If
    Combi-Valve opens when vacuum is applied, Combi-Valve is okay. Go to next step. If Combi-Valve
    does not open when vacuum is applied, replace faulty Combi-Valve. Erase DTC memory. Verify repair.
    Test is complete. Perform ECM relearn procedure. See TEST DRIVE RELEARN PROCEDURE .
    8. Check Secondary Air Injection Valve (N112). See DTC P0412/16796: SECONDARY AIR
    Erase DTC memory. Verify repair. Test is complete. Perform ECM relearn procedure.
    NOTE: Do not use compressed air to check Combi-Valve.
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