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Cooling system how does it operate - Cars & Trucks

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The cooling system in necessary to deal with waste heat produced by the internal combustion engine. Each size and type of engine and vehicle will have a unique set of parameters. Of course there is a rather small amount of radiant heat from the external components of the engine and also from the exhaust system. The most common cooling system is liquid to air. The coolant, which is moved about internally by a centrifugal pump in the engine, absorbs heat up to a predetermined point and then is able to transfer the heat out to the atmosphere via the heat exchanger. Coolant is commonly water based. Certain additives are used to both increase density and prevent galvanic action (corrosion). The thermostat is a variable orifice used to restrict the coolant flow into the heat exchanger (radiator) until a pre-set temperature is reached. At that time the thermostat starts to crack open to allow some coolant into the radiator for heat removal. If not enough heat is removed the thermostat opens wider allowing ever more heat removal at the radiator until the thermostat is wide open. This is the point where the radiator must be correctly sized to be able to dispose of all excess heat. Usually a fan is used to force air through the radiator which increases the amount of heat removed.

Posted on Dec 14, 2014

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My acura legend 97 is getting hot


NEXT STEP,HAVE A COMPLETE COOLING SYSTEM INSPECTION SERVICE PREFORMED AS FOLLOWS;
INSPECT COOLANT LEVEL,
TEST SPECIFIC GRAVITY,
PRESSURE TEST SYSTEM,
PRESSURE TEST RADIATOR/EXPANSION TANK CAP,
INSPECT DRIVE BELT(s),
INSPECT COOLANT HOSES,
INSPECT HEATER HOSES,
INSPECT BYPASS/MISC. COOLANT HOSES/PIPES,
TEST THERMOSTAT OPERATION,
INSPECT RADIATOR TEMPERATURE,
INSPECT RADIATOR COOLING FAN(s)/CLUTCH OPERATION,
INSPECT CONDENSER/AUXILARY COOLING FAN(s) OPERATION(s)
INSPECT RADIATOR & CONDENSER FOR DEBRI,
OBSERVE COOLANT TEMPERATURE GAUGE OPERATION,

Jan 02, 2017 | Acura Legend Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

My 07 Saturn Relay shows ac off for engine protection but the gauge shows cold. The hoses feel normal. What is happening?


A/C Off For Engine Protection
Refer to Cooling System Description and Operation

DTC P1258: Engine Coolant Overtemperature - Protection Mode Active.
This is something you need to take to a qualified repair shop .
The engine cooling fan system consists of 2 electrical cooling fans and 3 fan relays. The relays are arranged in a series/parallel configuration that allows the powertrain control module (PCM) or engine control module (ECM) to operate both fans together at low or high speeds. The cooling fans and fan relays receive battery positive voltage from the underhood junction block. The ground path is provided at G100.
During low speed operation, the PCM/ECM supplies the ground path for the low speed fan relay through the low speed cooling fan relay control circuit. This energizes the cooling fan 1 relay coil, closes the relay contacts, and supplies battery positive voltage from the cool fan 1 maxifuse® through the cooling fan motor supply voltage circuit to the left cooling fan. The ground path for the left cooling fan is through the cooling fan relay and the right cooling fan. The result is a series circuit with both fans running at low speed.
During high speed operation, the PCM/ECM supplies the ground path for the cooling fan 1 relay through the low speed cooling fan relay control circuit. After a 3 second delay, the PCM/ECM supplies a ground path for the cooling fan 2 relay and the cooling fan relay through the high speed cooling fan relay control circuit. This energizes the cooling fan relay coil, closes the relay contacts, and provides a ground path for the left cooling fan. At the same time the cooling fan 2 relay coil is energized closing the relay contacts and provides battery positive voltage from the cool fan 2 maxifuse® on the cooling fan motor supply voltage circuit to the right cooling fan. During high speed fan operation, both engine cooling fans have there own ground path. The result is a parallel circuit with both fans running at high speed.

Nov 20, 2016 | 2007 Saturn Relay

1 Answer

My ac is not working I have a Chevy Tahoe 2005 the fans won't turn on either .


Hi Maria , The A/C system wouldn't keep the fans from running but none working cooling fans will keep the A/C from working ! This is a fairly complex system if your not familiar with this sort of thing ! I will add the description from the factory service manual.
Cooling Fan Control - Two Fan System
The engine cooling fan system consists of 2 electrical cooling fans and 3 fan relays. The relays are arranged in a series/parallel configuration that allows the powertrain control module (PCM) to operate both fans together at low or high speeds. The cooling fans and fan relays receive battery positive voltage from the underhood fuse block.
During low speed operation, the PCM supplies the ground path for the low speed fan relay through the low speed cooling fan relay control circuit. This energizes the low speed fan relay coil, closes the relay contacts, and supplies battery positive voltage from the low fan fuse through the cooling fan motor supply voltage circuit to the left cooling fan. The ground path for the left cooling fan is through the cooling fan s/p relay and the right cooling fan. The result is a series circuit with both fans running at low speed.
During high speed operation the PCM supplies the ground path for the low speed fan relay through the low speed cooling fan relay control circuit. After a 3 second delay, the PCM supplies a ground path for the high speed fan relay and the cooling fan s/p relay through the high speed cooling fan relay control circuit. This energizes the cooling fan s/p relay coil, closes the relay contacts, and provides a ground path for the left cooling fan. At the same time the high speed fan relay coil is energized closing the relay contacts and provides battery positive voltage from the high fan fuse on the cooling fan motor supply voltage circuit to the right cooling fan. During high speed fan operation, both engine cooling fans have there own ground path. The result is a parallel circuit with both fans running at high speed.
Do you have a check engine light lit ? The thing to do would have it check at the dealer or a ASE certified repair facility ! They could hook up a advanced scan tool an diagnose fairly quick ! Or you could find a wiring diagram an try testing with a volt meter yourself ! But watch yourself so you don't short out the PCM - engine computer !

May 01, 2015 | AC Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Coolant leak under car


I would begin by utilizing our shop's standard cooling system procedure.....
INSPECT COOLANT LEVEL,
TEST SPECIFIC GRAVITY,
****PRESSURE TEST SYSTEM,
****PRESSURE TEST RADIATOR/EXPANSION TANK CAP,
INSPECT DRIVE BELT(s),
****INSPECT COOLANT HOSES,
****INSPECT HEATER HOSES,
****INSPECT BYPASS/MISC. COOLANT HOSES/PIPES,
TEST THERMOSTAT OPERATION,
INSPECT RADIATOR TEMPERATURE,
INSPECT RADIATOR COOLING FAN(s)/CLUTCH OPERATION,
INSPECT CONDENSER/AUXILARY COOLING FAN(s) OPERATION(s)
INSPECT RADIATOR & CONDENSER FOR DEBRI,
OBSERVE COOLANT TEMPERATURE GAUGE OPERATION,

Jan 24, 2014 | Ford Mustang Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

MY 1991 JEEP WRANGLER CARS HEATER DOESNT WORK


If the blower works check for coolant in the cooling system. Test operation of thermostat. Check heater control valve for proper operation if equipped. Pressure test cooling system to ensure system holds pressure (this will help you identify a leak, if any. If car does not over heat and cooling system is in good working order, then the heater core is clogged.
If the blower does not work Check fuse, relay, wiring for short to ground, apply direct battery voltage to blower motor. If blower motor turns on and fuse/relay and wiring are ok replace the switch.

Dec 14, 2010 | 1991 Jeep Wrangler

1 Answer

How to change the radiator fan?


Electric Engine Fan - Fan Switch

Removal & Installation
2.7L Engine
  1. Disconnect negative battery cable.
  2. Partially drain cooling system.
  3. Disconnect the electrical connector .
  4. Remove engine coolant sensor from coolant outlet tube .
To install:
  1. Apply thread sealant to sensor threads.
  2. Install engine coolant temperature sensor into coolant outlet tube.
  3. Tighten sensor to 20 ft. lbs.(28 Nm) torque.
  4. Connect electrical connector to engine coolant temperature sensor .

3.2L And 3.5L Engines
  1. Disconnect negative battery cable.
  2. Partially drain cooling system.
  3. With the engine cold, disconnect coolant sensor electrical connector.
  4. Remove sensor.
To install:
  1. Install engine coolant temperature sensor.
  2. Tighten sensor to 20 ft. lbs.(28 Nm) torque.
  3. Attach electrical connector to sensor.
  4. Connect negative battery cable.
Removal & Installation
  1. Disconnect negative battery cable.
  2. Partially drain cooling system.
  3. Remove upper radiator hose.
  4. Disconnect cooling fan electrical connector.
  5. Remove cooling fan mounting bolts.
  6. Remove radiator cooling fan assembly from vehicle.

    f9d971c.jpg
    Fig. Removal and installation of the radiator fan-2.7L Engine shown
To install:
  1. Position radiator cooling fan assembly in vehicle.
  2. Install cooling fan mounting bolts. Tighten to 50 inch lbs. (6 Nm)
  3. Connect cooling fan electrical connector.
  4. Install upper radiator hose .
  5. Fill cooling system.
  6. Operate engine until it reaches normal operating temperature.
  7. Check cooling system and automatic transmission for correct fluid levels.

Hope helps (remember comment and rated this).

Jul 13, 2010 | 2001 Dodge Intrepid

1 Answer

Code p1652 on a 1996 pontiac grand prix does anyone know what it means the book for computer codes is incomplete


Trouble code P1652 means: Cooling Fan 2 Relay Control Circuit Malfunction

I would start by checking power supply to the cooling fans,making sure the coolant system is full,& using a scn tool to verify the proper operation of the cooling fan system.Here is some info to help you.

The Powertrain Control Module (PCM) controls the operation of the cooling fans. This is accomplished by providing a ground path for the cooling fan relay coils within the PCM. The relay contacts will close and complete the circuit between the fusible link at the battery junction block and the fan motors. Whenever there is a fan ON request both fans will be running.

Power for the fan motors is supplied through a fusible link at the battery junction block. Battery positive voltage is applied to the cooling fan relay contacts and coils. The cooling fan relays are energized when current flows through the relay coils to ground at the PCM. The cooling fan relay #1 control circuit is used for low speed cooling fan operation. The cooling fan relay #1 control circuit and the cooling fan relay #2 and #3 control circuit are both grounded for high speed fan operation. The cooling fan relay control circuits are monitored by the PCM. Before using the Electric Cooling Fans diagnostic tables be sure to perform the Powertrain On-Board Diagnostic System Check. If diagnostic trouble codes P1651 or P1652 are present, use the appropriate DTC diagnostic tables prior to performing Electric Cooling Fans diagnostics.

Important:
When certain Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) are present, the PCM may command the cooling fans to run all the time. It is important to perform the Powertrain On-Board Diagnostic System check prior to diagnosing the engine cooling fans.The PCM will complete the ground path for cooling fan relay #1 under any of the following conditions:
- When engine coolant temperature exceeds 105°C (221°F)
- When A/C is requested and ambient temperature is greater than 10°C (50°F)
- When A/C refrigerant pressure is greater than 190 psi (2 volts)

For high speed cooling fans operation, the PCM will delay control of the cooling fan #2 and #3 relays for 6 seconds. The 6 second delay ensures that the cooling fan electrical load will not exceed the capacity of the system. The PCM will complete the ground paths for cooling fan relays #1, #2, and #3 under any of the following conditions:
- When engine coolant temperature exceeds 113°C (235°F)
- When A/C refrigerant pressure is greater than 275 psi (2.9 volts)

If a problem that involves the low speed cooling fan relay control circuit (cooling fan relay #1 control) exists, DTC P1651 should set. If the problem affects the high speed cooling fan relay control circuit (cooling fan relay #2 and #3 control), DTC P1652 should set. A problem with the ECT sensor should set DTC P0117, P0118, P1114, or P1115. Any of these DTCs will affect cooling fan operation and should be diagnosed before using the Electric Cooling Fan Diagnosis table. The Electric Cooling Fan Diagnosis table should be used to diagnose the PCM controlled cooling fans only if no DTC is set.
Hope this help to solve your poblem (remember rated and comment this help).

Mar 21, 2010 | 1996 Pontiac Grand Prix

1 Answer

My 2001 lincoin ls gauge goes up to the h and then come back down


you probably have air trapped in the system. Have dealer or radiator shop bleed system.

I assume your cooling fan is working.

what engine v6 or v8?

SECTION 303-03: Engine Cooling 2001 Lincoln LS Workshop Manual
DESCRIPTION AND OPERATION Engine Cooling The cooling system components include the:
  • block heater (optional)
  • cylinder head temperature sensor
  • fan blade, fan motor and fan shroud assembly
  • radiator
  • pressure relief cap
  • degas bottle
  • radiator draincock
  • water pump
  • oil cooler (optional)
  • water thermostat
The water thermostat:
  • controls the engine coolant temperature.
  • allows quicker engine warm-up.
The degas bottle:
  • provides a location for system fill.
  • contains coolant expansion and system pressurization.
  • provides air separation during operation.
  • replenishes the engine coolant to the system.
The fan blade draws air through the radiator to help cool the engine coolant.
The fan motor:
  • operates only when the engine is running.
  • will not operate when the engine is off.
The engine coolant flows:
  • from the lower radiator hose to the water pump.
  • from the water pump to the engine block and the cylinder heads.
A closed water thermostat returns the engine coolant to the water pump. An open water thermostat allows the engine coolant to flow to the radiator.
Unsatisfactory coolant materials:
  • Alcohol-type antifreeze does not provide adequate water pump lubrication.
    • has lower boiling point
    • reduced antifreeze protection
  • Alkaline brine solutions will cause serious engine cooling system damage.
The cylinder head temperature sensor provides a signal to the temperature gauge.
  • will invoke failsafe cooling.
The optional block heater:
  • electrical heating element is installed in the block cooling jacket.
    • uses a standard 110V (220V in Europe) electrical supply
  • keeps the engine coolant warm during cold weather.
The auxiliary water pump (3.9L only):
  • provides heater coolant flow boost.
  • has a secondary function of providing engine-off cooling.

May 01, 2009 | 2001 Lincoln LS

3 Answers

Van chevrolet venture 2000


Fifteen minutes! you have bigger problems than only the fans the fans are controlled by a thermo switch that is heated by the coolant, If you have no coolant the sensor cannot activate But fifteen minutes seems like you may have a headgasket problem and steam cannot heat the coolant sensor.OperationNotesThe electric cooling fan operates when the engine cooling temperature exceeds a certain value. The cooling fan on this engine is controlled by the Powertrain Control Module (PCM) . The PCM turns the cooling fan ON by grounding the coil of the cooling fan relays when certain conditions are met. When the A/C is requested, the cooling fan will also be turned ON.

Power for the cooling fan motors are supplied through Maxifuses(R). The cooling fan relays are energized when current flows from the fuses in the Underhood Accessory Wiring Junction Block, and through the relay coils to ground through the PCM. The Coolant Fan 1 Relay Control Circuit is grounded for low speed fans operation. During low speed fans operation, both fans run at a slow speed. The Coolant Fan 1 Relay Control Circuit is grounded for high speed operation. During high speed fans operation, both fans run at high speed.

IMPORTANT: When certain Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs) are present, the PCM may command the cooling fans to run all the time. Perform the A Powertrain On Board Diagnostic (OBD) System Check prior to diagnosing the engine cooling fans.

For more information regarding the Charging System, refer to Charging System Description , and Charging System Circuit Description in Starting and Charging.

If a problem that involves the low speed cooling fan relay control circuit exists, DTC P0480 Cooling Fan Relay 1 Control Circuit should set. If the problem affects the high speed cooling fan relay control circuit, DTC P0481 Cooling Fan Relay 2 Control Circuit should set. A problem with the ECT sensor should set DTC P0117 Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Circuit Low Voltage, DTC P0118 Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Circuit High Voltage, DTC P1114 Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Circuit Intermittent Low Voltage, DTC P1115 Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Circuit Intermittent High Voltage. Any of these DTCs will affect cooling fan operation and should be diagnosed before using the Electric Cooling Fan Diagnosis.

For more information regarding the Cooling System refer to Engine Cooling Fan Description - Electric, and Cooling System Description in Cooling System.


Here is the electrical schematic and how it all is suppose to work,
If you need any further help please contact me Thank you,Randy If you find this information helpful please give me a good rating

www.aceautomotive1.com

Aug 16, 2008 | 2000 Chevrolet Venture

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