Question about 1994 Toyota Pickup

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How to replace the timing chain and cover 22R-E engine 5 speed trans 2wd.

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It's a lot of work. I've rebuilt my engine.
It's just way too much info to put on the computer.
The best and easiest way for a Do-It-Yourselfer is to get a Chilton Manual for the autoparts store. It's cost about $20. It's will show you everything on how to do it step by step.

Here's what your look at to get the job done:
Removing the radiator, belts, pulleys, AC pump bracket (if it has AC), valve cover, distributor, and timing chain cover.

You'll have to replace:
Timing chain ( of course ), valve cover gaskets, timing chain cover gaskets, coolant, engine oil, and O-ring for the distributor.
It would be a good idea to replace the oil pump as long as you have everything part.

Posted on Jun 28, 2009

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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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How to fix a timing chain rattle on a 85-94 Toyota 22R engine


Toyota 22R 1985-94 85- Celica, P.U., Four runner.

There are two basic different 20-21-22r engines, and three different timing chain setups. The early tall block 20-22r block used a dual row chain with steel backed rubber faced guides, the 83-84 22r used a single row chain with plastic guides and short step bolts, then came the final setup, a shorter block, thinner head, combustion chamber with a large squish area, nearly flat pistons, and pear shaped exhaust ports. It has a single row chain, with plastic guides with long step bolts on the left (drivers side) and short step bolts on the right holding the guides on. On this last 22R there is high incidence of guide failure, usually starting with the long straighter left guide breaking, allowing the chain to rattle against the timing cover in the area where the coolant passes through to the water pump, eventually wearing through and letting coolant into the crankcase. Upon inspection we find the chain is loose when installed, the tensioner is close to half way out on a new engine.

If we use a right side, curved guide and
short step bolts from an 83-84 and a prestretched timing chain, it goes together tight, the tensioner is fully retracted making the whole setup have less play, and less chance to rattle and break the left guide. I've never seen this setup fail, oil leaks from using sealant around the oil ports on the right side have been tough, but using the factory gasket on this side seems to work, also the felpro with printed seal in this area seem to work well.

This is critical if the block and head have been surfaced, making the chain even looser.

Hope this helps

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there are 2 tdc positions on an engine and it is possible that you got tdc on exhaust stroke which would mean that the marks will not line up
also if you paid to have the job done and it is leaking oil , it is the mechanics job to fix the leak --not yours

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I have a 1982 toyota pickup with the 22r. My dist. is not turnning.Does it have a chain or a belt?,and what kind of tensioner?


The 22R engine has a timing chain. The tensioner is like a small plastic block that pushes the chain to the side between the crankshaft and the camshaft.
Best way to find the problem with the distributor, is to take the valve cover off and see if the timing chain is broken or the gear running off the camshaft is broken.

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Water/oil mixing in 22r engine


yes it can mix, also check the timing cover for rubs from the timing chain. this is the common problem with 22r. many mechanics will tell you its the block but they are just trying to make money.

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Just had new head gasket and timing gear and chain put in 86 22r


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Apr 22, 2009 | 1987 Toyota Pickup

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I've rebuilt my engine on my '86 22R-E.
I'm willing to bet the timing chain cover it cracked if the timing chain broke. Coolant does run through the timing chain cover and the water pump is mounted to it.

Best thing to do is get a Chilton manual at the Autoparts store. It runs about $20. That way you have better research material. It will give you step by step procedure to do repairs.

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1985 toyota 4x4 pickup/22R engine


put new contact point in the disrabuter,
22R has chain not belt you can check if the chain is off remove cylinder head cover you can see on front side of the engine,

Sep 10, 2008 | 1991 Toyota Pickup

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