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2 speed electric shift transfer case problems #1 jack up truck place on 4 jack stands. Start and select 4 high position in drive release brake ad watch front driveshaft does it turn "yes" problem is axle actuator on passenger side of differential not engaging axle shaft. "no" apply brakes bring to a stop engage low range does low range work "yes" internal transfer case problems "no" electric transfer case shifting motor failure.
take a standard screwdriver apply pressure to the whole switch panel towrds the drivers window then repeatedly push the 2 wheel drive button until the low lock button flashes then keep on pushing 2wheel drive button til it shifts you can tell its out by cranking steering wheel all the way to either end of travel and move foward no binding means your out
THE TRANSFER CASE MOTOR IS NOT WORKING TO INGAGE 4 WHEEL DRIVE. CHECK WITH DOOR OPEN WHEN YOU PUSH 4 WHEEL SWITCH YOU SHOULD HEAR MOTOR INGAGE 4 WHEEL DRIVE. IF YOU HEAR MOTOR BUT STILL NO 4 WHEEL DRIVE THE GEAR ON MOTOR COULD BE DAMAGED. REPLACE TRANSFER CASE MOTOR.
That depends a lot on how your truck is equipped. GM uses several different 4 wheel systems including AWD, Part-Time 4WD, Full-Time 4WD, and ON-Demand AWD. Then there is another version used on some trucks that is a combination of 4WD and On Demand AWD. - it gets a little confusing but each system as slightly different charachteristics.
Genericly speaking, if you have the push-buttons on your dash that say "4-HI", "4-LO", and "2HI" and/or Auto-4WD , the transfer case has an electronicly-controlled stepper motor which shifts the transfer case into the selected mode. An electric solenoid/actuator then engages/disengages the front differential for 2-Wheel or 4-Wheel modes. One push of the button and it shifts the transfer case and engages the front differential.
That's much easier than the old days when you had to stop the truck, get out (Sometimes in the middle of a big mud hole) and lock the front hubs then get back in and play with the lever in the floor to get the transfer case to shift into the desired mode.
If you have tried shifting stopped and moving, then I'd say the transfer servo could be broken. It is the motor on the transfer case that shifts it in and out of four wheel drive. If you know how to use a voltmeter, test the wires that run to the servo to see if it is getting the signals it should be. Newer vehicles usually have a computer associated with the transfer case motor. You could have the car plugged to a tester at auto zone to see if it is giving a code.
The four wheel drive systems in these vehicles are simple. The push button controls the four wheel drive computer. The computer tells the encoder motor (on transfer case) to shift. When the transfer case shifts there is a vaccum switch on the transfer that is activated which sends vaccum to the accuator under the battery. The accuator pulls a cable to lock the front axle in. This covers all s series trucks and suv's with push button four wheel drive but not with auto or all wheel. Now to answer some questions. If your push button is lit up but will not go in to four high you should try to reset the four wheel drive computer. To reset pull the courtesy light and atc fuses for sixty seconds install fuses then cycle key on and off 5 times. If your transfer case shifts but your front end does not lock in check for vaccum at the switch on the transfer case in and out. If no vaccum out replace switch motormite number 49315 at parts store. If you have vaccum out check accuator.