Question about 2005 Nissan Maxima 3.5 SL

1 Answer

Change engine harness n ECM car would not idle , dumping too much gas

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  • Brad Brown Apr 16, 2014

    Hi Ian Harewood, I want to help you with your problem, but I need more information from you. Can you please add details in the comment box?

  • Ian Harewood
    Ian Harewood Apr 16, 2014

    car was crash harness was damage front o2 sensor wire is still broken can this cause it 2 dump 2 much gas

  • Brad Brown Apr 17, 2014

    You should have a check engine light on with that bad wire. That could be part of the problem.

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  • Master
  • 711 Answers

Check the EGR valve, may be stuck. Remove and check for carbon deposits. Clean with brake- kleen. on the part that goes inside the manifold. You can usually pull back the diaphragm with your finger.

Posted on Apr 16, 2014

  • Daryl Gleaton Apr 18, 2014

    Yes, that can cause the engine to go into a closed loop. This is a mode that allows the vehicle to run, but not efficiently. Which O2 sensor is it? The O2 sensor tells the engine control module what the mixture is, if it is lean or rich and sends the signal to the ECM that adjusts the fuel mixture and thus the emissions. Again sir which O2 sensor has a broken wire, where is it located ?? On the right side header, the left side header, before the catalytic converter or behind the catalytic converter ???

  • Daryl Gleaton Apr 18, 2014

    Repair the broken wires connect to the O2 sensor start it and see if it runs right. The check engine light may be on, that takes about fifty miles of driving to reset all the monitors. If the light stays on then you will need at the very least a code checker to proceed further. Hope this helps.

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I just got my car scanned and a few codes pop up


Error Code: P0130
Fault:
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Possible Cause:
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL) Triggered on first occurrence.
-Wiring harness.
-Oxygen sensor (O2S).
-Engine control module (ECM).

Error Code: P0505
Fault:
Idle Speed Control (ISC) System - Malfunction
Possible Cause:
-Wiring harness.
-Idle speed control (ISC) actuator/Idle air control valve (IAC) valve.
-Throttle motor.
-Throttle valve tight/sticking.
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Error Code: P0100
Fault Location:
-Mass Air Flow (MAF) Sensor/Volume Air Flow (VAF) Sensor - Circuit --Malfunction
Possible Cause:
-Wiring harness.
-Mass air flow (MAF) sensor.
-Volume air flow (VAF) sensor.
-Engine control module (ECM).

Error Code: P1491
Fault:
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Possible Cause:
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Error Code:P1607
Fault:
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Error Code: P0966
Location:
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When i turn on the ac the idle goes low and the the car vibrates. When i turn off the ac the car stop vibrating.



Operation

The Idle Air Control (IAC) valve controls the amount of air that bypasses the throttle valve, which controls the engine idle speed. The IAC valve consists of windings, an armature, a return spring, and a rotary slide. The engine control module (ECM) pulses the voltage to the winding, the opposing forces on the armature by the return spring cause it to maintain a fixed position, adjusting the amount of bypass air to maintain the correct idle speed.


Removal & Installation

  1. Turn the ignition switch to the OFF position.
  2. Disconnect the idle air control valve harness electrical connector.
  3. Using a suitable tool, remove idle air control valve.
  4. Installation is in reverse order of removal.


Testing

Checking Idle Air Control Valve (IAC) Triggering

  1. Check IAC valve is electrically OK.
  2. Slide up boot on the IAC valve connector.



0900c152801c00a1.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. IAC Connector

  1. Use scan tool 'Output Diagnostic Test Mode' function 03 to trigger the IAC valve - N71.
  2. Connect VAG 1527B voltage tester, or equivalent, between terminal 1 and engine ground (GND). Voltage tester must flash.
  3. Connect VAG 1527B voltage tester, or equivalent, between terminal 2 and battery positive voltage (B+). Voltage tester must light up.
  4. If specified results are not obtained:
    1. Connect VAG 1598/19 test box, or equivalent, to ECM harness connector.
    2. Check the wiring between harness and connector terminal 1 (in engine compartment) to test box socket D11 . Then check the wiring between harness connector terminal 2 and test box socket D9 using wiring diagram. Repair as necessary.
    3. If the wiring is okay, but triggering still does not occur, replace the ECM.
    4. If the triggering signal and the wiring are okay and the valve does not react, replace the IAC valve.


Checking Mechanical Function
  1. Remove the idle air control (IAC) valve.
  2. Visually check the surface of the rotary slide (arrow) for signs of wear.



0900c152801c00a2.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Showing the IAC Valve

WARNING Do NOT check for ease of movement by prying on the rotary slide with a screwdriver or other tools that could cause scratching or other damage.

  1. Reconnect the IAC valve, while still removed, to the harness connector.
  2. Use scan tool 'Output Diagnostic Test Mode' function 03 to trigger IAC valve - N71.
  3. Check whether rotary slide moves freely from stop to stop.
  4. If there are signs of scoring, or if the rotary slide does not move freely in both directions, replace the IAC valve.
  5. If the IAC valve does not respond (not triggered) during the Output Diagnostic Test Mode, check triggering.

Resistance Test
  1. Remove the idle air control valve harness connector.
  2. Use a suitable Digital Multimeter (DMM) to measure the resistance between the 2 terminals of the idle air control valve.
  3. The correct measurement should be 7-11 ohms. If not, replace the idle air control valve.


NOTE At room temperature, the resistance value will be lower. The resistance value will be higher if the Idle Air Control (IAC) valve is measured at under-hood operating temperatures.
  1. Reconnect the idle air control valve harness connector.
  2. The idle air control valve should hum and vibrate slightly when the ignition is turned 'ON'. If not, the ECM or harness may be defective.

Testing with VAG1551:
  1. Remove the idle air control valve harness connector.
  2. Connect the VAG 15278 LED tester to terminals 1 and 2 of the harness connector using the jumpers from VW 1594 adaptor kit.
  3. Turn ignition ON, perform steps from output DTM (Diagnostic Test Mode) to activate the IAC valve (N71) LED tester must blink.
  4. If tester does not blink, check wiring using VAG 1598 pin out box, electrical checks, step 26. Repair as necessary.
  5. If wiring is okay, replace the ECM.
  6. If LED tester blinks but the IAC valve does not operate, replace the IAC valve.

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try correcting the short first before you do burn out the comp.
if this is the model with the in line coil pack you will need to make sure the heater hoses are not drooping down on the pack.use wire straps to raise the heater hoses just off the pack.you may want to remove the pack and put some dielectric lube on the spark plug boots so it goes down all the way on the spark plug.when the plug miss fires and causes the engine to stumble the comp raises the idle to compesate.then the plug fires again and the idle surges.
hope this helps
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1 Answer

Xterra repair


Since this is an intermittent problem, first try to determine if the problem arises due to one of these many intermittent problems:

* Vehicle vibration
* Heat sensitive
* Freezing
* Water intrusion
* Electrical load
* Cold or hot start up

If you can't isolate the cause of the intermittent problem, you can try adjusting the Idle Speed/Ignition Timing/Idle Mixture Ratio:

Idle Speed/Ignition Timing/Idle Mixture Ratio Adjustment

PREPARATION
1) Make sure that the following parts are in good order.

* Battery
* Ignition system
* Engine oil and coolant levels
* Fuses
* ECM harness connector
* Vacuum hoses
* Air intake system
* (Oil filler cap, oil level gauge, etc.)
* Fuel pressure
* Engine compression
* EGR valve operation (If so equipped)
* Throttle valve
* Evaporative emission system

2) On air conditioner equipped models, checks should be carried out while the air conditioner is OFF.
3) On automatic transmission equipped models, when checking idle rpm, ignition timing and mixture ratio,
checks should be carried out while shift lever is in “N” position.
4) When measuring “CO” percentage, insert probe more than 40 cm (15.7 in) into tail pipe.
5) Turn off headlamps, heater blower, rear defogger.
6) Keep front wheels pointed straight ahead.
7) Make the check after the cooling fan has stopped.

INSPECTION PROCEDURE

1 INSPECTION START
1. Visually check the following:
I Air cleaner clogging
I Hoses and ducts for leaks
I EGR valve operation (If so equipped)
I Electrical connectors
I Gasket
I Throttle valve and throttle position sensor operation
2. Start engine and warm it up until engine coolant temperature indicator points to the middle of gauge.
Ensure engine stays below 1,000 rpm.
3. Open engine hood and run engine at about 2,000 rpm for about 2 minutes under no-load.
4. Perform diagnostic test mode II (Self-diagnostic results).
OK or NG
OK ' GO TO 2.
NG ' 1. Repair or replace components as necessary.
2. GO TO 2.

2 CHECK IGNITION TIMING
1. Run engine at about 2,000 rpm for about 2 minutes under no-load.
2. Rev engine (2,000 to 3,000 rpm) two or three times under no-load, then run engine at idle speed.
3. Turn off engine and disconnect throttle position sensor harness connector.
4. Start and rev engine (2,000 - 3,000 rpm) two or three times under no-load, then run at idle speed.
5. Check ignition timing with a timing light.
15°±2° BTDC (in “P” or “N” position)
OK or NG
OK ' GO TO 4.
NG ' GO TO 3.

3 ADJUST IGNITION TIMING
1. Adjust ignition timing by turning distributor after loosening securing bolts.
2. Turn off engine and connect throttle position sensor harness connector to throttle position sensor.
' GO TO 2.


4 CHECK BASE IDLE SPEED
1. Check idle speed.
700±50 rpm (in “P” or “N” position)
OK or NG
OK ' GO TO 6.
NG ' GO TO 5.

5 ADJUST BASE IDLE SPEED
1. Rev engine (2,000 to 3,000 rpm) 2 or 3 times under no-load then run engine at idle speed.
2. Adjust idle speed by turning idle speed adjusting screw.
700±50 rpm (in “P” or “N” position)
' GO TO 6.

6 CHECK TARGET IDLE SPEED
1. Turn off engine and connect throttle position sensor harness connector.
2. Start and rev engine (2,000 to 3,000 rpm) 2 or 3 times under no-load then run at idle speed.
3. Check idle speed.
750±50 rpm (in “P” or “N” position)
OK or NG
OK ' GO TO 9.
NG ' GO TO 7.

7 DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART
Check the following.
1. Check IACV-AAC valve and replace if necessary.
2. Check IACV-AAC valve harness and repair if necessary.
3. Check ECM function by substituting another known good ECM.
(ECM may be the cause of a problem, but this is rarely the case.)
' GO TO 9.

9 CHECK FRONT HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR LH SIGNAL
1. Run engine at about 2,000 rpm for about 2 minutes under no-load.
2. Set “Left bank front heated oxygen sensor monitor” in the Diagnostic Test Mode II.
3. Make sure that MIL goes on more than 5 times during 10 seconds at 2,000 rpm.
OK or NG
OK ' GO TO 12.
NG (MIL does not blink.) ' GO TO 17.
NG (MIL blinks less than 5 times.)
' 1. Replace front heated oxygen sensor LH.
2. GO TO 10.


10 CHECK FRONT HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR LH SIGNAL
1. Warm engine to normal operating temperature.
2. Run engine at approx. 2000 rpm for approx. 2 minutes under no-load.
3. Set “Left bank front heated oxygen sensor monitor” in the Diagnostic Test Mode II.
4. Make sure that MIL goes on more than 5 times during 10 seconds at 2,000 rpm.
OK or NG
OK ' GO TO 13.
NG ' GO TO 11.

11 DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART
Check the following.
1. Check fuel pressure regulator.
2. Check mass air flow sensor and its circuit.
3. Check injector and its circuit.
Clean or replace if necessary.
4. Check engine coolant temperature sensor and its circuit.
5. Check ECM function by substituting another known good ECM.
(ECM may be the cause of a problem, but this is rarely the case.)
' GO TO 2.


13 CHECK FRONT HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR RH SIGNAL
1. Set “Right bank front heated oxygen sensor monitor” in the Diagnostic Test Mode II.
2. Make sure that MIL goes on more than 5 times during 10 seconds at 2,000 rpm.
OK or NG
OK ' INSPECTION END
NG (MIL does not blink.) ' GO TO 16.
NG (MIL blinks less than 5 times.)
' 1. Replace front heated oxygen sensor RH.
2. GO TO 14.


14 CHECK FRONT HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR RH SIGNAL
1. Warm engine to normal operating temperature.
2. Run engine at approx. 2000 rpm for approx. 2 minutes under no-load.
3. Set “Right bank front heated oxygen sensor monitor” in the Diagnostic Test Mode II.
4. Make sure that MIL goes on more than 5 times during 10 seconds at 2,000 rpm.
OK or NG
OK ' INSPECTION END
NG ' GO TO 15.

15 DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART
Check the following.
1. Check fuel pressure regulator.
2. Check mass air flow sensor and its circuit.
3. Check injector and its circuit. Clean or replace if necessary.
4. Check engine coolant temperature sensor and its circuit.
5. Check ECM function by substituting another known good ECM.
(ECM may be the cause of a problem, but this is rarely the case.)
' GO TO 2.
16 CHECK FRONT HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR RH HARNESS
1. Turn off engine and disconnect battery ground cable.
2. Disconnect ECM harness connector.
3. Disconnect front heated oxygen sensor RH harness connector.
4. Check harness continuity between ECM terminal 50 and front heated oxygen sensor RH harness connector.
Continuity should exist.
OK or NG
OK ' 1. Connect ECM harness connector.
2. GO TO 18.
NG ' 1. Repair or replace harness.
2. GO TO 9.

17 CHECK FRONT HEATED OXYGEN SENSOR LH HARNESS
1. Turn off engine and disconnect battery ground cable.
2. Disconnect ECM harness connector.
3. Disconnect front heated oxygen sensor LH harness connector.
4. Check harness continuity between ECM terminal 51 and front heated oxygen sensor LH harness connector.
Continuity should exist.
OK or NG
OK ' 1. Connect ECM harness connector.
2. GO TO 18.
NG ' 1. Repair or replace harness.
2. GO TO 9.

18 PREPARATION FOR “CO” % CHECK
1. Disconnect engine coolant temperature sensor harness connector.
2. Connect a resistor (4.4 kW) between terminals of engine coolant temperature sensor harness connector.
' GO TO 19.

19 CHECK “CO” %
1. Start engine and warm it up until engine coolant temperature indicator points to the middle of gauge.
2. Rev engine (2,000 to 3,000 rpm) two or three times under no-load, then run engine at idle speed.
3. Check “CO” %.
Idle CO: 1.5 - 9%
After checking CO%,
a. Disconnect the resistor from terminals of engine coolant temperature sensor.
b. Connect engine coolant temperature sensor harness connector to engine coolant temperature sensor.
OK or NG
OK ' 1. Replace front heated oxygen sensor LH.
2. GO TO 10.
NG ' GO TO 20.

20 DETECT MALFUNCTIONING PART
Check the following.
1. Connect front heated oxygen sensor harness connectors to front heated oxygen sensors.
2. Check fuel pressure regulator.
3. Check mass air flow sensor and its circuit.
4. Check injector and its circuit.
Clean or replace if necessary.
5. Check engine coolant temperature sensor and its circuit.
6. Check ECM function by substituting another known good ECM.
(ECM may be the cause of a problem, but this is rarely the case.)
' GO TO 2.

Aug 17, 2008 | 2000 Nissan Xterra

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