Question about 2002 Kia Spectra

Open Question

Crankshaft center pulley bolt torque

Need torque for crankshaft pulley center bolt

Posted by Anonymous on

Ad

2 Suggested Answers

6ya6ya
  • 2 Answers

SOURCE: I have freestanding Series 8 dishwasher. Lately during the filling cycle water hammer is occurring. How can this be resolved

Hi,
a 6ya expert can help you resolve that issue over the phone in a minute or two.
best thing about this new service is that you are never placed on hold and get to talk to real repairmen in the US.
the service is completely free and covers almost anything you can think of (from cars to computers, handyman, and even drones).
click here to download the app (for users in the US for now) and get all the help you need.
goodluck!

Posted on Jan 02, 2017

Ad
Hobbit_who
  • 2044 Answers

SOURCE: 2004 Kia 3.5 crankshaft bolt and pulley parts update?

It is a BOLT, it takes a lot of Force (IMPACT GUN) to remove them... I have never had a problem removing one but it does take time...

Posted on Jan 03, 2015

Testimonial: "The Kia crank bolt and pulley I just would like to know if there is a new type bolt and pulley up date my is fine but I would like to know if new type because I do not want to have a break down. Thanks"

Ad

Add Your Answer

Uploading: 0%

my-video-file.mp4

Complete. Click "Add" to insert your video. Add

×

Loading...
Loading...

Related Questions:

1 Answer

Torque specs


B: INSTALLATION
1) Install the crankshaft pulley.
2) Install the pulley bolt.
To lock the crankshaft, use ST.
ST 499977400 CRANKSHAFT PULLEY
WRENCH
(1) Clean the crankshaft pulley thread using an
air gun.
(2) Apply engine oil to the crankshaft pulley bolt
seat and thread.
(3) Tighten the bolts temporarily with tightening
torque of 44 N·m (4.5 kgf-m, 33 ft-lb).
(4) Tighten the crankshaft pulley bolts.
Tightening torque:
127 N·m (13 kgf-m, 94.0 ft-lb)

Apr 10, 2014 | 1997 Subaru Outback

1 Answer

How many foot pounds of torque should i tighten the bolt that holds on the harmonic balance on a 1996 subaru legacy outback


From FSM:

B: INSTALLATION
1) Install the crankshaft pulley.
2) Install the pulley bolt.
To lock the crankshaft, use ST.
ST 499977400 CRANKSHAFT PULLEY
WRENCH
(1) Clean the crankshaft pulley thread using an
air gun.
(2) Apply engine oil to the crankshaft pulley bolt
seat and thread.
(3) Tighten the bolts temporarily with tightening
torque of 44 N·m (4.5 kgf-m, 33 ft-lb).
(4) Tighten the crankshaft pulley bolts.
Tightening torque:
127 N·m (13 kgf-m, 94.0 ft-lb)

Apr 10, 2014 | 1998 Subaru Legacy

1 Answer

I have a mitsibishi magna 2005 ES series iii. It has been making a lot of noise, I need to replace the pulley from the crankshaft (03047) and would like a diagram to assist me access this part easily


First YOU will need a pulley puller its a three prong device for pulling pulleys without damaging it. A long allen-head bolt should be inserted into the crankshaft so the jaws of the puller only contact the hub of the pulley- not the outer ring. The pullers tapered tip should push against bolt to prevent damage to the crankshaft threads. You may be able to get a press on sleeve to renew the sealing surface if its been grooved from long time contact with the seal. It is pressed on with hammer and block of wood. To replace the pulley you will need a vibration damper installation tool. Lubricate the pulley hub with clean engine oil. Align the slot on the pulley with the key on the crankshaft and push the pulley on crankshaft as far as it will go. BE careful not to bend the outer ring of the pulley. Now you will need the vibration tool to press the pulley the rest of the way onto the crankshaft. Install the crankshaft pulley retaining bolt and tighten to the torque listed in the owners manual or get a repair manual with the torque tightness listed. I'm good but not good enough to know all the torque specs on every vehicle. Hope that Helps! The crankshaft pulley is the bottom pulley NORMALLY.

Jan 02, 2014 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

1997 acura tl crankshaft spinning freely, is this normal? Just replaced a/c compressor and the pulley is turning real slow. Belt is not slipping. The crankshaft pulley and a/c pulley/belt rotate normally...


CHECK SEE IF CRANK SHAFT PULLEY BOLTS LOOSE.IF CRANKSHAFT PULLEY LONG BOLT TORQUE IS FOR 130 FT LBS FOR 1.8L ENGINE. IF YOU HAVE THESE ENGINES CRANKSHAFT BOLT TORQUE IS 174 - 181 FT LBS ENGINES ARE 3.0L 3.2L 3.5L 2.3L 2.5L IF CRANKSHAFT PULLEY BOLT IS TIGHT.THE CRANKSHAFT PULLEY ITSELF BROKEN NEED REPLACING.

Sep 05, 2011 | 1997 Acura TL Series

2 Answers

The pully for the water pump that is attatched to the crank shaft is broke and i dont know how to take it off


The crankshaft pulley will have one big bolt in the center and it takes a lot of torque to loosen it. Once the bolt is out ( after all the belts are removed) you may need a tool called a harmonic balancer puller. It will have slots in it that you put bolts through and bolt it to the pulley, then there is one large bolt in the center that presses against the crankshaft and forces the pulley off.

Aug 22, 2011 | 1997 Oldsmobile Aurora

2 Answers

Trying to change the front gaskit and the pulley will not come out


the big pulley on bottom ( balancer pulley). if this is what your talking about you need a puller tool that can be rented from your parts store.

May 06, 2011 | 2001 Cadillac DeVille

1 Answer

Timing belt markings mazda B2500 1998


Timing Belt, Sprockets & Front Cover Removal & Installation Timing belt To Remove:
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Remove the exhaust side spark plugs, outer timing belt cover, and crankshaft pulley.
  3. Turn the crankshaft until the number one piston is at top dead center (TDC). CAUTION
    The camshaft belt tensioner tool (303-097) can be damaged when trying to relieve belt tension if you attempt to remove the belt without first loosening both the timing belt tensioner adjusting bolt and the spring pivot bolt.
  4. Loosen the timing belt spring pivot bolt, but do not remove it at this point in the procedure.
  5. Loosen the adjusting bolt slowly and release the spring tension.
  6. Turn the tensioner with the camshaft belt tensioner tool (303-097), against the spring pressure, clockwise to the farthest position.
  7. While holding it in this position, tighten the adjusting bolt to hold the tensioner away from the belt.
  8. Remove the timing belt.
To Install:
  1. Be certain that on piston number one, the crankshaft is at TDC with the crankshaft keyway pointing straight up and the circle on the crankshaft sprocket lined up with the notch on the engine front cover.
  2. Line up the timing marks.
  3. Install the timing belt over the crankshaft sprocket going counterclockwise over the oil pump sprocket and over the camshaft sprocket.
  4. Loosen the bolt allowing the tensioner pulley to press against the timing belt. NOTE: The timing belt tensioner should not be tightened or the belt tension will not be evenly distributed over the whole belt.
  5. Turn the crankshaft two revolutions clockwise. Next, slowly bring the crank to the number one position firing position with the keyway on the crank facing up. The dot on the crankshaft gear is lined up with the notch on the front cover.
  6. Check the timing mark alignment again. If necessary, repeat the procedure.
  7. Tighten the bolts. Torque the pivot bolt to 30-40 ft-lb (40-55 Nm). Torque the adjustment/locking bolt to 26-33 ft-lb (35-45 Nm).
  8. Install the crankshaft pulley and tighten the bolt. Torque to 93-121 ft-lb (125-165 Nm).
  9. Install the outer timing belt cover and tighten the bolt. Torque to 70-106 in-lb (8-12 Nm).
  10. Install the exhaust side spark plugs.
Sprockets To Remove:
  1. Remove the timing belt.
  2. Install the camshaft sprocket holding/removing tool (303-098) onto the sprocket.
  3. Remove the camshaft sprocket.
To Install:
  1. Place the key and camshaft sprocket on the shaft.
  2. Install the camshaft sprocket holding/removing tool (303-098) onto the camshaft sprocket and tighten the bolt. Torque to 52-70 ft-lb (70-95 Nm).
  3. Remove the tool then install the timing belt.
Outer Cover To Remove:
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions in the beginning of this section.
  2. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  3. Remove the fan shroud.
  4. Loosen the bolts on the water pump pulley, but do not remove them at this point in the procedure.
  5. Remove the drive belt, the water pump pulley, and the fan and clutch assembly.
  6. Recover the refrigerant from the A/C system.
  7. Disconnect the A/C wiring connector.
  8. Remove the A/C compressor from the mounting bracket then remove the A/C mounting bracket with the power steering pump still attached.
  9. Remove the outer timing belt cover.
To Install:
  1. Install the outer timing belt cover. Torque to 70-106 in-lb (8-12 Nm).
  2. Install the A/C mounting bracket with the power steering pump still attached. Torque the M10 bolts and stud to 35 ft-lb (48 Nm) and torque the M8 bolt to 18 ft-lb (25 Nm).
  3. Install the A/C compressor to the mounting bracket. Torque to 16-20 ft-lb (21-28 Nm).
  4. Connect the A/C wiring connector.
  5. Refill the refrigerant into the A/C system.
  6. Install the fan and clutch assembly, the water pump pulley, and the drive belt.
  7. Tighten the bolts on the water pump pulley. Torque to 13-17 ft-lb (17-23 Nm).
  8. Install the fan shroud. Torque to 54-70 in-lb (6-8 Nm).
  9. Connect the negative battery cable.
  10. Start the engine. Check for leaks and repair as necessary.
Inner Cover To Remove:
  1. Loosen oil pump sprocket bolt.
  2. Remove timing belt, timing belt tensioner, oil pump sprocket, and crankshaft pulley.
  3. Remove inner timing belt cover.
To Install:
  1. Install inner timing belt cover.
  2. Install crankshaft pulley. Torque to 93-121 ft-lb (125-165 Nm).
  3. Install the oil pump sprocket.
  4. Install the timing belt tensioner. Torque the pivot bolt to 30-40 ft-lb (40-55 Nm). Torque the adjustment/locking bolt to 26-33 ft-lb (35-45 Nm).
  5. Install the timing belt.
  6. Tighten the oil pump sprocket bolt. Torque to 30-40 ft-lb (40-55 Nm).
  7. Torque the camshaft bolt to 52-70 ft-lb (70-95 Nm).

Jul 12, 2010 | 1998 Mazda Pickup

1 Answer

Ifailed to get on tdc before removing old timing belt how do I get back in time so Icanreplacebelt.


This is the complete procedure from the service manual on how to replace the timing belt start to finish, start over to assure u get it right, if u mess up the engine will be damaged

Removal for 1.6L engines : ONLY 2006 to 2009 CARS


Engine removal is not required for this procedure.

1.Remove the engine cover.

2.Remove the RH front wheel.

3.Remove the 2 bolts and RH side cover.

4.Temporarily loosen the water pump pulley bolts.

5.Remove the alternator drive belt

6.Remove the air conditioner compressor drive belt

7.Remove the power steering pump drive belt

8.Remove the 4 bolts and water pump pulley.

9.Remove the 4 bolts and
timing belt2_bing.gif upper cover

10.Turn the crankshaft pulley, and align its groove with timing mark "T" of the timing belt cover. Check that the timing mark of camshaft sprocket is aligned with the timing mark of cylinder head cover. (No.1 cylinder compression TDC position)

11.Remove the crankshaft pulley bolt and crankshaft pulley

12.Remove the crankshaft flange

13.Remove the 4 bolts and timing belt lower cover

14.Remove the timing belt tensioner and timing belt.

15.Remove the bolt and timing belt idler

16.Remove the crankshaft sprocket

17.Remove the cylinder head cover.

(1)Remove the wire harness bracket

(2)Remove the ignition coil.

(3)Remove the PCV (Positive Crankcase Ventilation) hose and the breather hose from the cylinder head cover

(4)Remove the engine cover bracket

(5)Loosen the cylinder head cover bolts and then remove the cover and gasket.

18.Remove the camshaft sprocket.

Hold the portion of the camshaft with a hexagonal wrench, and remove the bolt with a wrench and remove the camshaft sprocket.

INSTALLATION:

1.Install the camshaft sprocket and tighten the bolt to the specified torque.

(1)Temporarily install the camshaft sprocket bolt

(2)Hold the portion of the camshaft with a hexagonal wrench, and tighten the bolt with a wrench
Tightening torque :78.5 ~ 98.1N.m (8.0 ~ 10.0kgf.m, 57.9 ~ 72.3lb-ft)



2.Install the cylinder head cover.

(1)Install the cylinder head cover and bolts
Tightening torque :7.8 ~ 9.8N.m (0.8 ~ 1.0kgf.m, 5.8 ~ 7.2lb-ft)

(2)Install the engine cover bracket

(3)Install the PCV(Positive Crankcase Ventilation) hose and breather hose to the cylinder head cover.

(4)Install the ignition coil.

3.Install the crankshaft sprocket

4.Align the timing marks of the camshaft sprocket and crankshaft sprocket with the No.1 piston placed at top dead center and its compression stroke.

5.Install the idler pulley and tighten the bolt to the specified torque.

Tightening torque :42.2 ~ 53.9N.m (4.3 ~ 5.5kgf.m, 31.1 ~ 39.8lb-ft)

6.Temporarily install the timing belt tensioner

7.Install the belt so as not give slack at each center of shaft. Use the following order when installing timing belt.
Crankshaft sprocket →idler pulley →camshaft sprocket →timing belt tensioner

8.Adjust the timing belt tension.

(1)Loosen the tensioner pulley mounting bolt and apply tension to the timing belt.

(2)After checking the alignment between each sprocket and each timing belt tooth, tighten the mounting bolt and one by one.

Tightening torque :19.6 ~ 26.5N.m (2.0 ~ 2.7kgf.m, 14.5 ~ 19.5lb-ft)

(3)Then recheck the belt tension.
Verify that when the tensioner and the tension side of the timing belt are pushed in horizontally with a moderate force [approx. 49N (11lb)], the timing belt cog end is aprox. 1/2 of the tensioner mounting bolt head radius (across flats) away from the bolt head center.

4)Timing belt tension measuring procedure
(by a sonic tension guage)
Rotate crankshaft in clockwise direction to set 1st piston on top dead center (TDC) and rotate crankshaft in counterclockwise to 90° then measure the belt tension in the middle of tension side span (in arrow direction of above illustration) by free vibration method.


9.Turn the crankshaft two turns in the operating direction (clockwise) and realign crankshaft sprocket and camshaft sprocket timing mark.


10.Install the timing belt lower cover with 5bolts

Tightening torque :7.8 ~ 9.8N.m (0.8 ~ 1.0kgf.m, 5.8 ~ 7.2lb-ft)

11.Install the flange and crankshaft pulley, and then tighten crankshaft pulley bolt. Make sure that crankshaft sprocket pin fits the small hole in the pulley.

Tightening torque :137.3 ~ 147.1N.m (14.0 ~ 15.0kgf.m, 101.3 ~ 108.5lb-ft)

12.Install the timing belt upper cover with 4 bolts.

Tightening torque :7.8 ~ 9.8N.m (0.8 ~ 1.0kgf.m, 5.8 ~ 7.2lb-ft)

13.Install the water pump pulley and 4 bolts.

14.Install the power steering pump drive belt

15.Install the air conditioner compressor drive belt

16.Install the alternator drive belt

17.Install the RH side cover with 2 bolts

18.Install the RH front wheel.


Tightening torque :88.3 ~ 98.1N.m (9.0 ~ 10.0kgf.m, 65.1 ~ 72.3lb-ft)

19.Install the engine cover with bolts.


Tightening torque :3.9 ~ 5.9N.m (0.4 ~ 0.6kgf.m, 2.9 ~ 4.3lb-ft)

May 20, 2010 | 2006 Kia Sorento

1 Answer

Would like information on timing belt settings on a 1993 Isuzu Rodeo 4X4 3.2 We have already bought the book. It seems that the setting still are not what this particular motor/engine needs are there other...


look for timing marks????
Align groove of crankshaft timing pulley with mark on oil pump.
Align the marks on the camshaft timing pulleys with the corresponding dots on the front plate. (i can email pic if needed)
When timing marks are aligned, no pistons will be on T.D.C.
install timing belt. Align the dotted alignment mark on the timing belt with the mark on the crankshaft gear.
For correct belt installation, the letters the belt must be able to be read as viewed from the front of the vehicle. It is recommended for easy installation that the belt be secured with double clips after it is installed to each pulley. Align the alignment mark (white line) on the timing belt with the alignment mark on the RH bank camshaft timing pulley (on the left side as viewed from the front of the vehicle Secure the belt with a double clip.
Align the alignment mark (white line) on the timing belt with the alignment mark on the RH bank camshaft timing pulley (on the left side as viewed from the front of the vehicle Secure the belt with a double clip.
Turn the crankshaft counterclockwise to remove the belt slack between the crankshaft timing pulley and the RH bank camshaft timing pulley.
Install the belt on the water pump pulley. Remove double clips from pulleys. Turn the crankshaft pulley clockwise by two turns. Measure the rod protrusion to ensure it is within the standard. Standard 4-6 mm (0.16-0.24 in)


13) If out of standard, remove pusher, loosen adjusting bolt, and readjust. (Repeat from step 11). Tighten adjusting bolt to the specified torque. Torque 42 N-m (31 lb-ft)


  1. Pusher
    • Tighten bolt to the specified torque.
Torque 19 N-m (19 lb-ft)


  1. Timing belt cover
    • Remove crankshaft pulley that was installed in step 9.
    • Tighten bolts to the specified torque.
Torque 17 N-m (12 lb-ft)


  1. Oil cooler hose
    • Tighten oil cooler hose bracket bolts to the specified torque.
Torque 22 N-m (16 lb-ft)


  1. Crankshaft pulley assembly
    • Using special tool J-8614-01, hold the crankshaft pulley.
    • Tighten center bolt to the specified torque.
Torque 167 N-m (123 lb-ft)


  1. Crankshaft pulley; P/S belt
    • Tighten fixing bolt to the specified torque.
Install the belt on the idler pulley.

Mar 07, 2010 | 1993 Isuzu Rodeo

2 Answers

Need to know how to set the timing gears for a geo storm 1991 1.6litre had to replace timing belt


GM Storm/Spectrum 1985-1993 Repair Guide


Timing Belt - REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

Although timing belts may last for thousands of miles past the recommended replacement interval, they should be replaced every 60,000 miles to prevent trouble or damage should they snap. Timing belts do not usually give an indication that they are worn or aging without removing the cover(s) and inspecting the belt. A worn or damaged belt could give out at any time. In some cases, should a timing belt snap while the engine is running, damage could be done to the valve trains or pistons requiring a partial or full engine disassembly. Also, should the belt go when the vehicle is far from home, a costly tow or even more costly repair job and considerable inconvenience may be suffered.
Timing belts must always be handled carefully and kept completely free of dirt, grease, fluids and lubricants. This includes any accidental contact from spillage, fingerprints, rags, etc.. These same precautions apply to the pulleys and contact surfaces on which the belt rides.The belt must never be crimped, twisted or bent. Never use tools to pry or wedge the belt into place. Such actions will damage the structure of the belt and possibly cause breakage.


Spectrum
(see Figures 1, 2 and 3)
The engine must be removed from the vehicle for this procedure to be performed.
  1. Remove the engine and mount it to an engine stand.
  2. Remove the accessory drive belts.
  3. Remove the engine mounting bracket from the timing cover.
  4. Rotate the crankshaft until the notch on the crankshaft pulley aligns with the 0 degree mark on the timing cover and the No. 4 cylinder is on TDC of the compression stroke.
  5. Remove the starter and install the flywheel holding tool No. J-35271 or equivalent.
  6. Remove the crankshaft bolt, boss and pulley.
  7. Remove the timing cover bolts and the timing cover.
  8. Loosen the tension pulley bolt.
  9. Insert an Allen wrench into the tension pulley hexagonal hole and loosen the timing belt by turning the tension pulley clockwise.
  10. Remove the timing belt.
  11. Remove the head cover.
Inspect the timing belt for signs of cracking, abnormal wear and hardening. Never expose the belt to oil, sunlight or heat. Avoid excessive bending, twisting or stretching.
To install:
  1. Position the Woodruff key in the crankshaft followed by the crankshaft timing gear. Align the groove on the timing gear with the mark on the oil pump.
  2. Align the camshaft timing gear mark with the upper surface of the cylinder head and the dowel pin in its uppermost position.
  3. Place the timing belt arrow in the direction of the engine rotation and install the timing belt, first to the crankshaft pulley, next to the camshaft pulley, then to the water pump pulley and finally to the tension pulley. Tighten the tension pulley bolt.
Once installed, there must be not slack in the timing belt. The belt teeth must be in perfect alignment with the gears.
  1. Turn the crankshaft 2 complete revolutions and realign the crankshaft timing gear groove with the mark on the oil pump.
  2. Loosen the tension pulley bolt and apply tension to the belt using an Allen wrench in the hexagonal pulley hole. Torque the pulley bolt to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm) while holding the pulley stationary.
  3. Check the timing belt tension using a belt tension gauge, it should be 40-48 lbs. (18-22 Kg).
  4. Adjust the valve clearances.
  5. To complete the installation, reverse the removal procedures. Torque the crankshaft pulley-to-crankshaft bolt to 108 ft. lbs. (147 Nm).
2befeb0.jpg

Fig. 1: Timing belt routing - SOHC engines

716bbfc.jpg
Fig. 2: Align the crankshaft timing gear keyway with the mark in the oil pump - SOHC engines

2f82d49.jpg
Fig. 3: Check the timing belt tension at the center of the longest point between pulleys - SOHC engines


Storm - SOHC ENGINE
(see Figures 1, 2 and 3)
  1. Disconnect the battery negative cable.
  2. Remove the timing belt cover. If necessary, raise and support the vehicle, then remove the right under cover to access the lower timing cover bolts.
  3. If not done already, rotate the crankshaft so that the No. 4 cylinder is at TDC on its compression stroke by aligning the camshaft pulley timing mark to the 9 o'clock position.
  4. Raise and support the vehicle safely.
  5. Remove the crankshaft pulley center bolt, the 4 crankshaft pulley side bolts and the crankshaft pulley from the vehicle.
  6. Loosen the belt tension pulley bolt, then remove the timing belt from around the tensioner and other pulleys. Remove the timing belt from the vehicle.
To install:
  1. Make sure the crankshaft pulley keyway and groove is aligned with the oil pump timing mark and the camshaft pulley timing mark is in the 9 o'clock position. Install the timing belt around the crankshaft timing pulley, followed by the tensioner pulley, water pump pulley and the camshaft timing pulley.
  2. Tighten the belt tensioner retaining bolt. Make sure that the belt is properly tightened and is aligned evenly around all the pulleys:
    1. Turn the crankshaft 2 complete revolutions and realign the crankshaft timing gear groove with the mark on the oil pump.
    2. Loosen the tension pulley bolt and apply tension to the belt using an Allen wrench in the hexagonal pulley hole. Torque the pulley bolt to 37 ft. lbs. (50 Nm) while holding the pulley stationary.
    3. Check the timing belt tension/deflection using a belt tension gauge. The belt should deflect 0.63-0.79 in. (16-20mm) when 22 lbs. (98 N) of pressure is applied to the center of the longest belt stretch.
  3. Check that the camshaft is still aligned to the 9 o'clock position.
  4. Install the timing belt cover, secure it with the 2 lower mounting bolts, then torque the bolts to 89 in. lbs. (10 Nm).
  5. Install the crankshaft pulley to the crankshaft dampener, secure the center bolt and the 4 side bolts. Torque the center bolt to 87 ft. lbs. (118 Nm) and the 4 side bolts to 17 ft. lbs. (23 Nm).
  6. If removed, install the right side under cover.
  7. Lower the vehicle. Install the 4 upper timing belt cover retaining bolts and tighten to 89 inch lbs. (10 Nm).
  8. Install the right engine mount.
  9. Install the power steering pump drive belt and alternator drive belt. Adjust them to the proper belt tension.
  10. Remove engine support fixture and reconnect the negative battery cable.

For DOCH Engine, can visit autozone.com (free register) for more details.

Hope helped with this (remember rated this help) Good luck.

Nov 05, 2009 | 1991 Geo Storm

Not finding what you are looking for?
2002 Kia Spectra Logo

Related Topics:

18 people viewed this question

Ask a Question

Usually answered in minutes!

Top Kia Experts

Colin Stickland
Colin Stickland

Level 3 Expert

22156 Answers

yadayada
yadayada

Level 3 Expert

76109 Answers

Jeff Turcotte
Jeff Turcotte

Level 3 Expert

8269 Answers

Are you a Kia Expert? Answer questions, earn points and help others

Answer questions

Manuals & User Guides

Loading...