Question about 2005 Volkswagen Sharan 1.8

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Removing cylinder head

Replace cylinder head

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This is a very involved job which require you to remove the timing belt and the timing chain in the rear of the engine. I would not recommend you do this unless you know what you're doing.

Posted on Mar 21, 2014

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I suggest that you not try this unless you know what you are doing. As for the other person that posted a solution, I'm not sure he knows either, since there maybe a timing belt OR a timing chain but not both and neither are at the rear of the engine...

Posted on Mar 23, 2014

  • Ali Galam
    Ali Galam Mar 24, 2014

    Actually there is both a timing belt and a timing chain on the VW 1.8 engine

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Its a 2000 cadillac deville the oil motor goes to the radiator what can I do


Engine oil going to radiator is a cylinder head problem.
Either
1. Cylinder head gasket burnt
2. Cylinder head bolts not tight enough
3. Cylinder head cracked
4 Cylinder head warped.

Remove cyliner head and pressure test it for cracks. If cracked replace unless someone near you can repair effectively. If not then skim and you might as well do a complete cylinder head service ie valves, stem seals etc. Put back head with new gasket and torque correctly and be surprised with the results.

Sep 13, 2012 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

One cylinder is low in my 1998 Volvo s90 and the repair shops says the engine needs to be replaced. Is this true>


Not necessarily. I assume you mean that the compression on one cylinder is low? This is generally either the rings/cylinder, or valves. Sometimes a blown headgasket can drop compression, but will generally have other symptoms, ie., blown between one cylinder and another, blown between the cylinder and a cooling or oil passage, etc.

A GOOD shop will check more than compression, to determine where the exact problem is.

*A head gasket blown between 2 cylinders will have low compression on bothe affected cylinders.
*A head gasket blown into an oil or cooling passage will blow bubbles (gasses) into the affected area.
*To check the rings/cylinder, after running the first compression check, put a few ounces of oil into the cylinder through the spark plug hole. Re-run the compression check on that cylinder, and if the compression improves dramatically, you have bad rings on that cylinder.
*To check the valves, you need what is called a pressure differential guage. You place the affected cylinder at TDC (Top Dead Center) on the compression stroke. You then attach the guage, and apply a set amount of air pressure to the cylinder, usually about 100psi. One dial on the gauge reads input pressure (100psi), and the other reads how much the cylinder is actually holding. A drop of more than 10-15% generally indicates a bad valve in the head (as long as the prevoius checks came out OK). To determine which valve is bad, remove the intake ducting and listen for escaping air (Intake Valve) and listen at the tailpipe for the same (exhaust valve).

These are general procedures for tests so that you can see if your mechanic has actually performed them or not. If you want to run the tests yourself, I can give you more specific instructions.

Repairs:
Head Gasket - need to remove the head and check the head and block for cracks. Then replace the gasket and reinstall the head.
Bad Valve(s) - need to remove the head and have the bad valves reground or replaced by a machine shop and then reinstall the head.
Bad Rings/Cylinder - the engine will need to be removed and either machined and rebuilt or replaced.

Again, if you want any more specifics, please ask.

Hope this was helpful!

Sep 17, 2011 | 1998 Volvo S90

1 Answer

I need take out cilinder head from nissan 1985 2.4 becuse the head gasket are burne out


Check this about Cylinder Head Cover - REMOVAL & INSTALLATION procedure...

1. Remove the air cleaner assembly.
2. Disconnect the PCV hose(s) from the cylinder head cover.
3. Remove the nuts and washers. Lift the cover off the cylinder head. Cover the oil return hole in the head to prevent dirt or objects from falling in. Remove the gasket.

To install:

4. Replace the cover gasket if it shows any signs of damage, breaks or cracking. Tighten the nuts evenly, reconnect the PCV hose and install the air cleaner assembly.



continue...

Apr 13, 2011 | Nissan Pickup Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

I need a print out of how i can change out a head gasket on a 1995 mercury cougar


Removal
  1. Drain engine cooling system.
  1. Disconnect battery ground cable (14301) .
  1. Remove engine air cleaner (ACL) (9600) including air cleaner outlet tube (9B659) .
  1. Loosen drive belt tensioner (6B209). Remove drive belts (8620) .
  1. If LH cylinder head (6049) is being removed, perform the following:
    1. Remove oil filler cap (6766) .
    1. Remove power steering pump front mounting bracket retaining bolts.
    1. Remove generator (GEN) (10346) and belt idler pulley (8678).
    1. Remove power steering pump/generator bracket retaining bolts. Leave hoses connected, place pump/bracket assembly aside in a position to prevent fluid from leaking out.
  1. If RH cylinder head is being removed, perform the following:
    1. Remove drive belts .
    1. If equipped with A/C, remove mounting bracket retaining bolts. Leave hoses connected and position A/C compressor (19703) aside.
    1. Remove positive crankcase ventilation valve (PCV valve) (6A666) .
  1. Remove upper intake manifold (9424) .
  1. Remove valve cover retaining bolts.
  1. Remove fuel injection supply manifold (9F792).
  1. Remove lower intake manifold as outlined.
  1. Remove exhaust manifolds (9430) as outlined.
  1. Loosen rocker arm seat retaining bolts enough to allow rocker arm (6564) to be lifted off the push rod (6565) and rotate to one side.
  1. Remove push rods . Identify position of each push rod . Push rods should be installed in their original position during assembly.
  1. Remove cylinder head retaining bolts and discard.
  1. Remove cylinder heads .
  1. Remove and discard old head gaskets (6051) .
Installation
  1. NOTE: Lightly oil all bolts and stud bolt threads before installation except those specifying special sealant.
    Clean cylinder head, intake manifold , valve cover (6582) and head gasket surfaces. If cylinder head was removed for head gasket replacement, check flatness and sealing areas for scratches of cylinder head and cylinder block gasket surfaces. Refer to Section 03-00 for procedure.
  2. Position new head gaskets onto cylinder block (6010) using cylinder head to block dowels (6A008) for alignment.

    Head Gasket


    a11431c.gif

  3. Position cylinder heads onto cylinder block .
  4. ani_caut.gif CAUTION: Always use new cylinder head bolts to ensure a leak-tight assembly. Torque retention with used bolts can vary, which may result in coolant or compression leakage at the cylinder head mating surface area.
    -ft).
  5. For 3.8L non-SC engine, tighten cylinder head retaining bolts in numerical sequence in three steps as follows:
    1. 20 Nm (15 Lb-Ft)
    1. 40 Nm (29 Lb-Ft)
    1. 50 Nm (37 Lb-Ft)
  6. ani_caut.gif CAUTION: Do not loosen all of the bolts at the same time, only work on one bolt at a time or possible damage to engine or leakage may occur.
    In sequence, loosen retaining bolts two to three revolutions and retighten bolts one at a time in the following manner:
    1. Long bolts:
      • 15-25 Nm (11-18 lb-ft).
      • Tighten bolt an additional 85-95 degrees.
      • Go to next bolt in sequence.
    1. Short bolts:
      • 10-20 Nm (7-15 lb-ft).
      • Tighten bolt an additional 85-95 degrees.
      • Go to next bolt in sequence.


      a11399c.gif


      Item Part Number Description 1 6010 Cylinder Block 2 - Locating Pin (2 Req'd) 3 N802515-S Cylinder Head Bolt (4 Req'd Each Side) 4 6049 Cylinder Head 5 N802516-S Cylinder Head Bolt (4 Req'd Each Side) 6 6A008 Cylinder Head to Block Dowel
  7. NOTE: If original valve train components are being installed, a valve clearance check is not required. If a component has been replaced, perform a valve clearance check as outlined.
    Dip each push rod end in Engine Assembly Lubricant D9AZ-19579-D or equivalent meeting Ford Specification ESR-M99C80-A and install push rods in their original position.
  8. For each valve, rotate crankshaft (6303) until valve tappet (6500) rests on the heel (base circle) of the camshaft lobe, before tightening rocker arm seat retaining bolts to 7-15 Nm (5-11 lb-ft) maximum.
  9. Lubricate all rocker arms with Engine Assembly Lubricant D9AZ-19579-D or equivalent meeting Ford Specification ESR-M99C80-A. Final-tighten the rocker arm seat bolts to 30-40 Nm (22-30 lb-ft). For final tightening, camshaft (6250) may be in any position.
  10. Install exhaust manifolds as outlined.
  11. Install lower intake manifold as outlined.
  12. Install fuel injection supply manifold .
  13. Position valve cover and new valve cover gasket (6584) on cylinder head and install retaining bolts. Note location of ignition wire routing clip stud bolts. Tighten retaining bolts to 9-12 Nm (7-9 lb-ft).
  14. Install upper intake manifold .Install spark plugs (12405) , if removed.
  15. Connect ignition wires to the spark plugs .
  16. If LH cylinder head is being installed, perform the following:
    1. Install oil filler cap.
    1. Install generator/power steering pump mounting bracket.
    1. Install generator .
    1. Install main accessory drive belt tensioner .
    1. Install power steering pump (3A674) .
    1. Install power steering pump support bracket.If RH cylinder head is being installed, perform the following:
    1. Install positive crankcase ventilation valve .
    1. If equipped with A/C, install A/C compressor mounting brackets (2882) and A/C compressor .
  17. Install drive belt and tighten to specification.
  18. Connect battery ground cable .
  19. Install air cleaner outlet tube.
2010&c18=modelyear&c35=wsm%2ccylinder%20heads%2cssd%2c03-01a%2cin-vehicle%20service&s=1249x702&c=32&j=1.3&v=y&k=y&bw=910&bh=359&ct=lan&hp=n&[aqe]

Mar 06, 2011 | Mercury Cougar Cars & Trucks

2 Answers

Valve cover gasket, how to replace?


Rocker Arm (Valve) Cover REMOVAL & INSTALLATION 2.3L 4-Cylinder Engines
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Label and remove the spark plug wires.
  3. Remove the attaching bolts for the valve cover.
  4. Remove the valve cover from the cylinder head. If necessary, lightly tap the valve cover with a soft hammer to aid in removal. To install:
  5. Thoroughly clean the valve cover and cylinder head gasket mating surfaces.
  6. Install the valve cover on the cylinder head using a new gasket.
  7. Tighten the valve cover bolts to 14 ft. lbs. (20 Nm) in a crisscross pattern.
  8. Install the spark plug wires.
  9. Connect the negative battery cable.
  10. Start the engine and check for leaks. Fig. 1: Valve cover and gasket assembly 90953g12.gif
2.8L 6-Cylinder Engine
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. The following steps are necessary if your car has A/C and if you are removing the passenger side valve cover, if you do not need to remove the passenger side valve cover, skip them.
    1. Remove the A/C compressor belt and the compressor from the mounting bracket located on the passenger side of the engine. Do not remove the lines from the compressor.
    2. Place the compressor with the lines attached on the passenger side front shock tower and secure.
    3. Remove the compressor bracket.
  3. Remove the air cleaner-to-throttle body hose.
  4. Label and remove all necessary electrical and vacuum connections.
  5. Remove the attaching bolts for the valve cover(s).
  6. Remove the valve cover(s) from the cylinder head(s). If necessary, lightly tap the valve cover with a soft hammer to aid in removal. To install:
  7. Thoroughly clean the valve cover(s) and cylinder head gasket mating surfaces.
  8. Install the valve cover(s) on the cylinder head(s) using new gaskets.
  9. Tighten the valve cover bolts to 11 ft. lbs. (15 Nm) in a crisscross pattern.
  10. Install all necessary electrical and vacuum connections.
  11. Install the air cleaner assembly.
  12. Install the A/C bracket (if removed).
  13. Install the A/C compressor and belt (if removed).
  14. Connect the negative battery cable.
  15. Start the engine and check for leaks.
2.3L and 2.4L 5-Cylinder, and 2.9L 6-Cylinder Engines The 2.3L and 2.4L 5-cylinder, and 2.9L 6-cylinder engines have a two-piece cylinder head, the upper half and the lower half. The upper half is basically the same as a valve cover, except that it incorporates the bearing caps for the camshafts into the underside.
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Remove the spark plug access cover.
  3. Label and remove the ignition coils and vent hoses or the distributor cap and wires if equipped.
  4. Check the cam alignment before removing the cylinder head.
  5. Remove the bolts attaching the upper cylinder head.
  6. Remove the upper cylinder head, lightly tap with a soft hammer if necessary. To install:
  7. Thoroughly clean the upper and lower cylinder head gasket mating surfaces.
  8. Apply liquid sealing compound to the upper cylinder head mating surface. WARNING
    Use a roller or your finger to spread sealant, do not use an excessive amount of sealant, or the oil passages could become clogged.
  9. Place the upper cylinder head onto the lower cylinder head.
  10. Check the cam alignment before tightening the cylinder head.
  11. Install Volvo tool number 5454 or equivalent to the upper cylinder head.
  12. Tighten the nut on the tools to seat the upper cylinder head.
  13. Tighten the upper cylinder head bolts, beginning from the center out to 13 ft. lbs. (17 Nm).
  14. Install the ignition coils and hoses or the distributor cap and wires.
  15. Install the spark plug access cover.
  16. Connect the negative battery cable.
  17. Start the vehicle and check for leaks. Fig. 2: Remove the clamp and detach the vent hose 90953p66.jpg
    Fig. 3: Remove the spark plug cover and the plug wires or ignition coils to access the retaining bolts 90953p80.jpg
    Fig. 4: Remove the retaining bolts 90953p72.jpg
    Fig. 5: A light tap with a soft-faced hammer is usually required to loosen the valve cover 90953p81.jpg
    Fig. 6: Carefully lift the upper cylinder head up and off the lower section. Note the integral camshaft bearing caps in the casting 90953p82.jpg
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Jan 29, 2011 | 1999 Volvo S70

1 Answer

I have oil in my anitfreeze what does that mean? how much does it cost to fix it? Is it worth fixing?


It means you have a blown head gasket or a cracked cylinder head. Its allowing the oil to mix with the water in the cooling system. You will have to remove the belts and accessory's in front of the timing cover, remove crank pulley, remove the timing cover and then timing belt. Remove all connectors, hoses and lines to the intake and cylinder head (Make sure to mark the hoses and connectors to there location for reinstall), remove the intake manifold if it makes it easier to remove cylinder head, if not leave it on and remove the valve cover, Remove the bolts to the cylinder head and pull it off with the intake manifold attached. You should see the gasket if it is not stuck to the bottom of the head. Installation is reverse. Have a Haynes Manual so you can have your torques and timing routing. Is it worth it, cost to replace head gasket verses another car, you have to make the call. I think so because I like no car payment and I know whats in my car. Get a salvaged cylinder head and new head gasket set, Total cost if you do the work yourself and get a good deal on cylinder head, 300 to 400 dollars. Shop cost 700 to 1500 dollars. Just a Ball Park

Jan 18, 2011 | 1998 Chevrolet Cavalier

2 Answers

Torque specification on a 2003 alero cylinder heads 3.4 liter


3.4L Engine To Remove:
  1. Remove the lower intake manifold.
  2. Remove the exhaust crossover pipe.
  3. If removing the right cylinder head, remove the catalytic converter from exhaust manifold.
  4. If removing the left cylinder head, remove the engine oil dipstick and tube.
  5. Remove the rocker arms and pushrods.
  6. Remove and discard the cylinder head bolts.
  7. Remove the cylinder head.
  8. Clean the mating surfaces on the following items:
    • Cylinder head
    • Cylinder block
    • Intake manifold
  9. Clean the cylinder block bolt threads.
NOTE: During disassembly, keep the valve train components together for proper location during assembly.
To Install:
NOTE: Coat the cylinder head bolt threads using thread sealer.
  1. If removed, install the following components:
    • Exhaust manifold
    • Accessory studs
    • Spark plugs
  2. Place the cylinder head gasket in position over the dowel pins. Ensure that the THIS SIDE UP note is showing.
  3. Install the cylinder head. Cylinder head torque sequence ’99-‘00 gmpc_v6_14.gif

    Cylinder head torque sequence ’01-05 gm-03-34-682.gif

  4. Install the new cylinder head bolts.
    • Tighten the cylinder head bolts a first pass to 44 ft lb (60 Nm).
  5. Tighten the cylinder head bolts in sequence an additional 95 degrees.
  6. Install the intake gasket.
  7. Install the pushrods and rocker arms.
  8. Raise and support the vehicle.
  9. Install the catalytic converter and dipstick tube and indicator if removed.
  10. Lower the vehicle.
  11. Install the exhaust crossover pipe.
  12. Install the intake manifolds.
  13. Connect negative battery cable.
  14. Fill the cooling system.

Jul 03, 2010 | 2003 Oldsmobile Alero

1 Answer

How to remove valve cover to replace valve cover gasket


REMOVAL & INSTALLATION

1C-LTC and 2CL-TC Engines
(see Figures 1 and 2)
  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable. Remove and label all electrical wiring, connectors and vacuum hoses necessary to gain removal clearance.
ce45839.jpg

Fig. 1: Loosen and remove the cylinder head cover retaining nuts
  1. Disconnect the PCV hose.
  2. Remove the six nuts and seal washers from the cylinder head cover. Loosen them in a crisscross pattern.
  3. Remove the cylinder head cover and the cover gasket from the cylinder head. Discard the gasket and replace with a new one.

To install:
  1. With a wire brush or gasket scraper, remove all the old gasket material from the cylinder head and the cylinder head cover gasket surfaces.
  2. When the cylinder head surfaces are free and clean, apply beads of sealant to the cylinder head in the locations shown in the accompanying illustration.
4095e24.jpg

Fig. 2: Be sure to apply sealant on the cylinder head prior to cover installation
  1. Install the new gasket in the cover. Make sure that the gasket seats evenly.
  2. Place the cover with the gasket onto the cylinder head.
  3. Install the six nuts and seal washers. Tighten the nuts to 65 inch lbs. (8 Nm).
  4. Connect the PCV hose. Connect all removed vacuum hoses, connectors and electrical wiring. Connect the negative battery cable.
  5. Start the engine and inspect for oil leaks. Repair any leaks as necessary.

Hope this help (remember comment and rated this).

Apr 16, 2010 | 1990 Toyota Camry

2 Answers

I have I think a cracked head on my 2003 kia sorento I'm trying to find a brochure or diagram on how to disassmble a head


Removal & Installation
  1. Before servicing the vehicle, refer to the precautions at the beginning of this section.
  2. Drain the cooling system.
  3. Relieve the fuel system pressure.
  4. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  5. Disconnect the upper radiator hose.
  6. Remove the breather hose and air-intake hose.
  7. Remove the vacuum hose, fuel hose and coolant hose.
  8. Remove the intake manifold.
  9. Remove the cables from the spark plugs. The cables should be removed holding the boot portion.
  10. Remove the ignition coil.
  11. Remove the upper and lower timing belt cover.
  12. Remove the timing belt and camshaft sprockets.
  13. Remove the heat protector and exhaust manifold assembly.
  14. Remove the coolant pump pulley and head cover.
  15. Remove the intake and exhaust camshaft.
NOTE Keep all valvetrain components in order for assembly.

  1. Remove the cylinder head assembly. The cylinder head bolts should be removed using the 12 mm socket, in two or three steps. Clean the gasket pieces from the cylinder block top surface and cylinder bottom surface.
6a26945.gif

Cylinder head and related components

b02008c.gif
Cylinder head bolt torque sequence

To install:
  1. Verify the identification marks on the cylinder head gasket. Install the gasket so that the surface of the cylinder head identification mark faces toward the cylinder head.
  2. Install the cylinder heads with new gaskets. Do not apply sealant to these surfaces.
  3. Tighten the bolts in sequence to 75–82 ft. lbs. (105–115 Nm).
  4. Installation is the reverse of the removal procedure.

Oct 26, 2009 | 2003 Kia Sorento

2 Answers

What is the torque specs for a 1998 jeep Cherokee classic straight 6 4.0 liter? I am replacing the head gasket and need to find the lbs of torque. Thank you for any advice, pictures, etc.


Torque sequence ------------------ front | 12 8 4 1 5 9 13 | of | | engine | 11 7 3 2 6 10 14 | ------------------ Final torque must be reached in 3 equal steps Step 1: torque all bolts (except bolt 11) to 110 Ft/Lbs Step 2: torque bolt 11 to 100 Ft/Lbs Recheck final torque in sequence.

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Drain the cooling system.
  3. Disconnect the hoses at the thermostat housing.
  4. Properly relieve the fuel system pressure.
  5. Remove the cylinder head cover.
  6. Loosen the rocker arms.
  7. Remove the pushrods.

The valvetrain components must be replaced in their original positions.
  1. Remove the intake and exhaust manifold from the cylinder head.
  2. Disconnect the spark plug wires and remove the spark plugs.
  3. Disconnect the temperature sending unit wire, ignition coil and bracket assembly from the engine.
  4. Remove the accessory drive belt(s).
  5. Unbolt and set aside the power steering pump and bracket. Do not disconnect the hoses.
  6. Remove the intake and exhaust manifold assembly.
  7. If equipped with A/C, perform the following:
    1. Remove the compressor and position it aside with the lines attached.
    2. Remove the compressor bracket bolts from the cylinder head.
    3. Loosen the through bolt at the bottom of the bracket.

  8. Remove the alternator.
  9. Remove the cylinder head bolts, the cylinder head and gasket from the block.

Bolt No. 14 cannot be removed until the head is moved forward. Pull the bolt out as far as it will go and suspend in place by wrapping with tape.
  1. Discard the gasket. Thoroughly clean the head-to-block mating surface.
  2. Clean and inspect the cylinder head thoroughly. Refer to the engine reconditioning portion outlined later in this section.

To install:
  1. Coat a new head gasket with suitable sealing compound and place it on the block. Most replacement gaskets will have the word TOP stamped on them.

Apply sealing compound only to the cylinder head gasket. Do not allow sealing compound to enter the cylinder bore.

Oct 08, 2009 | 1998 Jeep Cherokee

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