Question about 1998 Chevrolet S-10 Pickup

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Transmition shifting hard

After I drive about 2 hours the transmition will shift very hard and the engine light will turn on. I change the transmition about a year ago and its doing it again. What can I do to fix this problem.
Thank you in advance
Richard Acosta

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This is a common problem with the 4l60e transmission,
you need to have the system scaneed for codes, my guess is you will get a p1870 code,
this means internal slippage detected.

the most likely cause is a valve body malfunction, here is what happend.

the internal transmission line pressure is adjusted by the EPC solenoid, this solenoid is controlled by PWM "pulse with modulation" which simply means that the solenoid is turned on and of many times a second, the longer the on time the lower the pressure the longer the off time the higher the pressure, this on off on off rythem creates a fluid pressure pulse in the system.

now when your on the highway at cruising speed the transmission goes into lock up operation, the tcc valve is in the valve body, the valve is a high strength metal valve and the valve body is constructed of aluminum, as the tcc valve is acted upon by the pulsed high pressure fluid it will somewhat flutter in its aluminum bore and over time will damage the valve bore causing the lockup to slip a little bit.

the pcm detects the slippage, sets the check engine light and in an attempt to preserve the transmission the EPC is commaned full off which in turn puts the transmission at max line pressure and now you have an extremly harsh 1-2 shift.

have the valve body replaced or allow a transmission shop to remove the valve body **** the tcc valve bore and intall an updated valve.

ps. it will not hurt the transmission if continue to drive it.

Posted on Jun 14, 2009


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Your going to have to get the car scanned for the DTC code. The Check engine light indicates that the ECM has detected an issue with the cars engine or transmission performance. Your hard shifting could be the failure to the Pressure control solenoid (PCS), that would be a DTC code P1811. The PCS is located under the trans axle side cover assembly. IF you go to Auto Zone, they can scan your car free of charge and can give you the step by step instruction to replacing the part that may have failed. Good luck and keep me posted, be glad to help.

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