Question about Volvo 850

1 Answer

Test ignition coil

2-1-4OKAY,vehicle sputters at about half throttle used the obsd it gave me the code 2-1-4 (vss signal intermittent) did all the tests my manual said to do after two hours everything was in spec. I was wondering if any one knew what the ohms reading for the coil? (buying a knew vss tomorrow just in case that is the problem)

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  • Volvo Expert
  • 496 Answers

Get a new VSS and replace the old one.

Posted on Mar 17, 2015

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6ya6ya
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SOURCE: I have freestanding Series 8 dishwasher. Lately during the filling cycle water hammer is occurring. How can this be resolved

Hi,
A 6ya expert can help you resolve that issue over the phone in a minute or two.
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Posted on Jan 02, 2017

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  • 65 Answers

SOURCE: Firefire in cylinder four / random misfires

Its not likley to be an injector fault.the air mass meter is far more common.if you unplug it it defaults to a average value and should improve the way it runs if that is the problem.

Posted on May 21, 2009

co7196
  • 3433 Answers

SOURCE: 1977 Ford F250 400m electrical problems

It doesn't sound like a ground, but there does exist an engine to body ground strap the gets forgotten quite often. It is located at the rear of the engiine going from an intake manifold bolt tothe firewall. Check the charging voltage of the alternator at the battery posts. The charging rate should be between 13.6 to 14.2v. Remember this, The higher the voltage the lower the amps In turn the lower the voltage the higher the amps. If the alternator is charging at 14v, it should drop towards 13,even as low as 12v, depending on the battery and accessory loads.At 12v, the alt is pouring out some serious amps and running hard. This is not good for the alternator. That's the reason for 13.6 being nominal. If the alt puts out 15v, this is also harmful. Although you aren't getting the amps, the high voltage will burn up things designed to run on 12v, Like lights and radios, relays and such. I hope all this makes sense to you and is of help. Check the eng to firewall grd, Ck your charging voltage and give your battery ground a second once over at both of the cable ends, loosening the bolt on the engine end and making sure its clean. Checking the + connection wouldn't hurt. Good Luck, Ned. Let me know, k?

Posted on Oct 06, 2009

Testimonial: "Hey thank you for the help. It was the ground from the intake to firewall. Truck runs like a champ."

  • 3 Answers

SOURCE: ford f-150 ignition coil testing

get them from auto zone change them out one at a time . after each one start up and see if it makes a difference or not . you can always take them back.

Posted on Jan 01, 2010

AutoDoc
  • 169 Answers

SOURCE: how can you test the spark plug coils, what is the

Dear Pablo,
You can check the input voltage at each coil. This way you make sure you have the proper amount to operate. Disconnect the six ignition coil connections. Turn the ignition key on. Check the voltage at Cyl #1 B/Y wire, Cyl#2 B/U wire,Cyl #3 B/O, Cyl#4 B/G, Cyl#5 B/R, Cyl#6 B/W and ground. It should be 10.5V or higher. If not,you need to find the cause of the voltage drop.
If ok, you can test the resistance of each coil. At the coil,measure the resistance across the primary windings.It should measure between 0.50 Ohms ans 1.00 Ohms.
I hope this information is helpful.If you need anything else,don't hesitate to ask. Thanks,Chuck.

Posted on Jan 02, 2010

Testimonial: "This is a great service you guys provide, keep up the good work. Thanks pablo "

csmock132
  • 4669 Answers

SOURCE: 99 Ford Escort ZX2 Speedometer/Odometer doesn't work

I'm sorry, I have to ask, this is an automatic right? That out of the way, Does the trans shift different when you drove it with the Vss unplugged when you had the ohm meter on it? 8.5 volts? Something sounds wrong here. I'll have to look up the wiring diagram before I can say thats a bad reading but it should be battery voltage (14 volts running) or 5 volts?

Posted on Jul 08, 2010

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04 f150 heritage speedo moves but not over 10 mph and trans won't shift gears. i changed all sensors,traced all wires.


taking your vehicle to a qualified reair shop to have it diagnosed would be a good thing to do . You could not have traced all wires ! Because i'm sure you haven't any idea how this works . An a factory scan tool is a must to diagnose this .Do you know what ford SCP data network is ?
Speedometer
The instrument cluster receives the vehicle speed signal from the powertrain control module (PCM) over the standard corporate protocol (SCP) network and displays it on the speedometer gauge. If the instrument cluster receives no vehicle speed signal after one second, the speedometer defaults to 0.0 km/h (0.0 mph).

Vehicle Speed Sensor
The vehicle speed sensor (VSS) (Figure 52) is a variable reluctance or Hall-effect sensor that generates a waveform with a frequency that is proportional to the speed of the vehicle. If the vehicle is moving at a relatively low velocity, the sensor produces a signal with a low frequency. As the vehicle velocity increases, the sensor generates a signal with a higher frequency. The PCM uses the frequency signal generated by the VSS (and other inputs) to control such parameters as fuel injection, ignition control, transmission/transaxle shift scheduling and torque converter clutch scheduling.

P0500 - Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Malfunction Indicates the powertrain control module (PCM) detected an error in the vehicle speed information. Vehicle speed data is received from either the vehicle speed sensor (VSS), the transfer case speed sensor (TCSS) or the anti-lock brake system (ABS) control module. If the engine RPM is above the torque converter stall speed (automatic transmission) and the engine load is high, it can be inferred that the vehicle must be moving. If there is insufficient vehicle speed data input, a malfunction is indicated and a DTC is set. On most vehicle applications the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) is triggered when this DTC is set.
  • Open in the VSS+/VSS- harness circuit.
  • Open in the TCSS signal or the TCSS signal return harness circuit.
  • Short to GND in the VSS harness circuit.
  • Short to GND in the TCSS harness circuit.
  • Short to PWR in the VSS harness circuit.
  • Short to PWR in the TCSS harness circuit.
  • Damaged drive mechanism for VSS or TCSS.
  • Damaged VSS or TCSS.
  • Damaged wheel speed sensors.
  • Damaged wheel speed sensor harness circuits.
  • Damage in the module(s) connected to the VSC/VSS circuit.
  • Open or short in the vehicle speed circuit VSS signal between the ABS VSS signal output and the VSS signal inputs to the PCM and other modules (Excursion and F-Super Duty).
Monitor the VSS PID while driving vehicle. This DTC is set when the PCM detects a sudden loss of vehicle speed signal over a period of time. If vehicle speed data is lost, check the source of where the vehicle speed input originates from: VSS, TCSS or ABS. Note: On some MSOF applications, VSS and TCSS PID can be monitor. However if no TCSS PID is available and VSS PID is zero, TCSS circuitry frequency must be checked for loss of sensor signal. If another vehicle electronic module has generated the P0500 and the vehicle does not receive its vehicle speed input from one of the above mention sources (VSS, TCSS or ABS). Check the PCM for Output Shaft Speed Sensor (OSS) DTCs. On OSS applications the PCM uses the OSS to calculated the vehicle speed. If no OSS DTCs are found check for correct PCM configuration. Check PCM configuration for correct tire size and axle ratio. P0501 - Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Range/Performance Indicates the powertrain control module (PCM) detected an error in the vehicle speed information. This DTC is set the same way as P0500, however the malfunction indicator lamp (MIL) is not triggered.
  • Refer to possible causes for P0500.
Refer to Diagnostic Aids for P0500. P0503 - Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Intermittent Indicates poor or noisy VSS performance. Vehicle speed data is received from either the vehicle speed sensor (VSS), the transfer case speed sensor (TCSS), or the anti-lock brake system (ABS) control module.
  • Noisy VSS/TCSS input signal from the radio frequency interference / electro-magnetic interference (RFI/EMI) external sources, such as ignition components or the charging circuit.
  • Damaged VSS or driven gears.
  • Damaged TCSS.
  • Damaged wiring harness or connectors.
  • Malfunction in the module(s) or circuit connected to the VSS/TCSS circuit.
  • After market add-on.
Monitor the VSS PID while driving the vehicle. Check for intermittent vehicle speed indication. Verify the ignition and charging system are functioning correctly.

Mar 25, 2017 | Cars & Trucks

Tip

Ford OBD-II Trouble Codes


P1000 OBD-II Monitor Testing Incomplete<br />P1001 KOER Test Cannot Be Completed<br />P1039 Vehicle Speed Signal Missing or Improper<br />P1051 Brake Switch Signal Missing or Improper<br />P1100 Mass Air Flow Sensor Intermittent<br />P1101 Mass Air Flow Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1112 Intake Air Temperature Sensor Intermittent<br />P1116 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor is out of Self-Test Range<br />P1117 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Intermittent<br />P1120 Throttle Position Sensor out of range<br />P1121 Throttle Position Sensor Inconsistent with Mass Air Flow Sensor<br />P1124 Throttle Position Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1125 Throttle Position Sensor Intermittent<br />P1127 Heated Oxygen Sensor Heater not on During KOER Test<br />P1128 Heated Oxygen Sensor Signals reversed<br />P1129 Heated Oxygen Sensor Signals reversed<br />P1130 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Adaptive Fuel Limit - Bank No. 1<br />P1131 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Lean - Bank No. 1<br />P1132 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Rich - Bank No. 1<br />P1135 Ignition Switch Signal Missing or Improper<br />P1137 Lack of Downstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Lean - Bank No. 1<br />P1138 Lack of Downstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Rich - Bank No. 1<br />P1150 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Adaptive Fuel Limit - Bank No. 2<br />P1151 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Lean - Bank No. 2<br />P1152 Lack of Upstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Rich - Bank No. 2<br />P1157 Lack of Downstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Lean - Bank No. 2<br />P1158 Lack of Downstream Heated Oxygen Sensor Switch - Sensor Indicates Rich - Bank No. 2<br />P1220 Series Throttle Control fault<br />P1224 Throttle Position Sensor B out of Self-Test Range<br />P1230 Open Power to Fuel Pump circuit<br />P1231 High Speed Fuel Pump Relay activated<br />P1232 Low Speed Fuel Pump Primary circuit failure<br />P1233 Fuel Pump Driver Module off-line<br />P1234 Fuel Pump Driver Module off-line<br />P1235 Fuel Pump Control out of range<br />P1236 Fuel Pump Control out of range<br />P1237 Fuel Pump Secondary circuit fault<br />P1238 Fuel Pump Secondary circuit fault<br />P1250 Lack of Power to FPRC Solenoid<br />P1260 Theft Detected - Engine Disabled<br />P1270 Engine RPM or Vehicle Speed Limiter Reached<br />P1288 Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1289 Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor Signal Greater Than Self-Test Range<br />P1290 Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor Signal Less Than Self-Test Range<br />P1299 Cylinder Head Temperature Sensor Detected Engine Overheating Condition<br />P1309 Misfire Detection Monitor not enabled<br />P1351 Ignition Diagnostic Monitor circuit Input fault<br />P1352 Ignition Coil A - Primary circuit fault<br />P1353 Ignition Coil B - Primary circuit fault<br />P1354 Ignition Coil C - Primary circuit fault<br />P1355 Ignition Coil D - Primary circuit fault<br />P1356 Loss of Ignition Diagnostic Module Input to PCM<br />P1358 Ignition Diagnostic Monitor Signal out of Self-Test Range<br />P1359 Spark Output circuit fault<br />P1364 Ignition Coil Primary circuit fault<br />P1380 VCT Solenoid Valve circuit Short or Open<br />P1381 Cam Timing Advance is excessive<br />P1383 Cam Timing Advance is excessive<br />P1390 Octane Adjust out of Self-Test Range<br />P1400 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor circuit Low Voltage<br />P1401 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor circuit High Voltage<br />P1403 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor Hoses Reversed<br />P1405 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor circuit Upstream Hose<br />P1406 Differential Pressure Feedback Electronic Sensor circuit Downstream Hose<br />P1407 EGR No Flow Detected<br />P1408 EGR Flow out of Self-Test Range<br />P1409? EGR Vacuum Regulator circuit malfunction<br />P1409? Electronic Vacuum Regulator Control circuit fault<br />P1410 EGR Barometric Pressure Sensor VREF Voltage<br />P1411 Secondary Air is not being diverted<br />P1413 Secondary Air Injection System Monitor circuit Low Voltage<br />P1414 Secondary Air Injection System Monitor circuit High Voltage<br />P1442 Secondary Air Injection System Monitor circuit High Voltage<br />P1443 Evaporative Emission Control System - Vacuum System - Purge Control Solenoid or Purge Control Valve fault<br />P1444 Purge Flow Sensor circuit Input Low<br />P1445 Purge Flow Sensor circuit Input High<br />P1450 Inability of Evaporative Emission Control System to Bleed Fuel Tank<br />P1451 EVAP Control System Canister Vent Solenoid Circuit Malfunction<br />P1452 Inability of Evaporative Emission Control System to Bleed Fuel Tank<br />P1455 Substantial Leak or Blockage in Evaporative Emission Control System<br />P1460 Wide Open Throttle Air Conditioning Cutoff circuit malfunction<br />P1461 Air Conditioning Pressure Sensor circuit Low Input<br />P1462 Air Conditioning Pressure Sensor circuit high Input<br />P1463 Air Conditioning Pressure Sensor Insufficient Pressure change<br />P1464 ACCS to PCM High During Self-Test<br />P1469 Low Air Conditioning Cycling Period<br />P1473 Fan Secondary High with Fans Off<br />P1474 Low Fan Control Primary circuit<br />P1479 High Fan Control Primary circuit<br />P1480 Fan Secondary Low with Low Fans On<br />P1481 Fan Secondary Low with High Fans On<br />P1483 Power to Cooling Fan Exceeded Normal Draw<br />P1484 Variable Load Control Module Pin 1 Open<br />P1500 Vehicle Speed Sensor Intermittent<br />P1501 Programmable Speedometer & Odometer Module/Vehicle Speed Sensor Intermittent circuit-failure<br />P1502 Invalid or Missing Vehicle Speed Message or Brake Data<br />P1504 Intake Air Control circuit malfunction<br />P1505 Idle Air Control System at Adaptive Clip<br />P1506 Idle Air Control Over Speed Error<br />P1507 Idle Air Control Under Speed Error<br />P1512 Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Closed<br />P1513 Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Closed<br />P1516 Intake Manifold Runner Control Input Error<br />P1517 Intake Manifold Runner Control Input Error<br />P1518 Intake Manifold Runner Control fault - Stuck Open<br />P1519? Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Open<br />P1520? Intake Manifold Runner Control circuit fault<br />P1519? Intake Manifold Runner Control fault - Stuck Closed<br />P1520? Intake Manifold Runner Control fault<br />P1530 Open or Short to A/C Compressor Clutch circuit<br />P1537 Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Open<br />P1538 Intake Manifold Runner Control Stuck Open<br />P1539 Power to A/C Compressor Clutch circuit Exceeded Normal Current Draw<br />P1549 Intake Manifold Temperature Valve Vacuum Actuator Connection<br />P1550 Power Steering Pressure Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1605 PCM Keep Alive Memory Test Error<br />P1625 Voltage to Vehicle Load Control Module Fan circuit not detected<br />P1626 Voltage to Vehicle Load Control Module circuit not detected<br />P1650 Power Steering Pressure Switch out of Self-Test Range<br />P1651 Power Steering Pressure Switch Input fault<br />P1700 Transmission system problems<br />P1701 Reverse Engagement Error<br />P1702 Transmission system problems<br />P1703 Brake On/Off Switch out of Self-Test Range<br />P1704 Transmission system problems<br />P1705 Manual Lever Position Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1709 Park or Neutral Position Switch out of Self-Test Range<br />P1710 Transmission system problems<br />P1711 Transmission Fluid Temperature Sensor out of Self-Test Range<br />P1713<br />thru<br />P172 Transmission system problems<br />P1729 4x4 Low Switch Error<br />P1740 Transmission system problems<br />P1741 Torque Converter Clutch Control Error<br />P1742 Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Faulty<br />P1743 Torque Converter Clutch Solenoid Faulty<br />P1744 Torque Converter Clutch System Stuck in Off Position<br />P1745 Transmission system problems<br />P1746 Electronic Pressure Control Solenoid - Open circuit<br />P1747 Electronic Pressure Control Solenoid - Short circuit<br />P1749 Electronic Pressure Control Solenoid Failed Low<br />P1751 Shift Solenoid No. 1 Performance<br />P1754 Coast Clutch Solenoid circuit malfunction<br />P1756 Shift Solenoid No. 2 Performance<br />P1760 Transmission system problems<br />P1761 Shift Solenoid No. 3 Performance<br />P1762 Transmission system problems<br />P1767 Transmission system problems<br />P1780 Transmission Control Switch circuit is out of Self-Test Range<br />P1781 4x4 Low Switch is out of Self-Test Range<br />P1783 Transmission Over-Temperature Condition<br />P1784 Transmission system problems<br />P1785 Transmission system problems<br />P1786 Transmission system problems<br />P1787 Transmission system problems<br />P1788 Transmission system problems<br />P1789 Transmission system problems<br />P1900 Transmission system problems

on May 23, 2011 | Ford F Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Where is fuel pump harness on a 2000 escalade


DTC P1351 Ignition Coil Control Circuit High Voltage
The enhanced ignition system uses the crankshaft position (CKP) sensor in order to provide a timing input to the control module. Ignition control (IC) spark timing for each cylinder is based on this input. The control module provides the ignition timing signal to the ignition control module (ICM) to control the ignition coil. Each timing pulse detected by the ICM allows it to energize the ignition coil. A large secondary ignition voltage is induced in the secondary coil by the primary coil. This high voltage is switched to the correct spark plug by the distributor.
This diagnostic trouble code (DTC) will set if the VCM- (vehicle control module ) detects an unusually high voltage on the ignition timing signal circuit.
Diagnostic Aids
Intermittent test -- If the connections and the harness check OK, monitor a digital voltmeter connected between VCM terminal C3 pin 9 and C4 pin 18 while moving related connectors and wiring harness. If the failure is induced, the voltage reading will change. This may help to isolate the location of the malfunction.
An intermittent may be caused by any of the following conditions:
?€¢
A poor connection

?€¢
Rubbed through wire insulation

?€¢
A broken wire inside the insulation
Thoroughly check any circuitry that is suspected of causing the intermittent complaint. Refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections in Wiring Systems.
If a repair is necessary, refer to Wiring Repairs or Connector Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Check out this guy's video on GM fuel pump electrical circuit diagnosis !

GM Fuel Pump Relay Testing

Apr 21, 2016 | Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

Odometer,speed odometer,and trip not working.replace speed sensor.


Speedometer
The speedometer is an analog gauge that is located in the instrument cluster. The PCM/VCM receives an analog input from the vehicle speed sensor and converts it to a digital signal containing 4,000 pulses per mile (PPM) for the instrument cluster.
The PCM/VCM sends this digital output (4,000 PPM) to the instrument cluster on a designated circuit. These pulses can be measured in Hertz (Hz) using a digital multimeter (DMM) on the AC scale. The PCM/VCM calibration is matched to the final drive and tire size of each vehicle. If the final drive or tire size is changed for any reason, the PCM/VCM must be updated in order to match the new final drive or tire size. If not, the signal will not be accurate for proper speedometer/odometer operation. An incorrect signal can affect the antilock brakes and the cruise control systems.
The speedometer system consists of the instrument cluster, vehicle speed sensor (VSS), PCM/VCM and related wiring. The VSS is a permanent magnet signal generator that sends an analog signal proportional to the propeller shaft speed to the PCM/VCM. The VSS mounts to the transmission tailshaft extension housing on 2-wheel drive (2WD) models and the transfer case output shaft housing on 4-wheel drive (4WD) models.
Repairs to the instrument cluster can only be performed by an authorized instrument cluster service center.

Diagnostic Aids
• An intermittent in the vehicle speed sensor (VSS) circuit may cause an inaccurate speedometer. Refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections in Wiring Systems.
• Check for the following DTCs:
- DTC P0502 Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Circuit Low Input and DTC P0503 Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Circuit Intermittent in Automatic Transmission - 4L60-E
- DTC P0500 Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) Circuit in Engine Controls - 4.3L
Step
Action
Value(s)
Yes
No
1
Did you perform the Instrument Cluster Diagnostic System Check?
--
Go to Step 3
Go to Diagnostic System Check - Instrument Cluster
2
Important: If the instrument cluster is completely inoperative, refer to Instrument Cluster Inoperative .
Install a scan tool.
Raise the vehicles drive wheels. Refer to Lifting and Jacking the Vehicle in General Information.
Start the engine.
Place the transmission into drive for automatic transmission and third gear for manual transmission.
Compare the displayed vehicle speed on the Instrument Cluster with the monitored speed on the scan tool.
Does the vehicles speedometer and the scan tool both display 0 km/h (0 mph)?
--
YES - Go to Step 4
NO - Go to Step 3
3
Does the vehicles speedometer approximately agree with the scan tool display?
--
Go to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections in Wiring Systems
Go to Step 4
4
Turn OFF the ignition.
Disconnect the in line connector C101.
Turn ON the ignition.
Test the vehicle speed output (4K) circuit voltage from the in line connector C101 (female side of connector) to a good ground using the DMM J 39200 . Refer to Circuit Testing in Wiring Systems.
Does the DMM display a voltage greater than the specified value?
9.5V
YES - Go to Step 8
No - Go to Step 5
5
Turn OFF the ignition.
Remove the instrument cluster. Refer to Instrument Cluster Replacement
Test the continuity from the vehicle speed sensor signal (4K) circuit at the instrument cluster electrical connector to the in line connector C101. Refer to Testing for Continuity in Wiring Systems.
Does the DMM display continuity?
--
YES - Go to Step 6
NO - Go to Step 10
6
Test the continuity from the vehicle speed sensor signal (4K) circuit to a good ground. Refer to Testing for Continuity in Wiring Systems.
Does the DMM display continuity?
--
YES - Go to Step 11
NO - Go to Step 7
7
Test the instrument cluster harness connector for a poor connection to the instrument cluster. Refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections and Wiring Repairs in Wiring Systems.
Did you find and correct the condition?
--
YES - Go to Step 17
NO - Go to Step 16
8
Turn OFF the ignition.
Disconnect the PCM/VCM harness connector which contains the vehicle speed sensor signal circuit. Refer to Powertrain Control Module Replacement/Programming in Engine Controls - 2.2L or VCM Replacement/Programming in Engine Controls - 4.3L.
Test the continuity of the vehicle speed sensor signal (4K) circuit from the PCM/VCM harness connector to the in line connector C101 using the DMM J 39200 . Refer to Testing for Continuity in Wiring Systems.
Does the DMM display continuity?
--
YES - Go to Step 9
NO - Go to Step 12
have you ever used a diagnostic trouble flow test chart ? Let me know if you make it this far and then I will send the last 9 steps . It's either a wiring problem or instrument cluster or PCM is bad . And if the PCM is replaced it will need progamming . Dealer only .

Nov 16, 2015 | 2000 Chevrolet Blazer

1 Answer

My 2003 pontiac aztek shuts off when its in idle


Could have a vacuum leak , a problem with the IAC - idle air control motor !
Rough, Unstable, or Incorrect Idle and Stalling
Inspection/Test
Action
DEFINITION: Engine runs unevenly at idle. If severe, the engine or vehicle may shake. Engine idle speed may vary in RPM. Either condition may be severe enough to stall the engine.
Preliminary
?€¢
Refer to Diagnostic System Check - Engine Controls .


?€¢
Refer to Intermittent Conditions before starting.


?€¢
Search for bulletins.


?€¢
Observe the owners driving habits.

Fuel System
?€¢
Test the fuel system circuits for proper operation. Refer to Fuel Pump Electrical Circuit Diagnosis .


?€¢
Test for low fuel pressure. Refer to Fuel System Diagnosis .


?€¢
Test for faulty fuel injectors. Refer to Fuel Injector Balance Test with Special Tool , Fuel Injector Balance Test with Tech 2 , Fuel Injector Solenoid Coil Test test procedures.


?€¢
Inspect for fuel contamination. Refer to Alcohol/Contaminants-in-Fuel Diagnosis .


?€¢
Inspect for fuel in the pressure regulator vacuum hose.


?€¢
Ensure each injector harness is connected to the correct injector/cylinder.


?€¢
Inspect for any items which may cause an engine to run rich, long term fuel trim is significantly in the negative range. Refer to Diagnostic Aids for DTC P0172 .


?€¢
Inspect for any items which may cause an engine to run lean, long term fuel trim is significantly in the positive range. Refer to Diagnostic Aids for DTC P0171 .

Sensor/System
?€¢
Test for conditions which cause an incorrect idle speed.


-
Throttle body tampering, excessive deposits, or damage--Refer to Fuel System Description .


-
Restricted air intake system


-
Large vacuum leak


?€¢
Inspect the air intake ducts for being collapsed, damaged areas, looseness, improper installation, or leaking especially between the MAF sensor and the throttle body.


?€¢
Inspect crankcase ventilation valve for proper operation.


?€¢
Inspect the throttle position (TP) sensor and related wiring. Refer to DTC P0123 .


?€¢
Monitor the 24X crank sensor and the CMP sensor signal present parameters on the scan tool. If both are not responding, test the sensor feed circuit. Both sensors use a separate feed circuit but are internally connected to power. Test all CKP sensor A and CMP sensor circuits for intermittents. Refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections in Wiring Systems.


?€¢
Monitor the 3X parameter on the scan tool. If the 3X is not responding, inspect the CKP sensor B and circuits for intermittents. Inspect the ignition control (IC) circuit, IC timing control circuit, low resolution engine speed signal circuit and the low reference circuit for intermittents. If these circuits become open, or shorted, they may not set a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) immediately, but are capable of causing driveability complaints. Refer to Testing for Intermittent Conditions and Poor Connections in Wiring Systems.


?€¢
Test the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system for proper operation. Refer to Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) System Description .


?€¢
Inspect the Transaxle Range Switch input with the vehicle in drive and the gear selector in drive or overdrive


Ignition System
?€¢
Inspect for proper ignition voltage output using the following steps:


1.
Attach the J 26792 Spark Tester to engine ground.


2.
Connect the spark plug end of the spark plug wire to the J 26792 . Leave the other end of the spark plug wire connected to the coil being tested.


3.
Connect the spark plug end of the companion spark plug wire to ground. The companion spark plug wire is the wire attached to the corresponding coil tower.


4.
Crank the engine while observing the J 26792 . A spark should be observed.


5.
Repeat the above steps for each coil.


?€¢
If spark is not present at the coils, inspect for the following conditions:


-
Coils--Cracks, carbon tracking/arcing, or a resistance value outside the specified range

Coil Resistance
5000-8000 ohms (5K-8K ohms)
-
Spark plug wires--Signs of arcing, cross firing, cracks, carbon tracking, plug boot damage, pinched, improper routing, or a resistance value outside the specified range

Spark Plug Wire Resistance
9 686 ohms per meter (3,000 ohms per foot)
Important: : Spraying the secondary ignition wires with a light mist of water may help locate an intermittent problem. Ignition voltage will arc to ground when a secondary component is faulty.


-
Defective ignition module


-
Ignition system wiring--Loose ignition module feed or ground connection, or damaged system wiring


?€¢
Remove spark plugs and inspect for the following conditions:


-
Fouled plugs


-
Cracks


-
Wear


-
Improper gap


-
Burned or damaged electrodes


-
Improper heat range or reach


?€¢
If spark plugs are gas or oil fouled, the cause of the fouling must be determined before replacing the spark plugs. Refer to Spark Plug Inspection .

Sep 27, 2015 | Pontiac Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

What does error codes 40 and 41 mean on my 1999 mitsubishi eclispe mean


11 Oxygen sensor fault.
12 Airflow sensor fault.
13 Intake air temp sensor fault.
14 Throttle position sensor (TPS) fault.
15 Idle speed control (ISC) motor position sensor fault.
21 Coolant temp sensor fault.
22 Crankshaft position (CKP) sesnor fault.
23 Camshaft position (CMP) sensor fault.
24 Vehicle speed sensor (VSS) fault.
25 Barometric (BARO) pressure sensor fault.
31 Knock sensor fault.
32 MAP sensor faulty.
36 Ignition timing adjustment signal fault.
39 Oxygen (O2) sensor fault.
41 Injector(s) fault
42 Fuel pump fault.
43 EGR fault.
44 Ignition coil (cylinders #1 & #4) fault.
52 Ignition coil (cylinders #2 & #5) fault.
53 Ignition coil (cylinders #3 & #6) fault.
55 Idle air control (IAC) valve position sensor fault.
59 Rear Oxygen (O2) sesnor fault.
61 Transaxle control module torque reduction signal fault.
62 Variable Induction control (VIC) valve position sensor fault.
71 Traction control (TC) vacuum valve solenoid fault.
72 Traction Control (TC) vent valve solenoid fault.

Sep 26, 2014 | 1999 Mitsubishi Eclipse

1 Answer

Test ignition coil


Vehicle speed sensors your problem. Engine and transmission management system need to know if the car is moving and how fast to make decisions on how much timing advance, fuel and which gear to select. You are wasting your time with the coil.

Feb 14, 2014 | 1996 Volvo 850

1 Answer

Giving the code E.27


E27 Open Throttle Switch Signal here is a list of all codes E12 No Distributor Reference Signal E13 Oxygen Sensor Not Ready E14 Shorted Coolant Sensor E15 Open Coolant Sensor E16 Generator Voltage Out of Range E19 Shorted Fuel Pump Circuit E20 Open Fuel Pump Circuit E21 Shorted Throttle Position Sensor E22 Open Throttle Position Sensor E23 EST Signal Problem E24 Speed Sensor Circuit Problem E26 Shorted Throttle Switch Circuit E27 Open Throttle Switch Signal E30 ISC RPM Out Of Range E31 Shorted MAP Sensor Signal E32 Open MAP Sensor Signal E34 MAP Sensor Signal Out Of Range E37 Shorted MAT Sensor Signal E38 Open MAT Sensor Signal E39 VCC Engagement Problem E40 Power Steering Pressure Switch Signal E41 Cam Sensor Signal Problem E44 Oxygen Sensor Signal Lean E45 Oxygen Sensor Signal Rich E47 BCM to PCM/ECM Data Problem E48 EGR System Problem E52 PCM/ECM Memory Reset E53 Distributor Signal Interrupt E55 Closed Throttle Angle Out of Range E58 Pass Key Control Problem E60 Cruise - Not In Drive E61 Cruise - Vent Solenoid Problem E62 Cruise - Vacuum Solenoid Problem E63 Cruise - Set Speed vs Vehicle Speed E64 Cruise - Acceleration Too High E65 Cruise - Servo Position Signal Problem E66 Cruise - Engine RPM Too High E67 Cruise - Switch Shorted E68 Cruise - Command Problem E70 Intermittent TPS E71 Intermittent MAP E73 Intermittent Coolant Sensor E74 Intermittent MAT Sensor Signal E75 Intermittent VSS Signal E80 Fuel System Rich E85 Idle Throttle Angle Too High E90 Cruise - VCC Brake Switch Signal Problem E91 Cruise - PRNDL Switch Problem E92 Heated Windshield Request Problem E96 Torque Converter Overstress E97 P/N To D/R Engagement Problem E98 P/N To D/R ISC Engaged Problem E99 Cruise - Servo Apply Problem

Jul 31, 2013 | 1992 Cadillac DeVille

2 Answers

41 thrt val sol


P0041 Oxygen Sensor Signals Swapped Bank 1 Sensor 2/Bank 2 Sensor 2
looks like your wires and melted together or a rodent has chewed them

Feb 10, 2012 | Mitsubishi Montero Cars & Trucks

1 Answer

The automatic won't shift up to high or OD and speedometer quit working at the same time?


sounds like your vehicle speed sensor is broken. here is a tutorial from autozone.com




OPERATION


The vehicle speed sensor is made up of a coil mounted on the transmission and a tooth rotor mounted to the output shaft of the transmission. As each tooth nears the coil, the coil produces an AC voltage pulse. As the vehicle speed increases the number of voltage pulses per second increases.


TESTING


See Figure 1

  1. To test the VSS, backprobe the VSS terminals with a high impedance voltmeter (set at the AC voltage scale).
  2. Safely raise and support the entire vehicle using jackstands. Make absolutely sure the vehicle is stable.
  3. Start the vehicle and place it in gear.
  4. Verify that the VSS voltage increases as the drive shaft speed increases.
  5. If the VSS voltage is not as specified the VSS may be faulty.




0900c1528008f10b.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 1: Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) and vehicle speed signal buffer wiring diagram


REMOVAL & INSTALLATION


See Figure 2

  1. Disconnect the negative battery cable.
  2. Disengage the electrical connection.
  3. Unfasten the sensor retainers.
  4. Remove the sensor and gasket or O-ring.

To install:
  1. Install the sensor with a new gasket or O-ring.
  2. Fasten the sensor retainers.
  3. Engage the electrical connections.
  4. Connect the negative battery cable.




0900c1528008f10c.jpg enlarge_icon.gifenlarge_tooltip.gif

Fig. Fig. 2: Vehicle Speed Sensor (VSS) location

Oct 13, 2010 | 1994 Chevrolet C1500

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